Dentistry is as varied an industry as sales, or finance.There are many different types of dentists, and manydifferent reasons why they would specialize in eachfield. If you need a dentist that specializes in aparticular field and want to know the qualifications,or simply are interested in browsing different careeropportunities as a dentist, a little homework goes along way. After graduating dentistry school,dentistschoose a specialization residency program thatspecializes in one of the following fields, and persueit. Once they finish residency, they can apply for alicense in thier specialization.
Orthodontists - Known for being the people whoput braces on teenagers and adults, they specialize inrealigning teeth. They become specialized in thispractice through extra coursework at theirUniversities, and often go through three extra yearsof residency in order to get hired. A reason tobecome an orthodontist is because they are verywell-paid.
Maxillofacial Surgeons and Radiologists -People who work in maxillofacial surgery performtooth extractions, and dental implantations. Manyskilled dentists can do this without too much extratraining. In order to become a maxillofacialradiologist, dentists need to get a special post-gradcertificate. Being a maxillofacial radiologist meansthat you dont have to use drills or perform surgeryon patients, which is a huge perk.
Periodontists - Doctors who treat gums, and theother tissues surrounding teeth are periodonists.They are some of the most highly paid dentists outthere. This often will include one or two extracourses during their studies in grad school, alongwith specialization residency
Endontists - These doctors are well-paid, and alsospecialize in root canal therapy. Residency forendontists is similar to periodontists and others.Most residency programs cover this field of dentistry.
Prosthodontists - Dentists who specialize indentures and fake teeth are prosthodontists. Theyare in very high demand. Prosthodontists oftenspecialize in this field during their residency incollege, but some also take certification and extraclasses.
Pediatric Dentists - Dentists who are great withkids and can deal with unruly patrons shouldconsider pediatric dentistry as a specialization.Residency for this is often longer, and can be difficultto find. Extra courses in child psychology also areuseful (and necessary in some universities).
Preventive Dentistry and MinimalIntervention Dentistry - Although not officiallyrecognized as specializations by the ADA, educationon these forms of dentistry is available, as iscertification. This often is covered in dental school,and the demand for this is expected to increase in thefollowing years.
Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology - One of themost common specializations in dentistry, oralpathology takes approximately 2 years of residencyto complete. This is always in high demand, and jobsecurity is high.
Public Health - This also covers working with largeamounts of people, educating others on dentistry,etc. This is an ADA recognized specialization with avery high demand. It typically takes a 2 yearresidency to become a dentist in public health.