Bellevue’s ADA Transition Plan:From Self-Evaluation to Corrective Measures                            Franz Loewenherz    ...
Title II Elements
Sidewalk & Curb Ramp Inventory Overview                            Top Landing                       Moveable ObstructionA...
Guidance for Conducting an ADA Inventory  FHWA (1999)    PROWAAC (2007)     Texas DOT            Maryland Highway AASHTO (...
Bellevue’s Approach1                       2                       3    Data Collection         Database Analysis       Ba...
ADA Curb Ramp Inventory
ADA Sidewalk InventoryOn January 22, 2004, in the case of Barden v. Sacramento, the 9thCircuit Court ruled that sidewalks ...
Technology Development Partnership  Project assessed  the applicability of  inertial profiling  technologies in  identifyi...
ULIP Technology       Sensor box includes:       1. a displacement laser          (texture/profile/height),       2. three...
Running Slope Analysis Allow sidewalk running slope to match roadway grade. - PROWAG (not ADAAG)                      Digi...
Identify/ Print                             ADA Viewer Window   Navigation    Extents Locate by            Toggle Bar     ...
Compliance vs. AccessibilityADA tells us which features are non-standard …... But it doesn’t tell us which of these non-st...
Community Outreach                       Engaged people with disabilities to ensure to that we                       fully...
Barrier Ranking Analysis             Land             Use                RampsStreets              Paths          Census  ...
Legend
Legend
Legend
Corrective Measures    Barrier          Corrective         Individual Cost          Number            Total Cost          ...
ADA Transition Plan Development               Self Evaluation                   Program & Facility Accessibility 1. PROW P...
NE 8th Street Widening Project            Block ID: 1035    Summer 2009 - A new                               sidewalk an...
Corrective Measures
Curb Ramp ImprovementsFrom 2007 through 2009, Bellevue will have spent morethan $2 million to upgrade nearly 300 curb ramp...
For More InformationThe ADA Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report islocated at: http://www.bellevuewa.gov/accessib...
Thank youFranz LoewenherzSenior Transportation PlannerCity of Bellevue450 110th Ave. NEBellevue, WA 98009floewenherz@belle...
2010 WA State ITE Conference
2010 WA State ITE Conference
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2010 WA State ITE Conference

663 views

Published on

The Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 (ADA), is a landmark civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability. Title II of the ADA requires state and local governments to make their programs and services accessible to persons with disabilities. This requirement extends not only to physical access at government facilities, programs and events — but also to pedestrian facilities in public rights-of-way. To comply with the ADA, every state and local government is required to prepare a self-evaluation report to identify program access issues. From this, a transition plan is required, with a schedule identifying corrective measures to achieve a barrier-free environment. In 2008, Bellevue undertook an ADA sidewalk and curb ramp self-evaluation update to assess its program responsibilities for existing pedestrian facilities in the public rights-of-way. The City employed innovative technologies to document barriers and prioritize improvements where most needed. Implementation of this technology development and compliance effort involved a coordinated staffing and funding commitment from the City of Bellevue, Federal Highway Administration and King County, with technical support from Starodub Inc., an engineering services firm. The technical precision offered by Bellevue’s approach is identified as a best practice in ADA Compliance at Transportation Agencies: A Review of Practices (NCHRP 20-07 Task 249), a Texas Transportation Institute study. The report notes that “[e]fforts such as those at the City of Bellevue, Washington, that rely on the collection of large datasets at extremely fine spatial and temporal disaggregation levels have the potential to significantly automate the identification of non-compliant locations in the field.”

Published in: Technology, Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
663
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2010 WA State ITE Conference

  1. 1. Bellevue’s ADA Transition Plan:From Self-Evaluation to Corrective Measures Franz Loewenherz Senior Transportation Planner City of Bellevue WA State ITE Conference, June 7, 2010
  2. 2. Title II Elements
  3. 3. Sidewalk & Curb Ramp Inventory Overview Top Landing Moveable ObstructionAbsence of level landing Tactile WarningFixed Obstruction Heaving Ramp cross slope Bottom Landing No Ramp Ramp Transition
  4. 4. Guidance for Conducting an ADA Inventory FHWA (1999) PROWAAC (2007) Texas DOT Maryland Highway AASHTO (2004) NCHRP (2008) City of Sacramento Florida DOTReference reports Inventory tools
  5. 5. Bellevue’s Approach1 2 3 Data Collection Database Analysis Barrier Ranking Disability Community Participation
  6. 6. ADA Curb Ramp Inventory
  7. 7. ADA Sidewalk InventoryOn January 22, 2004, in the case of Barden v. Sacramento, the 9thCircuit Court ruled that sidewalks were a "program" under ADA andmust be made accessible to persons with disabilities.Running Slope Cross Slope Displacement Protrusions Obstructions1:20 (5%) max 1:50 (2%) max 1/4 inch max 4” max (27” - 80”) 36” clear width ADAAG 4.8 ADAAG 4.3.7 ADDAG 4.5.2 ADDAG 4.4 ADDAG 4.3.3 FHWA guidance on grade and cross-slope: “should be measured over 2 ft intervals, the approximate length of a wheelchair wheelbase, or a single walking pace.”
  8. 8. Technology Development Partnership Project assessed the applicability of inertial profiling technologies in identifying existing sidewalk and ramp facilities that limit access for persons with disabilities. Coordinated staffing & funding commitment from three agencies from three levels of government.
  9. 9. ULIP Technology Sensor box includes: 1. a displacement laser (texture/profile/height), 2. three accelerometers (inertial profiling), 3. a gyroscope (pitch, roll, yaw), 4. optical trigger (reference), 5. GPS (general location), and 6. a DMI (travel distance system). Computer and data acquisition card are used for data capture.
  10. 10. Running Slope Analysis Allow sidewalk running slope to match roadway grade. - PROWAG (not ADAAG) Digital Elevation Model 134 miles of our sidewalk facilities exceed 5% grade standard. 95 miles are attributable to the adjacency of the roadway grade. 39 miles of non-standard grade sidewalk surfaces are referenced in the City’s Transition Plan document.
  11. 11. Identify/ Print ADA Viewer Window Navigation Extents Locate by Toggle Bar Navigation AddressLegend/ LayersLocation Map
  12. 12. Compliance vs. AccessibilityADA tells us which features are non-standard …... But it doesn’t tell us which of these non-standard features should be replaced first.
  13. 13. Community Outreach Engaged people with disabilities to ensure to that we fully understood their challenges and priorities.  December 2007: 3 Focus Groups  April 2009: Field tour in partnership with King County  May 2009: ADA Accessibility Open House  June 2009: Written survey with more than 100 responsesPoster at Open House Mail-Back Survey Ramp Assessments
  14. 14. Barrier Ranking Analysis Land Use RampsStreets Paths Census Islands Activity Impedance Barrier Score Score Ranking
  15. 15. Legend
  16. 16. Legend
  17. 17. Legend
  18. 18. Corrective Measures Barrier Corrective Individual Cost Number Total Cost (design, construct, Measure inspect)Curb Ramp Replace $7,150 4,586 $32,789,900 Install, if missingFixed Obstruction Remove $13,000 226 $2,938,000 Compliant bypass¼” Heave Bevel edge $40 20,002 $800,080½” Heave Asphalt patch $30 7,014 $210,420 “ramp”¾” Heave Replace panel(s) $2,500 542 $13,550,000Running Slope Regrade or $26,000/10ft 200,640 feet $521,664,000 plateau Replace panels Walls, as neededCross Slope Replace panel $3,250/10 foot 1,119,360 feet $363,792,000 $935,744,400
  19. 19. ADA Transition Plan Development Self Evaluation Program & Facility Accessibility 1. PROW Plan – Draft (Q1) & Final (Q2) 2. Program & Services Plan – Draft (Q3) & Final (Q4) 3. Facilities Plan – Draft (Q3) & Final (Q4)
  20. 20. NE 8th Street Widening Project Block ID: 1035  Summer 2009 - A new sidewalk and curb ramps were built next to the new westbound lane.  Project enhanced pedestrian facilities by removing fixed obstructions and improving sidewalk surface conditions (both changes in level and slope variations).  Addressed barriers to accessibility in a downtown Bellevue location that has high volumes of pedestrian usage.
  21. 21. Corrective Measures
  22. 22. Curb Ramp ImprovementsFrom 2007 through 2009, Bellevue will have spent morethan $2 million to upgrade nearly 300 curb ramps citywide.
  23. 23. For More InformationThe ADA Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report islocated at: http://www.bellevuewa.gov/accessibility-reports.htm “Efforts such as those at the City of Bellevue, Washington, that rely on the collection of large datasets at extremely fine spatial and temporal disaggregation levels have the potential to significantly automate the identification of non- compliant locations in the field.” NCHRP 20-07 Task 249 - Texas Transportation Institute
  24. 24. Thank youFranz LoewenherzSenior Transportation PlannerCity of Bellevue450 110th Ave. NEBellevue, WA 98009floewenherz@bellevuewa.govPhone: 425.452.4077

×