Dart Unit 09 Behavior


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Animal Behavior module for the Disaster Animal Response Team (DART).

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  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • PEP Team Training 04/07/10
  • Dart Unit 09 Behavior

    1. 1. + + +
    2. 2. Unit 9: Animal Behavior and Temperament © 2006-2010 Frans Hoffman
    3. 3. <ul><li>In an emergency or a disaster animals can be frightened and stressed </li></ul><ul><li>Some will respond quickly after being sheltered, others may need more time </li></ul><ul><li>The behavior of frightened or stressed animals can be unpredictable </li></ul><ul><li>Always OBSERVE the animal before attempting to work with it and always read the cage card and follow instructions </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    4. 5. <ul><li>Sexually Mature </li></ul><ul><li>Cautious </li></ul><ul><li>Aroused </li></ul><ul><li>No Signs of Friendliness </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    5. 6. <ul><li>1 1/2 years or older </li></ul><ul><li>More capable of intense or severe aggression </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to have bitten in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Intact and sexually mature dogs must be handled with more caution than juvenile and/or neutered dogs </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    6. 7. <ul><li>Dogs that remain uncomfortable with people or their environment should be left alone until their behavior signals that they are feeling comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>Organize ‘calm-down’ visits where a human is near the cage or run but ignores the dog until it calms down. Then reward the animal by paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>The longer a dog remains in a shelter, the harder it is for him to remember how to be peaceful and calm </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    7. 8. <ul><li>Dogs that appear hyper, unfocused or reactive or are otherwise in a state of agitation or arousal should be handled with extreme caution </li></ul><ul><li>Be especially mindful of not confronting these dogs in any way, not &quot;correcting&quot; or punishing them, as this may trigger aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of stress may or may not be evident: dilated pupils, wide open mouth panting, veins prominent on face, etc. </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    8. 9. <ul><li>Animals (not just dogs) who are uninterested in the handler and move away when petted or stroked are more likely to resent or resist handling and may react aggressively </li></ul><ul><li>Observe the dog and ask what normal, friendly dog behaviors is the dog NOT showing? The behaviors a dog is missing is often as significant as the behaviors he is exhibiting </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    9. 10. <ul><li>Yawning </li></ul><ul><li>Looking Away </li></ul><ul><li>Lip-Licking </li></ul><ul><li>Moving Slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Circling </li></ul><ul><li>Sniffing the Ground </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming ‘Distracted’ </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting or Lying Down </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    10. 11. <ul><li>Don’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stare at a dog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a loud voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move rapidly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loom over them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grab them by the collar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get into a cage/run with a dog that is still eating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yank leashes etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid direct eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a soft voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn sideways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make yourself smaller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a slip leash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a steady, gentle pressure with the lead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect dogs (and any other animal) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Call an animal control officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control stick (rabies pole) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lethal force may be justified in some circumstances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newbie misconceptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ all dogs like me” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I really relate to animals” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ a dog would never bite me” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is important to NOT over-react. </li></ul><ul><li>When do sheltered dogs see and interact with people? </li></ul><ul><li>At feeding time </li></ul><ul><li>When the kennels are being cleaned </li></ul><ul><li>When the dogs are moved into the outdoor portion of their kennel runs </li></ul><ul><li>When owners come to leash walk the dogs </li></ul><ul><li>At these times it ‘pays’ to be hyperactive. Observe the animal from a safe distance before making recommendations </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Leashes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slip-type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DO NOT USE LEASHES THAT ATTACH TO THE COLLAR! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You may wind up holding a leash and a collar and chasing a dog. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvised leashes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rope, baling twine, wire, belts, or ???? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Muzzles </li></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>Eyes Partially Closed </li></ul><ul><li>Yawning </li></ul><ul><li>Ears Twitching Back and Forth </li></ul><ul><li>Grooming </li></ul><ul><li>Looking Away </li></ul><ul><li>Turning Away Slowly and Leaving </li></ul><ul><li>Licking Lips or Paws </li></ul><ul><li>Licking Other Cats or Objects </li></ul><ul><li>Switching Tails </li></ul><ul><li>Constricting Claws </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow Unit 5- Animal Behavior – slide
    14. 16. <ul><li>Fear Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Play Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Predatory Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Pain-induced and Irritable Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Redirected Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Petting Induced Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Social Status Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Learned Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling trapped, with no escape route available, cats (and dogs) can display a common defensive behavior - fear aggression. In most cases, the cat will make his feelings known through vocalizations, such as growling, hissing and spitting and baring his teeth. His hunched-up body will be as tight as a spring, ready to dart forward for a quick bite or to roll over to expose punishing claws if these warnings are not heeded </li></ul><ul><li>Redirected aggression may be the most dangerous type of aggression. This can occur when the cat becomes intensely aroused by a loud, startling noise; the sight, smell or sounds of another animal; or unfamiliar people or places. With adrenaline pumping, he yowls, growls, stares, stalks and attacks whoever happens to walk by. Caretakers who have experienced this fury firsthand often remark that they had to &quot;peel the cat off&quot; </li></ul>
    15. 17. <ul><li>Angry horse will put ears back and show white of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Attentive horse will often tip one or both ears back to listen for your commands </li></ul>
    16. 18. <ul><li>Ears tipped back and out are sign of boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Upright or forward ears generally indicate an alert horse </li></ul>
    17. 19. <ul><li>Stiff and tilted ears are a first sign of fear. </li></ul><ul><li>A pinched mouth and narrow eyes may be a sign the horse is in pain or a bad mood. </li></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>Always talk to the horse as you approach - just because you see the horse this does not mean that it sees you </li></ul><ul><li>Horses need to be kept on their regular diet. Change in diet (along with stress or change in environment) can cause colic - a life-threatening situation that requires immediate veterinarian attention </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    19. 21. <ul><li>Overall physical condition / visual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety S.C.A.N. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Bite O Meter” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Defensive Handling” </li></ul>Photo © and Courtesy of Troy Snow
    20. 22. <ul><li>Some major causes of animal handling accidents are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fearful, stressed, agitated animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>faulty equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>male dominance aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maternal aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>food aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reducing fear improves both animal welfare and safety </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><li>While Frans Hoffman, the author of this training course, provides the information in this presentation for free (as hand-outs) to anyone who attends a Disaster Animal Response Training (DART), he and his licensors retain copyright on all text and graphic images. </li></ul><ul><li>Text and graphic images are protected by worldwide copyright laws and treaty provisions. This means that YOU MAY NOT copy, reproduce, modify, publish, upload, post, or include this information in your training or documents, reuse the text or graphics, transmit or distribute the text or graphics to others without the express written permission of the author. The author reserves all other rights. Except as expressly provided herein, he does not grant any express or implied right to you under any patents, copyrights, trademarks or trade secret information. </li></ul><ul><li>The DART logo is a service mark of Frans Hoffman. </li></ul><ul><li>For more information on how to legally use these materials, please contact Frans Hoffman at fhoffman@iRescue.us. </li></ul>