Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddism, Jainism, and Sikhism originated here.
12.25 million inhabitants
16 million residents in the region
Monuments QutbMinar, 240 ft-high tower of victory, built in 1193, after the defeat of the last Hindu kingdom in Delhi. India Gate, 135 ft-high, built as memorial to Indian soldiers killed in the World War I. JamaMasjid, built in 1656, is the largest mosque in India, and stands across the road from the Red Fort.
Markets ChandniChowk: The main street of 'Old' Delhi is a magnificent bazaar jam-packed with artisans, traders and auto-rickshaws.
Mahatma Ghandi Raj Ghat, a simple black marble memorial to Mahatma Gandhi, marking the spot where he was cremated following his assassination in 1948. Ghandi's Birthday (2 Oct - Gandhi Jayanti) .
Monuments QutbMinar, 240 ft-high tower of victory, built in 1193, after the defeat of the last Hindu kingdom in Delhi. India Gate, 135 ft-high, built as memorial to Indian soldiers killed in the World War I.
Lotus Temple The Bahá'í laws emphasize that the spirit of the House of Worship be that it is a gathering place where people of all religions may worship God without denominational restrictions.
Bicycle Entrepreneurs Cycle rickshaw sleeping Bicycle Cafe On the sidewalks of the city where one-man entrepreneurs sell everything from food and clothes to second-hand books and electronic gadgets. Many of these small businessmen have migrated to the city from villages.
Street Economy When you come to a complete stop at a traffic light in India's major cities you'll likely be approached by every type of vendor. Estimates cite figures of between 60 and 115 million working children in India -- the highest number in the world (Human Rights Watch 1996).
Wildlife is Part of the Fabric Wild monkeys roam the streets of Delhi. Monkeys are viewed as the sacred embodiment of the Hindu god Hanuman.
Known as the Pink City
Capital of Rajasthan state.
3 million residents.
HawaMahal The Palace of Winds. Built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Singh. Made of red and pink sand stone. Tier after tier of 953 small casements, each with tiny lattice worked pink windows. These small windows circulate cool air (Hawa) even in hot months.
JantarMantar Built between 1728 to 1734 by Jai Singh as an observatory.
Amber Palace Located in Amber, 11 km from Jaipur. It was the ancient citadel of the ruling clan of Amber, before the capital was shifted to Jaipur.
Road to Amber Palace
Women’s Work in Rural India It is not uncommon for women to spend up to fours hours a day bringing water from distant sources to their homes. They carry up to 15 liters on their heads on each trip, often walking barefoot.
Founded in 1504.
Capital of Mughal Empire.
1.3 million residents.
TajMahal Shah Jahan, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Agra its most prized monument, The TajMahal. Built in loving memory of his wife MumtazMahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653.
TajMahal Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb usurped his father’s control and imprisoned him in Agra Fort.
FatehpurSikri Built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar, FatehpurSikri (the City of Victory).
Saris It takes nearly 15 days of difficult labor to weave nine yards (eight meters) of the shimmering multi-hued silk sari. Each piece can cost from $150 to $1,500, depending on the fineness, tightness of the weave, and amount of gold brocade. The weaver earns approximately $30 a month for weaving the saris.
Khajuraho Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. The group of monuments has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chandella Temples The 20 remaining temples at Khajuraho were built during the Chandella dynasty, between 950 and 1050.
Female Form A celebration of womankind, her myriad moods and facets. These are carvings of a woman writing a letter, applying make-up to her eyes, dancing, playing with her child. All depicted in intricate detail.
Arranged Marriages Often the most important aspect is the bond between the two families, rather than the relationship between the couple being married. Supporters of the custom say that divorce rates are lower than among western society because parents are better able to choose a suitable partner for their children.
Varanasi Regarded as holy by Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains. Varanasi’s known history dates back about 3,500 hundred years. It is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world.
Street Scenes The narrow alleys, which pass off for streets, covered with the dirt, grime, and betel nut stains lead to the ‘ghats’ or the banks of the river. These ‘ghats’ are the hub of the religious ceremonies of the Hindus.
Ganesha & Kali As atmospheric as it is confusing, Varanasi's labyrinthine Old City is rich with culture
The Ganga The most important river in India is held much in reverence since it is believed that all human sins are washed off by a dip in its waters. People travel thousands of miles to come to the holy city and river.
Ghats Along the river, stairways have been set-up, known as ghats, from which people can bathe before saying their daily prayers.
Puja At the times of worship or ‘puja’ the air is resonant with the chanting of mantras and hymns.
Puja Puja is modeled on the idea of giving a gift or offering to a deity or important person and receiving their blessing.
Cremation Ghats From the cremation of dead and associated rites to celebration of birth and its various rituals, all are adhered to on these ‘ghats’.
Known as the City of Lakes
Jagdish Temple Temple built by MaharanaJagat Singh in 1651 and enshrines a black stone image of Vishnu as Jagannath, Lord of the Universe.
Lake Palace 250-year-old white-marble palace -- the main set for the James Bond film Octopussy -- floats like a vision in the middle of Lake Pichola. Access to the hotel is provided by water taxi.
Music & Dance of Rajasthan
Hijras Known as eunuchs, transexxuals, or those who are "neither male nor female." Hijras trace their origins to myths in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Thali Small bowls arranged inside the rim of the plate(or leaf), each filled with a different sort of spiced vegetarian food, curd and sweet.
32 million people in State of Kerala.
91% literacy rate, the highest in India.
Kathakali Dance Kathakali stories were initially composed to last a whole night. The most popular stories enacted are Mahabharata.
Paradesi Synagogue The Malabari Jews formed a prosperous trading community of Kerala, and they controlled a major portion of world wide spice trade. In 1568, the Jews of Kerala constructed the Paradesi Synagogue adjacent to Mattancherry Palace, on land given to them by Paraja, the Raja of Kochi.
Overland Journey to Thekkady Located on the Tamil Nadu & Kerala border. The road winds through mountains, descending through a carpet of tea bushes, estates of tall rubber trees and gardens of coffee, cardamom and pepper.
Periyar Game Preserve
Children of Kerala
14 million residents; 19 million in area.
Financial capital of India.
Density The population density is estimated to be about 22,000 persons per square kilometre.
Crawford Meat Market Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities: widespread poverty and unemployment & poor public health.
Train to Victoria Terminus With available space at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside far from workplaces, requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit. The network of suburban trains radiating out from Victoria Terminus station is instrumental in keeping Mumbai running.
Dabba-Wallahs Lunch box (tiffin) delivery person collects the freshly cooked food in from the residences of the office workers (mostly in the suburbs), delivering it to their respective workplaces.
Dhobi-Wallahs Along the perimeter, coloured streamers of clothes are hung up to dry. Later, they will be starched and ironed, a small cloth tag with identifying black dots and dashes sewn into the edge of each garment, and the dhobis will hand deliver bundles of garments to homes and hotels across the city.
Prostitutes on Falkland Road An estimated 4,000 prostitutes work the Falkland Road district alone. In nearby Kamatipura, an even larger flesh-trade bazaar, as many as 20,000 women sell their bodies. In 1997, tests found that only 1 percent of Bombay prostitutes were infected with HIV. Just five years later, 54 percent of the sample tested positive.
Children of Mumbai
Gateway of India The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V & Queen Mary to Mumbai in 1991 (85ft high). The last British troops to leave India, passed through the Gateway in a ceremony on 28 February 1948