(Our God is a Covenant God)
<ul><li>Week  2 </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>What is a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Relationship </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>What are the elements of a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Parties:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you and your bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you-- m...
<ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For you-- use of loan, return of property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the bank-- ...
<ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties:  man and woman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign (or seal): wedding rings, t...
<ul><li>“ The  gospel  set forth in the context of God’s eternal plan of communication with His people as it unfolds in th...
 
 
<ul><li>When God created man, He entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding...
<ul><li>The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, in which life was promised to Adam; and in him to his po...
<ul><li>Name  of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Substance  of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Gracious character  of the Co...
<ul><li>Results of the breach  of the Covenant by Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Application  of the Covenant today </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>Covenant of  Nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes the  relationship  between natural (unfallen) man and God </li...
<ul><li>Covenant of  Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing the  promise  attached to it </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Covenant of  Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing the  condition  to be fulfilled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ T...
<ul><li>Can this really be a covenant being described in Genesis 2 when the word “covenant” does not appear? </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>A very important principal of Bible study is that the Bible is a complete book that is  woven together . </li></ul>
<ul><li>One of the best ways to be confused is to study a subject only by means of  word  study, without looking for  conc...
 
<ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><li>Threat or Curse </li></ul>
<ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><li>Threat or Curse </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>God and Adam, acting as the representative (federal head) of all mankind </li></ul><ul><li>Adam and Eve understood...
<ul><li>Adam’s penalty passed onto the entire human race </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible teaches that Adam was our representat...
<ul><li>Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men ...
<ul><li>For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.  </li></ul><ul><li>The first man was from the e...
<ul><li>Salvation is based on the same principle of covenantal headship </li></ul><ul><li>God’s plan of salvation in Chris...
<ul><li>What did Adam have to obey? </li></ul><ul><li>The will of God was expressed in a positive command. </li></ul>
<ul><li>What is the difference between a moral command and a positive command? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A moral command has r...
<ul><li>Perfect obedience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James 2:10; Deuteronomy 27:26 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obedience of the hear...
<ul><li>JAMES 2:10 </li></ul><ul><li>For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all...
<ul><li>Galatians 3:10 </li></ul><ul><li>For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Curse...
<ul><li>Matthew 19:16-22 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rich Young Ruler” </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping the form of commandments is not e...
<ul><li>Eternal life </li></ul><ul><li>Blessedness and Communion with God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leviticus 18:5 </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garde...
<ul><li>What do we mean by death? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lost communion with God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen in their rebellion and in ...
<ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Man became a living soul by Divine inbreathing; this is the reverse </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Judicial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed under the wrath of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confronted by God in the g...
 
<ul><li>LAW </li></ul><ul><li>COVENANT </li></ul>
<ul><li>What is the difference between a law and a covenant? </li></ul><ul><li>A  law  is the revealed will of a sovereign...
<ul><li>A  covenant  gives a person a right, after fulfilling the conditions of the covenant, to all the privileges promis...
 
<ul><li>He fell into an estate of sin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deprived of the image of God  (cf. Col. 3:10; Eph. 4:24) </li>...
<ul><li>He fell into an estate of misery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickness and pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>physical death...
<ul><li>Have no other Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Make no idol </li></ul><ul><li>He chose another God when he followed the devi...
<ul><li>Do not take the Lord’s name in vain </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the Sabbath holy </li></ul><ul><li>he took the name of ...
<ul><li>Honor your father and mother </li></ul><ul><li>Do not murder </li></ul><ul><li>Do not commit adultery </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Do not steal </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bear false witness </li></ul><ul><li>Do not covet </li></ul><ul><li>he stole...
 
<ul><li>Admiration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That God would condescend to make a covenant with us. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exam...
<ul><li>The Covenant of Grace </li></ul><ul><li>Homework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ephesians 1; 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
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God Has A Plan Week 2 Covenant of Works

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Week 2 of Pastor Greco's Covenant Theology Class - Covenant of Works

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  • God Has A Plan Week 2 Covenant of Works

    1. 1. (Our God is a Covenant God)
    2. 2. <ul><li>Week 2 </li></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><li>What is a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than a promise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An Oath-Bound Promise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A bond in blood sovereignly administered ” </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>What are the elements of a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promise or Blessing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penalty or Curse </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Parties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you and your bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conditions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you-- make payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the bank-- give you the loan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MORTGAGE ON YOUR HOUSE </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For you-- use of loan, return of property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the bank-- interest on the loan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Penalty </li></ul><ul><li>MORTGAGE ON YOUR HOUSE </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties: man and woman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign (or seal): wedding rings, the vows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Witnesses </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>“ The gospel set forth in the context of God’s eternal plan of communication with His people as it unfolds in the historical outworking of the redemptive plan of God. Covenant theology is central to the message of the Scriptures, which testify to God’s redemption of His people in and through the finished work of Jesus Christ.” </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>When God created man, He entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>What is emphasized? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is emphasized? </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, in which life was promised to Adam; and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience. </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>What is emphasized? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is emphasized? </li></ul>
    11. 14. <ul><li>Name of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Substance of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Gracious character of the Covenant </li></ul>
    12. 15. <ul><li>Results of the breach of the Covenant by Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Application of the Covenant today </li></ul>
    13. 17. <ul><li>Covenant of Nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes the relationship between natural (unfallen) man and God </li></ul></ul>
    14. 18. <ul><li>Covenant of Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing the promise attached to it </li></ul></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>Covenant of Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing the condition to be fulfilled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works ” (WCF 7.2) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. <ul><li>Can this really be a covenant being described in Genesis 2 when the word “covenant” does not appear? </li></ul><ul><li>The word covenant appears in fact in other places in the Bible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noah (Genesis 9) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham (Genesis 15) </li></ul></ul>
    17. 21. <ul><li>A very important principal of Bible study is that the Bible is a complete book that is woven together . </li></ul>
    18. 22. <ul><li>One of the best ways to be confused is to study a subject only by means of word study, without looking for concepts . </li></ul><ul><li>An example: THE TRINITY </li></ul>
    19. 24. <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><li>Threat or Curse </li></ul>
    20. 25. <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><li>Threat or Curse </li></ul><ul><li>God and Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect Personal Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Life (Eternal) </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
    21. 26. <ul><li>God and Adam, acting as the representative (federal head) of all mankind </li></ul><ul><li>Adam and Eve understood the nature of the covenant </li></ul><ul><li>And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ” (Genesis 3:2-3) </li></ul>
    22. 27. <ul><li>Adam’s penalty passed onto the entire human race </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible teaches that Adam was our representative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Romans 5:12-21 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Corinthians 15:22, 45-59 </li></ul></ul>
    23. 28. <ul><li>Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned…For if many died through one man’s trespass….For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation….If, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, ….Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men,…For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners </li></ul><ul><li>NOTICE: </li></ul><ul><li>The repetition </li></ul><ul><li>The emphasis on Adam </li></ul><ul><li>The significance of Adam’s actions </li></ul>
    24. 29. <ul><li>For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. </li></ul><ul><li>The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>1 Cor. 15:22 </li></ul><ul><li>1 Cor. 15:47-49 </li></ul>
    25. 30. <ul><li>Salvation is based on the same principle of covenantal headship </li></ul><ul><li>God’s plan of salvation in Christ further shows how God works by means of a covenant </li></ul>
    26. 31. <ul><li>What did Adam have to obey? </li></ul><ul><li>The will of God was expressed in a positive command. </li></ul>
    27. 32. <ul><li>What is the difference between a moral command and a positive command? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A moral command has rational grounds in the interest of men. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A positive command is grounded only in the authority of the commander. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 33. <ul><li>Perfect obedience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James 2:10; Deuteronomy 27:26 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obedience of the heart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matthew 19 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal obedience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Galatians 3:10 </li></ul></ul>
    29. 34. <ul><li>JAMES 2:10 </li></ul><ul><li>For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it. </li></ul><ul><li>DEUTERONOMY 27:26 </li></ul><ul><li>Cursed be anyone who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them. And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ </li></ul>
    30. 35. <ul><li>Galatians 3:10 </li></ul><ul><li>For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” </li></ul>
    31. 36. <ul><li>Matthew 19:16-22 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rich Young Ruler” </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping the form of commandments is not enough </li></ul>
    32. 37. <ul><li>Eternal life </li></ul><ul><li>Blessedness and Communion with God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leviticus 18:5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romans 2:6-7; 7:10; 10:5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deuteronomy 20:15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matthew 19:17 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Galatians 3:12 </li></ul></ul>
    33. 38. <ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:16-17) </li></ul>
    34. 39. <ul><li>What do we mean by death? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul></ul>
    35. 40. <ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lost communion with God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen in their rebellion and in their seeking to hide from God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One sin entails the everlasting necessity of sin </li></ul></ul>
    36. 41. <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Man became a living soul by Divine inbreathing; this is the reverse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the weakness of the body (and sickness) </li></ul></ul>
    37. 42. <ul><li>Judicial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed under the wrath of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confronted by God in the garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All judicial consequences of sin came upon man </li></ul></ul>
    38. 44. <ul><li>LAW </li></ul><ul><li>COVENANT </li></ul>
    39. 45. <ul><li>What is the difference between a law and a covenant? </li></ul><ul><li>A law is the revealed will of a sovereign, to which obedience is demanded and a punishment threatened. </li></ul>
    40. 46. <ul><li>A covenant gives a person a right, after fulfilling the conditions of the covenant, to all the privileges promised. </li></ul><ul><li>How would Genesis 3 have been written if Adam was not under a covenant? </li></ul>
    41. 48. <ul><li>He fell into an estate of sin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deprived of the image of God (cf. Col. 3:10; Eph. 4:24) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscious of his shame (Gen. 3:7-10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His conscience was terrified (Gen. 3:8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifested self-love by accusing Eve (Gen. 3:12; cf. Job 31:33) </li></ul></ul>
    42. 49. <ul><li>He fell into an estate of misery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickness and pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>physical death </li></ul></ul>
    43. 50. <ul><li>Have no other Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Make no idol </li></ul><ul><li>He chose another God when he followed the devil </li></ul><ul><li>he idolized his own needs </li></ul>
    44. 51. <ul><li>Do not take the Lord’s name in vain </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the Sabbath holy </li></ul><ul><li>he took the name of God in vain when he did not believe Him </li></ul><ul><li>He did not keep the rest and estate in which he was created </li></ul>
    45. 52. <ul><li>Honor your father and mother </li></ul><ul><li>Do not murder </li></ul><ul><li>Do not commit adultery </li></ul><ul><li>he dishonored his Father in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>he killed himself and all his descendents </li></ul><ul><li>in eyes and mind he committed spiritual fornication </li></ul>
    46. 53. <ul><li>Do not steal </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bear false witness </li></ul><ul><li>Do not covet </li></ul><ul><li>he stole that which God had set aside </li></ul><ul><li>he bore false witness against God, when he believed the devil </li></ul><ul><li>he coveted with an evil covetousness </li></ul>
    47. 55. <ul><li>Admiration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That God would condescend to make a covenant with us. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you still trying to fulfill the covenant of works? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trust and Reliance </li></ul>
    48. 56. <ul><li>The Covenant of Grace </li></ul><ul><li>Homework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ephesians 1; 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zechariah 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romans 5 </li></ul></ul>

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