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Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
Observing Sara
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Observing Sara

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  • 1. Observing Sara: A Case Study of a Blind Person’s Interactions with Technology presenter: 徐欣佑
  • 2. Reference
    • Kristen Shinohara, Josh Tenenberg “Observing Sara: A Case Study of a Blind Person’s Interactions with Technology ” , ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Assistive Technologies , SESSION: Personal technologies , Pages: 171 - 178 , 2007 .
  • 3. Introduction
    • The blind computer user
    • Workarounds strategies
    • Physical and social world
    • Studying a single user
      • Across a range of devices and tasks
      • Broader and more nuanced understanding
  • 4. Assistive technology for people with visual impairment
    • Audible screen readers
    • External memory aids
    • Non-speech sounds for navigation
    • W3C’s Web Accessibility Guidelines
      • physical and cognitive abilities
      • Different interaction needs
  • 5. In-depth exploratory and descriptive case-study
    • Interaction with both digital and physical objects
    • In the individual’s home
    • Breakdowns and workarounds
  • 6. Sara’s life (software and hardware)
    • BrailleNote and Braille labler
    • Cell phone
    • Electronic dictionary
    • CD collection and CD player
    • Job access with speech screen reader
    • Tactile watch
  • 7. Analysis of interviews and observations
    • Navigation with JAWS (screen reader)
      • Does not recognize pictures and graphics
      • Different key to execute intended action
    • Tactile watch
      • Why not digital? (“marks”)
  • 8. Analysis of interviews and observations
    • Organization CD collection
      • Label only in braille
      • Discs are not organized in name
    • Receiving text messages by cell phone
      • Unable to access and read the SMS
  • 9. Conclusion
    • Broader range of tasks will improve the internal validity of research
    • Who will use technology,how they will use it
    • Technologies can ‘mark’ an individual

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