The State of Open Access in Belgium’sFrench-speaking UniversitiesFrançois Renaville, BICfB / ULgOpen Access to Excellence ...
BICfB…• BICfB = Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de la Communauté française de Belgique• Non-profit organization created in...
A Study on Open Access• Request from the Rectors and the F.R.S.-FNRS at the General Assembly (Spring2011)• Aim: to take st...
1) Institutional Mandates for FTPhD theses Journal articles Other document typesFUNDP2008/ /FUSL2005/2008/ /UCL2005/200...
2) Green Road• Two projects:o BICTEL/e (2001-2003): PhD theses and e-printso Institutional Repositories (2004-2008)• Insti...
Total References in the IRs010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000FUNDP FUSL UCL ULB ULg UMONSNumber of re...
Evolution of the “big” 3 IRsBeginning of March 2012010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000100,000110,000UC...
References with a FT in Open Access52%15%12%6%6%2%2% 0%5%Academic journal articles [n=17.226]Book chapters [n=4.797]Unpubl...
01,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,0008,0009,000UCL ULB ULg UMONSJournal articles published between 2009 and 2011in the IRs ...
Downloads from all IRs194,345491,609670,0000100,000200,000300,000400,000500,000600,000700,000800,0002010 2011 2012(estimat...
3) Gold RoadNo inter-university project at the time being• PEPS project (BICfB, 2004):• PEPS = Portail Électronique de Pér...
Editorial role in OA journals• HOW to come to that information?o Corpus based on three sources:1) Online survey for resear...
Editorial role in OA journals• Approximately 1/10 researcher from our universities would actively beinvolved (editorial ro...
Conclusions: How to go further?Mandates• Institutional mandates should be more respected• FT deposit mandates for research...
BICfB reportLOpen Access en Belgique francophone : étude de la BICfB réalisée àla demande des Recteurs des universités et ...
Thanks for your attention!bicfb@ulg.ac.behttp://www.bicfb.beSlides available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/132440Open Acc...
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The state of Open Access in Belgian French-speaking universities

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An overview of the BICfB report "L'Open Access en Belgique francophone : étude de la BICfB réalisée à la demande des Recteurs des universités et du F.R.S.-FNRS" (May 2012) (http://hdl.handle.net/2268/124876).

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Transcript of "The state of Open Access in Belgian French-speaking universities"

  1. 1. The State of Open Access in Belgium’sFrench-speaking UniversitiesFrançois Renaville, BICfB / ULgOpen Access to Excellence in ResearchBrussels, October 22, 2012
  2. 2. BICfB…• BICfB = Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de la Communauté française de Belgique• Non-profit organization created in 2000 by the Rectors of the French-speakinguniversities (9 universities in 2000; 6 in 2012 [after mergings])• Aimed at promoting, coordinating and developing a common policy betweenthe university libraries regarding academic and scientific documentationo consortial purchase of eProducts• ca 50 products for 2012o 1 yearly project / study (e.g.: institutional repositories, Open Access, preservation andcuration…)• Financed by the public authorities (65%) and the universities (35%)• Daily activities managed by a technical staff (1,5 FTE)• Decisions taken by the Board (6 universities’ chief librarians)Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 2
  3. 3. A Study on Open Access• Request from the Rectors and the F.R.S.-FNRS at the General Assembly (Spring2011)• Aim: to take stock of OA development and projects in the universities, particularlyon:1) Institutional Mandates2) Institutional Repositories (IRs) (Green Road)3) Active implication of researchers & professors(with editorial role) in OA journals (Gold Road)• Made between February and May 2012• Presented to the Rectors and the F.R.S.-FNRSin June 2012Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 3
  4. 4. 1) Institutional Mandates for FTPhD theses Journal articles Other document typesFUNDP2008/ /FUSL2005/2008/ /UCL2005/20082008(application planned for 2013)2008(application planned for 2013)ULB200720072007ULg20062007/UMONS / / /F.R.S.-FNRS/• Publications must be referenced in the IRs (recommendation,mandatory 2013 for some researchers)• No mandate for the FT in the IRsOpen Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 4Situation of May 2012
  5. 5. 2) Green Road• Two projects:o BICTEL/e (2001-2003): PhD theses and e-printso Institutional Repositories (2004-2008)• Institutional Repositories:o 250,000 archived references (beginning of March 2012) :• ca 33,000 references with an OA FT (13,2%)• ca 49,000 references with a FT in restricted access (19,6%)o Very contrasting situation :• No systematic FT deposit in all institutions• One single institution counts for 2/3 of all references with an OA FTOpen Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 5
  6. 6. Total References in the IRs010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000FUNDP FUSL UCL ULB ULg UMONSNumber of referencesNumber of references with FTNumber of references with FT in OAP. 32 of the report(data from beginning of March 2012)Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 6
  7. 7. Evolution of the “big” 3 IRsBeginning of March 2012010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000100,000110,000UCL ULB ULgMid-October 2012UCL ULB ULgOpen Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 7
  8. 8. References with a FT in Open Access52%15%12%6%6%2%2% 0%5%Academic journal articles [n=17.226]Book chapters [n=4.797]Unpublished communications [n=3.793]Dissertations [n=2.073]Working papers [n=1.862]Reports [n=621]Books [n=604]Patents [n=125]Others [n=1.665]by document typeSee p. 27 of the reportOpen Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 8Total: 32,766 references
  9. 9. 01,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,0008,0009,000UCL ULB ULg UMONSJournal articles published between 2009 and 2011in the IRs and in ScopusIRsScopusOpen Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 9Better visibility of the scholarly production of the universities Journal articles Also for more discrete publication types (working papers, e-prints, reports, patents…) (7% of all IRs)P. 37 of the reportIRs & Scopus
  10. 10. Downloads from all IRs194,345491,609670,0000100,000200,000300,000400,000500,000600,000700,000800,0002010 2011 2012(estimated)Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 10
  11. 11. 3) Gold RoadNo inter-university project at the time being• PEPS project (BICfB, 2004):• PEPS = Portail Électronique de Périodiques Scientifiques• = common platform for OA publishing of academic journals• study made on behalf of Minister Fr. Dupuis, but no funding for development• Only local initiatives:o Iconothèque ULB (2002)• 4,000 images and pictures for teaching and researcho PoPuPS at ULg (2005)• Platform for OA publishing of academic journals (14 journals)o Partnership between Bibliothèques ULB and Éditions ULB (2008)• Out of print ULB books re-published in OA• Book chapters written by ULB authors and published by Éditions ULB available in OA inIR• What about the implication in OA journals of our researchers & professors (withan editorial role)?Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 11
  12. 12. Editorial role in OA journals• HOW to come to that information?o Corpus based on three sources:1) Online survey for researchers and professors• 176 answers from 101 different persons (20% with F.R.S.-FNRSmandate)2) Universities’ librarians3) Sample (20%) DOAJ• WHO & WHAT?o Globally, definite identification of:• 394 professors and researchers (if DOAJ = 100%: 866)• 205 academic journals• 467 implications (editor, editor-in-chief, member of the editorialboard, member of the scientific board, peer-reviewer…)Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 12
  13. 13. Editorial role in OA journals• Approximately 1/10 researcher from our universities would actively beinvolved (editorial role) in OA journals! awareness• 1/5 OA journal has got an IF 2010• 1/3 OA journal has got an SJR 2011• Confusion among the researchers (8% of the online survey answers) between:o Open Access journals,o Journals accessible thanks to an institutional subscription (traditional model),o And hybrid journals (= journal for which a subscription is needed to get access to, withsome few Open Access articles [because researchers paid to publish them in OA]) real necessity to inform better the researchers of the perversity of hybrid journals• Very few publications on Open Access (part from librarians…)Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 13international recognition
  14. 14. Conclusions: How to go further?Mandates• Institutional mandates should be more respected• FT deposit mandates for researchers subsidized by the F.R.S.-FNRS• To a multi-institutional mandate  stronger• To a European mandate? < fight lead by Universities’ AuthoritiesCopyright issues• Authors shouldn’t automatically give all their copyrights to the publishers• Keeping rights within the universities More visibility, more downloads, more recognition!Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 14
  15. 15. BICfB reportLOpen Access en Belgique francophone : étude de la BICfB réalisée àla demande des Recteurs des universités et du F.R.S.-FNRS.by Renaville, F, Bastin, M, Audrit, S, Thirion, P(Ed.), Boueyrie, P, Chalono, D, de Bergeyck, V, Devroey, J-P, Henin, M-P, Gass, C, Laurent, J, Masselus, C, Nyns, C-H, Petit, N, Poumay, Y, &Vandooren, F.Bruxelles: Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de la Communauté française deBelgique (BICfB), 2012.Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/124876Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 15
  16. 16. Thanks for your attention!bicfb@ulg.ac.behttp://www.bicfb.beSlides available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/132440Open Access in Belgium’s French-speaking Universities 16

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