PRINCIPLE AND STATE
The declaration of principle and state policies
under the 1987 Philippine constitution embodies
the political, social and Government.
Some of these are self-executory.
The state principle and policies are the
aspiration of the Philippine government which
the president of the congress must be address
themselves as policy-determining and decisionmaking bodies.
PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES
• Values are desired ends or goals.
• There are also primary Goals (values) And Intermediate
ends which called Principles and Policies.
• Principles are beginning premises or direction for the
realization of a value.
• These are laws of nature are formulated and accepted by
Policies on the other hand, are selected planned
line of conduct from which individual decisions are
made and coordination is achieved.
It come form a Latin word “politecia” which means
PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES AS TREATED IN
Principles and policies are treated in general term as well as
in specific provision and are distributed in different Article in
the Constitution. In many instances, both the principles and
policies are contained in one prevision. For a better
understanding, we must organize or arrange all of these in
hierarchy form, from the highest levels or categories to lower
levels, and by explaining the meaning of basic terms.
The Constitution has identified primary values in the
and has expressed and classified principles
and policies in its Declaration of principles and State
Policies(Article II). But many other principles and policies are
declared and elaborate in other articles of the Constitution.
These may be found in Article XII on the National Economy
and Patrimony; Article XIII on Social Justice and Human
Rights; Article XIV on Education, Science and Technology,
Arts, Culture and Sport; and in Article XVI covering General
DEMOCRACY AND REPUBLICANISM
Section 1, Article II of the constitution
The Philippines is a democratic and
A state with democratic government is a
democratic state. Democracy is a form of
government where majority of the people
directly or indirectly govern themselves by
running the affairs of government through
mass meeting, legislation and
Sovereignty of the People
A republican state is one with a republican
government. And a republican government
is one where the people do not direct govern
themselves as in a pure directly democracy.
Article II, Sec. 1 of the constitution itself
defines this government as one where:
……..sovereignty resides in the people in all
government authority emanates from them .
RENUNCIATION OF WAR AS A NATIONAL
• To renounce war means to give up, to
abandon, to disclaim or torepudiate
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