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EADL conference: Towards National stratgies for OER? The Dutch landscape, Fred de Vries & Fred Mulder
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EADL conference: Towards National stratgies for OER? The Dutch landscape, Fred de Vries & Fred Mulder


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  • 1. Towards National Strategiesfor OER? The Dutch landscape
    Fred de Vries & Fred Mulder
    EADL conference
    Keep the Wheels turning
    26 May 2011, Vienna, Austria
  • 2. UNESCO OER Chair at OUNL
    Overall Development Goal …
    ... to underpin and give guidance to the exploration, introduction, implementation and exploitation of OER,
    ... in the full spectrum of education (from primary to higher education; from formal to informal learning),
    ... in a variety of societies (developed, emerging, and developing economies; with the cultural diversity manifest around the globe),
    ... at the national (or regional) level
  • 3. UNESCO OER Chair at OUNL
    Focus on Research and Explorative Studies in
    OER strategies, implementation and impact
    Network of 11 OU’s: China/Shanghai, India, Indonesia,
    South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania, Ecuador,
    Canada/Athabasca, UK, Spain/Barcelona, Portugal
    Network with international organizations:
    OCW Consortium, COL, EADTU, ACDE, AAOU,
  • 4. “As institutions and as individuals,
    we seem to have forgotten
    the core values of education:
    sharing, giving, and generosity.”
    David Wiley (2010)
    ‘The Open Future: Openness as Catalyst
    for an Educational Reformation’
    EDUCAUSE Review, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 14-20
  • 5. Institutional and NationalStrategies
    OER initiativesaround the globe
    Few adequate national OER strategies
    Problematic OER propositionfor
    Open Universities
    OER SustainabilityStruggle
  • 6. OER sustainabilitystruggle
    Two ways forward:
    1 National OER strategies are conditional for mainstreaming OER in the institutions
    For OUs a ‘minor’ rethinking of the course model is required to get them in a better position
  • 7. The fundamental OU model:6-fold classical Openness
    Open Access
    Freedom of Time
    Freedom of Pace
    Freedom of Place
    Open Programming
    Open to People (LLL)
    Opennessnot as a doctrine
    but as a carrying concept
  • 8. OU Brand
    Lifelong Open and Flexible (LOF) learning
    (since EADTU Conference 2004), instead of:
    Open and Distance Learning (ODL)
    Supported Open Learning
    Tutored Self-Study
    Carried by high-quality learning materials
    developed for independent learning
    integrated with didactics and tutoring elements
  • 9. OUstypically have a 4-fold DigitalOpenness
    Family regarding free online availability:
    Open Source
    Open Access
    (scientific output)
    Open Content
    (creative output)
    Open Educational Resources (OER)
    (learning materials)
  • 10. Introducing a 5thDigitalOpenness
    Open Learning Services (OLS),
    free or fora fee,
    andincluding a variety of
    online andvirtual facilitiesfor:
    tutoring, advice, meetings, communities,
    teamwork, presentations, testing,
    examination, consulting sources,
    internet navigation, etcetera
    OER + OLS = Open Education
  • 11. All-inclusive course model
    Example: OpenERAward Opencourseware Excellence 2011
  • 12. Split-component course model
  • 13. Sustainability Message #1 …
    Taking a down-to-earth view on OUs
    educational model as comparedto
    the model of the conventionaluniversities
    bringsOER sustainabilitymuchbetter
    withinreachfor the OUs …
    … indeed they are put in a more equalpositioniftheyundertakea non-fundamentalandfeasible change of the course model from‘all-inclusive’to‘split-component’
  • 14. Emerging National Strategies
    2007–..... / India (total budget???)
    NKC / Report to the Nation 2007:Embracing OER
    Launch of a ‘National E-content and Curriculum Initiative’
    Major effort with a large variety of follow-up activities and projects
    2009–2013 / The Netherlands (€ 8,0 million)
    National Wikiwijs Program (OUNL & Kennisnet leading)
    Mainstreaming OER in all educational sectors
    2011–2014 / USA ($ 2,0 billion)
    US Dept. of Labor and Dept. of Education will run a
    4-year program to create OER for community colleges and
    career training. CC BY licence required for grant outputs
  • 15. Knowledge is a public good!
    ICDE OER Task Force (2008), conclusion nr. 6in Report:
    ‘A Golden Combi?! – OER and Open, Flexible and Distance Learning’
    Cape Town Declaration (2007)
    “Governments, school boards, colleges and universities should make open
    education a high priority. Ideally, taxpayer-funded educational resources
    should be OER. (…) These strategies (…) constitute a wise investment in
    teaching and learning for the 21st century.”
    Hal Plotkin (2010), in ‘Free to Learn (…)’:
    “OER offer higher education governance leaders a cost-efficient method
    of improving thequality of teaching and learning while at the same time
    reducing costs imposed on students related to the purchase
    of expensive commercial textbooks and learning materials.”
  • 16. John Daniel’s Iron Triangle
    The three sides of his Iron Triangle are:
    Access / Quality / Costof HigherEducation
    ICTcantransform the Iron Triangle
    into a FlexibleTriangle:
    wider access / higherquality / lowercost
    of HigherEducation, at the sametime
  • 17. HE performance in 3 Dimensions(unaltered circumstances / conditions)
    ‘starting ‘increased ‘higher
    situation’ efficiency’ quality’
  • 18. Hypothesis
    along one dimension
    inevitably deteriorates
    the performance along
    one of both or bothother dimensions, at least atunaltered
    circumstances and conditions
  • 19. HE performance in 3 Dimensions(after an OER system intervention)
    ‘starting ‘OER
    situation’ situation’
  • 20. The OER System Intervention …
    … facilitatesperformance improvement
    1 Qualitybyinvolvement of many experts
    and users in variousroles
    Accessibilityby free online availability
    of learningmaterials
    Efficiencybynotreplicatingother’s efforts
    … andaddsan extra dimension:
    4 Innovation
  • 21. Sustainability Message #2 …
    Mainstreaming OERthrough a nationalstrategy
    does notincrease the macro budget,
    onlyrequires a limitedbudget reallocation …
    … bywhichGovernments are in a betterposition
    tofulfiltheir overall threefoldresponsibilityfor the
    quality, accessibilityandefficiency of education
    … andcanembracetheirresponsibility
    for a sustainable systemworkingwithOER
  • 22. Exploring new businessmodel at OUNL
    Creating a new business model forourinstitute in which OER plays a rol
    Personal Digital environment
    Information about field of interest
    Connect: Research – Innovation- Education
  • 23. OpenU model
  • 24. Thanks for your attention!