Software Patents:Whos Behind the Curtain?4.27.2013Deb NicholsonLinuxfest Northwest
Part 1:Where do patents come from?
How do wemeasureinnovation?
Patents, Products, orIdeas?
Part 2:More money, more problems
Un-spoiler alert- Patent suits are costing us a lot ofmoney- Activity is increasing, not decreasing- Lawsuits arent spurri...
“...annual wealth lost fromNPE lawsuits was about $80billion...”(Bessen et al. 2011)
Patent suits involving “NPEs”Source: PatentFreedom © 2013. Data captured as of January 18, 2013.
Avoiding thickets,rewriting code andpulling features outis time-consuming andun-fun for developers.
More recent developments- Patent aggression entitiesare getting bigger- Targets are getting smaller- Stack vs. special sauce
1,300 shellcompanies atIntellectual Ventures
"...patent trolls... are increasinglytargeting users and adopters,rather than makers of the technology:this tactic is used...
Part 3:A solution for every pot
Patentability
- Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms
- Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using
- Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using- Non-o...
- Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using- Non-o...
Here comesthe judge?
Big solutions == big money
Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue
Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue- Set precedent that better upholdsthe existing statute
Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue- Set precedent that better upholdsthe existing statute- Set prec...
We oughtapass a law!
Congress also aint cheap
Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act
Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents
Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents- Make the p...
Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents- Make the p...
Doesnt the governmenthave “people” for that?
Can we make the USPTO enforce theexisting statute in a helpful way?
Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness
Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software
Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software- Stop assuming validity
Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software- Stop assuming validity-...
Community(whoo!)
Freedom isnt free
Ok, actually it is free,but it requires some work
Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)
Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art
Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art- Defensive Patent License (DPL)
Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art- Defensive Patent License (DPL)- Continue to...
For your reading "pleasure"Colleen V. Chien: Reforming Software Patents(Houston Law Review)Tom Ewing & Robin Feldman: The ...
Picture CreditsCC-BYGreen Curtain by Prairie Kitten, Ruler by SterlicParchment Paper by Temari09, Cargill Pool GrainElevat...
Thanks!deb@openinventionnetwork.com
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Behind thecurtainlfnw2013

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An overview for developers of current patent law, legal and judicial trends plus a discussion of the various ways to remedy the epidemic of software patent suits.

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Behind thecurtainlfnw2013

  1. 1. Software Patents:Whos Behind the Curtain?4.27.2013Deb NicholsonLinuxfest Northwest
  2. 2. Part 1:Where do patents come from?
  3. 3. How do wemeasureinnovation?
  4. 4. Patents, Products, orIdeas?
  5. 5. Part 2:More money, more problems
  6. 6. Un-spoiler alert- Patent suits are costing us a lot ofmoney- Activity is increasing, not decreasing- Lawsuits arent spurring innovation- Developers are fed up
  7. 7. “...annual wealth lost fromNPE lawsuits was about $80billion...”(Bessen et al. 2011)
  8. 8. Patent suits involving “NPEs”Source: PatentFreedom © 2013. Data captured as of January 18, 2013.
  9. 9. Avoiding thickets,rewriting code andpulling features outis time-consuming andun-fun for developers.
  10. 10. More recent developments- Patent aggression entitiesare getting bigger- Targets are getting smaller- Stack vs. special sauce
  11. 11. 1,300 shellcompanies atIntellectual Ventures
  12. 12. "...patent trolls... are increasinglytargeting users and adopters,rather than makers of the technology:this tactic is used an estimated40% of the time."Colleen V. Chien: Tailoring the Patent System to Work for Software and Technology Patents
  13. 13. Part 3:A solution for every pot
  14. 14. Patentability
  15. 15. - Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms
  16. 16. - Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using
  17. 17. - Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using- Non-obvious: it cant be obviousto someone in that field
  18. 18. - Patentable subject matter: newand useful, no algorithms- Novel: you cant patent somethingpeople are already using- Non-obvious: it cant be obviousto someone in that field- Useful: must have utility and be possible
  19. 19. Here comesthe judge?
  20. 20. Big solutions == big money
  21. 21. Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue
  22. 22. Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue- Set precedent that better upholdsthe existing statute
  23. 23. Judicial Solutions- Lower the plaintiffs incentive to sue- Set precedent that better upholdsthe existing statute- Set precedent that treats softwarepatents differently than otherpatents
  24. 24. We oughtapass a law!
  25. 25. Congress also aint cheap
  26. 26. Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act
  27. 27. Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents
  28. 28. Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents- Make the plaintiff pay the legal fees,aka SHIELD
  29. 29. Legislative Solutions- Improve the America Invents Act- Get rid of patents altogether,or just software patents- Make the plaintiff pay the legal fees,aka SHIELD- Raise patent or maintenance fees
  30. 30. Doesnt the governmenthave “people” for that?
  31. 31. Can we make the USPTO enforce theexisting statute in a helpful way?
  32. 32. Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness
  33. 33. Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software
  34. 34. Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software- Stop assuming validity
  35. 35. Policy Solutions- Require written descriptionsand definiteness- Allot more resources for software- Stop assuming validity- The Federal Trade Commissioncould step in
  36. 36. Community(whoo!)
  37. 37. Freedom isnt free
  38. 38. Ok, actually it is free,but it requires some work
  39. 39. Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)
  40. 40. Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art
  41. 41. Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art- Defensive Patent License (DPL)
  42. 42. Community Solutions- Defensive patent pool (OIN)- Identify relevant prior art- Defensive Patent License (DPL)- Continue to build awareness anddraw attention to the problem
  43. 43. For your reading "pleasure"Colleen V. Chien: Reforming Software Patents(Houston Law Review)Tom Ewing & Robin Feldman: The Giants Among Us(Stanford Law Review)Dan L. Burk & Mark A. Lemley: The Patent Crisis andHow the Courts Can Solve It
  44. 44. Picture CreditsCC-BYGreen Curtain by Prairie Kitten, Ruler by SterlicParchment Paper by Temari09, Cargill Pool GrainElevator by amerune, Dads Teeth by Spider Dog,Chill Pill by mirjoran, Dark Ice by dcdailyphotos,Feeding Turtles by Ollie Crafoord, SCOTUS Stairs by PhilRoeder, Overview by jcbmac, Trust Fall by Vos EfxRoad by Jo@netCC-BY-SALightbulb by eoin, Wet Grass by qgilGraphs source: PatentFreedom © 2013.Data captured as of January 18, 2013
  45. 45. Thanks!deb@openinventionnetwork.com

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