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The Work of the Leprosy Mission

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  • 1. The Work of the Leprosy Missionfounded 1874
    Ministering in the name of Jesus to the physical, mental and spiritual needs of leprosy sufferers around the world and those with similar disabilities.
  • 2. Regions of Care
  • 3. Leprosy
    An infectious disease caused by a bacteriumMycobacterium leprae
    Affects skin and eyes and muscles such as hands and feet
    Attacks nerves in the cool part of the body
    If not attended to immediately, it causes deformities
  • 4. What is leprosy?
    A disease.
  • 5. The Disease
    Initial Symptoms
    Development of clearly defined pale skin patches indicating isolation of bacterium
    In extreme cases there is little definition between patches and healthy skin
  • 6. The Disease
    Progression of Disease
    Numbness in hand and feet
    Patient is susceptible to cuts, infections and feels no pain
    Stiffened muscles
    Loss of the blinking reflex in the eye can lead to blindness
    In some cases, amputation of hand and feet is necessary
  • 7. The Disease (continued)
    Thought to be infectious
    Communicated through airborne droplets
    Sneezing or coughing
    About 1,100 new cases detected each day
    Over 95% of the population are naturally immune
  • 8. This is Basarul.
    He has leprosy.
  • 9. Facts about Leprosy
    One child is diagnosed with leprosy every 2 minutes
    Since 1982, over 15 million people have been curedof leprosy with multi-drug therapy
    There were over 224,000 cases of leprosy at the beginning of 2007
  • 10. How Does Leprosy Affect People?
    Leprosy affects people both socially and emotionally
    There are many myths and fears about this disease
    People who contract leprosy are ostracized
    Young children, adults, anyone who contracts leprosy are often forced out of their homes and communities
    People sometimes cannot work
  • 11. Leprosy in the Past
    The history of leprosy
  • 12. History of Leprosy
    Leprosy has existed since biblical times
    Once existed in Europe from 1–2000 BCE, it has since disappeared in Europe
    Canada once had 3 leprosy colonies
    Leprosy still exists in many countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa
  • 13. Leprosy and Canada
    Leprosy no longer a threat in Canada
    Came to Canada in 19th century through immigration and infected sailors
    Lasted until the mid 20th century
    Those with leprosy were sent to D’Arcy Island in British Columbia or Sheldrake Island in New Brunswick
    Those with leprosy in Canada endured the same isolation as elsewhere in the world
  • 14. Modern History of Leprosy
    1893: Doctor Armaur Hansen of Norway discovers M. Leprae bacilli
    1950s: Doctors begin using Dapsone to treat leprosy
    1982: Leprosy develops resistance to Dapsone; the World Health Organization recommends multi-drug treatment
  • 15. Modern History of Leprosy (cont’d)
    Since 1982, Multi-Drug Therapy has made a huge impact
    1985 leprosy was considered a health problem in 122 countries
    Work has been progressing steadily toward a vaccine
    American Leprosy Missions and The Leprosy Mission Canada are continuing to help fund research.
  • 16. The “Ideal”
  • 17. What are people doing about it?
    There is a cure, and we’re bringing it to those who need it.
  • 18. “The Cure”
    Curing people of leprosy is a complex process
    Must respond to social as well as physical condition
    The cure is made of three different antibiotics: Dapsone,Rifampicin, Clofazimineknown together as multi-drug therapy
  • 19. The Cure
    MDT can cure leprosy in as little as 6 months, and for more advanced cases, up to 2 year
    Getting people to finish the cure is sometimes problematic considering the length of time they need to take the medication
  • 20. The Cure (continued)
    Leprosy does not cause pain but the process of curing leprosy can be very painful to patients
    Patients can have negative reaction to drugs
    MDT can cause inflammation of nerves painful swelling
    Patient may develop nodules on their body caused by painful swelling of nerve endings
  • 21. The Cure (continued)
    Patients can experience pain after amputation or reconstructive surgery
    Curing people with leprosy results in a return to family and to the community and a return to work and a purposeful life
  • 22. Binta in Reaction to Leprosy Treatment
  • 23. Binta at Amanawa Hospital
  • 24. Vocational Training
    Catch Them Young Program
  • 25. Micro Loan Program
    Low Cost Housing
  • 26. Leprosy in the World Today
    250,000 new cases per year
    16 countries with 1000+ new cases
    ~15 million completed MDT
    3+ million with continuing disability
    194,000 disability adjusted lives
    WHO Enhanced Strategy 2011 – 2015
    1 of 17 Neglected Tropical Diseases
  • 27. Background of Neglected Tropical Diseases
    Significant morbidity (1 billion affected)
    Strong association with poverty
    Flourish in poor environments
    Tend to co-exist
    Prevalent in tropical areas
    Largely hidden – rural, remote, slums
    Silent – no political voice
  • 28. Millennium Development Goals
    Leprosy work can be linked to 5 MDGs:
    MDG 6 – Reducing the burden of disease
    MDG 1 – Reduction of poverty
    MDG 2 – Education of children
    MDG 5 – Maternal health
    MDG 8 – Partnerships
  • 29. WHO Enhanced Global Strategy
    Early case detection and treatment
    Prevention of disability
    Community based rehabilitation
    Priority: equity, social exclusion, human rights, discrimination
    Monitor the threat of drug resistance
  • 30. Leprosy and Our Call as Catholics
    Jesus reached out to think and touched those affected by leprosy to restore them to health and wholeness
    Our Catholic Social Teaching reminds us of the dignity of all persons regardless of physical appearance
    Catholic social teaching also calls us to respond to the poor and marginalized everywhere
  • 31. Leprosy and Our Call as Catholics
    Jesus taught us the importance of prayer and sacrifice for others
    We can pray for those affected by leprosy
    We can fundraise to support multi-drug therapy
    We can raise awareness of the need to respect the dignity of all persons
    We can work to alleviate the link between leprosy and poverty in developing countries
  • 32. To learn more about leprosy, visitwww.answeringthecall.ca