For my Thesis: -Childhood cancer has led multiple kids to tragic endings to their extremely young lives. Childhood cancer awareness has allowed multiple foundations to provide support and raise money for cancer research and cures. Throughout my project, I will do my part to raise money toward cancer help for a young boy and provide insight to my fellow classmates about the trouble childhood cancer puts toward kids of the world.
My cousin, born December 1, 1987 Neuroblastoma Died August 3, 1989 This Past August was the 20 year anniversary of her passing. In memory, my family and I hosted a softball game in memory of her. T-shirt worn shown above. (will add pictures from event.)
His Story: Trey was born on October 26, 2006 -Battles Neurosblastoma. -3 years old His right eye became turned black so his mother took him to the doctor just to be sure. They were told to take him to get tests, so they took him to Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and her received multiple tests. It was found he had a tumor behind his right eye, it was neurosblastoma.
Gold Ribbon was introduced as the Childhood Cancer Awareness Ribbon in the 1980’s. The gold ribbon symbolizes hope for those who wear the ribbon. Now what I am asking you to do is to take the piece of ribbon in front of you and create one of these gold ribbons. This ribbon will symbolize the Awareness of Childhood Cancer in Upper Merion.
Cancer is defined as the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Classified as Childhood Cancer under age 20. 30% of the United States’ population is under the age of 20. Approximately 14,000 will be diagnosed with cancer this year. 3,000 children on average in the U.S. die per year. Currently between 30,000 and 40,000 children being treated for cancer.
-In 1998, 2,500 of the 30% of Americans died from their battles with cancer. Of this 30% the ages are: 0-5 = 44 % 6-14= 36 % 15-20= 20 % -1 of 300 boys and 1 of 333 girls will develop cancer before age 20. (National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers)
Leukemia Most common types of childhood cancers. Nervous System Cancers Brain Tumors, Neurosblastoma; most common. Lymphomas Hodgkin's Disease is most common. Sarcomas Liver and Kidney Cancers
This is an Acronym that relates to the Early Signs and symptoms of Childhood Cancer: Early Signs include Continued and unexplained weight loss Headaches, morning sickness Swelling and persistent pain in areas Lumps or masses especially in abs, neck, chest, pelvis or armpit Development of bruises, bleeding or rashes Constant infections A whitish color behind the eye Nausea Tiredness and paleness Vision changes and recurring fevers of no linked sickness.
Leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow and tissues which produce the blood cells circulating are affected. Two main types: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: ALL: It is a cancer of the lymphoid cells in the bone marrow and the lymphoid organs of the body. These cells and organs are highly involved in the body's immune system. The most common childhood cancer known today. It makes up about 75% of all children with Leukemia in the world. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia: Also known as Acute Nonlymphatic Leukemia or ANLL. ANLL: This cancer attack the myeloid blood cells which are produced in the bone marrow and help fend off bacterial infections. Common symptoms: Pictures: An Awareness sign of Leukemia, often seen at Leukemia Awareness events across America. Little girl who was diagnosed with Leukemia, she is 6 years old. She was diagnosed at the age of 4.
Bone Cancers:Osteosarcoma: this type of sarcoma attacks at the end of long bones and extremities. They are tumors in which grow close to joints. This is the most common type of bone sarcoma. Ewings Sarcoma: Unlike Osteosarcoma, Ewings attack the middle of the bone and often appears here on major bones of the body. It is most commonly found in the thighs, hipbones, upper arms and ribs. Soft Tissue Sarcomas Rhabdomyosarcoma : a soft tissue sarcoma that begins its development in muscles. Most often found in the head, neck, kidneys, bladder, arms and legs.
-Brain Tumors - Brain tumors range to a variety of different types. The most common for children are called glicomas. Childhood brain tumors are more different than that of common adult tumors because their most frequent locations are different, they often behave differently than similar tumors in adults, they may be treated differently than those in adults and they may have a better prognosis. -Neurosblastoma -This is a cancer that attacks the sympathetic nervous system which most often originates in adrenal glands located right above the kidney. It is one of the most common kinds of extra-cranial solid childhood cancer. This cancer is often seen in children 2 years old or younger.
Lymphomas come from tumors found in the lymph tissue of the body. These lymph tissues help to make up part of the immune system. There are many types of lymphoma, including types such as Burkitt's, non-Burkitt's and lymphoblastic lymphoma. They also include: Hodgkin Disease : affects lymph nodes closer to surface of the body. Most commonly affected in areas such as the neck, armpit, and groin area. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma : affects lymph nodes found deep within the body. There are many types of lymphoma, including types such as Burkitt's, non-Burkitt's and lymphoblastic lymphoma. Picture: The Red is a type of Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Shown here it is attacking skin cells that are spread across the picture.
Though somewhat rare today, Liver cancers still occur in today's youth. Liver cancer is an unknown growth (a.k.a a tumor) in the liver. there are two that are mainly seen in young children: Hepatoblastoma -is found most frequently in infants and very young children between the ages of 2 months and 3 years. Hepatoblastoma is the most common type of liver cancer in children. Hepatocellular carcinoma- this liver cancer is generally found around children at a high age, anywhere from ages 10-16. Together, Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular carcinoma make up about 1-2% of childhood cancers.
These cancers attack the kidneys and are truly harmful for most children. These cancers mainly hit kids from ages 1-8 years old. Wilms Tumor this is also referred to as nephroblastoma. The exact cause of this is still unknown although it is the most common type of kidney cancer. Clear Cell Sarcoma A rare tumor that appears in children from 2-9 years old. The survival rate for Clear Cell Sarcoma is based somewhat upon the size of the tumor.
The Chart shows the distribution of cancer in the United States and the top types of cancers throughout the 30% of Americans in the U.S. under the age of 20. Leukemia, Brain Tumors Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Neurosblastoma are the top types of cancers among American children. Leukemia takes up about 33% of cancers while Brain Tumors make up 28% and Neurosblastoma and Soft tissue sarcomas make up 8%. Epithelial Cancers-7% Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma-6 %, Wilms’ Tumor – 3%, Hodgkin's disease, Germ Cell tumors, Retinoblastoma and Osteosarcoma all 1%, Ewing’s Sarcoma, other/unspecified Liver Cancers Histiocytosis make up less than 1 This chart was based upon 12,399 children who were diagnosed in the past year.
The Chart above shows the survival and cure rates of childhood cancers. This was put together through the 20 th century and how the rates increased over six 10-year periods. The highest survival rate is from Hodgkin’s disease. Second is the Wilms Tumor and third is the Malignant Germ Cell tumors. The highest increase in survival rates was the Malignant Germ Cell Tumors. It increased from 5% after a 2 year diagnosis to just above 86 %.
September is Childhood Cancer Awareness Month Events such as walks, carnivals, tournaments during this month. Foundations against childhood cancer: People Against Childhood Cancer Cure Childhood Cancer Candle lighters Organization National Childhood Cancer Foundation Alex’s Lemonade Stand
Alexandra Scott Diagnosed with Neurosblastoma before 1 st birthday. Started on to raise money to help doctors find a cure Passed away at age 8 after her long battle. Background is official Logo of Alex’s Lemonade Stand Picture: Here is the first Alex’s Lemonade Stand to benefit Childhood Cancer Patients. Pictured is Alex in the middle of her battle with Neuroblastoma. She is 4 years old here. (Alexslemonade.org)
Recorded 4,487 sponsored stands in 2008 Raised $2,794,693 for Childhood Cancer. The number of stands sponsored have increased over the years since it began. “Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation has raised over $30 million for childhood cancer, and we have funded more than 100 research projects at nearly 50 institutions.” –Kim Bowers, Alex’s Bookkeeper. (Alexslemonade.org)
Here are six of the most known Childhood Cancer Organizations. CureSearch is the National Childhood Cancer Foundation it provides multiple awareness activities every year across the country. Candlelighters Childhood Cancer Foundation is also a very well known foundation that provides over $12,000 donated yearly towards Childhood Cancer Research. People Against Childhood Cancer is a foundation located in the southern part of the United Stated, while Cure Childhood cancer is primarily located in the Northern part of the United States. Cure is more of an online database however. Alex’s Lemonade Stand is probably the most famous of these based off the success it has had across America. The Jeff Gordon Foundation is funded primarily by the Nascar driver and it is largely donating money towards Childhood Cancer research.
For My Application Component I hosted a 3 on 3 Basketball Tournament called Hoops For Hope. It took lots of time consumption and planning to go into this project. -My first step was to get a gym permit from the athletic department in order to ensure I would have the gyms for my project to run smoothly. Second, I had to create flyers and sign up sheets and put them around the school, all of which I had to get approved from the principals. -I also had to ask Trey’s mom if I was able to use his name on my flyers for the tournament. -I received a total of 21 teams which I put into even brackets.
Most known Children’s Hospital in America. Non Profit Hospital in Memphis, TN Many doctors are researches are published and cited in high impact publications. Many doctors send their sickest patients and toughest cases to St. Jude’s.
There are multiple ways of treatment for cancers today, some of these ways include: -Chemotherapy : Chemotherapy works by disrupting cell division and killing these actively dividing cancer cells. -Radiation Therapy : Radiation is used to treat cancer in much higher doses. Common Therapy used in hospitals: for example they use everyday activities to provide a stress free environment for the patient. -Yoga -Creative Dance and Movement Therapy -Bingo and Blackjack -Writers Workshop -Theatre Network (Movies)
The Long Term Effects of Cancer Treatment are based and shown off of survival rates of those who were diagnosed. Today, because of advances in treatment, about 80% of children treated for cancer survive 5 years or more.
-Chemotherapy : refers to medications that kill actively dividing cells. Unlike healthy cells, cancer cells reproduce continuously because they don't respond to the normal signals that control cell growth. Chemotherapy works by disrupting cell division and killing these actively dividing cancer cells. In contrast to radiation therapy, which destroys the cancerous cells of a tumor in a specific area of the body, chemotherapy works to treat cancer throughout the body. -Chemo also can be: -taken as a pill, capsule, or liquid that is swallowed -given by injection into a muscle or the skin -injected into spinal fluid through a needle inserted into a fluid-filled space in the lower spine (below the spinal cord)
Radiation Therapy : Radiation is used to treat cancer in much higher doses. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy) works by preventing cells from growing or reproducing, and by destroying them. But parents whose kids need radiation therapy — one of the most common treatments for childhood cancer — often have many questions and concerns about it.
Music Therapy was a concept developed that has helped children get through a tough day or a week. They will pick a song they enjoy and they usually sing it or even learn to play it sometimes. Some kids create their own song in order to help use their own personal experiences and it helps them feel better about themselves
For my class activity, I would like you all to find a song that you would think would help brighten a child’s day or make them feel better about themselves. Along with that write a quick sentence why you chose that song. Once you find the song, I would like you to leave it as a comment on my SGP Ning page.
Talk of how the video shows how I got to doing my application, etc.
The two works cited that I used the most were Curesearch.org as well as the Article from the National Cancer Institute Resarch on childhood cancer.
1. Fran Rafferty
2. Thesis <ul><li>Childhood cancer has led multiple children to tragic endings to their extremely young lives. Childhood cancer awareness has allowed multiple foundations to provide support and raise money for cancer research and cures. Throughout my project, I will do my part to raise money toward cancer help for a young boy and provide insight to my fellow classmates about the trouble childhood cancer puts toward children of the world. </li></ul>
3. Outline <ul><li>Personal Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Class Activity Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Facts and Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Effects and Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Class Activity Part 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
4. Personal Relevance
5. Shannon Rafferty
6. Trey Love
7. CLASS ACTIVITY <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul>
8. Gold Ribbon <ul><li>Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted in the 80’s </li></ul><ul><li>(www.Zoobooz.com ) </li></ul>
9. Facts and Stats <ul><li>(National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers) </li></ul><ul><li>(Pic: www.Curesearch.org) </li></ul>
10. Facts and Stats continued <ul><li>2,500 of 30% died from cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>1 of 300 boys 1 of 333 girls develop cancer before age 20. </li></ul><ul><li>(National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers) </li></ul><ul><li>(www.candlelighters.ca/educatorsguide/images) </li></ul>
11. Types of Cancers <ul><li>(Children's Oncology Group, comp. &quot;Types of Childhood Cancers.&quot; CureSearch ) </li></ul><ul><li>( http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/assets/2008/08/25/200882511.jpg ) </li></ul><ul><li>(kidshealth.org) (zazzle.com) (montekids.org) </li></ul>Nervous System Cancers Liver Cancers Sarcomas Kidney Cancers
12. Early Signs (http://www.acor.org/ped-onc/diseases/SOCC.html)
13. <ul><li>Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia </li></ul><ul><li>Acute Myelogenous Leukemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Lyons 26-30. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( symptomsofleukemia.thecancerresearch.com/images/Symptoms of Leukemia.jpg ) </li></ul></ul>Leukemia
14. Sarcomas <ul><li>Bone Cancers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteosarcoma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ewings’ Sarcoma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soft Tissue Sarcomas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhabdomyosarcoma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Steen pg. 30-33 Childhood Cancer: A Handbook From St. Jude's Children Research Hospital ) </li></ul>
15. Nervous System Cancers <ul><li>Brain Tumors </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroblastoma </li></ul><ul><li>(Children's Oncology Group, comp. &quot;Types of Childhood Cancers.&quot; CureSearch ) </li></ul><ul><li>(Coins4kids.org) </li></ul>
16. Lymphomas <ul><li>Hodgkin Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma </li></ul><ul><li>(National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers) </li></ul><ul><li>(University of Birmingham School of Cancer Sciences: Picture) </li></ul>
30. Long Term Effects <ul><li>Caused by Chemo and Radiation Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment damages healthy cells from growing normally. </li></ul><ul><li>( National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers) </li></ul>
31. Chemotherapy <ul><li>Medications that kill actively dividing cells. </li></ul><ul><li>(National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers) </li></ul>
32. Radiation Therapy <ul><li>Prevents cells from growing or reproducing. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents have many concerns </li></ul><ul><li>metrohealth.org/radiation-therapy.html </li></ul>
33. Music Therapy <ul><li>Write their own songs </li></ul><ul><li>Use instruments to play their favorite song. </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.rockagainstcancer.org/music-therapy.htm) </li></ul>
34. CLASS ACTIVITY <ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul>
35. Class Activity <ul><li>Find a song that would make a child feel better about themselves and their day </li></ul><ul><li>Once found, post it to my SGP Ning Page and give a short reason why you chose that song. </li></ul><ul><li>Rockagainstcancer.org </li></ul><ul><li>(Rockagainstcancer.org) </li></ul>
36. Application Slideshow
38. Works Cited <ul><li>National Cancer Institute Research on Childhood Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>www.candlelighters.ca/educatorsguide/images </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood Cancer: A Handbook From St. Jude's Children Research Hospital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Music Therapy.&quot; Rock Against Cancer . Visual Data Systems, inc., 2009. Web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.stjude.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.zoobooz.com </li></ul><ul><li>(Children's Oncology Group, comp. &quot;Types of Childhood Cancers.” CureSearch ) </li></ul><ul><li>www.alexslemonade.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/assets/2008/08/25/200882511.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>www.kidshealth.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.zazzle.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lyons 26-30. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.montekids.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.metrohealth.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.pac2.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.jeffgordonfoundation.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.curechildhoodcancer.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.candlelighters.ca/educatorsguide/images </li></ul>
39. Conclusion <ul><li>Childhood Cancers are the most lethal sickness for anyone under the age of 20. </li></ul><ul><li>Through research and findings, I was able to help Trey Love in his fight against cancer as well as share the memory of my cousin Shannon. </li></ul>