Spanish in the americas
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  • 1. Spanish in the Americas
    By: Fabrizio Cando E.
  • 2. Settlers
    A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area.
  • 3. Christopher Columbus
    Christopher Columbus was an explorer,
    colonizer, and navigator, born in the 
    Republic of Genoa, in northwestern 
    Italy.
    Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere.
    The term “Discover of the Americas” is
    wrong due to the fact that Leif Ericson landed
    on Vinland (a part of North America) 500 before
    Columbus did.
    Columbus never realized that he discovered a
    new continent.
  • 4. Hispaniola
    It is the first place where Christopher Columbus settled in the New World.
    From this place the entire continent was colonized.
    French, English and Nederland pirates created bases on deserted parts of the island.
    Nowadays it is it divided in two nations, Haiti and Dominican Republic
  • 5. Santo Domingo
    Is the capital and the largest city of Dominican Republic.
    It is located on the Hispaniola Island.
    During the colonization, the city became a major center of operations for the settlers, from this point they conquered the Mexica and Mayan Empires.
  • 6. Hernan Cortes
    Remembered as the conqueror of
    the Aztec Empire.
    He was a part of the expedition to
    conquer Cuba.
    A indigenous woman called
    DoñaMaría was his lover,
    interpreter and guide.
    Some people consider Doña
    María or Malinche as a traitor
    to the Aztec Empire.
  • 7. Moctezuma
    Was the governor of the Mexican
    city of Tenochtitlan, its domains
    expanded towards Texcoco and
    Tlatelolco.
    He though that Cortes was
    Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec supreme God.
    There is a legend that says that before
    the arrival of the Spaniards, Moctezuma
    witnessed ten warnings of this event;
    they include a comet, the sinking of a part of Tenochtitlan and a lighting that stroked a temple.
  • 8. Aztec/Mexica Empire
    AKA: “Aztec Triple Alliance”, it begun with
    the unification of the three most
    powerful city-states of the region:
    Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
    The rulers of annexed cities were usually left in power as long as they agreed to pay semi-annual tribute to the alliance or provided military support in wars with enemy states
    Their most venerated god was Quetzalcoatl.
    They were politeistic.
    The term Aztec is new, it wouldn’t have been recognized by the Mexica Empire.
    Aztec means people from “Aztlan”
  • 9. Francisco Pizarro
    Born on March 16, 1478.
    He participated with the
    discovery of the Pacific Ocean.
    After founding the city of Piura he sets off to Cajamarca to chase and kill Atahualpa.
    He authorized
    the robbery of Cuzco.
    Founded Lima
    and died in
    hands of people loyal
    to Diego de Almagro.
  • 10. Atahualpa
    He is considered to be the last Inca Emperor.
    Many chronists describe him as a someone with the
    power and the will to efficiently manage the Inca
    Empire.
    Atahualpa threw a Bible to the ground, it didn’t had
    any special meaning to him, given by Vicente de
    Valverde; this created indignation among the Spaniards
    and caused his capture and the murder of 20.000 Incan warriors that were with him.
    Some people claim that he had a good relationship with Pizarro and that the conqueror cried during his death.
    He might have been allowed to keep administrating the Empire while he was imprisoned.
    His body mysteriously disappeared after he was buried, the location of his body is unknown.
  • 11. Inca Empire
    Was the most powerful Empire in South America.
    It occupied the territories of Colombia,
    Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.
    It reached its highest cultural, scientific and
    technological point under the regime of
    Huayna Cápac.
    The Empire was divided in four provinces
    or suyus: Antisuyo, Collasuyo, Chinchasuyo
    and Contisuyo.
    It was also called Tawantinsuyo, literally translated as The Four Regions.
  • 12. Maya Empire
    It is known as the only Meso-American
    Empire to have developed a full written
    language.
    They were the most advanced civilization
    in the areas of arts, science, astronomical and
    mathematical systems.
    Maya influence can be detected from 
    Honduras, Guatemala, Northern El Salvador 
    and to as far as central Mexico, more than
    1,000 km from the Maya area.
    The end of their Classic Period ended with the
    mysterious collapse of their society.
    One of their most famous objects is the Dresden
    Codex, the oldest known recording of history on
    the continent.
  • 13. Smallpox
    Smallpox is a disease caused by the 
    Variola major virus.
    Some experts say that over the
    centuries it has killed more people
    than all other infectious diseases
    combined.
    Two research labs still house small
    amounts of the virus. 
    During the Spanish colonization, the
    disease was brought to America and
    wiped out 90% of the Incan population in
    the next years.
  • 14. Columbian Exchange
    It was one of the most significant events concerning ecology, agriculture, and culture in all of human history.
    It was the massive
    exchange of products,
    ideas, knowledge, diseases
    and every aspect of
    America with the Old
    Continent and vice versa.
    The Columbian Exchange
    affected every other cultures on the planet.
  • 15. THANK YOU:D