Chapter

5

DECLARATION OF
PRINCIPLE AND STATE
OF POLICIES
The declaration of principle and state policies
under the 1987 Philippine constitution embodies
the political, social and...
PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES
DEFINED
• Values are desired ends or goals.

• There are also primary Goals (values) And Intermedi...
PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES AS TREATED IN
THE CONSTITUTION
 Principles and policies are treated in general term as well as
in...
STATE PRINCIPLES
DEMOCRACY AND REPUBLICANISM
 Section 1, Article II of the constitution
state:
 The Philippines is a dem...
Sovereignty of the People
 A republican state is one with a republican
government. And a republican government
is one whe...
RENUNCIATION OF WAR AS A NATIONAL
POLICY
• To renounce war means to give up, to
abandon, to disclaim or torepudiate
Political science
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Political science

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Political science

  1. 1. Chapter 5 DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLE AND STATE OF POLICIES
  2. 2. The declaration of principle and state policies under the 1987 Philippine constitution embodies the political, social and Government. Some of these are self-executory. The state principle and policies are the fundamental guidelines, directions and aspiration of the Philippine government which the president of the congress must be address themselves as policy-determining and decisionmaking bodies.
  3. 3. PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES DEFINED • Values are desired ends or goals. • There are also primary Goals (values) And Intermediate ends which called Principles and Policies. • Principles are beginning premises or direction for the realization of a value. • These are laws of nature are formulated and accepted by the mind. Policies on the other hand, are selected planned line of conduct from which individual decisions are made and coordination is achieved. It come form a Latin word “politecia” which means Citizenship.
  4. 4. PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES AS TREATED IN THE CONSTITUTION  Principles and policies are treated in general term as well as in specific provision and are distributed in different Article in the Constitution. In many instances, both the principles and policies are contained in one prevision. For a better understanding, we must organize or arrange all of these in hierarchy form, from the highest levels or categories to lower levels, and by explaining the meaning of basic terms.  The Constitution has identified primary values in the Preamble and has expressed and classified principles and policies in its Declaration of principles and State Policies(Article II). But many other principles and policies are declared and elaborate in other articles of the Constitution. These may be found in Article XII on the National Economy and Patrimony; Article XIII on Social Justice and Human Rights; Article XIV on Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sport; and in Article XVI covering General
  5. 5. STATE PRINCIPLES DEMOCRACY AND REPUBLICANISM  Section 1, Article II of the constitution state:  The Philippines is a democratic and republican state.  A state with democratic government is a democratic state. Democracy is a form of government where majority of the people directly or indirectly govern themselves by running the affairs of government through mass meeting, legislation and enforcement.
  6. 6. Sovereignty of the People  A republican state is one with a republican government. And a republican government is one where the people do not direct govern themselves as in a pure directly democracy.  Article II, Sec. 1 of the constitution itself defines this government as one where:  ……..sovereignty resides in the people in all government authority emanates from them .
  7. 7. RENUNCIATION OF WAR AS A NATIONAL POLICY • To renounce war means to give up, to abandon, to disclaim or torepudiate

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