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Modern latin america

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  • 1. Modern Latin America Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
  • 2. Britain and Latin America The Growth and Decline of British Interests in Latin America
    • The leaders of the new nations felt that the United Kingdom was essential for both economy development and political security
    • The new world concealed great wealth potential, especially from gold and silver
    • In 1810 the British finally negotiated trading privileges in Brazil in exchange for its support of the Portuguese royal family
    • In London many were quick to invest in these new trades but became disappointed quickly when loans became defaulted on
    • After the economic collapse, commercial relations with Latin America died
    • In the 1840’s there was signs of a revival. Latin America’s exports began to grow in value
  • 3. Britain and Latin America Mexico and the War of The Reform (La Reforma 1857-60)
    • The United States fought among itself for control of Mexico
    • Santa Anna sold the United States Mesilla Valley for 10 million dollars, outraging the Mexican public
    • The Church declared anyone who took an oath of obedience to the constitution was to be excommunicated
    • January 1858 Mexico had 2 governments, Zuloaga and Juarez
    • As long as the ports remained in the hands of the Liberal, the Conservatives were completely dependent for their revenue
  • 4. Latin America’s Wars of the 19 th Century What Were the Causes for War in the Nineteenth-Century Latin America?
    • There are numerous reasons for the cause for war in Latin America, some being: race war, independence, separation vs. union, and boundary disputes
    • Latin America wars for independence were a outgrowth of deep-seated political, economic, and social frustration
    • Spain wasn’t the only nation that was inspired to renew the war for independence
    • Not all wars for independence within Latin America were against the European monarch
    • Armed expeditions of private citizens, known as filibusters, invaded Mexico, Cuba, and Nicaragua for the purpose of conquering their territory
  • 5. Latin America’s Wars of the 19 th Century Filibustering Against Mexico, 1819-1911
    • Filibusters were American citizens who intervened in Latin America in order to conquer territory
    • The most wanted areas by American filibusters were northern Mexico, Cuba, and Central America
    • By the early 1850’s the Mexican government was preoccupied with internal disorder
    • The frontier that divided the slender peninsula from upper California was purely artificial
    • Even thought Walker was defeated by the Indians, he became a instant hero among expansionists
  • 6. The Second World Chapter 15 Mexico: The Umbilical Cord
    • Joining NAFTA has inevitably meant Mexico’s abdication of any pretension to lead an independent Latin America
    • Mexico’s ill conditions of assembly plants caused them to get shut down, resulting in 300,000 Mexican jobs being lost
    • Central America is also becoming a laboratory for the potential triumph of hemispheric integration
    • Central America may embody the true security threat in the hemisphere
    • The United States has scarcely invested in the micro-entrepreneurship and mass education programs necessary to encourage Mexican talent to remain in the country
  • 7. The Second World Chapter 16 Venezuela: Bolivar’s Revenge
    • Venezuela has the potential for being a great country because of the fact it has oil resources
    • Venezuela most powerfully embodies the death of the Monroe Doctrine
    • Venezuela was spoiled by oil, abandoning its agricultural economy
    • The region suffers not only from bad latitude, but also bad attitude
    • Venezuelans are not anti-American, but anti-Americanism
  • 8. The Second World Chapter 17 Colombia: The Andean Balkans
    • If South America is going to connect to the world, it will happen in Colombia
    • There are 3 political poles competing for power and control in the various cities and rural spaces
    • In Colombia building the state and winning the was on drugs go hand in hand
    • Chocó, Columbia’s poorest location, could develop into the Pan-American Highway’s gateway
  • 9. The Second World Chapter 18 Brazil: The Southern Pole
    • Brazil is South America’s magnet, attracting labor and investment from all sides
    • Brazil’s global role is based purely on its environmental resources and its massive economy
    • Latin America’s geopolitical ambitions in turn depend almost entirely o Brazil
    • It has taken three revolutions for Brazil to become Latin America’s great power
    • In 2003, Brazil had the highest rate of gun deaths in the world
  • 10. Battle of Puebla
    • May 5 th , 1862, was a single, important victory for the Mexican people over the French Army
    • The Mexican Army was outnumbered badly but still won the battle
    • Although the French intervention was slowed by their loss at Puebla, the invasion continued
    • President Juarez declared that the anniversary of the Battle of Puebla would be a national holiday
    • Many people think that Cinco de Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day but they are incorrect in thinking so
  • 11. War of the Triple Alliance
    • The war was a military conflict in South America from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay
    • They think the war was started for the struggle for physical power over the Rio de la Plata region and meddling in internal Uruguayan politics
    • The War of the Triple Alliance caused more deaths than any other war in modern South American military history
    • It took decades for Paraguay to recover from the war
    • The Triple Alliance was a fraction of the size of the Paraguayan army
    • Brazil paid a high price for victory
    • The war remains a controversial topic, especially in Paraguay