Modern latin america

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Modern latin america

  1. 1. Modern Latin America Victoria Herrera History 141 Online
  2. 2. Britain and Latin America The Growth and Decline of British Interests in Latin America <ul><li>The leaders of the new nations felt that the United Kingdom was essential for both economy development and political security </li></ul><ul><li>The new world concealed great wealth potential, especially from gold and silver </li></ul><ul><li>In 1810 the British finally negotiated trading privileges in Brazil in exchange for its support of the Portuguese royal family </li></ul><ul><li>In London many were quick to invest in these new trades but became disappointed quickly when loans became defaulted on </li></ul><ul><li>After the economic collapse, commercial relations with Latin America died </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1840’s there was signs of a revival. Latin America’s exports began to grow in value </li></ul>
  3. 3. Britain and Latin America Mexico and the War of The Reform (La Reforma 1857-60) <ul><li>The United States fought among itself for control of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna sold the United States Mesilla Valley for 10 million dollars, outraging the Mexican public </li></ul><ul><li>The Church declared anyone who took an oath of obedience to the constitution was to be excommunicated </li></ul><ul><li>January 1858 Mexico had 2 governments, Zuloaga and Juarez </li></ul><ul><li>As long as the ports remained in the hands of the Liberal, the Conservatives were completely dependent for their revenue </li></ul>
  4. 4. Latin America’s Wars of the 19 th Century What Were the Causes for War in the Nineteenth-Century Latin America? <ul><li>There are numerous reasons for the cause for war in Latin America, some being: race war, independence, separation vs. union, and boundary disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America wars for independence were a outgrowth of deep-seated political, economic, and social frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Spain wasn’t the only nation that was inspired to renew the war for independence </li></ul><ul><li>Not all wars for independence within Latin America were against the European monarch </li></ul><ul><li>Armed expeditions of private citizens, known as filibusters, invaded Mexico, Cuba, and Nicaragua for the purpose of conquering their territory </li></ul>
  5. 5. Latin America’s Wars of the 19 th Century Filibustering Against Mexico, 1819-1911 <ul><li>Filibusters were American citizens who intervened in Latin America in order to conquer territory </li></ul><ul><li>The most wanted areas by American filibusters were northern Mexico, Cuba, and Central America </li></ul><ul><li>By the early 1850’s the Mexican government was preoccupied with internal disorder </li></ul><ul><li>The frontier that divided the slender peninsula from upper California was purely artificial </li></ul><ul><li>Even thought Walker was defeated by the Indians, he became a instant hero among expansionists </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Second World Chapter 15 Mexico: The Umbilical Cord <ul><li>Joining NAFTA has inevitably meant Mexico’s abdication of any pretension to lead an independent Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico’s ill conditions of assembly plants caused them to get shut down, resulting in 300,000 Mexican jobs being lost </li></ul><ul><li>Central America is also becoming a laboratory for the potential triumph of hemispheric integration </li></ul><ul><li>Central America may embody the true security threat in the hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>The United States has scarcely invested in the micro-entrepreneurship and mass education programs necessary to encourage Mexican talent to remain in the country </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Second World Chapter 16 Venezuela: Bolivar’s Revenge <ul><li>Venezuela has the potential for being a great country because of the fact it has oil resources </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela most powerfully embodies the death of the Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela was spoiled by oil, abandoning its agricultural economy </li></ul><ul><li>The region suffers not only from bad latitude, but also bad attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuelans are not anti-American, but anti-Americanism </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Second World Chapter 17 Colombia: The Andean Balkans <ul><li>If South America is going to connect to the world, it will happen in Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 political poles competing for power and control in the various cities and rural spaces </li></ul><ul><li>In Colombia building the state and winning the was on drugs go hand in hand </li></ul><ul><li>Chocó, Columbia’s poorest location, could develop into the Pan-American Highway’s gateway </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Second World Chapter 18 Brazil: The Southern Pole <ul><li>Brazil is South America’s magnet, attracting labor and investment from all sides </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil’s global role is based purely on its environmental resources and its massive economy </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America’s geopolitical ambitions in turn depend almost entirely o Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>It has taken three revolutions for Brazil to become Latin America’s great power </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003, Brazil had the highest rate of gun deaths in the world </li></ul>
  10. 10. Battle of Puebla <ul><li>May 5 th , 1862, was a single, important victory for the Mexican people over the French Army </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican Army was outnumbered badly but still won the battle </li></ul><ul><li>Although the French intervention was slowed by their loss at Puebla, the invasion continued </li></ul><ul><li>President Juarez declared that the anniversary of the Battle of Puebla would be a national holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Many people think that Cinco de Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day but they are incorrect in thinking so </li></ul>
  11. 11. War of the Triple Alliance <ul><li>The war was a military conflict in South America from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>They think the war was started for the struggle for physical power over the Rio de la Plata region and meddling in internal Uruguayan politics </li></ul><ul><li>The War of the Triple Alliance caused more deaths than any other war in modern South American military history </li></ul><ul><li>It took decades for Paraguay to recover from the war </li></ul><ul><li>The Triple Alliance was a fraction of the size of the Paraguayan army </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil paid a high price for victory </li></ul><ul><li>The war remains a controversial topic, especially in Paraguay </li></ul>

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