Dart Unit 10 Communication


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Radio Communication (HAM, FRS, GMRS) module for the Disaster Animal Response Team (DART).

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  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • Dart Unit 10 Communication

    1. 1. + + +
    2. 2. Unit 10: Communications © 2006-2010 Frans Hoffman
    3. 3. <ul><li>Messenger / runner </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Postal Service </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone, voice mail & messaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard unit (“landline”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pager </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Radio –broadcast, business, FRS, licensed amateur (hams) public safety (police, fire, public works) </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>What will (probably) NOT work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Messenger / runner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Postal Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone, voice mail & messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standard unit (“landline”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What will work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio –broadcast, business, FRS, licensed amateur (hams), public safety (police, fire, public works) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. “ How will we email our DART Volunteers and deploy them??? “ No telephone, no PG&E, cell phone doesn’t work, and my laptop battery just died. Who’s going to tell me what to do???
    6. 6. <ul><li>Communications for DARTs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-To-Face: vocal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within Sight: signs and signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond Sight: runners and two-way radio </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>FRS / GMRS Radios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low power “Walkie Talkies” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point-to-point communications without </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ service provider” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radios have multi-channel capability: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14 channels on FRS radios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 more on FRS / GMRS radios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Channels can be split into sub-channels </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Channel PL Tone Ring Tone Function Up Key Function Down Key Menu Key Speaker/Microphone Off-On/Volume Control Antenna Monitor/Scan Key Push To Talk Switch Ear Phone Jack Motorola Model T6500
    9. 9. Channel Subchannel
    10. 10. <ul><li>  Channel Frequency (MHz) Notes </li></ul><ul><li>    1 462.5625 FRS/GMRS Shared 2 462.5875 FRS/GMRS Shared 3 462.612 FRS/GMRS Shared 4 462.6375 FRS/GMRS Shared 5 462.6625 FRS/GMRS Shared 6 462.6875 FRS/GMRS Shared 7 462.7125 FRS/GMRS Shared 8 467.5625 FRS Only 9 467.5875 FRS Only 10 467.6125 FRS Only 11 467.6375 FRS Only 12 467.6625 FRS Only 13 467.6875 FRS Only 14 467.7125 FRS Only </li></ul>MAXIMUM ½ Watt Low Power - NO LICENSE REQUIRED
    11. 11. <ul><li>Radios should cost less than $70 per pair </li></ul><ul><li>Should run on “AA” batteries </li></ul><ul><li>My opinion says to go for the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motorola Talkabout EM1000 or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Midland GXT720 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both list at $59.99 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available from Amazon, REI and others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online from about $40 </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>FRS Range limits </li></ul>“ line of sight”
    13. 13. <ul><li>Select a channel – your team leader will tell which to use </li></ul><ul><li>Test the radio before you venture out </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you can communicate with your team </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a cell-phone: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk; hold radio 2”- 3” from mouth, press the Push-To-Talk (PTT) button </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To listen; let go of the PTT button </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Listen! </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly, calmly, carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Get the message across without a lot of words </li></ul><ul><li>ConFire Dispatch audio- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time is compressed: dead air removed </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Talking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calling another: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use agreed-upon identifiers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Team 3 this is Team Leader. Over” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait for response, which should be: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Team leader this is Team 3. Over” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or just </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Team 3. Over” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak in a normal tone of voice, and speak clearly! </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>You have made contact: exchange questions and answers in brief, clear language understandable to all who may listen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO “10” codes or “11” codes! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO CB jargon! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO slang or ethnic / gender slurs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You are conveying important information to people you may neither know nor have worked with in the past </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Sample exchange </li></ul><ul><li>“ Team A this is Team Leader” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Team A – over” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ What is your location? – over” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Corner of Moraga Way and Moraga Road – over” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Check Safeway for stray animals – over” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Will check Safeway for stray animals - over.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Team Leader out” </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>While Frans Hoffman, the author of this training course, provides the information in this presentation for free (as hand-outs) to anyone who attends a Disaster Animal Response Training (DART), he and his licensors retain copyright on all text and graphic images. </li></ul><ul><li>Text and graphic images are protected by worldwide copyright laws and treaty provisions. This means that YOU MAY NOT copy, reproduce, modify, publish, upload, post, or include this information in your training or documents, reuse the text or graphics, transmit or distribute the text or graphics to others without the express written permission of the author. The author reserves all other rights. Except as expressly provided herein, he does not grant any express or implied right to you under any patents, copyrights, trademarks or trade secret information. </li></ul><ul><li>The DART logo is a service mark of Frans Hoffman. </li></ul><ul><li>For more information on how to legally use these materials, please contact Frans Hoffman at fhoffman@iRescue.us. </li></ul>