PLANZER LAW                                           Division on AddictionsRegulating Gambling in EuropeNational Approach...
This report summarises raw data collected during 2010 to 2011. The report relates to a larger research project that invest...
Contents 1    Preface 2    Acknowledgements 3    National Experts 11   Regulatory Data - Survey Questions and Definitions ...
PrefaceThis report relates to a larger research project examining the effectiveness of regulatory approaches to gambling a...
AcknowledgementsThe composition of this report would not have been possible without highly appreciated assistance from var...
National ExpertsNumerous national experts have kindly offered their expertise in completing a regulatory survey on which t...
DenmarkDanish Gambling AuthorityMette Slotved ThomsenHelgeshøj Allé 9, 2630 TaastrupTel: +45 72 38 52 68E-mail: Mette.KS.T...
Law Firm GlimstedtPriit Lätt, Managing PartnerMerit Lind, AssociateRävala 5, Tallinn 10143Tel: +372 630 9170E-mail: priit....
Rechtsanwälte Dr. Bauer & BeckerJens Becker, LL.M.Leopoldstrasse 244, 80807 MünchenTel: +49 89 92 98 97-10Fax: +49 89 92 9...
LiechtensteinWolff Gstoehl Bruckschweiger, AdvokaturbüroMag. iur. Christoph Bruckschweiger, LL.M.Mitteldorf 1, Postfach 34...
PolandBird & Bird Maciej Gawronski sp. k.Piotr Dynowski, LL.M., Head of IP, Media and Advertising Law PracticeUl. ks. Skor...
SlovakiaSonnenschein & Partners, Ltd.Tomáš Färber, AdvocateMichal Janacek, Advocate Za kasarnou 1, 831 03 BratislavaTel: +...
The NetherlandsBird & Bird LLPRoelien van Neck, Partner IT/CommercialOffices: Van Alkemadelaan 700, 2597 AW The HagueMail:...
Regulatory Data - Survey Questions and DefinitionsQuestions1. What has been the regulation with regard to LAND-BASED GAMBL...
13. Has the law required any part of this portion taken by the State (or an institution controlled by the State) be alloca...
In relation to the question regarding types of system:Prohibition: The provision of gambling services is prohibited by law...
Regulatory Data - Answers by JurisdictionAustria                                      Sportsbetting                   Lott...
Belgium                                      Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Bulgaria                                     Sportsbetting                Lottery                      Poker              ...
Czech Republic                               Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Denmark                                      Sportsbetting                 Lottery                         Poker          ...
Estonia                                      Sportsbetting                 Lottery                      Poker             ...
Finland                                      Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
France                                       Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Germany                                      Sportsbetting                    Lottery                         Poker       ...
Gibraltar                                    Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Greece                                       Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Hungary                                      Sportsbetting                Lottery                       Poker             ...
Iceland                                      Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Ireland                                      Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Italy                                        Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Jersey                                       Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Latvia                                       Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Liechtenstein                                Sportsbetting                   Lottery                         Poker        ...
Lithuania                                    Sportsbetting                 Lottery                         Poker          ...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gam...
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Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gambling 1997 - 2010_planzer law

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Regulating Gambling in Europe - National Approaches to Gambling Regulation and Prevalence Rates of Pathological Gambling 1997 – 2010, Simon Planzer (ed.), Zurich 2011. www.planzer-law.com.

This report summarises raw data collected during 2010 to 2011. The report relates to a larger research project that investigates associations between gambling regulation and gambling behaviour.

Contents : 1 Preface; 2 Acknowledgements; 3 National Experts; 11 Regulatory Data - Survey Questions and Definitions; 14 Regulatory Data - Answers by Jurisdiction; 44 Regulatory Data - Comments by Jurisdiction; 90 National Prevalence Studies on Pathological Gambling.

This report relates to a larger research project examining the effectiveness of regulatory approaches to gambling across Europe.

The idea for the project was born out of conversations with Dr. Shaffer during a research stay at the Division on Addictions at Harvard Medical School during 2009 and 2010.

With the combination of expertise from the normative discipline of law, and empirical disciplines such as psychology and medicine, this report offers new research perspectives to an old public health issue: pathological gambling.

Gambling regulators throughout Europe, and indeed the world, are faced with the question of how to keep the prevalence of pathological gambling to a minimum.
In addition, regulators often need to pursue other goals too such as economic development and crime prevention.

Aspects they need to decide upon include, inter alia: 1) The type of licensing system. 2) Whether individuals should be penalised when playing illegal games. 3) Whether a minimum age to play should be introduced. 4) Whether restrictions on advertising should apply. 5) Whether money should be allocated to problem gambling issues.

This report summarises regulatory data relating to the aforementioned aspects along with information regarding the age of the market.

With the kind support of GamblingCompliance, experts in national gambling law were identified across Europe including employees from the public sector (regulators, government officials) as well as the private sector (mainly practising lawyers). Many of them agreed to complete an online survey covering the regulatory aspects mentioned above.

This report summarises regulatory data collected from 30 jurisdictions: the European Union (EU) Member States (except for Cyprus, Slovenia, and Sweden), all members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as well as from Gibraltar and Jersey.

The report covers the time period from January 1997 to March 2010, five types of games (sports betting, lottery, poker, table games, and electronic gaming machines) and it differentiates between the land-based and online forms of these games. Finally, it also contains all national prevalence studies that could be identified in the researched jurisdictions.

For further information on this report, please contact: Simon Planzer, Esq. planzer@planzer-law.com

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Report on regulating gambling in europe national approaches to gambling regulation and prevalence rate of pathological gambling 1997 - 2010_planzer law

  1. 1. PLANZER LAW Division on AddictionsRegulating Gambling in EuropeNational Approaches to Gambling Regulation andPrevalence Rates of Pathological Gambling 1997 - 2010
  2. 2. This report summarises raw data collected during 2010 to 2011. The report relates to a larger research project that investigatesassociations between gambling regulation and gambling behaviour. Researchers on this project, who have contributed to thisreport, include:Simon Planzer, M.A., MLaw Prof. Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S.Attorney at Law, PLANZER LAW Director of the Division on AddictionsLecturer in Law, University of St.Gallen HSG Associate Professor of Psychology Cambridge Health Alliance / Harvard Medical School Heather Gray, Ph.D. Research Associate, Instructor in Psychiatry Division on Addictions, Cambridge Health Alliance / Harvard Medical SchoolDisclaimerEvery effort was made to reproduce the regulatory approaches in this report as informed by national experts who participated inthis research project. However, no warranty can be offered as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained inthis report. This report does not constitute a source on which legal claims can or should be based. Accordingly, any liability in reli-ance on the information contained in this report or any decision based on it is declined.Copyright Terms© Copyright 2011, Simon Planzer. All rights reserved, except otherwise provided in the following:This report constitutes a collection of raw data which is put at the disposal of the general public. Its intended use is free ofcharge. Neither the report or parts of it nor reproductions containing all or parts of this report’s information may be sold. Parts ofthis report may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes provided that the report is duly quoted.Suggested citation: Regulating Gambling in Europe - National Approaches to Gambling Regulation and Prevalence Rates ofPathological Gambling 1997 – 2010, Simon Planzer (ed.), Zurich 2011.The report is available at: www.planzer-law.com.The design of this report has been provided by:GamblingComplianceUK Office91 Waterloo RoadLondon SE1 8RTTel: +44(0)207 921 9980Fax: +44(0)207 960 2885info@gamblingcompliance.comwww.gamblingcompliance.com
  3. 3. Contents 1 Preface 2 Acknowledgements 3 National Experts 11 Regulatory Data - Survey Questions and Definitions 14 Regulatory Data - Answers by Jurisdiction 44 Regulatory Data - Comments by Jurisdiction 90 National Prevalence Studies on Pathological Gambling
  4. 4. PrefaceThis report relates to a larger research project examining the effectiveness of regulatory approaches to gambling across Europe.The idea for the project was born out of conversations with Dr. Shaffer during a research stay at the Division on Addictions at Har-vard Medical School during 2009 and 2010. With the combination of expertise from the normative discipline of law, and empiricaldisciplines such as psychology and medicine, this report offers new research perspectives to an old public health issue: pathologicalgambling.Gambling regulators throughout Europe, and indeed the world, are faced with the question of how to keep the prevalence of patho-logical gambling to a minimum. In addition, regulators often need to pursue other goals too such as economic development andcrime prevention. Aspects they need to decide upon include, inter alia:1) The type of licensing system.2) Whether individuals should be penalised when playing illegal games.3) Whether a minimum age to play should be introduced.4) Whether restrictions on advertising should apply.5) Whether money should be allocated to problem gambling issues.This report summarises regulatory data relating to the aforementioned aspects along with information regarding the age of themarket. With the kind support of GamblingCompliance, experts in national gambling law were identified across Europe includingemployees from the public sector (regulators, government officials) as well as the private sector (mainly practising lawyers). Many ofthem agreed to complete an online survey covering the regulatory aspects mentioned above. This report summarises regulatory datacollected from 30 jurisdictions: the European Union (EU) Member States (except for Cyprus, Slovenia, and Sweden), all members ofthe European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as well as from Gibraltar and Jersey. The report covers the time period from January 1997to March 2010, five types of games (sports betting, lottery, poker, table games, and electronic gaming machines) and it differentiatesbetween the land-based and online forms of these games. Finally, it also contains all national prevalence studies that could be identi-fied in the researched jurisdictions.The purpose of this report is to make the data freely available both to public and private stakeholders as well as the general public.Hopefully, this initiative contributes to the strengthening of transparency of research and evidence-informed regulation.For further information on this report, please contact:Simon Planzer, Esq.Mail: Planzer LawPO Box 1924CH-8031 ZurichSwitzerlandE-mail: planzer@planzer-law.comWeb: www.planzer-law.com 1
  5. 5. AcknowledgementsThe composition of this report would not have been possible without highly appreciated assistance from various actors who have inone way or the other supported the bigger research project on gambling regulation and gambling behaviour.The support of the following actors is acknowledged: • bwin.party for supporting the final phase of the data collection with a research grant. • GamblingCompliance for supporting this research project from its early days, by providing support in identifying na- tional experts, lending administrative assistance as well as in designing the report. • The European Gaming & Betting Association (EGBA) for providing support in identifying national experts and ad- ministrative assistance. • Sine Edal, M.A., M.Sc., for providing support in the processing of the data. • And of course all the national experts who have participated in the regulatory survey and offered their expertise. 2
  6. 6. National ExpertsNumerous national experts have kindly offered their expertise in completing a regulatory survey on which the answers in thisreport are based. Those experts, who have agreed to be mentioned in this report, are listed in the following.AustriaBrandl & Talos Attorneys at LawDr. Thomas Talos, LL.M., PartnerDr. Arthur Stadler, AssociateMariahilfer Strasse 116, 1070 ViennaTel: +43 1 522 5700Fax: +43 1 522 5701E-mail: office@btp.atWeb: www.btp.atBelgiumBelgian Gaming CommissionEtienne Marique, ChairmanMarc Callu, Member-DirectorPeter Naessens, Head of Unit Regulatory Advise, Research & DevelopmentKantersteen 47, 1000 BrusselsTel: +32 2 213 42 78Web: www.gamingcommission.beKoan Legal StrategiesJan Decorte, PartnerBoulevard du Souverain/Vorstlaan 100, B-1170 BrusselsTel: +32 2 566 9000E-mail: jdc@koan.euWeb: www.koan.euCzech RepublicLaw Office Becker and Poliakoff, s.r.o.Jan Kozubek, Attorney at lawPrague 1, U Prašné brány 1078/1Tel: +420 224 900 000Fax: +420 224 900 041E-mail: kozubek@becker-poliakoff.czWeb: www.becker-poliakoff.cz 3
  7. 7. DenmarkDanish Gambling AuthorityMette Slotved ThomsenHelgeshøj Allé 9, 2630 TaastrupTel: +45 72 38 52 68E-mail: Mette.KS.Thomsen@Skat.dkWeb: www.spillemyndigheden.dkMoalem Weitemeyer Bendtsen AdvokatpartnerselskabDr. Claus Molbech Bendtsen, MBA, PartnerTel: +45 33 77 90 60 (direct)Mob: +45 30 37 96 60E-mail: cmb@mwblaw.dkKim David Lexner, Junior AssociateTel: +45 33 77 90 46 (direct)Mob: +45 30 37 96 46E-mail: kdl@mwblaw.dkAmaliegade 3-5, DK-1256 København K/Copenhagen KFax: +45 70 70 15 06Web: www.mwblaw.dkNielsen Nørager Law Firm LLPHenrik Peytz, MBA, AttorneyFrederiksberggade 16, 1459 Copenhagen KTel: +45 33 11 45 45E-mail: hp@nnlaw.dkWeb: www.nnlaw.dkEstoniaMinistry of FinanceEntrepreneurship and Accounting Policy DepartmentWeb: www.fin.eeLaw Firm Glikman & Partners Ms Silja Elunurm, Attorney at Law, M.A., LL.M., Head of IP/IT Team Mr Maksim Kozlov, Attorney at Law  Liivalaia 45, 10145 TallinnTel: +372 686 0000E-mail: estonia@blslawfirm.comWeb: www.blslawfirm.com 4
  8. 8. Law Firm GlimstedtPriit Lätt, Managing PartnerMerit Lind, AssociateRävala 5, Tallinn 10143Tel: +372 630 9170E-mail: priit.latt@glimstedt.eeE-mail: merit.lind@glimstedt.eeWeb: www.glimstedt.eeFinlandNational Police BoardGambling AdministrationSaaramia Varvio, Senior OfficerP.O. Box 50, FI-11101 RiihimakiTel: +358 71 878 1881E-mail: saaramia.varvio@poliisi.fiHannes Snellman Attorneys LtdErkko Korhonen, Associate LawyerTel: +358 9 2288 4308E-mail: erkko.korhonen@hannessnellman.comOffices: Eteläranta 8, HelsinkiMail: P.O. Box 333, FI-00131 HelsinkiWeb: www.hannessnellman.comFranceDGFLA Law FirmFrédéric Manin, Attorney at Law, Partner9 rue Boissy d’Anglas, 75008 ParisTel: +33 1 56 64 02 80 (direct)E-mail: fmanin@dgfla.comWeb: www.dgfla.comGermanyArendts RechtsanwälteMartin Arendts, M.B.L.-HSG, Attorney at LawPerlacher Strasse 68, 82031 GrünwaldTel: +49 89 64 91 11 - 75Fax: +49 89 64 91 11 - 76 5
  9. 9. Rechtsanwälte Dr. Bauer & BeckerJens Becker, LL.M.Leopoldstrasse 244, 80807 MünchenTel: +49 89 92 98 97-10Fax: +49 89 92 98 97-09E-mail: jens.becker@bp-recht.deWeb: www.bp-recht.deItalyDe Berti Jacchia Franchini Forlani (Milan, Rome, Brussels, Moscow) Roberto A. JacchiaVia San Paolo 7, 20121 MilanTel: +3902725541E-mail: r.jacchia@dejalex.com Web: www.dejalex.comAntonella TerranovaVia Bertoloni  14, 00197 RomeTel: +39068091541E-mail: a.terranova@dejalex.comWeb: www.dejalex.comRödl & PartnerRoberto Pera, LL.M., Ph.D., Managing PartnerFilippo Maria Catenacci, LL.M., Associate PartnerMariacristina Bonomo, Ph.D. student at Luiss University, TraineeRödl & PartnerAvvocati, Dottori Commercialisti e Revisori ContabiliAttorneys at Law, Tax Consultants, Certified Public AccountantsRechtsanwälte, Steuerberater, WirtschaftsprüferPiazza di S. Anastasia, 7, 00186 RomaTel: +39 06 96 70 12 70Fax: +39 06 32 23 394Web: www.roedl.com/itLatviaLaw Office “Consilio”Mr Kaspars Ozolins, LL.M., Attorney at Law, PartnerValnu street 32 - 415, Riga, LV-1010Tel: +371 29145555E-mail: kaspars@consilio.comMr Gatis Upenieks, LL.M.Valnu street 32 - 415, Riga, LV-1010Tel: +371 26525636E-mail: gatis@consilio.com 6
  10. 10. LiechtensteinWolff Gstoehl Bruckschweiger, AdvokaturbüroMag. iur. Christoph Bruckschweiger, LL.M.Mitteldorf 1, Postfach 343, 9490 VaduzTel: +423 238 10 30Fax: +423 238 10 31E-mail: bruckschweiger@wgb-law.liWeb: www.wgb-law.liLuxembourgJurisconsulErwin Sotiri, Founding Partner70, Grand Rue, L-1660 LuxembourgTel: +352 26 38 98 08Fax: +352 26 38 98 09Web: www.jurisconsul.comMK Law FirmMichaël Kitai, PartnerAvocat aux barreaux de Luxembourg et de Bruxelles14-16 rue Philippe II, L-2340 LuxembourgTel: +352 621 634 557E-mail: michael.kitai@barreau.luMaltaBetfairDr. James Palmier GonziDirector/Key Official & Compliance Manager (Malta)Tel: +356 2271 3600Mob: +356 9982 6550Fax: +356 21 228 572The Betfair GroupTriq il-Kappillan Mifsud, St. Venera, SVR 1851Web: www.betfair.comNorwayRoyal Ministry of Cultural AffairsRolf Francis SimsP.O. Box 8030 Dep0030 OsloTel: +47 22247825E-mail: rolf-francis.sims@kud.dep.no 7
  11. 11. PolandBird & Bird Maciej Gawronski sp. k.Piotr Dynowski, LL.M., Head of IP, Media and Advertising Law PracticeUl. ks. Skorupki 5, 00-546 WarsawTel: +48 22 583 79 00Fax: +48 22 583 79 99E-mail: piotr.dynowski@twobirds.comWeb: www.twobirds.comPortugalCoelho Ribeiro e Associados, Sociedade Civil de AdvogadosJaime MedeirosAv. Engº. Duarte Pacheco, Emp. Amoreiras, Torre 2 - 13º A, 1099-042 LisbonTel: +351 21 383 90 60Fax: +351 21 385 32 02Web: www.cralaw.comEduardo Serra Jorge e Maria José Garcia, Sociedade de Advogados, R.LEduardo Serra JorgeAv. António Augusto Aguiar, 183, R/C Dto., 1050-014 LisboaTel: +351 21 384 53 90Fax: +351 213 873 097E-mail: esjmjg@net.novis.ptWeb: www.esjmjgadvogados.comRomaniaBostina & Associates Law FirmCristian Costea, PartnerIrina Corcoveanu, Senior AssociateNo 70, Jean Louis Calderon Street, BucharestTel: +4021 211 48 00; +4021 319 44 66Fax: +4021 319 48 03; +4021 210 46 43E-mail: office@bostina.euWeb: www.bostinalawyers.euMararu & Mararu SCAMr. Ioan B. Mararu, Esq., Partner13-15 Episcopul Timus, Suite 1, 011611 BucharestTel: +4021 311 0664Mob: +4 0744 21 00 88Fax: +4021 313 5683E-mail: bogdan@mararu.roWeb: www.mararu.ro 8
  12. 12. SlovakiaSonnenschein & Partners, Ltd.Tomáš Färber, AdvocateMichal Janacek, Advocate Za kasarnou 1, 831 03 BratislavaTel: +421 2 492 47 220/221E-mail: info@sonneschein.sk; janecek@sonneschein.skWeb: www.sonnenschein.skSpainAltius Asesores Legales y TributariosJuan José FolchiC/ Aribau nº 205, 1º, 08021 BarcelonaTel: +34 93 292 23 10Fax: +34 93 292 23 13E-mail: jfolchi@barcelonaunionlegal.comAsensi AbogadosSantiago AsensiMadrid: C/ Conde de Aranda 20, 2 Izq. 28001 MadridMallorca: C/ Gran Vía Puig del Castellet, 1, Bloque 2, Piso 1º , 07180 Santa Ponsa, Islas BalearesTel: +34 971 90 92 19Mob: +34 607 799 466Fax: +34 871 95 43 47E-mail: santiago@asensi.esWeb: www.asensi.esCuatrecasas, Gonçalves, PereiraJavier Aparicio Salom, Partnerjavier.aparicio@cuatrecasas.comAlejandro Negro, Senior Associatealejandro.negro@cuatrecasas.comVelázquez, 63, 28001 MadridTel: +34 915 247 717Fax: +34 915 247 655 9
  13. 13. The NetherlandsBird & Bird LLPRoelien van Neck, Partner IT/CommercialOffices: Van Alkemadelaan 700, 2597 AW The HagueMail: P.O. Box 30311, 2500 GH The HagueTel: +31 70 3538950Fax: +31 70 3538892E-mail: roelien.van.neck@twobirds.comWeb: www.twobirds.comVMW Taxand N.V.Justin Franssen, Attorney at LawFrank Tolboom, Attorney at LawDr. Alan LittlerPiet Heinkade 55, Postbus 2911, 1000 CX AmsterdamTel: +31 20 301 66 33Fax: +31 20 301 66 22E-mail: info@vmwtaxand.nlWeb: www.vmwtaxand.nlUnited KingdomJeffrey Green Russell, SolicitorsNick Nocton, PartnerWaverley House, 7-12 Noel Street, London W1F 8GQTel: +44 (0) 207 339 7000E-mail: njn@jgrlaw.co.uk 10
  14. 14. Regulatory Data - Survey Questions and DefinitionsQuestions1. What has been the regulation with regard to LAND-BASED GAMBLING SERVICES PROVIDERS for each of the following types ofgames in your jurisdiction during the time period from January 1997 to March 2010? (Following types of games include sports bet-ting, lottery, poker, table games and electronic gaming machines.)2. What has been the regulation with regard to ONLINE GAMBLING SERVICES PROVIDERS for each of the following types of gamesin your jurisdiction during the time period from January 1997 to March 2010?3. Has the law prohibited INDIVIDUALS/PLAYERS from playing the following LAND-BASED types of games under the threat of finesor imprisonment during the time period from January 1997 to March 2010?4. Has the law prohibited INDIVIDUALS/PLAYERS from playing the following ONLINE types of games under the threat of fines orimprisonment during the time period from January 1997 to March 2010?5. Has the law required a certain MINIMUM AGE to play the following LAND-BASED types of games?6. Has the law required a certain MINIMUM AGE to play the following ONLINE types of games?7. Please describe the regulatory policy in your jurisdiction with regard to ADVERTISEMENT for LAND-BASED GAMBLING during thetime period from January 1997 and March 2010. If the applicable regulation is “Some Restrictions”, please briefly describe the restrictions for each type of game.8. Please describe the regulatory policy in your jurisdiction with regard to ADVERTISEMENT for ONLINE GAMBLING during the timeperiod from January 1997 and March 2010. If the applicable regulation is “Some Restrictions”, please briefly describe the restrictions for each type of game.9. If the following LAND-BASED types of games have been legally offered to players in your jurisdiction, please choose the age ofthe market of each type of game (i.e. number of years that this type of game has been legally offered).10. If the following ONLINE types of games have been legally offered to players in your jurisdiction by domestic provider(s), pleasechoose the age of the market of each type of game (i.e. number of years that this type of game has been legally offered).11. Please indicate whether the State (or an institution controlled by the State) has taken a portion from the gambling providers’earnings. This question also applies to charitable purposes.12. Please indicate for how long the State (or an institution controlled by the State) has been taking a portion from the gamblingproviders’ earnings. This question also applies to charitable purposes. 11
  15. 15. 13. Has the law required any part of this portion taken by the State (or an institution controlled by the State) be allocated to prob-lem gambling issues?14. Since when has part of the portion taken by the State been required by law to be allocated to problem gambling issues?15. Has the money allocated to deal with problem gambling issues been specifically allocated by law to any or several of the follow-ing purposes? If yes, from when to when has this policy been in place?16. Has the State otherwise provided money, which did not come from the gambling earnings, to deal with problem gambling is-sues?DefinitionsIn relation to all questions:Sports Betting: Includes all form of games in which a player makes a wager on the outcome of a sporting event.Lottery: Includes all form of games that involve the drawing of lots for a prize.Poker: We isolated this category of card games because in some jurisdictions it is treated as a game of skill, in others as a game ofchance. It includes a range of poker card games in which players wager money. If your jurisdiction distinguishes between differentforms of poker (e.g. Texas hold’em in the form of a tournament), please indicate it in the survey. We do NOT include video pokermachines in this category. Those machines fall under the type of game “electronic gaming machines”.Table Games: Includes games such as Black Jack, Roulette, Craps, Baccarat in which players wager money.Electronic Gaming Machines: These machines have different names in different jurisdictions, such as slot machines, fruit ma-chines, one-armed bandit or pokies. This type of game also includes video lottery terminals (VLTs) and video poker machines, in fact,any machine in which a player can insert a coin or money to wager on certain patterns of symbols visible on the screen. We includehere only chance based games played on machines (as opposed to skill based games).[When asking for the age of market of electronic gaming machines, we also considered earlier, mechanical forms of gaming ma-chines.]In relation to all questions:The relevant time frame for all questions is only from 1/1997 to 3/2010. Even if the relevant legislation was enacted prior to 1/1997,please always indicate 1/1997 as a start date. The end date is always 3/2010. Should the policy have changed since 1/1997, thenuse the second row (of the same type of game).[When participants indicated a change of policy, the relevant date was when the policy entered into effect, not when it was passedby the legislator.] 12
  16. 16. In relation to the question regarding types of system:Prohibition: The provision of gambling services is prohibited by law. No provider can legally offer such services.Public Monopoly: The provision of gambling services is restricted by law to the offer of a single public provider. “Public” here meansthat the provider can be directly state-run or directly or indirectly controlled by the state. This may also include a company subject toprivate law rules but whose shares are predominantly controlled by the state.Closed Licensing System: The state distributes licenses (concessions) for the provision of gambling. The number of licenses (1 orhigher) is limited either by law or de facto by government decision. The number of licenses may however change over time.Open Licensing System: The state distributes licenses for the provision of gambling. The number of licenses is in practice NOTlimited. Any company applying for a license that fulfills the conditions imposed by law will normally receive a license.No License Required: There is no requirement to obtain a license for the provision of gambling. It can be offered as any other busi-ness activity. And if some form of authorization is still required it is generally easy to obtain.In relation to the question regarding ‘prohibition to play for individuals’:Please note that the answer ‘Prohibition’ only applied when the respective type of game could not be played legally in that jurisdic-tion. If the prohibition to play the game (combined with a threat of fine or imprisonment) only applied to playing with unlicensedoperators (instead of with the licensed operator(s), the applicable answer was ‘No/No Prohibition’.In relation to the question regarding ‘minimum age to play’:Please note that where a certain game was prohibited during a certain time, the answer to ‘minimum age to play’ would normally be‘no minimum age’.The regulatory survey did no expressly ask whether the minimum age changed between 1997 and 2010. Many national experts pro-vided further comments (cf. ‘Regulatory Data - Comments by Jurisdictions’). The minimum age listed here is the one which nationalexperts expressly indicated or which, according to their comments, was in place most of the time during 1997 to 2010. 13
  17. 17. Regulatory Data - Answers by JurisdictionAustria Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Open Licensing System from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Open Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System Open Licensing System from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 16 18 18 18 18 Online 16 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions No Specific Restrictions from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions No Specific Restrictions from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 31 to 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 31 to 50years) Online 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 14
  18. 18. Belgium Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 Prohibition from 1/1997 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 6/2001; Closed Licensing Sys- to 6/2001; Closed Licens- to 6/2001; Closed Licens- tem from 7/2001 to 3/2010 ing System from 7/2001 to ing System from 7/2001 to 3/2010 3/2010 Online No License Required from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2002; Public Monopoly 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 4/2002 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based No Minimum Age 18 21 21 21 Online No Minimum Age 18 No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 6/2002; Some 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Restrictions from 7/2002 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 6/2002; Some 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Restrictions from 7/2002 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 6 to 10 6 to 10 6 to 10years) Online 6 to 10 0 (less than one year) No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Yes; Research 1/2001; Treatment 1/2001; Public Education 1/2001by state to deal with prob-lem gambling 15
  19. 19. Bulgaria Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 16-20years) Online No No No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Nogambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/Aproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 16
  20. 20. Czech Republic Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from No License Required from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online 18 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20years) Online 1 to 2 No No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/Aproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 17
  21. 21. Denmark Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Open Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System No License Required from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 12/2009; Open Li- from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 12/2000; Open censing System from 1/2010 Licensing System from to 3/2010 1/2001 to 3/2010 Online Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from 1/1997 Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based No Minimum Age No Minimum Age 18 18 18 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based Some Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 16-20 16-20 21-25years) Online 16-20 16-20 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Yes; Research 1/2001 to 3/2010; Treatment 1/2001 to 3/2010; Public Education Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Research No; Treatment No; Public Education Dont’ know; Unspecified Don’t knowby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 18
  22. 22. Estonia Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 12/2008; Closed 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Licensing System from 1/2009 to 3/2010 Online No License Required from Prohibition from 1/1997 No License Required from No License Required from No License Required from 1/1997 to 12/2009; Open Li- to 12/2009; Closed Licens- 1/1997 to 12/2009; Open Li- 1/1997 to 12/2009; Open Li- 1/1997 to 12/2009; Open censing System from 1/2010 ing System from 1/2010 to censing System from 1/2010 censing System from 1/2010 Licensing System from to 3/2010 3/2010 to 3/2010 to 3/2010 1/2010 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 21 No Minimum Age 21 21 21 Online 21 No Minimum Age 21 21 21Restrictions to advertising Land-based Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to Prohibition from 1/1998 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 11 to 15 16 to 20 11 to 15 11 to 15 11 to 15years) Online 0 (less than one year) 0 (less than one year) 0 (less than one year) 0 (less than one year) 0 (less than one year)Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; 16 to 20gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Yes; Unspecific Purposes from 6/2009 to 3/2010problem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 19
  23. 23. Finland Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from 1/1997 Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/2010; Public Monopoly 1/2010; Public Monopoly 1/2010; Public Monopoly from 2/2010 to 3/2010 from 2/2010 to 3/2010 from 2/2010 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based No Minimum Age No Minimum Age 18 18 15 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age 18 18 15Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 31 to 50 16 to 20 31 to 50 More Than 50years) Online 11 to 15 11 to 15 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Yes; Research 1/2002 to 3/2010problem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Yes; Research [no date indicated]; Treatment [no date indicated]; Public Education [no date indicated]by state to deal with prob-lem gambling 20
  24. 24. France Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Closed Licensing System from Public Monopoly from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 5/2001; Public Monopoly 5/2001; Public Monopoly 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 5/2001 to 3/2010 from 5/2001 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 26 to 30 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 26 to 30years) Online 6 to 10 6 to 10 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 21
  25. 25. Germany Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from 1/1997 Public Monopoly from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Public Monopoly from 1/1997 to 12/2007; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2007; Prohibi- 3/2010 3/2010 1/1997 to 12/2007; Pro- tion from 1/2008 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2008 to 3/2010 hibition from 1/2008 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online Yes from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Yes from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Yes from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Yes from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Yes from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 21 21 18 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some from 1/1997 to 12/2007 Restrictions from 1/2008 to Restrictions from 1/2008 to Restrictions from 1/2008 to Restrictions from 1/2008 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some 1/1997 to 12/2007; Some 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 Restrictions from 1/2008 to Restrictions from 1/2008 to 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50years) Online 6 to 10 6 to 10 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Yes; Research 1/2008 to 3/2010problem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 22
  26. 26. Gibraltar Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010 from 1/1998 to 3/2010 from 1/1998 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1998 to 3/2010 No from 1/1998 to 3/2010 No from 1/1998 to 3/2010 No from 1/1998 to 3/2010 No from 1/1998 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 16 18 18 18 Online 18 16 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010 1/1998 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50years) Online 11 to 15 11 to 15 11 to 15 11 to 15 11 to 15Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; 31 to 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Yes; Treatment [no date indicated]; Public Education [no date indicated]by state to deal with prob-lem gambling 23
  27. 27. Greece Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Prohibition from 1/1997 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 to 7/2002; Closed Licens- ing System from 7/2002 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 toindividuals (fines, imprison- 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010ment) Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 23 23 23 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 6 to 10 More Than 50 6 to 10years) Online No No No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Noby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 24
  28. 28. Hungary Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 toindividuals (fines, imprison- 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010ment) Online Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to Prohibition from 6/1999 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online 18 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 Online Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010 6/2008 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 More Than 50 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20years) Online 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 25
  29. 29. Iceland Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2011 3/2010 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison- 3/2010 3/2010ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age 16 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age 16Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 31 to 50 No No 26 to 30years) Online 6 to 10 6 to 10 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Nogambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/Aproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 26
  30. 30. Ireland Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from No License Required from No License Required from Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Open Licensing System from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age Online 18 No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50years) Online ? No No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 27
  31. 31. Italy Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System from Closed Licensing System Closed Licensing System 1/1997 to 6/1999; Closed Li- 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 5/2007; Open Li- from 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 5/2007; censing System from 7/1999 censing System from 6/2007 Open Licensing System to 3/2010 to 3/2010 from 6/2007 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 Prohibition from 1/1997 8/2006; Closed Licensing Sys- 8/2006; Closed Licensing Sys- 6/2007; Closed Licensing Sys- to 6/2007; Closed Licens- to 4/2004; Closed Licens- tem from 9/2006 to 3/2010 tem from 9/2006 to 3/2010 tem from 7/2007 to 3/2010 ing System from 7/2007 to ing System from 5/2004 to 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Yes from 1/1997 toindividuals (fines, imprison- 4/2004; No from 5/2004 toment) 3/2010 Online Yes from 1/1997 to 8/2006; Yes from 1/1997 to 8/2006; Yes from 1/1997 to 6/2007; Yes from 1/1997 to 6/2007; Yes from 1/1997 to No from 9/2006 to 3/2010 No from 9/2006 to 3/2010 No from 7/2007 to 3/2010 No from 7/2007 to 3/2010 4/2004; No from 5/2004 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online 18 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 8/2006; No Specific Restric- 8/2006; No Specific Restric- 6/2007; No Specific Restric- 6/2007; No Specific Restric- to 4/2004; No Specific tion from 9/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 9/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 7/2007 to 3/2010 tion from 7/2007 to 3/2010 Restriction from 5/2004 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 More Than 50 6 to 10years) Online 3 to 5 3 to 5 3 to 5 0 6 to 10Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; More Than 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 28
  32. 32. Jersey Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Closed Licensing System from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 2/2008 to 3/2010 2/2008 to 3/2010 2/2008 to 3/2010 2/2008 to 3/2010 from 2/2008 to 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison- 3/2010 3/2010ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online 18 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based Prohibition from 1/1997 from No Specific Restrictions from Prohibition from 1/1997 from Prohibition from 1/1997 Prohibition from 1/1997 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 from 3/2010 from 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50 31 to 50years) Online 0 0 0 0 0Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; 31 to 50gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Don’t knowby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 29
  33. 33. Latvia Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Open Licensing System from Public Monopoly from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System from Open Licensing System 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 Prohibition from 1/1997 12/2005; Open Licensing Sys- 12/2005; Public Monopoly 12/2005; Open Licensing Sys- to 12/2005; Open Licens- to 12/2005; Open Licens- tem from 1/2006 to 3/2010 from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tem from 1/2006 to 3/2010 ing System from 1/2006 to ing System from 1/2006 to 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 18 18 18 18 Online 18 18 18 18 18Restrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- from 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 Prohibition from 1/2006 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; Prohibi- from 1/1997 to 12/2005 ; tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 tion from 1/2006 to 3/2010 Prohibition from 1/2006 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 16 to 20 16 to 20 16 to 20 11 to 15 11 to 15years) Online 3 to 5 3 to 5 3 to 5 3 to 5 3 to 5Age of state revenues from N/A Yes; 11 to 15gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/A Yes; Unspecified [no date indicated]by state to deal with prob-lem gambling 30
  34. 34. Liechtenstein Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 Online Public Monopoly from Public Monopoly from Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 from 1/1997 to 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 31 to 50 31 to 50 No No Noyears) Online No 11 to 15 No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Nogambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/Aproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 31
  35. 35. Lithuania Sportsbetting Lottery Poker Table Games EGMQuestion ContextKind of licensing system Land-based Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 Prohibition from 1/1997 6/2001; Open Licensing Sys- 6/2001; Open Licensing Sys- 6/2001; Closed Licensing Sys- to 6/2001; Closed Licens- to 6/2001; Open Licensing tem from 7/2001 to 3/2010 tem from 7/2001 to 3/2010 tem from 7/2001 to 3/2010 ing System from 7/2001 to System from 7/2001 to 3/2010 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Prohibition to play for Land-based No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010individuals (fines, imprison-ment) Online No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010 No from 1/1997 to 3/2010Minimum age to play Land-based 18 No Minimum Age 21 21 18 Online No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum Age No Minimum AgeRestrictions to advertising Land-based Some Restrictions from No Specific Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from Some Restrictions from 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 1/1997 to 3/2010 Online Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to Prohibition from 1/1997 to 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010 3/2010Age of legal market (in Land-based 6 to 10 6 to 10 6 to 10 6 to 10 6 to 10years) Online No No No No NoAge of state revenues from N/A Yes; 6 to 10gambling proceeds (inyears)Ear-marked money for N/A Noproblem gambling fromgambling proceeds; sincewhen; allocated to specificpurposesMoney otherwise provided N/Aby state to deal with prob-lem gambling 32
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