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Food Business Perspective in Relation to Human Right

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presented at Human Right Advocacy, A Training Program for Community Advocates in the Asia-Pacific Region, HRWG 22 August 2007, Hotel Grand Flora Kemang Jakarta

presented at Human Right Advocacy, A Training Program for Community Advocates in the Asia-Pacific Region, HRWG 22 August 2007, Hotel Grand Flora Kemang Jakarta

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  • 1. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATION TO HUMAN RIGHT By : FRANCISCUS WELIRANG HUMAN RIGHT ADVOCACY A TRAINING PROGRAM FOR COMMUNITY ADVOCATES Capacity Building on Human Right Advocacy and Business in the Asia-Pacific Region HRWG, 22 August 2007 Hotel Grand Flora Kemang, Jakarta 1 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 2. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT DEFINITION Universal Declaration of Human Right, (1948) Human right are fundamental principles allowing individual freedom to lead a dignified life, freedom from abuse and violations and freedom to express independent beliefs. Shorter Definition (UN 1988), Human right could be generally defined as those right which are inherent in our nature and without which we can not live as human beings RIGHT TO LIVE FOOD IS ONE OF THE BASIC NEEED FOR LIVING 2 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 3. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT SCOPE OF HUMAN RIGHT GEN I (Universal Declaration Of Human Right) 1. Right to life, liberty and security of person 11. Freedom from arbitrary interference with 2. Right to freedom from slavery and servitude privacy, family, home or correspondence 3. Right to Freedom from torture and cruel, 12. Freedom of movement and residence, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment including the right to leave any country 4. Right to recognition as a person before the and law to return to one’s country 5. Right to equal protection of the law 13. Asylum 6. Right to an effective judicial remedy for 14. A Nationality violation of human right 15. Contract a marriage and found a family 7. Right to freedom from arbitrary arrest, 16. Own property detention or exile 17. Freedom of thought, conscience and 8. Right to fair trial and public hearing by an religion independent and impartial tribunal 18. Freedom of opinion and expression 9. The presumption of innocence until guilt has 19. Freedom of Peaceful assembly and been proved association 10. Debarment from conviction for an act 20. Participation in the government of one’s which was not a penal offence at the time it country was committed 21. Equal access to public service of one’ 3 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP country
  • 4. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT SCOPE OF HUMAN RIGHT GEN II (Universal Declaration Of Human Right) 1. Social Security 2. Work and free choice of employment 3. Equal pay for equal work 4. Just and favorable remuneration ensuring an existence worthy of human dignity 5. Form and Join trade unions 6. Rest and leisure 7. A standard of living adequate for health and well being, including food, clothing, housing and medical care 8. Protection of motherhood and childhood 9. Education with parents having a prior right to choose their children’s type of education 10. Participation in the cultural life of one’s community 11. Protection of the moral and material interest resulting from one’s authorship of scientific, literary or artistic productions 12. Every one is entitled to a social and international order in which the right and freedom set forth in the declaration can be fully realized 4 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 5. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT SCOPE OF HUMAN RIGHT GEN III (Solidarity Right / Vienna Declaration 1993) 1. Right to self determination in economic, social & culture 2. Right to benefit in economic and social development 3. Right to benefit the common heritage of mankind 4. Right to have peace 5. Right to have a healthy environment 6. Right to have a humanity aid 5 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 6. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT FOOD INDUS TRI PRIMER S ECUNDER TERTIER C O N S EED FOOD FOOD S PROCES S ING PROCES S ING MIX U M GROWER / E BREEDING TRADITIONAL TRADITIONAL R MODERN MODERN HARVES T / POS T HARVES T Human Right ? where is it ? 6 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 7. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT GOVERNMENT REGULATION IN FOOD INDUSTRY 1. FOOD LAW NO. 7 / 1996 : HUMAN RIGHT - FOOD QUALITY - FOOD SECURITY ISSUES ? - FOOD SAFETY - FOOD AFFORDABILITY - FOOD AVAILABILITY 7. CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW NO. 8 / 1996 - TO GUARANTEE AND TO PROTECT THE RIGHT OF THE CONSUMER ON FOOD PRODUCT & ITS SERVICES - RELATION OF “FOOD AND CONSUMER” 1. FOOD IS HUMAN BASIC NEED 2. DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE AND FOOD TECHNOLOGY CREATE / INNOVATE “NEW FOOD PRODUCT” 3. SIMPLICITY AND MODERN LIVE STYLE PROMOTE CONSUMPTION “PACKAGE FOOD” (INSTANT/FROZEN) 4. FOOD SECURITY SOMETIMES BEING NEGLECTED 7 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 8. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT SA/Social Accountability 8000  Child labour is not permitted  Forced labour is not permitted  Health and safety have to be assured  Freedom to organize and collective bargaining have to be guaranteed  Discrimination is not permitted  Disciplinary practices are not permitted  Working hours shall not exceed48 hour a week, with a maximum of 12 hours overtime  Remuneration shall be sufficient  Management systems shall guarantee that the requirements are effectively satisfied 8 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 9. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT FOOD INDUSTRIES IN INDONESIA HR TOTAL OUTPUT TOTAL UNIT 1% 8% ISSUESS 10% 6% Big/Modern Big/Modern Home Industries Home Industries Small Industries Small Industries 84% 91% Sources : BPS 2005 9 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 10. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT PT. INDOFOOD SUKSES MAKMUR Tbk  A TOTAL FOOD SOLUTION COMPANY  4 DIV. : Noodle/Flour/Branded Consumer Product/Edible Oil & Fat  TOTAL EMPLOYEES : ± 49.200  TOTAL PLANTS : ± 43 UNIT  NETT SALES (2006) : IDR 21,94 T.  COMPLIANCE TO ALL GOVERNMENT REGULATION AS REGARD TO FOODS REGULATION INCLUDING HALAL  INTERNALLY GOOD MANUFACTURING PROCESS * ISO 9002, ISO 14000, ISO 22000 * HACCP  CONTROL - INCOMING RAW MATERIALS - PROCESSING - OUT PRODUCT INCLUDING FOLLOWING LABEL REGULATION I.E. (DECLARATION OF INGREDIENT USED)  PARTICIPATED TO FORTIFIED PRODUCT WITH VITAMINS AND MINERAL (FLOUR, NOODLES, COOKING OIL) FOR BETTER NUTRIENT  PRODUCT AVAILIBILITY AT ALL TIME  SHOULD COMPANY ANALYSE ITS PRODUCT ON THE CONSUMERS 10 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 11. FOOD BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE IN RELATIONS TO HUMAN RIGHT BENEFIT TO BUSINESS AND SOCIETY COMMERCIAL BENEFITS SOCIAL BENEFITS Enhanced reputation & brand image Strengthens the rule of law More secure license to operate Strengthens the capacity of civil society organizations through dialogue & partnership Improved employee recruitment, retention and motivation increasing productivity Encourages other domestic and transnational companies in the same sector or region to Improved stakeholder relations follow example Reduced security risks and associated cost Increases trust between community groups Sustainable relationship with business partners and company subcontractors and suppliers Opportunity for fair representation of different Improved risk assessment management community group’s views Improved investment climate Strengthens social cohesion Strengthened shareholder confidence Reduction in social unrest, conflict Competitive advantage over other companies Improves stable employment opportunities that Greater potential for social / economic Sources : Indonesia Business Links (IBL) 11 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP
  • 12. 12 FW/SD/VIII/2007/SP

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