Responsive Web Design: The View of the World Depends    on the Glasses I WearFrédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microso...
How we viewed the web…• The Desktop Browser
How we view the web today…•   The Desktop Browser•   Mobile Browsers•   Tablet form-factors•   Televisions•   Game Console...
The Anti-Pattern
Responsive Web Design• Thinking of the user’s needs instead of ours.• Adapt to various device capabilities instead of  con...
Responsive Web Designs
Elements of Responsive Web Design•   A flexible, grid-based layout,•   Flexible images and media, and•   Media queries.•  ...
Flexible, Grid-based Layout
Ok, so what’s the problem?•   Non-responsive sites are no fun.•   Fixed-width sites are not the best experiences.•   Desig...
Pixels to Ems Algorithm                  𝒏                                      ∞𝚫𝒚            𝟏           −𝒃 ±   𝒃 𝟐 − 𝟒𝒂...
Responsive Web Design READ MORE >>     h1 {                                                  h1 {em     font-size: 24px;  ...
And the Grid?
Flexible Images and Media
A Simple Solution Works on images, as well as other media like <video>.
Another Possibility  Filament Group – depends on cookies    and JavaScript
Media Queries
Not so long ago…•   We could define media types: screen and print.•   But not easily respond to the user’s display.•   Lot...
CSS3 Media Queries• The CSS3 Media Queries Module specifies  methods to enable web developers to scope a  style sheet to a...
Simple Example@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {   body {      font-size: 80%;   }}
Other Queries@media screen and (min-width:320px) and (max-width:480px)@media not print and (max-width:600px)@media screen ...
Can be declared…In the StylesheetImport Rule   @import url(mq.css) only screen and (max-   width:600px)link Element   <lin...
Supported Media Properties•   min/max-width    •   device-aspect-ratio•   min/max-height   •   color•   device-width     •...
Little Pea Bakery
What About Devices?• viewport meta tag  • <meta name=“viewport”    content=“width=device-width”>• device-width vs. width• ...
What about non-supportive browsers?• css3-mediaqueries-js by Wouter van der Graaf• Just include the script in your pages• ...
Hey, what was that 4th thing?
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need...
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need...
Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need...
Resources• http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/• http://filamentgroup.com/examples/responsive-images/...
Questions?Frédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microsoftfredh@microsoft.com@fharperhttp://webnotwar.cahttp://outofcomfort...
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design
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Prairie Dev Con West - 2012-03-15 - Responsive Web Design

  1. 1. Responsive Web Design: The View of the World Depends on the Glasses I WearFrédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microsoft Canada@fharper | outofcomfortzone.net
  2. 2. How we viewed the web…• The Desktop Browser
  3. 3. How we view the web today…• The Desktop Browser• Mobile Browsers• Tablet form-factors• Televisions• Game Consoles• More…• So what’s the problem?
  4. 4. The Anti-Pattern
  5. 5. Responsive Web Design• Thinking of the user’s needs instead of ours.• Adapt to various device capabilities instead of configurations.• Help future-proof our sites.
  6. 6. Responsive Web Designs
  7. 7. Elements of Responsive Web Design• A flexible, grid-based layout,• Flexible images and media, and• Media queries.• Something else.
  8. 8. Flexible, Grid-based Layout
  9. 9. Ok, so what’s the problem?• Non-responsive sites are no fun.• Fixed-width sites are not the best experiences.• Design tools tend to use pixels.• Sometimes a pixel does not equal a pixel.• So how do we turn pixels to their em counterparts?
  10. 10. Pixels to Ems Algorithm 𝒏 ∞𝚫𝒚 𝟏 −𝒃 ± 𝒃 𝟐 − 𝟒𝒂𝒄 𝒏𝝅𝒙 𝒏𝝅𝒙 ≈ 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏+ × ± 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝒂𝟎+ 𝒂 𝒏 𝐜𝐨𝐬 + 𝒃 𝒏 𝐬𝐢𝐧𝚫𝒙 𝒏→∞ 𝒏 𝟐𝒂 𝑳 𝑳 𝒏=𝟏
  11. 11. Responsive Web Design READ MORE >> h1 { h1 {em font-size: 24px; 24 / 16 = 1.5 font-size: 1.5em; } } h1 a { 11 / 24 = 0.458333333+ h1 a {% font-size: 11px; font: 0.458333333+; } } 1 2 3
  12. 12. And the Grid?
  13. 13. Flexible Images and Media
  14. 14. A Simple Solution Works on images, as well as other media like <video>.
  15. 15. Another Possibility Filament Group – depends on cookies and JavaScript
  16. 16. Media Queries
  17. 17. Not so long ago…• We could define media types: screen and print.• But not easily respond to the user’s display.• Lots of grunt work.• Didn’t spend much time thinking about mobile devices.
  18. 18. CSS3 Media Queries• The CSS3 Media Queries Module specifies methods to enable web developers to scope a style sheet to a set of precise device capabilities.
  19. 19. Simple Example@media screen and (max-width: 600px) { body { font-size: 80%; }}
  20. 20. Other Queries@media screen and (min-width:320px) and (max-width:480px)@media not print and (max-width:600px)@media screen (x) and (y), print (a) and (b)
  21. 21. Can be declared…In the StylesheetImport Rule @import url(mq.css) only screen and (max- width:600px)link Element <link rel=“stylesheet” media=“only screen and (max-width:800px)” href=“mq.css”>
  22. 22. Supported Media Properties• min/max-width • device-aspect-ratio• min/max-height • color• device-width • color-index• device-height • monochrome• orientation • resolution• aspect-ratio
  23. 23. Little Pea Bakery
  24. 24. What About Devices?• viewport meta tag • <meta name=“viewport” content=“width=device-width”>• device-width vs. width• maximum-zoom
  25. 25. What about non-supportive browsers?• css3-mediaqueries-js by Wouter van der Graaf• Just include the script in your pages• Parses the CSS and applies style for positive media tests
  26. 26. Hey, what was that 4th thing?
  27. 27. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design
  28. 28. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?
  29. 29. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?
  30. 30. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?
  31. 31. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?• Don’t dismiss mobile as walking and looking something up.
  32. 32. Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?• Don’t dismiss mobile as walking and looking something up.• We are at the beginning, that’s what makes this interesting!
  33. 33. Resources• http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/• http://filamentgroup.com/examples/responsive-images/• http://code.google.com/p/css3-mediaqueries-js/• http://stuffandnonsense.co.uk/blog/about/hardboiled_css3_media_queries• http://www.stunningcss3.com/index.php• http://www.abookapart.com/products/responsive-web-design• http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2011/07/22/responsive-web-design-techniques-tools- and-design-strategies/• http://mediaqueri.es/• http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-mediaqueries/
  34. 34. Questions?Frédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microsoftfredh@microsoft.com@fharperhttp://webnotwar.cahttp://outofcomfortzone.net
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