The jesuit relations


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The jesuit relations

  2. 2. THE JESUIT RELATIONSINTRODUCTION1 OF 2<br />The Relations are annual reports of French missionaries of the Society of Jesus on their efforts to convert the “pagan savages” to Catholic Christianity <br />The Jesuits were masters of the written word<br />They were members of a religious order<br />Every Jesuit was a college teacher at some point in his career<br />Violence and exploitation by fellow Spaniards posed the greatest obstacle to the spread of Christianity <br />The French has a unique approach to Colonization <br />
  3. 3. THE JESUIT RELATIONSINTRODUCTION2 OF 2<br />The Jesuits were determined to reshape native thinking and behavior in conformity with Christian principals<br />Almost all missionary priests were recruited from the Jesuit college of France<br />In the 1660’s the Five Nations came to terms with the French and their native allies<br />The Jesuits published annual Relations for the audiences back home in France<br />There is very little data on the circulation and readership of the Jesuit Relations<br />Jesuits were there to teach the Indians, not learn from them, but yet it seemed unlikely that their outlook would be unaltered <br />To be a barbarian or savage was to lack law and civic order <br />
  4. 4. Chapter 1Montagnais Hunters of the northern woodlands1 of 2<br />The earliest published Jesuits Relations were written by Father Paul Le Jeune (1592-1664)<br />The Algonquian had stories of supernatural creatures and magical heroes to convey an understanding of the world<br />The Iroquois had many rules when it came to throwing out the bones of the beaver<br />Indians believe that a being named Atahocam created the world and that Messou restored it<br />Indians say that all animals have a elder brother that is great and powerful <br />Indians also believe that there are certain spirits of the air which they call Khichikouai<br />
  5. 5. Chapter 1slide 2 of 2<br />The Indians obtained physical advantages such as being tall, erect, strong, well proportioned, and agile<br />Paul Le Jeune called the mind of the Indians “of good quality”<br />Indians are content with basic subsistence<br />Indians profess to never get angry<br />Men leave the household arrangements to the women without interfering <br />Indian nations of Brazil cannot punish a child or allow one to be chastised <br />
  6. 6. Chapter 2 Jean de brÉbeuf on the hurons1 of 2 <br />The Hurons had the best documentation of the period of initial contact with Europeans <br />Training in Latin and Greek was part of the education of every Jesuit<br />The Huron language is very complicated to learn and understand <br />They believe in a women they call Aataentsic, who fell from heaven<br />Iouskeha is the Huron’s god<br />Indians look upon their dreams as ordinances and irrevocable decrees <br />
  7. 7. Chapter 2slide 2 of 2 <br />A feast is a matter of importance: they fall into 4 kinds <br />The most magnificent of all the feasts is called Atourontaaochien, singing feasts <br />The Hurons are very concerned about one another and are always eager to help a neighbor <br />Metaphoris is largely in use among Huron people <br />They never create war without a reason<br />The Hurons has a ceremony called Feast of the Dead that united all the Huron people about every 12 years <br />
  8. 8. Chapter 3 disease and medicine 1 of 2 <br />Europeans acquired immunity to some of the disease, unlike the Indians who were totally unprotected <br />The Hurons attributed illness to both natural and supernatural causes<br />The Hurons had 12 kinds of dances that were remedies for sickness<br />In 1637 the Huron village was hit with strain of influenza that devastated the population <br />The Jesuits were more concerned about the people who were on deaths bed than the people who were sick and still living <br />The Indians seemed to only want to get baptized when they appeared to be at deaths door <br />
  9. 9. Chapter 3 slide 2 of 2 <br />The Indians of Ihonatiria had made a vow to build a little chapel to praise and thank God <br />Bleedings were very common during this time of wide spread disease. It was thought that these bleedings would let the disease out of the persons blood <br />A Algonquin captain told the Hurons that they were mistaken for thinking that the devil caused this disease and that they should only blame the French <br />In 1639 the Hurons encountered a new epidemic…. Smallpox<br />Whoever came in contact with the French usually came in contact with disease right after<br />
  10. 10. Chapter 4 diplomacy and war1 of 2 <br />The French didn’t come to America as Christian conquerors<br />Native wars became more intense and deadly in the 17th century <br />The long war between the Iroquois and the northern nations was interrupted by occasional truces and periods of peace <br />War resumed in 1647, the Iroquois attacked the Algonquians <br />“There are no hunters so eager for game as the Indians are when hunting men”<br />
  11. 11. Chapter 4 slide 2 of 2 <br />In March 1649 the Hurons were taken by surprise by a large Iroquois invasion <br />The Iroquois captured the villagers of the mission of St. Ignace where the Hurons live <br />The Iroquois had this attack planned out very well <br />The Iroquois chief was seriously wounded and lost nearly 100 brave men <br />