After 17 years of teaching boys I have been witness to this shift in boys resilience, and have been searching for ways to help strengthen their ability to be prepared for the challenges that they have to face in the future.
I would like to highlight several pieces of literature that have helped shape my current thinking on outdoor programming.
Environments and skills to help students cope and be more resilient. McGrath & Noble (2003). Bounce Back: A classroom resiliency program. Community Connectedness Religious Involvement A Caring adult outside the family Healthy Self Esteem: Sense of Personal competence. Family Connectedness Emotional Literacy Skills Positive Family-School Links Social Skills Teacher Connectedness Resourcefulness & adapting skills Peer Connectedness Positive thinking skills & attitudes School Connectedness Personal & Emotional Skills & Attitudes that promote Well-Being & Resilience Environments That Promote Well-Being & Resilience
Recent developments in the field of psychology, however, have begun to suggest the adoption of a new paradigm referred to as positive psychology. Positive psychology has as its goal the fostering of excellence through the understanding and enhancement of factors leading to growth. Some of these factors include positive emotions, positive individual traits, and pro-social attitudes. Rather than focus on deficits, positive psychology examines these positive traits and attributes, with an eye toward strengthening them or facilitating their development in clients. These traits are critically important, as they can lead to the development of stable personality and physical states like resiliency, optimism, and even better, physical health over time. Instead of focusing on decreasing negative symptoms in therapy, a positive psychology approach would focus more on enhancing client strengths.
Positive Psychology A Potential Model To Incorporate Into Outdoor Education www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu Dr Martin Seligman “ Raising children I realized, is vastly more than fixing what is wrong with them. It is about identifying and nurturing their strongest qualities, what they own and are best at, and helping them find niches in which they can best live out these strengths”. (Seligman , 2000)
suggest that school and community outdoor education programs can work towards the enhancement of the health and wellbeing of individuals, families, communities; thereby working to prevent the onset or establishment of ill health or ineffective life practices. HEALTH PROMOTION IN OUTDOOR EDUCATION
Outdoor Education & Sport Psychology NSW Netball Team Undergoing Outdoor Training In Preparation For Their National Championships
Positive Prevention Strategies Requires A New Direction In Programming & Facilitation Matching program type with change requirements. (Priest, 1996, p.23) Therapeutic New ways to cope & decrease dysfunction Misbehaviour Developmental New ways to act & increase function Behaviour Educational New knowledge, attitude, awareness Thinking Recreational New skills, energy, enjoyment, fun Feelings PROGRAM TYPE ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES TO CHANGE Outdoor Education
Controls the things in their life that they can control, and forgets about the uncontrollable.
Overcomes setbacks through proactive thinking & action.
Strives to be a change agent through proactive actions.
Makes life happen to them rather than being a passenger.
Makes smarter decisions. Pushes pause before acting!
Is all about taking control of your life! It means that you choose to act deliberately and take responsibility for your actions and your life’s direction.
Self-Awareness: Am I a Positive or Negative Thinker?
Monitoring self-talk on a tough expedition. Every hour or during stops, or at places dictated by the terrain that could provide “a teachable moment” have students complete a self-check for a few minutes evaluating the following:
Talk with others
Enthusiasm levels at different spots during the trip.
At a scheduled stop have students document their thoughts in a rite-in-the-rain journal.
Evaluate this around the fire at night. This leads to a tutorial on positive – negative self-talk.
What do I see when I look inside myself? Do I like what I see? All Change has to begin from within!
Working with the person next to you, you have 1 minute to thumb wrestle with them. In that 1 minutes you have to see how many times you can pin the other person’s thumb down for the count of 3.
How many of you were engaged in a competitive mindset when you started the activity?
Did anyone simply communicate with each other and work together to get as many touches as possible?
We all too often go into an activity with this win lose mindset. When Win Win can help achieve much more.
Relationship Bank Account RBA Deposits RBA Withdrawals Keep promises. Break promises. Do small acts Keep to yourself. of kindness. Be loyal. Gossip and break confidences. Listen. Don’t listen. Say you’re sorry. Be arrogant. Set clear expectations. Set false expectations.
Small Acts Of Kindness RBA Deposits RBA Withdrawals Do small acts Keep to yourself. of kindness. Leaders should always be on the lookout to facilitate small acts of kindness! It fosters win-win positive feelings within the group and individuals.
Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, then to be understood.
Habit 5 is about being good communicators.
It teaches about listening first, then talking second.
It is about seeing things from another's point of view before sharing your own.
For young men giving them opportunities to talk about their lives, fears, challenges is a real positive!
Feeling secure socially is a buffer to depression and an area that we in outdoor education can foster!
A Night Under The Stars Allow students to sleep under the stars. Allocate a theme for them to discuss as they are going off to sleep! Opportunities for boys to talk to each other, is a resilience builder!
Getting to Synergy Action Plan Define the Problem or Opportunity Their Way ( Seek first to understand the ideas of others.) Brainstorm (Create new opinions and ideas.) My Way ( Seek to be understood by sharing your ideas.) High Way (Find the best solution.)
Synergy In The Cave Lights Out & Work To Get Out Of The Cave Synergising With My Peers: Focussing on things within our control.
Many of you will know that teens are classic procrastinators, time wasters, and poor planners.
Often they have never been shown how to organise themselves effectively!
Trangia Big ROCK activity
Teaching Teens To Prioritise Their Time: A Campsite Example! Pack My Pack Empty Out The Tent Dress in my hike gear Leave On Time & Learn Life Planning Skills at the same time!
Identify the key roles in your life. What “Big Rock” issue do you need to achieve this week under this role heading. EG: Role : Student Big Rock: History Test Wed Big Rock: Maths: 13.2 –14.9 Fri Big Rock: Science assn due Wed Role : Athlete Big Rock: Training Tues, Thur Big Rock: Weights Mon Wed Fri Big Rock: Game Saturday Role : Son Big Rock: Family Dinner Sun PM Big Rock: Do chores help mum. Big Rock: Role : Friend Big Rock: Movie Sat PM mates Big Rock: DofE planning for silver Big Rock: Role : Boy Friend of Jess Big Rock: Phone her after h/work Big Rock: Beach day Sun PM Big Rock: Movie Sat night.
How did you feel when you heard what the task was?
What were your physical reactions?
What were your psychological reactions? IE: What thoughts were going through your mind?
How do you think these negative physical and mental processes would impact on your ability to be your best?
What strategies could we employ to overcome situations in our life that cause that fear that paralyses us? Any Ideas that people already use?
Imagery : See your fear & how you might react and see yourself rehearsing a more positive outcome. Positive Self Talk : Monitor the dialogue in your mind. Monitor the volume of your negative voice. If you hear yourself saying you CAN’T DO IT. Turn down the volume on this negative tone, and turn up the positive voice. Centering : Deep breaths with an accompanying release of tension. Can be accompanied by positive self-talk or cue words. Performance Plan : Come up with a performance plan (game plan) where your performance has been written down and rehearsed many times before you have to do it right! What could I do to feel the fear and enter my courage zone anyway? Cue Words : Have a phrase that cues you into the things you need to attentive to; Relax, lift, you can do it! Believe in yourself!
During our fire discussion tonight we want to applaud “Genuine Listening” and highlight communication that demonstrates Poor Listening. Be on the look out for any of the 5 Poor listening styles. If you note any of the styles below, raise your hand, and then when asked, highlight what you have seen. We will then attempt to replay what was said with more appropriate listening!
Learning to Synergise is like learning to fly in V formations with others, instead of trying to fly through life solo.
You’ll be amazed at how much faster and farther you’ll go!
Go Synergy! Compromise Finding New & Better Ways Thinking you’re always right. Open Mindedness Working Independently Team Work Tolerating Differences Celebrating Differences Synergy Is Not: Synergy Is:
Numbers & a description are set out on trees and shrubs at set locations along the 4 wheel drive track.
Participants stop at each number and read the information provided
3. Eucalyptus racemosa (Snappy Gum or Scribbly Gum) Gum trees are characterised by a smooth bark. As the tree grows, it sheds its bark annually to allow for the seasonal growth whilst keeping its smooth bark. Moth larvae make the scribbly marks on the bark. The other name, snappy gum, refers to the fact that the wood has short fib re s which allows it to be broken easily and it is only good for firewood.
Bracken fern (Pteridium esculentum) is a hardy native fern, consisting of a tough stem, green fronds and fleshy underground stems or rhizomes.
As the plant grows, a succession of young, succulent crosiers (fiddle hooks) uncurl slowly from the rhizomes, to form the mature fronds.
They grow in sites that have often been subjected to a frequent firing or clearing activities in response to "improving" the land for farming.
In these situations, bracken fern assumes the role of a pioneer plant, protecting and binding the exposed soil with their rhizome roots, just like a scab acts to protect grazed skin.
The foraging Australian aboriginal women used these rhizomes as a staple food. They required substantial preparation before eating. This involved washing, beating into a paste, moulding into cakes and finally roasting in hot ashes.
Another important usage were there medicinal properties. The juice from the young fronds was used to stop itch and sting of ticks and other insects. It was broken and the juice rubbed on, after the tick was removed.
Meditation Visualisation Mental Preparation For Sport or Life