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Storage Trends for Oracle

Storage Trends for Oracle

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  • There are many ways Oracle is optimizing and transforming existing data centers, including any or a mixture or the following:First of all, all of those best in class products are engineered to provide the best results in their respective categories.In addition, they are engineered to work together, and that alone simplifies a great deal for IT organizations. These become the building blocks that customers can build their solutions, but they have already been engineered to work together.» Or we can to all the way to the massively simplified, purpose-built Engineered Systems, such as Exadata, Exalogic and the new Exalytics, and the general purpose engineered system, the SPARC SuperCluster. » But since customers have a wide variety of needs, we take this even further with our Optimized Solutions, which provide flexible, predictable guided deployments that reduce risk, lower TCO and improve productivity that customer build on top of Best-in-Class products or the SPARC SuperCluster.With Oracle Optimized Solutions, you are able to select the best solution for a particular problem and then integrate the parts. In this case, you have a guided deployment, you know that all of the parts are designed to work together in an optimal fashion, you have the flexibility to change or substitute various components, but you know it’s going to work at the end and you purchased it all from one company so service is easier. A that’s a big win.Additional Information:In fact, this illustrates Oracle’s overall strategy for transforming the datacenter. Today’s IT infrastructure is massively customizedwith mix & match technologies that have led to this enormous IT complexity and rising costs.Duplicate systems, proliferating and inconsistent data about customers, employees, products and services, and makeshift integrations lead to longer times to market, poor customer service, inefficient processes and lost opportunities for achieving economies of scale. The complex web of systems and processes results in long lead-times for projects and increasing pressures on datacenter power and cooling. Systems are relatively fragile and risky to modify. Focused on components (perhaps pools of compute or storage components) Services/Labor intensive (internal or external resources): implementation, integration and ongoing maintenance Application / Services deployments are Unique  drives up cost/time/fragility, slows down agility/speed of changesMost Vendors and Customers are focused on Infrastructure Building Blocks as the future directionIncremental Improvements via low-level building blocks (e.g. Server virtualization):Most companies and vendors are able to achieve incremental improvements and efficiencies through server virtualization, and moving towards virtualized pools of compute, storage & network resources. Typically low-level hardware and hypervisor/server building blocks, not application oriented Limited to incremental improvements Oracle offers this too because there is real value in standardizing even at the IaaS levelMassive simplification is Game changing We see an inflection point in the industry – an opportunity to move past the typical incremental improvements and fundamentally change the IT operating model. Oracle is focused on the game changing opportunities for how IT buys, deploys & runs services. Two key areas are elastic cloud services and pre-integrated, workload optimized systems. The goal is take out massive amounts of labor – not just upfront, but throughout the lifecycle of the services you deliver to the business.Oracle is uniquely positioned to deliver vertically integrated systems, delivering a transformation of how technology for the datacenter. Integration happens at multiple layers of the technology stack, starting with “best in class” component technology, database, middleware, and applications, and ultimately through tightly integrated, highly optimized, engineered systems for specific and general purpose workloads.
  • What we find is that there are storage-related challenges that are common across customers. First: How do I make sure that my storage systems meet user and application performance requirements under the strain of all of this data Second, I need to make sure that my infrastructure can adapt to dynamic workloads. Can I afford to have long applications development cycles, or can I afford to have dedicated islands of storage for independent applications. Increasingly, the answer is not.Third, how do I maximize application availability and meet my SLAs? Meet backup windows? And if something does happen, can I recover quickly?Fourth, how do I avoid storage sprawl and the accompanying data silos? This adds directly to complexity and cost as well as integration headaches as the number of storage systems increase. that lead to storage management headaches and having to hire more people? How do I know that the storage I buy will integrate seamlessly and be optimized for Oracle Database and applications? How many vendors will you have to call to get support? How much time will you spend dealing with vendors finger pointing when issues come up, and you know they will.And can I find the right people to hire making sure that they have those rare application-to-storage skills so they can performance and availability across the whole path.What’s should be my archiving and long-term data retention strategy? Keep using disk for all storage tiers—disk keeps getting cheaper—a lot of my data doesn’t get accessed much after ninety days, do I move to tape? What if I need to access something from tape, will it be fast enough?How do I maximize Software ROI? SW is the most expensive part of my data center, so maximizing my return on investment means making sure that the licenses I buy run as fast as possible. This requires storage with high throughput and balanced performance across varied workloads.Sixth, how do you make sure that the storage you buy will integrate seamlessly with the SPARC T5 servers and will be optimized for Oracle Database and applications? How many vendors will you have to call to get support? How much time will you spend dealing with vendors finger pointing when issues come up, and you know they will. SPARC T5 servers come with numerous hooks to speed installation, integration and management with ZFS Storage Appliances.And finally, what’s the total cost of ownership? If I keep on with storage sprawl, how much is it going to add to power, cooling, floor space beyond the hardware costs. Will there be hidden software costs? We need to have storage solutions which reduce the total amount of storage, which require fewer discrete systems which need less management, and few extra licensing fees. But everyday you are inundated with vendor-generated buzzwords…
  • But everyday you are inundated with vendor-generated buzzwords that can be confusing and distractions to meeting the objectives for your organization. I’m sure you’ve seen these. Are they trial balloons, trends, real, should you change direction and implement any of them? Is one of them a solution to your business problem? Software defined networks, software defined data centers, software defined storage, what’s next software defined software? The cloud is the solution regardless of the problem you’re facing – and there’s an endless variety: public, private, hybrid, OpenStack, CloudStack. And you have everything-as-a-service. Should you outsource every aspect of IT to a service provider? Do you go all flash storage? All-SSD? A mixture flash and disk? Of course, you have to get into big data, hire some data scientists, get Hadoop installed. Wait, is there a business need or objective to meet with analytics? Should you virtualize you whole IT environment—databases, applications? Should you support all devices that employees that employees may bring to work? You have the real challenge of meeting business objectives with a mostly flat budget. But there are all of these vendor-generated buzzwords coming at you every day and distracting you from your main mission that you’re getting measured on. Where do you go from here?Customers are
  • One problem you are immediately faced with is data that’s growing exponentially. Of course, you probably don’t have 8,000 exabytes on your data center floor. This is data being accumulated by every person and company globally. However, for most companies data is growing 50%-70% per year – essentially doubling every two years. This includes data that your OLTP applications are generating, data you’re collecting from your website, data that you’re amassing for an analytics project, and so on. Then there is the data that you have to retain “forever” to comply with regulations. It all adds up and you have big storage challenges.
  • Oracle has a strong position in the storage market. IDC recently published a report in which they stated that Oracle storage portfolio is in excess of a billions. This includes disk storage systems, tape, and storage in Engineered Systems. The report also states that “More storage innovation is on the horizon with Oracle. Product refreshes are coming; even tighter integration with Oracle is coming. More synergy with big data is coming. And Oracle is working to get the go-to-market model right to better compete with incumbents such as EMC and NetApp.” Going along with these strong statements from IDC , Steve Duplessie, Founder and Senior Analyst at the Enterprise Strategy Group, stated Oracle is the number 3 NAS vendor.
  • Applications and compute engines continue to evolve. Multiple applications per server images are a relic of the past. Today the vast majority of application providers will only support it if it’s the only app running on the physical or virtual server. They won’t support the app if there are other applications running. And there is a lot innovation around this compute this model, including: 1U serversBlade serversMicro serversVirtual serversNow virtual applicationsAnd evolution continues
  • Storage systems have not evolved much. They’re still primarily architect as general-purpose storage. They’re designed and built to work with as many applications as they can. This makes some degree of sense since from the IT department perspective, they can share the load and the cost across applications and business units. And, of course, storage vendors want to sell into as many environments as they can, so general-purpose work for them.. However, the result is that general-purpose storage systems don’t have much application awareness. They provide the same services to every application. In fact, applications have diverging requirements. Some need high-performance, some require a higher level of protection, and some may have dynamically changing performance requirements depending on time of day, month of year, etc. For example, retailers need maximum performance for the fall shopping season when 80-90% of revenues are generated, but not so much say in February. So, how can you address this issue?
  • By attempting to build your system, the DIY model, the degrees of separation between the application and the storage significantly increase, requiring companies to spend more time on manual storage management. In fact, approx. 2/3rds of all enterprise storage costs are related to management. So when it comes to upgrading, maintaining, tuning, or troubleshooting, for example, storage management costs could triple if customers actually took storage vendor responsibilities upon themselves. Enterprise Storage Quality is Driven by Rigorous System Test and Continuous Component Verification, so if customers are going to start validating and testing drives, controllers, enclosures and application integration, their time to focus on the elements that bring value to the business becomes greatly diminished.
  • Oracle cuts through the buzzword fog and brings clarity and to the data center with our unique advantage….
  • When we look at trends effecting Oracle Database storage, we turn to both traditional analysts like IDC and Gartner, but also to customers like yourselves in the form of the Oracle User Group community. And, we hear the same thing from all sources, that there are several key drivers that are working together to drive storage. These forces and their impacts are not new, but a smaller and smaller number of the drivers are playing pivotal roles in defining your environments and our solutions to meet your needs.Specifically, we see the growth of automated data sources from everything from RFID tags to health monitors to solar panels on your roof that are generating continuous streams of structured data that are used in multiple ways. The effect of this is that the requirements for database storage are increasing by between 40% and 45% per year – not quite as high as unstructured data, but it means that on average our database size doubles every two years.Secondly, we see more consumers of data, much of which is driven by the mobile computing and access revolutions but also the fact that we have figured out how to do “mash ups” of data from different sources to better understand our environments – some may call this “Big Data”, but whatever you call it – it is increasing the number of times that “current” and “historical” data are accessed which increases the need for high performance databases and the storage supporting them at rates that are much higher than Moore’s law would imply that database servers are able to keep up with which entails increasingly complex database installations with more servers, more storage devices, more software integration points, and typically more integration costs associated with the storage, so we need some new thinking here as well.Virtualization is our fourth driving factor for several reasons, and while people may think that I’m talking about storage virtualization, I’m actually referring to traditional server virtualization that is underlying most efforts at data center modernization and the cloud.Server virtualization is key makes it possible to support the growing number of applications that we just mentioned, and it is also making it more difficult for storage to keep up with your needs since it fairly effectively defeats 30 years of optimizations put together by the storage industry. And finally, regulation and compliance are creating very long retention requirements – some of which have to be met with on-line resources, and these requirements drive up the amount of data in any individual database as well as the challenges in managing it.================
  • And, what we find is that if you look at a typical data center, each individual application has their own Oracle Database instance running on different servers and with dedicated NAS or SAN storage silos. While volume is increasing, it is really the need to access this data faster and faster which leads to inefficiencies as traditional NAS and SAN storage can’t keep up with performance demands so utilization as measured in terms of Tbytes of Data per Tbytes of disk keeps going down while total storage costs required by continuing operations keep going up and up , shrinking the amount of funds that can be dedicated to supporting business innovation.
  • However, if you turn to Oracle storage for your database and non-database storage needs , what you will find is that our ability to permanently shrink your storage, access your data faster, and reduce overall storage complexity and integration costs will bring back the 20% or 30% of your IT budget that you would like to dedicate to initiatives that directly support new businesses, better business processes, and overall business innovation.
  • While we are talking about storage for Oracle Database today, we know that you have a need to store all kinds of data in your environment, so as a result we have developed an optimized storage portfolio that offers best-of-breed stand alone capabilities plus integrates specific Oracle on Oracle optimizations that allow Oracle software to run faster on Oracle storageOur portfolio consists of best-of-breed Database, NAS, SAN and Tape storage solutions that support multi-purpose computing environments.For each of the areas and for broader based Oracle Optimized Data Center, our storage solutions provide three basic benefits. With Oracle Optimized Storage, we enable you to permanently shrink the amount of storage you need – typically by 40% but in some cases by 80% or more, we allow you to run your databases and applications faster than with storage from other vendors – typically around 50% faster, but again as much as 2x or 3x or more when you look at the additional impact of low cost, and we reduce your risk profiles from both implementation and operational perspectives with streamlined management that has enabled Oracle IT and other organizations to reduce management overhead by up to 60%.So, no matter what mix of database storage, SAN storage, NAS storage and Tape that is appropriate for your environment we will allow you to do more while spending less and simplifying your environment.
  • And there are benefits to using Hybrid Columnar Compression that extend beyond storage efficiency. It turns out that HCC is not just an “on-disk” format, but is used directly by the Oracle Database to increase the efficiency of caches, networks and even memory. This accelerates many databases which now don’t have to go to disk to read more data and reduces the amount of memory needed for remote replication for disaster recovery purposes.One retail database that we worked with was compressed using “Query high” compression and not only achieved a 19x improvement in storage efficiency, but also ran faster because less data had to be moved to the system. Four of the queries we ran against this showed between a 4.7x and 8.4x improvement in overall query performance. This setup was over a gigabit ethernet link, but similar tests over dedicated 8Gbit/second Fibrechannel showed lower improvements that were still significant that ran in the 2x to 4x range.There is a whole session in this event on Hybrid Columnar Compression, so I won’t go into any more details here.
  • With our new Automatic Data Optimization software, or ADO, customers can now leverage automatic tiering and compression based on heat maps and usage patterns. This basically provides fully automated data lifecycle management, once again lowering your costs on manually performing such processes and making your environment more efficient.
  • Let’s take a look at four tangible differentiators that we now offer as part of our Application Engineered Storage portfolio. Firstly, you may have heard of our Hybrid Columnar Compression software, which compresses Oracle Database data in both rows and columns, leading up to a 50x reduction in storage capacity required and a 8x improvement in Database query speeds. (Click)We also have a new capability known as Automatic Data Optimization that provides fully automated tiering and compression based on heat maps and usage patterns. This sofware automatically determines what data should be compressed at the maximum level for deep archives and what should be left uncompressed for frequent access. The days of doing this manually are over.(Click)And there’s the unique speed dial capability I mentioned earlier—Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol or OISP. This enables us to dynamically tune up to 65% or more of the critical paramaters for database tuning, particularly logbias and record size. This is dynamic automation, which is the solution to the data growth deluge. (Click)And then there’s our storage systems unique integration with our Engineered Systems lineup—Exadata, among other offerings. By being co-engineered with Exadata we have levels of efficiency and performance—particularly with a direct Infiniband link—that surpass what else is available in the market from a backup perspective.Now let’s take a look at what pain pains, what problems each one of these solve:Hybrid Columnar Compression – (Click) – Without it customers have to acquire more and more expensive storage. At Oracle we see the world from a software point of view, a software vantage point, so we are always looking at finding new forms of efficiency through software. This in stark contrast to pure hardware vendors whose vantage point is limited to the confines of a physical box. Their mentality is to fill up one box as fast as possible so they can sell you another. You won’t hear another storage vendor focused on making your Oracle Database environment more efficient, requiring you to actually use less storage in your data center.Automatic Data Optimiation – (Click) – Without it customers have to spend more on manual tiering, manual compression and more on third party software licenses.OISP – (Click) – Without it customers have to spend more on manual tuning, and cope with the challenges of more human errors.And, with Engineered Systems Integration – (Click) – what other storage vendors won’t tell you is that the RMAN backup block format is opaque to all third party dedupe devices, such as DataDomain, which have very low deduplication ratios on Oracle Database. Basically any form of deduplication is ineffective in reducing RMAN backup data.Whereas with Oracle ZFS Backup Appliance with our compression capability you can use up to 72% less storage than DataDomain.
  • (Notes: this slide has builds. There are detailed speaker notes to explain the slide. Please continue to read the speaker notes on the next page, which is marked as ‘Hide’ in Slideshow mode).If you look at the world today, this is the picture, right? Every server has its own network adapters, its own storage adapters. This architecture is inflexible and not scalable. It does not allow you to make changes to the architecture easily. With Oracle Virtual Networking, we can get rid of those network devices and storage devices you have on the server. Instead every server is connected with a one-time point-to-point, high-speed, high bandwidth, extremely low latency link into these two hardware boxes you see in the middle of the picture, which are called the Oracle Fabric Interconnects. And the reason we show two boxes, instead of one, is that this architecture gives you high availability.Now what you do is install some drivers on every server, and the two Oracle Fabric Interconnects will contain all your network adapters and storage adapters. In this picture, you see that each one of those Fabric Interconnects has four I/O module devices in the bottom. So those are the devices that connect into your 1 Gig or 10 Gig Ethernet fabrics or into your 8 Gig fibre channel fabric. And what we do is we take a single 8 Gig fibre channel port for example, bind into a switch, and we virtualize that port. We make that port look like 64 fibre channel HBA devices. Similarly, if we take a 10 Gig Ethernet link, bind it into a switch port and we make that one 10 Gig link look like 128 Ethernet NIC devices. So essentially these two fabric interconnect boxes that you see in the middle contain all your network adapters and storage adapters for a rack or two of servers. Once the systems are installed and set up, you never have to go in and touch the server again. Using our management software, you can simply go and add as many network ports or storage ports you need on any one of the servers that are bound into this fabric. For example, you are running Oracle virtual machine on that server in the left of the picture and you need to install 12 Ethernet devices and 4 fibre channel devices. You simply go into the Oracle Fabric Manager console and you say, give this server 12 Ethernet NICs and 4 fabric channel HBAs. They show up on the host and the beauty of the solution is that as far as the server is concerned, it is as if somebody has gone in and plugged in 12 Ethernet adapters and 4 fibre channel adapters. So, they look and function and behave just like native adapters.
  • Now, let’s look at the attributes of Oracle Virtual Networking. First, it's a fairly simple architecture. When we converge everything on to two pipes, you have fewer switches, fewer cards and cables. From the Oracle Fabric Interconnect systems, you go straight to a core Ethernet switch or a core Fibre channel switch. Consequently, you flatten your topology, you have fewer tiers, and you have the software defined networking capability that I will explain more later, which means that this entire infrastructure can be defined in software. You can add Ethernet connections, Fibre channel connections. You can create SDN Networks all on demand.
  • So, let's summarize. With Oracle Virtual Networking technology you basically get the ability to build a true cloud infrastructure. Everything that you have in your racks can be defined in software for connectivity purposes. That means you can take any application that's running on a server whether it be a database or virtual machine or a VDI session, and you could bind into any network or storage fabric on demand.Oracle Virtual Networking dynamically manages East and Wets traffic, not just North and South. East-West traffic is VM-to-VM links on a server cluster within a data center or across data centers. North-South traffic runs up from servers through switches and out onto the network. The traditional way of handling East-West traffic is to rely on virtual LANs –VLANs – in the Layer 2 network. Each time you move a virtual machine, you have to reconfigure the VLANs, which can take hours and are prone to human errors. And if you use a virtual switch, then there is another layer of complexity added to the stack that is not particularly agile because you still have to configure switch ports, virtual servers, and virtual switches by hand. With Oracle Virtual Networking, connections are configured within Oracle SDN, using a supremely elegant resource: the private virtual interconnect. The private virtual interconnect is an isolated link that connects virtual machines to other data center resources. Being a software-defined network, it can be deployed in seconds.You can use private virtual interconnects to join any number of virtual machines, virtual appliances, networks, storage devices, and bare metal servers in isolated layer 2 (L2) domains. Private virtual interconnects do not rely on VLAN or port configurations.The three most important points around Oracle Virtual Networking is that it is simple. It saves you money. You wire once and you walk away, you never need to touch that infrastructure again. It is agile, which means that you can dynamically make connectivity changes in your data center depending on what your profiles are for your application need.And it is extremely fast. You get a lot more throughput than you would with any other architecture and it eliminates many I/O bottlenecks that you might face in a traditional architecture.
  • New Technology for Big, “Forever” ArchivesRegulation, compliance, Big Data analytics, digitization, cultural preservation and extreme growth in social media are coalescing to drive a mindset of “keep everything forever.” Add to that the onset of new high definition digital formats that create ever larger file sizes and customer requirements for data archiving are being driven to new, even more extreme heights, than ever before. There are many drivers of the archive storage and software market. The more historical drivers of archive are storage efficiency – driven by the lifecycle content management framework. I.e. looking at the value and access of data over time and moving it to the appropriate tier of storage based on that pattern. To improve storage efficiency of the primary and even backup systems, archive is the way to reduce the content within the primary and backup storage sites. The less to keep in primary, the less to backup. The archive system still accomplishes data protection for the data. Archive software applications are also focused on supporting the ILM concept through setting of policies and the support for multiple types of storage behind the software, disk, tape and even cloud repositories. Compliance and e-discovery are mostly driven by legal requirements. Life of the patient + 2 years is an example in healthcare. In financial markets, 7 years is standard for certain types of information. Other archives may be focused on “forever”. Compliane really sets the stage for what data needs to be kept for what period of time. While e-discovery mandates are about search / retrieval and ensuring that the data itself has not been altered in any way. Many software products have built in special functions to support e-discovery requirements. Of course overall primary data growth continues to push the growth of data in archive and in backup markets. When primary data grows out of control, it is that much more critical to have a strong archive and backup strategy so that you can make efficient use of all storage. Business Opportunity may be getting the most review in 2013 as big data analytics is gaining traction. It is driving organizations to save data that may once have been thought non-critical but now could be used for data mining. The latest push with big data analytics is to keep the raw inputs, that were once thought of as being of little value, as future analytics may apply to them. Digitization is also driving the archive market. This is mainly driven by analog to digital conversions within media / entertainment. It is also driven by knowledge institutions looking digitize photos, documents, etc for posterity. Some businesses will continue to digitize their older records, although the size of the content is significantly less.
  • * Source: ESG Digital Archive Market Forecast 2010 to 2015ESG notes in their last Digital Archive Market forecast that digital archive are growing at 56% / year. While the exabytes behind the numbers are a little more generous than IDC’s numbers (unclear if any of them factored in compression for storage), the growth rates themselves are very similar. The % of unstructured vs. structured data is also in line with other analyst predictions. 88% of the data is unstructured and as we go through the StorageTek archive strategy, the focus will be clearly on this unstructured portion of the market. Note – Database archive by ESG and by many database vendors simply views archive as a secondary instance of the database itself, very little of this would go to a near-line / off-line system.
  • A quick note about the efficiency of tiered storage for archiving - the more data you store for longer periods of time the more likely you will want to look at tiered storage solutions. This slide simply shows the cost savings, in “average $/TB” that could be recognized with a tiered storage approach. Of course, every situation is different and your percentage mix may vary depending on a number of different factors including amount of data, the type or “types” of data, the specific use case driving frequency of access, etc. So, be careful to point out that this is simply a “rule of thumb” estimate and not meant to be any kind of an absolute, but you can see that the average cost per TB can drop quite significantly when tiered storage is built in to your archive strategy. ================================================================================ Cost is: the acquisition cost of the equipmentAccess is: the speed and ease of making stored data accessible to the applicationCapacity is: the percentage of capacity that should be stored on each mediumAs an example average selling prices (costs) per Gbyte for the various storage technologies generally falls into the following ranges … Enterprise Disk - $25 - $60Modular - $15 - $35
  • The latest clipper group study has increased the cost advantage of tape over disk. In the industry analysts study, released in 2013, the clipper group walks through the costs associated with deploying storage on tape vs. disk. The study concludes that the average disk based solution costs 26 times the TCO of the average tape based solution. With StorageTek LTFS customers can deploy diskless storage solutions that will leverage the cost advantage of tape over disk.
  • Not all data is created equal. As data ages it is not utilized as often and so it makes pure financial sense to offload less accessed data to cheaper storage media and it can improve performance of the overall system when your primary systems are not weighted down by stale data. The alignment of different categories of data to different types of storage media directly reduces cost and effectively manages large volumes of data.To meet those intensive data demands, tiered storage is a critical approach for storage success. Tiered storage aligns the value of your data assets with the most appropriate storage media in order to reduce cost and effectively manage data throughout it’s lifecycle. Software… PRIMARY High-performance apps.Mission-critical databasesConsolidationFlash StorageDisk StorageHybrid StorageAnalyticsSECONDARY Fixed Content ServingE-mail and CollaborationBusiness ContinuityNEAR-LINESTORAGE Video, Medical, LegalDeep ArchivesTape LibrariesTape Drives/MediaDisaster Recovery
  • What's holding back your application performance? It could very well be your storage. Hard disk drives, even the fastest 15K RPM can not feed your servers fast enough. They are some 260 times slower than what today's servers are capable of so they spend most of their time waiting for data after a request. They are starving. The traditional remedy of adding more expensive DRAM may no longer suffice as data sets double every 2 years.Today your applications are being chocked by spinning disk drives which are causing storage latencies and I/O bottlenecks.
  • Flash Attributes:Delivers Low LatencySolves the IO bottleneckLower latency means applications respond more quicklyProvides Higher ThroughputMore bandwidth means applications can send more data at the same timeRequires Less PowerLess power mean you can save on your energy bill while increasing performanceSmaller FootprintMore space for you to use for other projects
  • Flash storage technology can help bridge this gap by sitting in between the server and spinning hard disks. This allows applications to get the fast response time they require from flash while storing infrequently used data on slower HDD technology.

Tendencias Storage Tendencias Storage Presentation Transcript

  • Hardware and Software Engineered to Work Together Fran Navarro Principal Sales Consultant Foco en almacenamiento
  • Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 2 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Transforming the Data Center From Best in Class to Engineered Systems Best-of-Breed Products 3 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Optimized Solutions Engineered Systems
  • Investing in Building the Best Hardware in the World Engineered Together at Every Layer For Your Success Storage 4 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Networking Servers
  • Creating Storage Challenges On-Demand Requirements and Greater Scale Create New Issues  Storage performance  Dynamic workloads  Application availability  Storage sprawl / Data silos  Lack of application-to-storage skills  Archiving / Long-term data retention  Software ROI  Total cost of ownership 5 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Customers are Being Inundated Dealing with Vendor-generated Buzzwords Everyday  Software Defined Everything  Clouds/ XaaS  Flash / SSD  Big Data / Analytics  Social Everything  Mobility / BYOD  Virtualize Everything  The Consumerization of IT 6 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • And Data is Growing Exponentially 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 Exabytes 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 2005 2010 2015 Source: IDC
  • An Expanding $1B Storage Portfolio Oracle disk storage systems, disk storage for databases and tape sales are in excess of $1B — “I believe Oracle has just become the #3 NAS guy with ZFS behind NTAP and EMC.” —Steve Duplessie, ESG
  • Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 9 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Applications & Compute Continue to Evolve Multiple Applications per Server Image are a Relic of the Past  1 application per – Physical server image – Per virtual server image  Lots of compute innovation around it – 1U servers – Blade servers – Micro servers – Virtual servers – Now virtual applications 10 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Storage Systems Have Not Kept Up Primarily Architected as General Purpose Storage  Lack any real application engineered capabilities  Applications have diverging requirements – Faster storage performance – Greater flexibility – Variable data protection – Dynamic changing performance 11 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle is Driving the Storage System Evolution Application Engineered Storage Enterprise software drives system performance and efficiency Software-defined Storage Storage software drives system performance and efficiency Hardware-defined Storage Custom hardware drives system performance and efficiency
  • Do-It-Yourself Storage Poses Issues Maintain Upgrade Hardware Troubleshoot Install Tune 2/3rds of all enterprise storage costs are related to management Storage management costs could triple if customers took upon storage vendor responsibilities
  • ORACLE BRINGS CLARITY TO THE DATA CENTER
  • Oracle Database Storage Trends Storage Consumes More of the IT Budget Drivers More More Data Sources Capacity Consumers Performance Data Reuse Complexity Virtualization Management Long Retention 15 Storage Impact Risk Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • “Business As Usual” Squeezes Innovation Islands of Inefficient Storage Increase Risks and Costs PLM + Oracle Database HCM + Oracle Database CRM + Oracle Database E-Business + Oracle Database Continuing Operations 16 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Webcenter + Oracle Database
  • Oracle Storage Re-Enables Innovation Fewer, Faster, More Efficient Storage Platforms for Oracle Database PLM + Oracle Database HCM + Oracle Database CRM + Oracle Database E-Business + Oracle Database Continuing Operations 17 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Webcenter + Oracle Database
  • Oracle Optimized Storage Portfolio Best of Breed plus Unique Optimizations for Oracle Software Database NAS SAN Tape Applications Middleware Database Operating System Virtual Machine Servers Oracle Software Runs Faster and More Efficiently on Oracle Storage 18 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle Engineered Systems Mission: Simplify Your Environment Extreme Performance 19 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Low Risk Deployment Breakthrough Efficiency
  • Oracle Exadata Database Machine The Best Machine for OLTP, Data Warehouse, and Consolidation Exadata Smart Scan Smart Flash Cache Improve query performance by 10X 20 Hybrid Columnar Compression Reduce the size of database storage requirements by up-to 3-5X Improve query response times by 40% Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Big Data Appliance X4-2 Hardware: • 288 CPU cores with 1152 GB RAM • 864TB of raw disk storage • 40 Gb/s InfiniBand Integrated Software: • • • • • • • Oracle Linux Oracle Java VM Cloudera Distribution of Apache Hadoop (CDH) Cloudera Manager Cloudera Impala, Search, Navigator, HBase & BDR Oracle R Distribution NoSQL Database Community Edition All integrated software (except NoSQL DB CE) is supported as part of Premier Support for Systems and Premier Support for Operating Systems 21 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle ZS3 Storage Application Engineered Storage Extreme Performance World-record performance and leading price performance 22 Integrated Analytics Real-time visualizations cuts troubleshooting times by 50% Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Optimized for Oracle Software OISP cuts database tuning times by 65%; HCC delivers 10-50X compression
  • Application Engineered Storage OISP ADO HCC Dynamic and automatic databasestorage tuning Advanced and dynamic database (data) optimization Superior database, data warehousing compression
  • Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol 24 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Eliminates hundreds of hours spent tuning (and re-tuning) storage and database for optimal performance
  • Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol (OISP) Cut Database and Storage Tuning Time in Half Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol: Unique language that enables dynamic communication between an Oracle Database and Oracle’s ZFS Storage Appliances. Database data DB I/O metadata communicated to ZFS Storage Query Data Response Oracle Database • Available only for Oracle Database 12c customers using Oracle Direct NFS (dNFS) with Oracle ZFS Storage Appliances that are running software version OS8 ZFS Storage 0.03ms 2TB DRAM 0.10ms 10TB FLASH (R / W) 30.00ms 2PB DISK DB Control File Writes prioritized among other IO in ZFS Storage Oracle’s ZS3 systems dynamically assign system resources to optimize Oracle Database performance and efficiency
  • OS8 | OISP: Auto Tuning of Record Size, LogBias Without OISP With OISP OISP Tunes Logfile share NFS Server NFS Server Multiple shares, each with its own Record Size and LogBias setting /mnt/dbname/redo (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/control (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/pfile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/datafile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/tempfile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/chgtrack (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/backup (Record Size, LogBias) Datafile share Two shares: logfile and datafile /mnt/dbname/logfile (OISP sets Record Size, LogBias) redo /mnt/dbname/datafile (OISP sets Record Xize, LogBias) control pfile datafile tempfile chgtrack backup
  • Oracle Database Partitioning and Compression Only with Oracle Exadata, Pillar Axiom, Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Oracle Database Partitioning Higher performance & availability Simplified management Advanced Compression Option Suitable for active data Compresses all data types 2x to 4x Partitioning Option Typical 10x compression, faster scans Archival mode for old data Typical 15x-50x compression ratios 27 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hybrid Columnar Compression Oracle Database Enterprise Edition Data Specific Compression Hybrid Columnar Compression Optimized for historical data Query mode for data warehousing Advanced Compression Option Active Less Active Historical
  • Hybrid Columnar Compression 28 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Increases database efficiency and performance, by enacting columnar compression for data warehousing, analytics, and mining operations
  • Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC) Store Less Data AND Run Faster  Up to 50x space reduction  Only available on Oracle storage Uncompressed  735GB Increases performance for most data warehouse and data protection Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 94% Less 38GB 8x Faster 2 Hours, 22 Min, 44 Sec 29 With HCC Average 5x faster queries  Retail Data Warehouse Example 16 Min, 50 Sec
  • Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Higher Efficiency AND Performance with Hybrid Columnar Compression  HCC data stays compressed: – On disk – In storage caches Retail Original Database Tables – Over networks Size – In memory Query 1 52:06 10:52 4.7x – In system caches Query 2 2:22:44 16:50 8.4x Query 3 7:06 1:06 6.4x  Many data sets fit in memory  Shorter backup windows and remote replication for DR 30 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. HCC Tables Improvement 735 GB 38GB 19.3x
  • Automatic Data Optimization 31 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Increases database efficiency and performance, by dynamically moving data across storage tiers and compression algorithms
  • Oracle Database 12c Automatic Data Optimization  Heat Maps and Usage Patterns Drive Auto-Tiering 32 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Automatic Data Optimization Usage Based Data Compression 01110101010010 10000100010101 01011100001010 Hot Data 10101010111010100110101 11000010100010110111010 10100101001001000010001 011100001010001011011 01010110100101101001110 101010100101001001000 00010100100101000010010 010001010101101001011 00010001010101110011010 010101001010010010001 10100101001001000010001 3X Advanced Row Compression 33 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Warm Data Archive Data 1010101011101010011010111000010100 101010101110101001101011100001010001011011 0101101110101010010100100100001000 101010100101001001000010001010101101001011 1010101101001011010011100001010010 010011100001010010010100001001000010001010 0101101110101010010100100100001000 0101000010010000100010101011010010 101010101110101001101011100001010001011011 1010101101001011010011100001010010 1000010100100101001010110111000010 101010101110101001101011100001011101011001 1110010100100101001010110111011010 10X 15X Columnar Query Compression Columnar Archive Compression
  • Application Engineered Storage Capabilities Anyone Can Integrate, Only Oracle Can Co-Engineer HYBRID COLUMNAR COMPRESSION Increases Oracle Database storage efficiency BUY MORE EXPENSIVE STORAGE and performance AUTOMATIC DATA OPTIMIZATION WITH HCC Automates SPEND MORE ON MANUALdynamically performance optimization by TIERING, COMPRESSION across storage tiers moving Oracle Database data AND SOFTWARE LICENSES and compression algorithms ORACLE INTELLIGENT STORAGE PROTOCOL Eliminates hundreds of hours spent tuning (and re-tuning) SPEND MORE ON MANUAL TUNING, storage and database for optimal performance, freeing IT CHALLENGES OF MORE HUMAN ERRORS resources to grow the business ORACLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Optimizes data center BLOCK FORMAT IS OPAQUE preRMAN BACKUP efficiency and reduces risk with tested deployments andDEDUPE data protection TO THIRD PARTY superior DEVICES 34 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 35 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle Virtual Networking Wire Once Infrastructure for the Software Defined Data Center Software Defined Networking Oracle Virtual Compute Appliance Reduces network infrastructure complexity by over 70% 36 Oracle Fabric Interconnect 100X faster server management, 70% fewer cables and cards Power-to-production in under an hour Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Run any OracleMigrate Connectivity Virtual Networking Resources to OS or Hypervisor: Oracle Add Up Close Solaris, Linux & vNIC vNIC vNIC on Demand vHBA Connect vHBA any Server to any Network and Storage Live Servers vNIC OVM, RHEL, MS Windows & vHBA vNIC vNIC vHBA Hyper-V, VMware QoS Controls for Add Application Predictableisolated networks on demand Performance PCI 37 BU DMZ Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Fabric Up to 80 Gb/s Interconnect Per Server • Two cables • Wire once Prod FC FC iSCSI NAS
  • Simplify Your Data Center Infrastructure PHYSICAL HOST • Converged infrastructure • Fewer switches, cards and cables Ethernet FC • Flat architecture • Simple topology, fewer tiers • Software defined networking Converged infrastructure Oracle Fabric Interconnect • Connections defined in software Network “A” PROD 38 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SAN
  • Oracle Virtual Networking Summary Next Generation Data Center Fabric • Simple DB DB VM VDI - 70% less I/O complexity - 50% less cost - Wire-once infrastructure • Agile W Oracle Virtual Networking - Dynamically connect any server to any network and storage • Fast - 80Gbp/s throughput eliminates I/O bottleneck 39 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. DMZ PROD NAS SAN iSCSI E
  • Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 40 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • New Technology for Big, “Forever” Archives A variety of factors are driving a mindset of “keep everything forever.” Research Preservation Data & Content Growth 41 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Collaboration Compliance & E-Discovery Digitization
  • Data Growth 300 Exabytes Driven by Unstructured Data Unstructured Data 80 Exabytes 12% Structured Data 2013 Database 88% Application Storage Options Backup & Archive Backup 2015 * Source: ESG Digital Archive Market Forecast
  • Oracle Education Storage Solution Map
  • Full Lifecycle Content Management View  Holistic Approach  Legacy Integration  Portal Features  Tiered Storage  Best of Breed
  • Economics of Tiered Storage Tape is the Foundation: Most of the Data Stored at the Lowest Cost 5% 15% 80% Current (<7 days) : Flash/Performance Disk • Frequent changes • Immediate access • Instantaneous protection Recent (7-90 days) : SAS/SATA • Infrequent changes • modifications change classification to “Current” • Slight access delay acceptable Archival (>90 days) : Tape • Very infrequent / no changes • Offsite / offline / nearline protected
  • Balancing Growth with TCO Flash Storage $50/GB Performance Disk $5 - $10/GB Capacity Disk $1 - $4/GB Single Tier Disk Storage Modern Tiered Storage $$$$ 46 Disk-only Tiered Storage $$ $ Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Tape Storage <$.15/GB
  • Disk is 26x the Cost of Tape “The Average Disk Based Solution Costs 26 Times the TCO of the Average Tape-Based Solution” – The Clipper Group, 2013 Tape Cost Advantage Expected to Grow  Increasing Areal Density Drives Down Cost  Tape Areal Density Increasing 2X Faster Than Disk Source: INSIC roadmap areal density projections translated into $/TB 47 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • What About the Future? Tape’s advantage is increasing! Tape 100000 Disk Optical Blu-ray MLC NAND Flash up to 4 bits/cell 10000 SLC NAND Flash $/TB 1000 Disk improvements: ~20%/yr Tape improvements: ~40%/yr 100 10 1 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Source: INSIC roadmap areal density projections translated into $/TB 2014 Year 2016 2018
  • It’s Not Only About Cost/TB Disk Tape Total cost of ownership (archive)1 15X X Total cost of ownership (backup)2 2-5X X Max shelf life (bit rot) 10 years 30 years Best practices for data migration to new technology 3-5 years 8-12 years 10-14 ( ~10’s of TB) 10-19 (~1 million TB) Power and cooling1 >200X X Labor (TB managed per storage admin)3 100’s 1000’s Uncorrected Bit Error Rate, (probability average 1 error in x TB) “The cost of energy alone for the average disk-based (archive) solution exceeds the entire TCO of the average tape-based solution.”1 The Clipper Group, “In Search of the Long-term Archiving Solution” Enterprise Strategy Group, Inc. “A Comparative TCO Study: VTLs and Physical Tape Solution” 3 Moore, F. Horison Information Strategies, “Tiered Storage Takes Center Stage,” 1 2 If a vendor offers the disk for “free,” it is a BAD DEAL!!!!
  • Oracle StorageTek Tape Strategy  Extend our leadership market position in tape by focusing on technology innovation for tiered storage for heterogeneous environments, including mainframe and open systems  Integrate with Oracle applications to deliver tiered storage business ready systems  Accelerate product development and innovation – Extend our leadership in scalability, availability/reliability, and TCO
  • Oracle Tiered Storage: Automated By Software Not flash or disk or tape, but making it easier to use them together Oracle software to migrate the data across the tiers of storage Tiered Storage Software Average Days Since creation Recovery Time Objectives (RTO) Disk Storage Secondary Primary • Mission Critical Databases • High-Performance Applications • Flash Storage • Hybrid Storage • • • • • Fixed Content Backup and Recovery Business Continuity Snap/Mirror/Replication Online Archive Business Applications (11g partitions), ZFSSA, Axiom Tape Storage • Video, Medical, Data Archive • Regulatory Compliance • Disaster Recovery SAM and VSM 0 Days 30+ Days 90 Days to Forever Immediate Fast Moderate
  • Tiered Storage For Enterprise Archives Archive Servers (Application & File Data)  Keep active data on disk Activity Data Volume Policy-based Storage Tiering: Capacity Disk Performance Disk Tape Systems  Less active data on tape  Store copies on different tiers ─ Recall from fastest tier 52 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 0 Days 15 1 Months 6 1 Years 5 15 25 50+
  • Oracle StorageTek Tape Portfolio • Best scalability • Best reliability and availability • Best TCO and investment protection SL8500 Entry SL3000 Software SL150 LTO T9840 T10000 VLE VSM Device Management Data Management Tiered Storage Virtualization Encryption
  • Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 54 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Why Applications Don’t Perform Waiting for DATA Server  Today’s Multi-Core, Multi-Socket application server design are increasingly held back by slow storage  When requesting data, the server spends Multi-Core, High Performance Multi Socket CPUs DRAM most of its time waiting for storage 260 Times Slower  Application performance remains sluggish regardless of the Server CPU horsepower Storage  The traditional remedy of adding more DRAM or “short-stroking” HDDs is both expensive and inefficient 55 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15K RPM Disk Drives
  • CPUs Have Become I/O Starved Server and Storage Performance Discontinuity HDD vs. CPU Relative Performance Improvement • Moore’s Law has out-stripped improvements to disk drive technology by two orders of magnitude during the last decade • Today’s servers are hopelessly unbalanced between the CPUs need for data and the HDDs ability to keep up 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 56 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Characteristics of Flash Storage Delivers Low Latency Requires Less Power Less than 1/20th the Latency of HDD Up to 100x less power per IO Provides More Throughput Over 50X better IOPS than HDD 57 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Uses Less Space Over100x less space per IO
  • New Storage Architecture Enabled with Flash Server High Performance DRAM Multi-Core, Multi Socket CPUs Flash Performance Affinity High Performance Flash Devices (Cache/Tier 0 Storage) Storage Capacity Expansion High Capacity HDDs 58 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle’s Sun Flash Accelerator F80 PCIe Card Accelerates applications, increases server efficiency  800 GB (1TB raw) capacity New ! New  Over 155K read/133K write IOPS (8K)  Over 2.1 GB/s throughput (1M)  84 microseconds write latency  High write endurance  End-to-End data integrity and power fail protection  Proactive health and flash endurance monitoring Ideal for Database Use • High read and write IOPS • Consistent low-latency  Best $/GB, IOPS/$, IOPS/GB • High reliability and endurance  Optimized for Oracle’s systems and software • Oracle systems and Smart Flash Cache software optimized  Enterprise quality and reliability 59 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle’s SW and Systems Driven Flash Strategy Optimized Enterprise Flash with Advanced System Integration and Intelligent Software for Maximum Performance, Efficiency and Ease-of-Use Software Database Storage Hardware Smart Flash Cache, ADO, Com pression, Partitioni ng Hybrid Storage Pools, Dynamic Caching F80/F40/F20 Flash Cards F80/F40/F20 Flash Cards SSD’s Hardware and Software Engineered to Work Together 60 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Integrated Systems Engineered Systems • Exadata • Exalytics • Super Cluster Hybrid/Flash Enabled Storage • ZFS Storage Appliances • Axiom Storage Arrays
  • Flash Storage Deployment Comparison Good Better Flash Disks in Storage Array New ! Best Database Smart Flash Cache • Higher latency • Low latency • HW RAID/SAN bottlenecks • Linear scalability • Extra DRAM • • Manual data placement Smart cache (read-only, nodespecific) • Can be used as shared storage • Can be used for mixed workloads 61 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. • PCIe Flash cards or direct connect Flash arrays New ! Exadata Smart Flash Cache in Storage Nodes • InfiniBand: lowest latency, high throughput • Smart cache, or mirrored flash storage • Write cache • Flash cache shared by all cluster nodes • Uses PCIe Flash cards
  • Flash Storage Deployment Models Accelerating Databases and I/O intensive applications constrained by storage I/O  Tiered Storage (Tier 0/1) 1 - good – 2X Performance Improvement – Accelerates write as well as read intensive workloads – High Availability with mirroring  Smart Flash Cache (Oracle 11gR2) - better – 5X Performance Improvement 2 – Intelligent, dynamic, easy to use (cache extension) – Highest Flash efficiency (optimum Flash use at lowest price) – 11gR2 Single Node and RAC (with Database Smart Flash Cache)  Integrated Systems/Engineered Solutions – Exadata Database Machine 3 62 – Exalytics In-Memory Machine – Sun ZFS Storage Appliances Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. - best
  • Oracle Database Smart Flash Cache Built into Oracle 11gR2 or later (Flash Enabled dB)  Database Smart Flash Cache transparently extends buffer cache with Flash (L2 Cache/SGA) – – Buffer Cache Buffer Cache New ! Many I/O’s Database Smart Flash Cache F80/F40 Order of magnitude larger cache size Reduces latency, eliminate I/O bottlenecks (Cache eliminates most read I/Os to disk) – Intelligent, dynamic, and easy-to-use – Uses PCIe cards or flash arrays – Supported on Solaris and OEL  Benefits 63 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. More throughput Big jobs run faster Lower power – Mid-Range Storage • Fewer Shelves – – Enterprise Storage •Multiple Cabinets Better response time – Few I/O’s – Fewer disks needed – Less powerful array needed – Significantly lower TCO
  • Database Smart Flash Cache Accelerates database performance intelligently, efficiently • • • Huge increase in cache size/SGA with up to 15X faster I/O service times Automatically keeps hot data in flash (dynamic data management/replacement) Most of the benefits of storing everything on flash, for much less cost Warm Data Hot Data 16+ GB Buffer Cache 1. Blocks read into 3. Clean blocks LRU’ed to Flash Cache* 400GB Flash Cards or 1.9TB Flash Arrays 4. Database looks for 2. Dirty blocks flushed to disk blocks first in buffer cache then flash cache buffer cache Cold Data 3600 GB Magnetic Disks 64 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. * Headers for Flash Cache blocks kept in SGA
  • Flash Storage Deployment Models Accelerating Databases and I/O intensive applications constrained by storage I/O  Tiered Storage (Tier 0/1) 1 - good – 2X Performance Improvement – Accelerates write as well as read intensive workloads – High Availability with mirroring  Smart Flash Cache (Oracle 11gR2) - better – 5X Performance Improvement 2 – Intelligent, dynamic, easy to use (cache extension) – Highest Flash efficiency (optimum Flash use at lowest price) – 11gR2 Single Node and RAC (with Database Smart Flash Cache)  Integrated Systems/Engineered Solutions – Exadata Database Machine 3 65 – Exalogic Elastic Cloud – Sun ZFS Storage Appliances Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. - best
  • Oracle Exadata Smart Flash Cache Oracle Flash Cards Used as Integrated Smart Flash Cache World's fastest database machine uses Sun Flash Accelerator Cards New ! Up to 56 Flash Cards for Smart Flash Cache World's fastest system for Data Warehousing and Online Transaction Processing. A huge leap in performance over the competition with numerous world benchmark records. • 20x increase in random I/O • 5x speedup in I/O bandwidth with Sun PCIe Flash Card technology • 2x the compute and network performance capacity 66 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle’s new ZS3 Series New ! Sept’13 Hybrid Storage Appliance 2x Faster 3x More Scalable OS8 Storage OS Support ZS3-2 • • • • • • Single or Dual Controllers 512GB DRAM 8 PCIe Slots 16 Disk Enclosures* 12TB Read Flash 2TB Write Flash * ZS3-2 will release with expansion to 8 disk enclosures. Scale to 16 expected within 6 months of release. ZS3-4 • • • • • • • Single or Dual Controllers 2TB DRAM 14 PCIe Slots 36 Disk Enclosures 12TB Read Flash 10TB Write Flash All Flash Configuration
  • Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Flash Use with ZFS Dynamic Hybrid Storage Pools • • ZFS Automatically : • Writes new data to very fast DRAM/ Flash pool as write cache (ZIL) Determines data access patterns and stores frequently accessed data in the Flash based read cache (L2ARC) Bundles IO into sequential lazy writes for more efficient use of low cost mechanical disks • • 68 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. • Data is intelligently and automatically migrated between DRAM, Flash and Disk Continuously optimizes storage system performance and efficiency. Simplifies management, transparently managed as a single storage pool. Reduces Cost. DRAM Write/ ZIL Flash Read/ Read/ L2ARC L2ARC Flash Flash Scalable Deep SATA Storage Pool ZFS Storage Appliance
  • HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER Get Better Results with Oracle 69 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.