Dancing with debt, devolution and digital Fraser Henderson www.particitech.com March 2011
<ul><li>Deficit reduction! </li></ul><ul><li>Cut spending, find new efficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Small government {no mo...
On the rise On the fall Digital by default Digital divide Customer Insight Blogging Non-PC Digital skills / literacy train...
Primary access methods
Mobile internet trends
If you feel strongly about an issue..
ePetitioning history (UK) Scottish Parliament: 1999 – Napier University (ITC), Edinburgh Bristol & Kingston : 2004 – Local...
ePetition Appraisal For   Against Transparency and feedback Escalation in the democratic process Data collection Speed of ...
<ul><li>However </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of four parliamentary systems it was generally be concluded that the introdu...
Motivation <ul><li>· To express anger </li></ul><ul><li>· To exert power and control </li></ul><ul><li>· To make a differe...
The petition imbalance There is a long tradition of petition writing in the UK.  Signing a petition is a simple way for me...
The LDEDC Act (2009) <ul><li>The duty requires local authorities to draw up and publicise a  petitions scheme  which will ...
What is a valid petition? <ul><ul><li>is signed by the requisite number of people who  live, work and study  in the local ...
Exclusions <ul><li>On the face of the Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vexatious, abusive or otherwise inappropriate petitio...
Tip of the iceberg challenges Language and translation Thresholds and the certainty of validation Data protection Guarante...
Early adopters
To support the Act: <ul><li>A “petition expert group” consisting of 6 Local Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>An I&DeA communi...
Volumes (end 2009) In Bristol , 101 ePetitions since 2004  Over 40,000 signatures (Population c.400,000) In Birmingham  : ...
Europetition : European Parliament European Citizens Initiative (>1m signatures) Bristol  400,000   Kingston-upon-Thames  ...
2007 = 1,506 Europetitions Environmental issues, water, etc  288 Fundamental rights  226 Urbanisation  131 Education & cul...
Local vs Euro petitions 2009/10
Trans-European dimension
 
Expanding possibilities Multimedia evidence of citizen and committee work (photos / videos) Videoconferencing with petitio...
What Next? Health Authorities?  Police Authorities?  Other agencies? Internally – staff petition managers? National aggreg...
Frågor?
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Overview of ePetitions for the UK in 2011

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eDem/ePart overview 2011, F.Henderson, ParticiTech

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  • What is ePetitioning? Digitising of petitioning process. Doesn’t replace!! Presume most have petitions process
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Primary internet access routes
  • Mobile internet
  • If you feel strongly....
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Reinforced civic enaggement (conflict and concensus) via forums No.10 5.8 million signatures, originating from over 3.9 million different email addresses. No minimum trigger!! If 5% of voters sign a petition saying that they want an Elected Mayor, the Local Government Act 2000 requires the Local Authority to hold a referendum. E-petitons are starting to be used to gather support to try to trigger councils to act.   With 15,000+ signatures still required, the recent Bristol Mayoral Referendum Campaign appears to have stalled.  However, a new Mayoral Campaign in Swindon appears to be using a more ‘networked’ Web 2.0 approach with links in Facebook and in local blogs.
  • Reinforced civic enaggement (conflict and concensus) via forums No.10 5.8 million signatures, originating from over 3.9 million different email addresses. No minimum trigger!! If 5% of voters sign a petition saying that they want an Elected Mayor, the Local Government Act 2000 requires the Local Authority to hold a referendum. E-petitons are starting to be used to gather support to try to trigger councils to act.   With 15,000+ signatures still required, the recent Bristol Mayoral Referendum Campaign appears to have stalled.  However, a new Mayoral Campaign in Swindon appears to be using a more ‘networked’ Web 2.0 approach with links in Facebook and in local blogs.
  • Three LA’s I know of (2 London Boroughs) South Yorkshire has digiTV
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Anybody signed an ePetition – what happened? Citizens, Benefits and Authority offerings
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Slightly more female, less older people, lots of first timers
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Anybody got ePetitioning system? Reason why new UK parliament Road pricing 1.7 million Departments have no right to reply
  • Three LA’s I know of (2 London Boroughs) South Yorkshire has digiTV
  • your rights as a European citizen as set out in the Treaties, - environmental matters, - consumer protection, - free movement of persons, goods and services, internal market, - employment issues and social policy, - recognition of professional qualifications, - other problems related to the implementation of EU law
  • small countries seem to use the facility disproportionately, and 8 countries are missing altogether: Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United Kingdom.
  • small countries seem to use the facility disproportionately, and 8 countries are missing altogether: Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United Kingdom.
  • small countries seem to use the facility disproportionately, and 8 countries are missing altogether: Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovakia, Slovenia and the United Kingdom.
  • It can be seen that generally, 80% of signatures are collected in less than 95 days, and 95% in less than 110 – giving useful guidance for petitioners
  • Slightly more female, less older people, lots of first timers
  • Slightly more female, less older people, lots of first timers
  • What is ePetitioning? Digitising of petitioning process. Doesn’t replace!! Presume most have petitions process
  • Overview of ePetitions for the UK in 2011

    1. 1. Dancing with debt, devolution and digital Fraser Henderson www.particitech.com March 2011
    2. 2. <ul><li>Deficit reduction! </li></ul><ul><li>Cut spending, find new efficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Small government {no more quasi non-governmental organisations} </li></ul><ul><li>2. Localism </li></ul><ul><li>Lifting burden of bureaucracy {cutting red tape} </li></ul><ul><li>Diversifying public service supply </li></ul><ul><li>Opening government to public scrutiny </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing local control of finances/decisions {empowering citizens} </li></ul><ul><li>3. Big Society </li></ul><ul><li>Take over running of services </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-bono support </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production, social enterprise etc. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Self-regulation </li></ul>
    3. 3. On the rise On the fall Digital by default Digital divide Customer Insight Blogging Non-PC Digital skills / literacy training Green ICT / print Webcasting Superfast The council website Cloud computing Community IT Health & Police solutions E-Democracy Social Media Centralisation
    4. 4. Primary access methods
    5. 5. Mobile internet trends
    6. 6. If you feel strongly about an issue..
    7. 7. ePetitioning history (UK) Scottish Parliament: 1999 – Napier University (ITC), Edinburgh Bristol & Kingston : 2004 – Local eDem National Project (via ITC & NLC) Bundestag : 2005 (ITC) No.10 downing street : 2006 – MySociety (end 2010) Bristol revamp & National Assembly for Wales : 2008 Europetition (EC funded) : 2009 - MAC & Public-i 2010: New supplier market emerges {5 or 6 agencies} 2011 : New system for UK Parliament? : No.10 re-launch?
    8. 8. ePetition Appraisal For Against Transparency and feedback Escalation in the democratic process Data collection Speed of raising and collecting Pre-petitioning phase Improves validation Catching media interest Duplicates Astroturfing “ Graffiti” – time consuming Moderation? Raises expectation of a response
    9. 9. <ul><li>However </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of four parliamentary systems it was generally be concluded that the introduction of the ePetition systems failed to significantly mobilise non-participating or underrepresented social groups . </li></ul><ul><li>The typical user of the German, the Scottish and the Queensland </li></ul><ul><li>systems tends to be a middle-aged male with an above-average level of formal education </li></ul><ul><li>Local politicians tend to deal with petitions , irrespective of the submission channel </li></ul><ul><li>Available data gives no indication that the introduction of ePetitions in Queensland and Germany has significantly contributed to an overall increase of petitions submitted </li></ul>
    10. 10. Motivation <ul><li>· To express anger </li></ul><ul><li>· To exert power and control </li></ul><ul><li>· To make a difference </li></ul><ul><li>· To increase the status, elevation and positioning of an issue </li></ul><ul><li>· For publicity reasons </li></ul><ul><li>· For transparency </li></ul><ul><li>· To force a response </li></ul><ul><li>· To establish a collective voice or for aggregation of opinion </li></ul><ul><li>· To cause mischief </li></ul><ul><li>· Because there is an expectation (‘feel good factor’) </li></ul>
    11. 11. The petition imbalance There is a long tradition of petition writing in the UK. Signing a petition is a simple way for members of the public to call for action It is the most popular civic activity in the Citizenship Survey. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A 2007 Local Government Association survey found that less than a third of local authorities guarantee a response to petitions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CLG research shows that even fewer councils make information available about how to petition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Research by Leicester DeMontfort University shows that petitions empower people when there is a clear relationship between the petition and decision making
    12. 12. The LDEDC Act (2009) <ul><li>The duty requires local authorities to draw up and publicise a petitions scheme which will give citizens :- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A duty to respond and implement an online facility by 15/12/10 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the ability to trigger a full council debate on their concerns (est 1,500 signatures for 150,000 population) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the ability to trigger a senior office to give evidence at a meeting of the overview and scrutiny committee (750) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the ability to appeal to the council’s overview and scrutiny committee if they feel the response from their council is not adequate . </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. What is a valid petition? <ul><ul><li>is signed by the requisite number of people who live, work and study in the local area (incl. <18s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The appropriate number of signatures required for triggering a debate (limited to max. of 5% of the local population ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relate to a function of the authority OR (upper tier only...) relates to an improvement in the economic, social or environmental well-being of the authority’s area to which any of its partner authorities could contribute </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Exclusions <ul><li>On the face of the Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vexatious, abusive or otherwise inappropriate petitions are excluded on the face of the Bill (Cl.14(1)(b)) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>petitions under other enactments (Cl.12(1)(c) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By secondary legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any matter relating to a planning decision; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>any matter relating to a licensing decision; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>any matter relating to an individual or entity in respect of which that individual or entity has a right of recourse to a review or right of appeal conferred by or under any enactment; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Tip of the iceberg challenges Language and translation Thresholds and the certainty of validation Data protection Guaranteeing a response from partner agencies Council versus the world Politicking
    16. 16. Early adopters
    17. 17. To support the Act: <ul><li>A “petition expert group” consisting of 6 Local Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>An I&DeA community of practice (providing peer support) </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>For ePetitions </li></ul><ul><li>A recommended “data standard” for petition interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance (e.g. Model scheme) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Volumes (end 2009) In Bristol , 101 ePetitions since 2004 Over 40,000 signatures (Population c.400,000) In Birmingham : 9 petitions, 960 signatures (since May 2009). 25,000 hits/month Since 2006, the No.10 site (to 2008) : Over 29,000 petitions have been submitted, of which over 8,500 are currently live and available for signing, over 6,000 have finished and 14,601 have been rejected outright. There have been over 5.8 million signatures, originating from over 3.9 million different email addresses. NB the set-up costs of the Downing Street site were £17,500 and the annual running costs are £109,000,
    19. 19. Europetition : European Parliament European Citizens Initiative (>1m signatures) Bristol 400,000   Kingston-upon-Thames 150,000   Birmingham City 1,000,000   North Lincolnshire 150,000 Norfolk 824.000
    20. 20. 2007 = 1,506 Europetitions Environmental issues, water, etc 288 Fundamental rights 226 Urbanisation 131 Education & cultural issues 103 Social Affairs & Discrimination 207 Internal Market & Consumers 192 Health 105 Justice 99 Transport issues & Infrastructure 88 Property & Restitution 72
    21. 21. Local vs Euro petitions 2009/10
    22. 22. Trans-European dimension
    23. 24. Expanding possibilities Multimedia evidence of citizen and committee work (photos / videos) Videoconferencing with petitioners, SMS signatures
    24. 25. What Next? Health Authorities? Police Authorities? Other agencies? Internally – staff petition managers? National aggregator / router? Petition maps? National ‘mood’ barometer?
    25. 26. Frågor?

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