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FITC - 2012-04-23 - Responsive Web Design
 

FITC - 2012-04-23 - Responsive Web Design

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  • http://www.lukew.com/ff/entry.asp?1514

FITC - 2012-04-23 - Responsive Web Design FITC - 2012-04-23 - Responsive Web Design Presentation Transcript

  • Frédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microsoft Canada@fharper | outofcomfortzone.net
  • Sorry…
  • How we viewed the web…• The Desktop Browser
  • How we view the web today…• The Desktop Browser• Mobile Browsers• Tablet form-factors• Televisions• Game Consoles• More…
  • How we view the web today…• The Desktop Browser• Mobile Browsers• Tablet form-factors• Televisions• Game Consoles• More…• So what’s the problem?
  • The Anti-Pattern
  • Responsive WebDesigns
  • Responsive Web Design• Thinking of the user’s needs instead of ours.• Adapt to various device capabilities instead of configurations.• Help future-proof our sites.
  • The way to go
  • Elements of Responsive Web Design
  • Elements of Responsive Web Design• A flexible, grid-based layout,
  • Elements of Responsive Web Design• A flexible, grid-based layout,• Flexible images and media,
  • Elements of Responsive Web Design• A flexible, grid-based layout,• Flexible images and media,• Media queries.
  • Elements of Responsive Web Design• A flexible, grid-based layout,• Flexible images and media,• Media queries.• Something else.
  • Flexible, Grid-basedLayout
  • Ok, so what’s the problem?• Non-responsive sites are no fun.• Fixed-width sites are not the best experiences.• Design tools tend to use pixels.• Sometimes a pixel does not equal a pixel.• So how do we turn pixels to their em counterparts?
  • Pixels to Ems Algorithm
  • Responsive Web Design READ MORE >> h1 { h1 {em font-size: 24px; 24 / 16 = 1.5 font-size: 1.5em; } } h1 a { h1 a {% 11 / 24 = font-size: 11px; font: 0.458333333+; 0.458333333+ } } 1 2 3
  • And the Grid?
  • Flexible Images andMedia
  • A Simple Solution img { max-width: 100%; }Works on images, as well as other media like <video>.
  • Another Possibility Filament Group – depends on cookies and JavaScript
  • Media Queries
  • Not so long ago…• We could define media types: screen and print.• But not easily respond to the user’s display.• Lots of grunt work.• Didn’t spend much time thinking about mobile devices.
  • CSS3 Media Queries• The CSS3 Media Queries Module specifies methods to enable web developers to scope a style sheet to a set of precise device capabilities.
  • Simple Example@media screen and (max-width: 600px) { body { font-size: 80%; }}
  • Other Queries@media screen and (min-width:320px) and (max-width:480px)@media not print and (max-width:600px)@media screen (x) and (y), print (a) and (b)
  • Can be declared…In the StylesheetImport Rule @import url(mq.css) only screen and (max- width:600px)link Element <link rel=“stylesheet” media=“only screen and (max-width:800px)” href=“mq.css”>
  • Supported Media Properties• min/max-width • device-aspect-ratio• min/max-height • color• device-width • color-index• device-height • monochrome• orientation • resolution• aspect-ratio
  • Supported Media Properties• min/max-width • device-aspect-ratio• min/max-height • color• device-width • color-index• device-height • monochrome• orientation • resolution• aspect-ratio
  • Little Pea Bakery
  • What About Devices?• viewport meta tag • <meta name=“viewport” content=“width=device- width”>• device-width vs. width• maximum-zoom
  • What about non-supportive browsers?• css3-mediaqueries-js by Wouter van der Graaf• Just include the script in your pages• Parses the CSS and applies style for positive media tests
  • Resources• http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design/• http://www.lukew.com/ff/entry.asp?1514• http://filamentgroup.com/examples/responsive-images/• http://code.google.com/p/css3-mediaqueries-js/• http://stuffandnonsense.co.uk/blog/about/hardboiled_css3_media_queries• http://www.stunningcss3.com/index.php• http://www.abookapart.com/products/responsive-web-design• http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2011/07/22/responsive-web-design-techniques- tools-and-design-strategies/• http://mediaqueri.es/• http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-mediaqueries/
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?• Don’t dismiss mobile as walking and looking something up.
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?• Don’t dismiss mobile as walking and looking something up.• We are at the beginning, that’s what makes this interesting!
  • Hey, what was that 4th thing?Design• Do we start with mobile-first?• Is it best that all sites are responsive?• Do we need or want to do visual comps for every device?• Don’t dismiss mobile as walking and looking something up.• We are at the beginning, that’s what makes this interesting!
  • Free t-shirts to first 50 people Paul Laberge 2:15 tomorrow Like a boss: crushing it with the new Web standards
  • Questions?Frédéric HarperDeveloper Evangelist @ Microsoftfredh@microsoft.com@fharperhttp://webnotwar.cahttp://outofcomfortzone.net