The Patient Protection &Affordable Care Act (ACA) WHAT DOES HEALTH REFORM MEAN FOR OUR FREE CLINIC & FOR OUR PATIENTS?
OUTLINE WHAT IS THE ACA? HOW WILL ACA HELP THE UNINSURED? WHO WILL REMAIN UNINSURED AFTER 2014? HOW WILL ACA AFFECT OUR PATIENTS & OUR CLINIC? WHAT DO WE NEED TO DO TO PREPARE FOR ACA?
Medicaid eligibility will be expanded to childless adults and to 133% of FPLACA: Above 133% of FPL, low and middle income people and small businesses will get subsidies to make insuranceWhat affordable Children can stay on parents’ plan untilare some 26 years old No lifetime or annual capsof the No denials based on pre-existing conditionsBenefits? No co-pays or deductibles for preventive care 80% of premium must be spent on enrollees Insurance companies have to justify rate increases
Does ACA help Free Clinics?Some free clinics receive liability coverage for their volunteer health professionals through the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA). ACA extends that coverage to free clinic board members, officers, employees, and individual contractors, but not to the clinic entity itself.
ACA: Supreme Court ChallengeWhat are to the Mandatesome of Political target for repealthe Critical shortage of Primary CareBarriers? Providers, especially PCPs who accept Medicaid The rising cost of health care
How will ACA help the Uninsured? January 1, 2014, 30 million (of 53 million) uninsured will be eligible for coverage Eligibility for Medicaid will increase from 35% of Federal Poverty Level in MI to 133% of FPL across the nation Childless adults will be eligible This will help many of the patients we serve.
2012 Federal Poverty Levels2012 FPL Individual Family of 4100% $11,170 $23,050MI - 35% $ 3,910 $ 8,068133% $14,856 $30,656400% $44,680 $92,200
Timelinefor ACA 2010 President Obama signed ACA into law. A few changes took effect immediately; others are being implemented over the next few years. Planning and implementation at 2011-2014 federal and state levels. Numbers of uninsured continue to grow. 30 million will become eligible for 2014 coverage, either through Medicaid or the exchanges.
Timeline forACA cont’d. Those eligible will be enrolled in 2014-2019 Medicaid and other programs. The numbers of uninsured will gradually decline. The newly insured will try to find a medical home, but face a critical shortage of Primary Care Providers, especially PCPs accepting Medicaid. The number of uninsured will level 2019 off to those who are not eligible for coverage through ACA.
Who will Undocumented immigrantsremain Naturalized citizens here < 5 yrs.uninsured? Choose to pay the penalty rather than acquire insurance Exempt from the mandate and choose to remain uninsured, e.g., veterans, uninsured <3 mos.,And where exempt from filing federal taxwill they return, Native American, incarcerated, religious consciencefind care? reasons. Citizens without documentation
Many uninsured clients of our free clinic will be eligible forACA: Medicaid Our clients will need helpImplications through the transitionfor Potential negative impact on ourFree Clinics donors and volunteers? Potential negative impact on our relationship to area hospitals? We need to re-evaluate our mission and services, and educate our community on the impact of ACA.
What is the experience of free clinics in states where most of the uninsured received coverage?VT, WI, and MA received federal waivers to expand Medicaid foruninsured. What happened to free clinics?None closed; in fact volume continued to grow.Free Clinics helped enroll and navigate patients through the changes.PCP shortage, especially of PCPs who will accept Medicaid, resulted infree clinics providing care to Medicaid patients but not billing.Dental Care and Rx Assistance remain huge gaps in service.
What Questions Should We Be Asking? What will be the impact of the ACA on our clinic? How many of our patients will receive insurance coverage under ACA? Where will they find care? Who will remain uninsured in our community? Will our clinic be needed post-2019? Whom will we serve? What do we need to do to prepare for ACA changes? What options are open to us for the future? Should we consider becoming or partnering with a FQHC? What if ACA is not implemented? Other questions?