The Work of the Leprosy Mission


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The Work of the Leprosy Mission

  1. 1. The Work of the Leprosy Missionfounded 1874<br />Ministering in the name of Jesus to the physical, mental and spiritual needs of leprosy sufferers around the world and those with similar disabilities.<br />
  2. 2. Regions of Care<br />
  3. 3. Leprosy<br />An infectious disease caused by a bacteriumMycobacterium leprae<br />Affects skin and eyes and muscles such as hands and feet <br />Attacks nerves in the cool part of the body<br />If not attended to immediately, it causes deformities<br />
  4. 4. What is leprosy?<br />A disease.<br />
  5. 5. The Disease<br />Initial Symptoms<br />Development of clearly defined pale skin patches indicating isolation of bacterium<br />In extreme cases there is little definition between patches and healthy skin<br />
  6. 6. The Disease<br />Progression of Disease<br />Numbness in hand and feet<br />Patient is susceptible to cuts, infections and feels no pain<br />Stiffened muscles<br />Loss of the blinking reflex in the eye can lead to blindness<br />In some cases, amputation of hand and feet is necessary<br />
  7. 7. The Disease (continued)<br />Thought to be infectious<br />Communicated through airborne droplets<br />Sneezing or coughing<br />About 1,100 new cases detected each day<br />Over 95% of the population are naturally immune<br />
  8. 8. This is Basarul.<br />He has leprosy.<br />
  9. 9. Facts about Leprosy<br />One child is diagnosed with leprosy every 2 minutes<br />Since 1982, over 15 million people have been curedof leprosy with multi-drug therapy<br />There were over 224,000 cases of leprosy at the beginning of 2007<br />
  10. 10. How Does Leprosy Affect People?<br />Leprosy affects people both socially and emotionally<br />There are many myths and fears about this disease<br />People who contract leprosy are ostracized<br />Young children, adults, anyone who contracts leprosy are often forced out of their homes and communities<br />People sometimes cannot work<br />
  11. 11. Leprosy in the Past<br />The history of leprosy<br />
  12. 12. History of Leprosy<br />Leprosy has existed since biblical times<br />Once existed in Europe from 1–2000 BCE, it has since disappeared in Europe<br />Canada once had 3 leprosy colonies<br />Leprosy still exists in many countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa<br />
  13. 13. Leprosy and Canada<br />Leprosy no longer a threat in Canada<br />Came to Canada in 19th century through immigration and infected sailors<br />Lasted until the mid 20th century<br />Those with leprosy were sent to D’Arcy Island in British Columbia or Sheldrake Island in New Brunswick<br />Those with leprosy in Canada endured the same isolation as elsewhere in the world<br />
  14. 14. Modern History of Leprosy<br />1893: Doctor Armaur Hansen of Norway discovers M. Leprae bacilli<br />1950s: Doctors begin using Dapsone to treat leprosy<br />1982: Leprosy develops resistance to Dapsone; the World Health Organization recommends multi-drug treatment<br />
  15. 15. Modern History of Leprosy (cont’d)<br />Since 1982, Multi-Drug Therapy has made a huge impact<br />1985 leprosy was considered a health problem in 122 countries<br />Work has been progressing steadily toward a vaccine<br />American Leprosy Missions and The Leprosy Mission Canada are continuing to help fund research.<br />
  16. 16. The “Ideal”<br />
  17. 17. What are people doing about it?<br />There is a cure, and we’re bringing it to those who need it.<br />
  18. 18. “The Cure”<br />Curing people of leprosy is a complex process<br />Must respond to social as well as physical condition<br />The cure is made of three different antibiotics: Dapsone,Rifampicin, Clofazimineknown together as multi-drug therapy<br />
  19. 19. The Cure<br />MDT can cure leprosy in as little as 6 months, and for more advanced cases, up to 2 year<br />Getting people to finish the cure is sometimes problematic considering the length of time they need to take the medication<br />
  20. 20. The Cure (continued)<br />Leprosy does not cause pain but the process of curing leprosy can be very painful to patients<br />Patients can have negative reaction to drugs<br />MDT can cause inflammation of nerves painful swelling<br />Patient may develop nodules on their body caused by painful swelling of nerve endings<br />
  21. 21. The Cure (continued)<br />Patients can experience pain after amputation or reconstructive surgery<br />Curing people with leprosy results in a return to family and to the community and a return to work and a purposeful life<br />
  22. 22. Binta in Reaction to Leprosy Treatment<br />
  23. 23. Binta at Amanawa Hospital<br />
  24. 24. Vocational Training<br />Catch Them Young Program<br />
  25. 25. Micro Loan Program<br />Low Cost Housing<br />
  26. 26. Leprosy in the World Today<br />250,000 new cases per year<br />16 countries with 1000+ new cases<br />~15 million completed MDT<br />3+ million with continuing disability<br />194,000 disability adjusted lives<br />WHO Enhanced Strategy 2011 – 2015<br />1 of 17 Neglected Tropical Diseases<br />
  27. 27. Background of Neglected Tropical Diseases<br />Significant morbidity (1 billion affected)<br />Strong association with poverty<br />Flourish in poor environments<br />Tend to co-exist<br />Prevalent in tropical areas<br />Largely hidden – rural, remote, slums<br />Silent – no political voice<br />
  28. 28. Millennium Development Goals<br />Leprosy work can be linked to 5 MDGs:<br />MDG 6 – Reducing the burden of disease<br />MDG 1 – Reduction of poverty<br />MDG 2 – Education of children<br />MDG 5 – Maternal health<br />MDG 8 – Partnerships<br />
  29. 29. WHO Enhanced Global Strategy<br />Early case detection and treatment<br />Prevention of disability<br />Community based rehabilitation<br />Priority: equity, social exclusion, human rights, discrimination<br />Monitor the threat of drug resistance<br />
  30. 30. Leprosy and Our Call as Catholics<br />Jesus reached out to think and touched those affected by leprosy to restore them to health and wholeness<br />Our Catholic Social Teaching reminds us of the dignity of all persons regardless of physical appearance<br />Catholic social teaching also calls us to respond to the poor and marginalized everywhere<br />
  31. 31. Leprosy and Our Call as Catholics<br />Jesus taught us the importance of prayer and sacrifice for others<br />We can pray for those affected by leprosy<br />We can fundraise to support multi-drug therapy<br />We can raise awareness of the need to respect the dignity of all persons<br />We can work to alleviate the link between leprosy and poverty in developing countries<br />
  32. 32. To learn more about leprosy,<br />