Exadata x3 workshop
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Exadata x3 workshop

on

  • 883 views

Exadata indeep

Exadata indeep

Statistics

Views

Total Views
883
Views on SlideShare
883
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
75
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Slide Transition: <br /> First, Oracle is simplifying I.T. by engineering hardware and software to work together, upending the longstanding industry practice of cobbling together different components. <br /> Oracle&apos;s strategy is based on these 4 elements: <br /> Best in class: We&apos;re innovating at every layer of the stack, and delivering best in class products – in servers, storage, Operating Systems, virtualization, enterprise management, and in in databases, middleware and applications. We work in heterogeneous environments. <br /> Vertically integrate for extreme differentiation: We vertically integrate those pieces where we own the IP. Take those very same piece-part capabilities that I described and bring them together into vertically integrated systems for extreme improvement in performance and TCO for our customers. <br /> we do it as part of our R&D, not part of your IT budget. with things like integrated systems and engineered systems, where we bring the hardware and software and we engineer them together, is we actually engineer out services. We&apos;re in the services business in that we do it as a pre-provisioned product and a solution. <br /> Industry capabilities: solve our customers&apos; problems that are unique by industry. <br /> Deployment choice: deliver with whatever architecture is best suited for the customer (ability to deliver all the capabilities I just described any way the customer wants to get them, through whatever delivery architectures are appropriate for them. <br />
  • There are many ways Oracle is optimizing and transforming existing data centers, including any or a mixture or the following: <br /> First of all, all of those best in class products are engineered to provide the best results in their respective categories. <br /> In addition, they are engineered to work together, and that alone simplifies a great deal for IT organizations. These become the building blocks that customers can build their solutions, but they have already been engineered to work together. <br /> » Or we can to all the way to the massively simplified, purpose-built Engineered Systems, such as Exadata, Exalogic and the new Exalytics, and the general purpose engineered system, the SPARC SuperCluster. <br /> » But since customers have a wide variety of needs, we take this even further with our Optimized Solutions, which provide flexible, predictable guided deployments that reduce risk, lower TCO and improve productivity that customer build on top of Best-in-Class products or the SPARC SuperCluster. <br /> With Oracle Optimized Solutions, you are able to select the best solution for a particular problem and then integrate the parts. In this case, you have a guided deployment, you know that all of the parts are designed to work together in an optimal fashion, you have the flexibility to change or substitute various components, but you know it’s going to work at the end and you purchased it all from one company so service is easier. A that’s a big win. <br /> Additional Information: <br /> In fact, this illustrates Oracle’s overall strategy for transforming the datacenter. <br /> Today’s IT infrastructure is massively customized <br /> with mix & match technologies that have led to this enormous IT complexity and rising costs. Duplicate systems, proliferating and inconsistent data about customers, employees, products and services, and makeshift integrations lead to longer times to market, poor customer service, inefficient processes and lost opportunities for achieving economies of scale. The complex web of systems and processes results in long lead-times for projects and increasing pressures on datacenter power and cooling. Systems are relatively fragile and risky to modify. <br /> Focused on components (perhaps pools of compute or storage components) <br /> Services/Labor intensive (internal or external resources): implementation, integration and ongoing maintenance <br /> Application / Services deployments are Unique  drives up cost/time/fragility, slows down agility/speed of changes <br /> Most Vendors and Customers are focused on Infrastructure Building Blocks as the future direction <br /> Incremental Improvements via low-level building blocks (e.g. Server virtualization): <br /> Most companies and vendors are able to achieve incremental improvements and efficiencies through server virtualization, and moving towards virtualized pools of compute, storage & network resources. <br /> Typically low-level hardware and hypervisor/server building blocks, not application oriented <br /> Limited to incremental improvements <br /> Oracle offers this too because there is real value in standardizing even at the IaaS level <br /> Massive simplification is Game changing <br /> We see an inflection point in the industry – an opportunity to move past the typical incremental improvements and fundamentally change the IT operating model. Oracle is focused on the game changing opportunities for how IT buys, deploys & runs services. Two key areas are elastic cloud services and pre-integrated, workload optimized systems. The goal is take out massive amounts of labor – not just upfront, but throughout the lifecycle of the services you deliver to the business. <br /> Oracle is uniquely positioned to deliver vertically integrated systems, delivering a transformation of how technology for the datacenter. Integration happens at multiple layers of the technology stack, starting with “best in class” component technology, database, middleware, and applications, and ultimately through tightly integrated, highly optimized, engineered systems for specific and general purpose workloads. <br />
  • So now we’re in a new era where a single integrated system delivers on all the needs of business application users. <br /> With Oracle Exalogic & Exadata. <br />
  • The systems is fully integrated – which means all hardware and software components are: <br /> (see slide) <br />
  • Many of our customers have realized that their differentiation is in their unique business logic and business processes, not their data center build up. <br /> Complexity in the data center has become an inhibitor to fast time to market, which is viewed as a key source of competitive advantage. <br /> The bottom line is that enterprises can no longer afford to do custom engineering <br /> You need a solution that is built from the ground up that includes servers, storage, networking, and software that you can run your business on. <br /> And ongoing maintenance and management of your environment, including adding new applications is much easier <br />
  • Caches Write I/Os in flash in addition to Read I/Os <br /> Highly available implementation <br /> Requires only dirty blocks in flash to be recovered on flash failure as opposed to all disks with cached data <br /> Teradata, EMC, Hitachi, etc. use flash tiering <br /> Exadata Flash Cache adapts much faster to changing workload <br /> Each I/O changes content of cache <br /> If a new data is created it can be instantly cached <br /> With tiering, data is slowly migrated from disk based on historical statistics <br /> Flash tiering caches yesterday’s hot data, not necessarily today’s <br /> Exadata Cache has much finer granularity of flash contents <br /> Caching at 64K block level for flash cache, around 1MB for flash tiering <br /> Caching is much more efficient at capturing hot data in flash while leaving cold data on disk. Multiplies the effective capacity of flash. <br /> Exadata Cache doesn’t need to mirror data in flash <br /> Can keep one mirror copy in flash to speed up reads while having the other mirror copy on disk <br /> Flash cache can keep hot blocks cached forever <br /> There is no need to ever de-stage them to disk. This is not a tiering advantage <br /> All the existing Exadata flash advantages also apply <br /> Scale-out architecture <br /> InfiniBand 40Gb/sec connectivity <br /> Flash PCI Cards are much faster than flash disk <br /> Smart Scans <br /> Smart Flash Logs <br /> Smart Caching <br /> Flash is shared across servers and works with RAC <br /> Unlike server flash cards <br /> Optionally Keep specific tables/indexes/partitions in flash with simple command <br /> Scans run simultaneously on disk and flash and aggregate throughput <br /> EHCC compression enhances flash capacity <br /> Benefits from storage index <br /> Decompression and decryption in cell CPUs during scans <br />
  • Let&apos;s start by looking at Oracle’s unique technology for accelerating database performance <br /> Smart scan and storage indexes offload query processing to storage improving performance <br /> Reduces number of database licenses which offsets high cost flash <br /> Hybrid columnar compression reduces flash and disk requirements by 10X and provides higher performance <br /> Exadata blends flash and disk to provide the performance of flash with the capacity and cost of disk <br /> Flash is more than 10x more expensive per gigabyte than disk <br /> Smart Flash Cache provides a very high read IOPS rate (1.5 million in a Full rack) <br /> Intelligently manages what to place on flash vs. disk <br /> Exadata flash can also be configured as flash disks for write intensive workloads <br /> Smart Flash Log transparently accelerates the performance of log writes <br /> Exadata provides transparent HA for flash <br /> Each storage server has 4 flash cards <br /> If one card fails, IOs are automatically routed to other cards <br />
  • Exadata allows easy expansion within and between racks. <br /> A quarter rack can be upgraded to a half rack. A half rack can be upgraded to a full rack. <br /> Two half racks can also be connected together to form the equivalent of a full rack. This is sometimes useful in data centers with weight or heat density restrictions. <br /> Once a full rack is deployed it can be increased in half rack size increments. For example a full rack grows to 1.5 racks, then to 2 racks, then to 2.5 racks. <br /> Equipment can be mixed across hardware generations. For example a half rack can be grown to a full rack using the next generation of servers to fill out the rack. <br />
  • In Netezza and Teradata the application must encrypt and decrypt individual column values explicitly on every SQL statement <br />
  • HW Faults , snmp trap, – ASR automatically opens Service Request, email to the customer. Analysts analyze the SR and make sure all the infor and it’s true fault, then dispatch field replacement unitl and contacts field engineer. <br /> Without ASR, these faults unless causes a database fault may not be detected. We see cases where multiple disk failures are undetected due to lack of monitoring and ASR on the customer site. <br /> Describe the workflow using the picture. <br /> Auto Service Request (ASR) is a secure, scalable, customer-installable software solution available as a feature of your Oracle or Sun hardware warranty, and Oracle Premier Support for Systems or valid Sun support plan. The ASR software helps to resolve problems faster by using auto-case generation for Oracle&apos;s Sun server and storage systems when specific hardware faults occur. <br /> With the release of the Exadata software version 11.2.1.3.1, ASR functionality is extended to Exadata Database Machine. ASR automatically opens service requests (SRs) with Oracle Support when specific hardware faults occur either in the Exadata Storage Servers or the database servers. Note that ASR is currently applicable only for hardware faults detected on the following server components: CPUs, disk controllers, disks, flash cards, flash modules, InfiniBand cards, memory modules, system boards, power supplied, and fans. <br /> A field replaceable unit (&apos;FRU)[1] is a circuit board, part or assembly that can be quickly and easily removed from a personal computer or other piece of electronic equipment, and replaced by the user or a technician without having to send the entire product or system to a repair facility. FRUs allow a technician lacking in-depth product knowledge to fault isolate and replace faulty components <br /> if ASR is correctly configured end2end , then for disk failure ASR should immediatley detect it via snmp gets.. , at this time SR is filed , only when support confirms it is a bad disk then the clock start for disk replacement ..most sites have an agreement to FRU replacement within 24 hours <br /> some sites have an agreement for 4 hour replacement . I know some finserv compaines were pushing for this especially for North America because that what most of them already have in place for their traditionally storage ie. EMC <br />
  • Oracle hardware and software are not only engineered to work together, they are engineered to be maintained, updated, and supported together. <br /> We are uniquely qualified to provide optimized performance at every level of the integrated stack, delivering the essential services and resources your business needs to maintain high availability, increase operational efficiency, and gain competitive advantage. <br /> Oracle Premier Support provides fully integrated system support with a single point of accountability… <br /> 24/7 support with access to Engineered Systems experts <br /> 2 hour onsite response <br /> Updates, upgrades and support for the Oracle operating system, database and integrated server and storage hardware. <br /> Access to My Oracle Support portal which contains a 1 million article database and many, many proactive tools to help you keep systems running at peak performance <br /> Oracle Automated Service Request – where your system phones home to Oracle to let us know if there is a problem with the hardware <br /> …and now, qualifying customers can also receive the enhanced coverage of Oracle Platinum Services for no additional cost. <br /> Oracle Platinum Services is a special entitlement under Oracle Premier Support, delivered at no additional cost. <br /> It’s exclusively available on Oracle Exadata, Exalogic and SuperCluster based on certified configurations. <br /> It provides <br /> 24/7 Oracle remote fault monitoring <br /> Backed by extremely fast response times: <br /> 5 Minute Fault Notification <br /> 15 Minute Restoration or Escalation to Development <br /> 30 Minute Joint Debugging with Development <br /> And, quarterly patching deployed by Oracle <br /> Oracle Platinum Services takes standard support to a whole new level with additional, no cost services targeted to delivering high availability. <br /> To learn more about Oracle Platinum Services go to: www.oracle.com/goto/platinumservices <br />
  • Engineered Systems hardware & support for a monthly fee <br /> Oracle IaaS extends Cloud offerings by providing Engineered System hardware deployed on-premise for a monthly fee. Oracle IaaS provides many of the advantages of cloud computing like pay-as-you-go pricing (OPEX vs. APEX), elastic scalability on-demand, and greatly reduced management of hardware infrastructure. <br /> Systems eligible for IaaS include: <br /> Exadata (except for 1/8 Rack) <br /> Exadata Storage Expansion Racks <br /> Exalogic <br /> SPARC SuperCluster <br /> Exalytics <br /> Sun ZFS Storage Appliance <br /> On Premise <br /> Since Oracle IaaS is deployed on premise, behind the customer’s firewall, customers get the highest level of control and security, enabling them to configure their system to comply with internal or regulatory requirements. <br /> Elastic Compute Capacity on Demand (CoD) <br /> Oracle IaaS also offers Elastic Compute Capacity on Demand which allows customers to elastically scale environments up and down: <br /> For handling peak workloads <br /> CoD cores are either all enabled or all disabled together <br /> Cannot enable just a subset of cores in the system <br /> For High Availability <br /> If a node fails, CoD cores can be enabled to replace the failed cores at no charge until the failed node is repaired <br /> One of the key advantages is that customers only pay for the months when the CoD core are enabled. <br /> NOTE: Capacity on Demand (CoD) IS available for Exadata, Exalogic, Exalytics and SPARC SuperCluster but IS NOT available for Exadata Storage Expansion Racks and Sun ZFS Storage Appliance. <br /> Oracle Platinum and PlatinumPlus Services <br /> Lastly, to ensure the highest level of reliability, security, and performance, Oracle IaaS includes advanced support services at no extra cost: <br /> NOTE: Platinum and PlatinumPlus Services ARE available for Exadata (including Exadata Storage Expansion Racks), Exalogic, and SPARC SuperCluster but ARE NOT available for Exalytics or Sun ZFS Storage Appliance. <br /> Platinum ServicesEnhanced support levels: <br /> 5 Minute Fault Notification <br /> 15 Minute Restoration or Escalation to Development <br /> 30 Minute Joint Debugging with Development <br /> Oracle Engineers perform quarterly patching and updates including database patching <br /> PlatinumPlus Services <br /> Advanced Reliability, Security, and Performance Services <br /> Quarterly automated assessments of Oracle IaaS systems <br /> Identify system performance issues, security and compliance issues, reliability issues, and deviations from best practices <br /> Provide guidance on hot to correct the issues discovered <br />
  • While we’ve spent most of the time discussing technology, features and functions, I’d like to spend a moment discussing the business benefits. <br /> Let’s start with Simplifying IT <br /> We started the conversation by talking about Exadata being pre-configured and pre-tested. This saves customers design, integration and test time and Exadata can be deployed in days as opposed to the months that a homegrown system would take. <br /> With the integration of servers, storage, networking and the database, Oracle customers are finding that their administration time and cost are dramatically lower even as workloads increase. <br /> Oracle hardware and software are not only engineered to work together, they are engineered to be maintained, updated, and supported together. We are uniquely qualified to provide and deliver the services and resources needed to maintain high availability and increase operational efficiency. <br /> With the dramatic improvements in performance, our customers are now able to consolidate multiple databases on Exadata, further lowering costs. <br /> Now let’s look at Working Faster and Smarter. <br /> Queries run faster making business intelligence essentially real time. <br /> Exadata storage changes IO and IOP bound problems to CPU bound problems. Exadata storage cell off load dramatically saves on IO allowing batch jobs to complete faster. <br /> OLTP jobs run faster allowing the processing of more transactions faster than traditional systems. <br /> And, finally, faster reports means deeper analyses can be made. <br />

Exadata x3 workshop Exadata x3 workshop Presentation Transcript

  • Oracle Software on Oracle Hardware: Exadata Fran Navarro Principal Sales Consultant Oct - 2013 1 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER 2 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Transforming the Data Center From Best in Class to Engineered Systems Best-of-Breed Products 3 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Optimized Solutions Confidential - Oracle Restricted Engineered Systems
  • A NEW ERA: ORACLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER Before Before 4 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Now Now Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • A FULLY INTEGRATED SYSTEM Engineered Certified Deployed Supported Tested Packaged Upgraded Managed TOGETHER 5 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • GROUNDBREAKING TIME TO MARKET FEWER PIECES TO BUY, DEPLOY & MAINTAIN 100’s of Components 1000’s of Hours 6 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted   1 Machine 1 Day
  • Exadata Unified Workload Transformation Single Machine for… • Data Warehousing • OLTP • Database Cloud OLTP with Analytics and OLTP with Analytics and Parallelism of Warehousing Parallelism of Warehousing Warehousing with Interactivity, Warehousing with Interactivity, Availability, and Security of OLTP Availability, and Security of OLTP 7 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Database Machine • Designed to be the best platform for Oracle Database • Integrates and optimizes servers, storage, network – Using high-volume servers in a scale-out architecture – Flash-optimized • Special software brings database intelligence to storage, flash, and networking – To deliver extreme performance and data compression • Deployments are fast, reliable, and supportable • Optimal for all database workloads – OLTP, Data Warehousing, and Database Clouds 8 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Evolution State-of-the-Art, State-of-the-Art, Scale-out Hardware Scale-out Hardware • X3-2 8-core Servers • X3-8 80-core Servers • Storage Expansion Rack • X2-8 CPU Refresh • 2TB DRAM per node • X2-2 Servers • X2-8 64-core Servers • Exadata V1 Introduced • Write-back Flash cache • V2 Servers • 40 Gb InfiniBand • PCI Flash Cards • Smart Flash Logging Unique Software Unique Software Integration Integration • Hardware DB Encryption • Automatic Service Request • Data Mining Offload • Smart Scan • InfiniBand Scaleout 2008 9 • Smart Flash Cache • Storage Index • Columnar Compression 2009 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 2010 Confidential - Oracle Restricted 2011 2012
  • 1000s of Deployments at Leading Companies Half are Warehouses, Half are OLTP or Mixed Workloads  Petabyte Warehouses  Online Financial Trading  E-Commerce Sites  Consolidation of 100s of Databases 10 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Architecture Complete Database platform using standard servers for Compute and Storage Scale-Out Database Servers • 2-socket or 8-socket Xeon database servers • Oracle Database, ASM, RAC; Linux or Solaris • Standard Ethernet to data center Scale-Out Intelligent Storage Servers • 2-socket storage servers, Exadata Storage Software • Up to 500 terabytes disk per rack • 56 PCI Flash memory cards per rack InfiniBand Network • Unified internal connectivity ( 40 Gb/sec ) 11 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Storage Server Building Block • High-performance storage server built from industry standard components • 12 disks - 600 GB 15000 RPM High Performance SAS or 3TB 7200 RPM High Capacity SAS • 2 Six-Core Intel Xeon Processors (E5-2630L) • Dual ported 40 Gb/sec InfiniBand • 4 x 400 GB Flash Cards • Intelligent Exadata Storage Server Software 12 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Intelligent Storage  Exadata storage servers also run more complex operations in storage – Join filtering – Incremental backup filtering – I/O prioritization Exadata Intelligent Storage Grid – Storage Indexing – Database level security – Offloaded scans on encrypted data – Data Mining Model Scoring  10x reduction in data sent to DB servers is common 13 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Data Processing Transformations Extreme Performance at Lowest Cost • Smart Scale-Out Storage – InfiniBand connected servers – Smart Scan query offload + + • Hybrid Columnar Compression – – – – Faster Analytics Huge Space Savings 10x compression for warehouses 15x compression for archives + uncompressed • Smart Scale-Out PCI Flash Caching – Accelerates I/O up to 30x 14 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Space Savings Cascade to Database Copies Confidential - Oracle Restricted compress primary DB
  • Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression Highest Capacity, Lowest Cost • Data is organized and compressed by column • Dramatically better compression Query • Speed Optimized Query Mode for Data Warehousing • 10X compression typical • Runs faster because of Exadata offload! • Space Optimized Archival Mode for infrequently accessed data Faster and Simpler Faster and Simpler Backup, DR, Caching, Backup, DR, Caching, Reorg, Clone Reorg, Clone 15 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. • 15X to 50X compression typical Benefits Multiply Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Compression Ratio of Real-World Data • Compression Ratio varies by customer and table • Trials were run on largest table at 10 ultra large companies • Average revenue > $60 BB • Average Query Compression ratio was 13x • On top of Oracle’s already highly efficient format 16 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Smart Scans • Exadata cells implement smart scans to greatly reduce the data that needs to be processed by the database – Only return relevant rows and columns – Offload predicate evaluation • Data reduction is usually large – Column and row reduction often decrease data to be returned to the database by 10x • Join filtering 17 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Storage Index • Exadata maintains summary information about table data in memory – Store min/max values of columns – Typically one index entry for MB of disk • Eliminates IO when MIN/MAX can never match the “where” clause of the query Table Index Min B=1 Max B=5 • Completely automatic and transparent • Example: select count(*) from table where B=1; • Used in Joins with bloom filter sending min/max • Useful for correlated columns like ship_date and order_date 18 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted Min B=3 Max B=8
  • Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine • X3 mass memory hierarchy delivers extreme performance – Automatically moves all active data from disk to memory 2 or 4 TB DRAM Hottest Data • DRAM memory expanded to 2 or 4 TB for hottest data – 4 to 40 TB of compressed user data 22 TB PCI FLASH Active Data • Flash memory expanded 4X to 22 TB per rack 500 TB DISK • Comparable to 15,000 disk drives in 150 array frames Cold Data 19 – 40 to 200 TB of compressed user data – ALL active data – 1.5 Million SQL random read I/Os per second for OLTP Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. – 100 GB/sec SQL data scan rate for reporting and warehouses • Comparable to 1,000 disk drives in 10 array frames Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Smart Flash Cache Write-Back Writes I/Os • Caches Write I/Os in PCI flash in addition to Read I/Os • Transparently accelerates write intensive workloads – 20X more write IOPS than disk on X3 – 10X more write IOPs than disk on V2 and X2 1 Million 8K Write IOPs from SQL • Persistent write cache speeds database recovery • Exadata Flash Cache is much more effective than flash tiering architectures used by others – Caches current hot data, not yesterday’s – Caches data in granules 8x to 16x smaller than tiering • Greatly improves the effectiveness of flash 20 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Storage cell 21 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Hard disk Database Node Flash Storage cell 22 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Disks are not mirrored to each other Storage cell 23 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Allocation units (4MB) are mirrored Ignore variable extents for a little while Storage cell Blocks in picture are say 8k blocks 24 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Start Update andBackup Database yellow Update blue green Green, blue, and yellow now in flash Storage cell moves it into Flash Database backup reads green,on disk is stale from Block blue, and yellow flash and black from disk Storage cell New IO to have served backup No needrequestsany newfrom flash strategy 25 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Update green, read blue Green is updated in flash on both storage cells Blue is read from flash from primary storage cell Storage cell A block can stay for months or years in flash if it is active 26 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache Storage cell Database Node Read blue, read lots of other blocks but not yellow or green Yellow and Green sent back to disk on both cells Blue written back only on secondary copy Storage cell Only primary copy in cache for smart usage of premium flash space 27 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Writeback Flash Cache – Reads with failure Storage cell Database Node Disks are still online in v$asm_disk Read black from cell with failed flash Black read from hard disk on storage Storage cell Read yellow from cell with failed flash Special IO error redirects read to mirror copy on another storage cell Transparent to application 28 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Smart Flash Cache Compression • Exadata automatically Compresses all data in Smart Flash Cache – – – – Compression engine built into flash card Zero performance overhead on reads and writes Logical size of flash cache increases upto 2x User gets large amount of data in flash for same media size – Enabled via “cellcli –e alter cell flashCacheCompression=TRUE” – Elasticity of flash cache is completely automatic and transparent 30 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • X3-2 Database Servers 2 Eight-Core Intel® Xeon® 2.9 GHz E5-2690 CPUs • 256 GB (16 x 16GB) • On-board 4 x 1GbE/10GbE Base-T Ethernet • 2 x 10GbE SFP+ PCIe Ethernet card • Dual-port InfiniBand QDR (40 Gb/s) HCA • 4 x 2.5” 300GB Disk Drives • Disk Controller HBA with 512 MB BBWC • Redundant Power Supplies, Fans • ILOM • Installed Software: • Oracle Database 11.2, 12.1 • Oracle UEK Linux or Solaris 11 31 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • InfiniBand Network • Unified InfiniBand Network • Storage Network • RAC Interconnect • External Connectivity (optional) • High Performance, Low Latency Network • 80 Gb/s bandwidth per link (40 Gb/s each direction) • Zero-copy Zero-loss Datagram Protocol (ZDP RDSv3) • SAN-like Efficiency (Zero copy, buffer reservation) • Linux Open Source, Low CPU overhead (Transfer 3 GB/s with less than 2% CPU usage) 32 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Best-in-Class Technology: Transparent Storage Optimization   Smart Flash HCC Hybrid Columnar Compression  Smart Scan HOT HOT Smart Flash Cache Smart Flash Log Flash Disk WARM WARM 10:1 Compression expands Flash capacity by 10x Scale-out storage allows 56 Flash cards per rack 33 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. COLD COLD Smart Flash Caching boosts Flash capacity Confidential - Oracle Restricted CPU offload enables processing data at full Flash bandwidth
  • Comprehensive Resource Management • Unique Workload-based allocation of 1. CPU Resources 2. Network resources 3. I/O Resources • Prioritize from the application to the database, O/S, network and storage – allocated to services, modules, actions or users • Simplify, Standardize, Optimize All Workloads, All Applications All Workloads, All Applications Lower Costs Lower Costs Increase Utilization Increase Utilization Reduce Management Reduce Management SAP, Siebel, PeopleSoft, JDE, SAP, Siebel, PeopleSoft, JDE, E-business Suite, Fusion E-business Suite, Fusion Applications Applications 34 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Hardware – Highly Redundant No Single point of failure  Two Redundant Power Distribution Units (PDUs) for rack level power  Each database server, storage server, InfiniBand switch has redundant hot-swap power supplies  Disk drives, fans are hot-swap.  RAC provides protection against database server failures  ASM provides protections against storage server failures  InfiniBand network highly redundant – can tolerate loss of entire switch or connections without affecting performance 35 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Start Small and Grow Field Upgradeable Eighth Rack Quarter Rack Half Rack Full Rack Unique Architecture Makes it Fastest at the Lowest Cost 36 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Scale to 18 Racks by Just Adding Cables Full Bandwidth and Redundancy Scale to more than 18 Racks by adding InfiniBand switches 37 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Database Machine Hardware Summary X3-8 Full X3-2 Full X3-2 Half X3-2 Quarter X3-2 Eighth 2 8 4 2 2 Database Grid Cores 160 128 64 32 16 Database Grid Memory (GB) 4096 2048 1024 512 512) InfiniBand switches 3 3 3 2 2 Ethernet switch 1 1 1 1 1 Exadata Storage Servers 14 14 7 3 3 Storage Grid CPU Cores 168 168 84 36 18 22.4 TB 22.4 TB 11.2 TB 4.8 TB 2.4 TB High Perf 100 TB 100 TB 50 TB 21.6 TB 10.8 TB High Cap 504 TB 504 TB 252 TB 108 TB 54 TB High Perf 45 TB 45 TB 22.5 TB 9.5 TB 4.5 TB High Cap 224 TB 224 TB 112 TB 48 TB 23 TB High Perf 30 TB 30 TB 15 TB 6.5 TB 3.25 TB High Cap 150 TB 150 TB 75 TB 32 TB 16 TB Database Servers Raw Flash Capacity Raw Storage Capacity Usable mirrored capacity Usable Triple mirrored capacity 38 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Database Machine IO Performance X3-2 or X3-8 Full Rack X3-2 Half Rack X3-2 Quarter X3-2 Eighth Disk Data Bandwidth1,3 High Perf Disk 25 GB/s 12.5 GB/s 5.4 GB/s 2.7 GB/s High Cap Disk 18 GB/s 9 GB/s 4 GB/s 2 GB/s Flash Cache Data Bandwidth1,3 High Perf Disk 100 GB/s 50 GB/s 21.5 GB/s 10.7 GB/s High Cap Disk 93 GB/s 46.5 GB/s 20 GB/s 10 GB/s High Perf Disk 50,000 25,000 10,800 5,400 High Cap Disk 28,000 14,000 6,000 3,000 8K Reads 1,500,000 750,000 375,000 187,000 8K Writes 1,000,000 500,000 250,000 125,000 16 TB/hr 8 TB/hr 4 TB/hr 2 TB/hr Disk IOPS Flash IOPS2,3 Data Load Rate4 1 - Bandwidth is peak physical scan bandwidth achieved running SQL, assuming no compression. Effective data bandwidth will be much higher when compression is factored in. 2 - IOPS – Based on read IO requests of size 8K running SQL. Note that the IO size greatly effects flash IOPS. Others quote IOPS based on 2K, 4K or smaller IOs that are not relevant for databases. Exadata Flash read IOPS are so high they are typically limited by database server CPU, not IO. 3- Actual Performance varies by application. 4 – Exadata load rates are typically limited by database server CPU, not IO. Rates vary based on load method, indexes, data types, compression, and partitioning 39 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Database Machine Capacity (Uncompressed) X3-8 or X3-2 Full Raw Disk Capacity X3-2 Half X3-2 Quarter X3-2 Eighth High Perf Disk 100 TB 50 TB 21.6 TB 10.8 TB High Cap Disk 504 TB 252 TB 108 TB 54 TB 22.4 TB 11.2 TB 4.8 TB 2.4 TB Raw Flash Capacity1 Usable Mirrored Capacity 1,2 High Perf Disk 45 TB 22.5 TB 9.5 TB 4.5 TB High Cap Disk 224 TB 112 TB 48 TB 23 TB Usable Triple Mirrored Capacity1,3 High Perf Disk 30 TB 15 TB 6.5 TB 3.25 TB High Cap Disk 150 TB 75 TB 32 TB 16 TB 1- Raw Disk Capacity defined using standard disk drive terminology of 1 TB = 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 bytes. 2- Capacity calculated using normal space terminology of 1 TB = 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 bytes. 3 - Actual space available for a database after mirroring (ASM normal redundancy) and allowing one disk (Quarter and Half) or two disks (Full Rack) of free space to automatically remirror after disk failures. 4 - Actual space available for the database computed after triple mirroring (ASM high redundancy). 40 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Database Machine X3-2 Eighth Rack Entry Level Configuration • 2 Xeon-based Dual-processor Database Servers – 16 cores (8 per server) – 512 GB memory (256 GB per server) – 10 Gig E-connectivity to Data Center • 10 x 10Gb E-ports (5 per server) • 2.4 TB High Speed Flash • 3 Exadata Storage Servers X3-2 – All with High Performance 6 x 600GB SAS disks OR – All with High Capacity 6 x 3 TB SAS disks • 2 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 – 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch • 1 “Admin” Ethernet switch • Redundant Power Distributions Units (PDUs) Upgradable via software to Quarter Rack 41 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Database Machine X3-2 Quarter Rack Pre-Configured for Extreme Performance • 2 Xeon-based Dual-processor Database Servers – 32 cores (16 per server) – 512 GB memory (256 GB per server) – 10 Gig E-connectivity to Data Center • 10 x 10Gb E-ports (5 per server) • 4.8 TB High Speed Flash • 3 Exadata Storage Servers X3-2 – All with High Performance 12 x 600GB SAS disks OR – All with High Capacity 12 x 3 TB SAS disks • 2 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 – 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch • 1 “Admin” Ethernet switch • Redundant Power Distributions Units (PDUs) Upgradable to Half Rack 42 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Database Machine X3-2 Half Rack Pre-Configured for Extreme Performance • 4 Xeon-based Dual-processor Database Servers – 64 cores (16 per server) – 1024 GB memory (256 GB per server) – 10 Gig E-connectivity to Data Center • 20 x 10Gb E-ports (5 per server) • 11.2 TB High Speed Flash • 7 Exadata Storage Servers X3-2 – All with High Performance 12 x 600GB SAS disks OR – All with High Capacity 12 x 3 TB SAS disks • 3 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 – 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch • 1 “Admin” Ethernet switch • Redundant Power Distributions Units (PDUs) Upgradable to Full Rack 43 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Management 44 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Exadata Storage Management & Administration • Enterprise Manager – Manage & administer Database and ASM – Monitor the Exadata Database Machine Hardware • Auto Service Request (ASR) – File SRs automatically for common hardware faults • Comprehensive CLI – Local Exadata Storage cell management – Distributed shell utility to execute CLI across multiple cells • Embedded Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) – Remote management and administration of hardware 45 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Enterprise Manager 12c Integrated H/W + S/W management for Exadata • Hardware view • Schematic of cells, compute nodes and switches • Hardware components alerts • Software/system view • Performance, availability, usage by databases, services, clusters • Software alerts db, cluster, ASM • Topology view of DB systems/clusters • Configuration view • Version summary of all components along with patch recommendations 46 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • Automated Service Request (ASR) FRU replaced by Field Engineer Oracle Field Engineer ! FRU dispatched by Support Engineer Fault occurs SR routed to SR routed to Support Support Engineer Engineer Customer SR creation email SR creation email notification to customer notification to customer ASR Fault telemetry securely Fault telemetry securely ASR Manager transmitted to Oracle Manager transmitted to Oracle Product’s auto-diagnosis facility sends SNMP trap to ASR Manager 47 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted ASR ASR Service Service Service Request created Comprehensive Fault Coverage •CPU •Disk controllers •Disks •Flash Cards •Flash modules •InfiniBand •Cards •Memory •System Board •Power supplies •Fans
  • Oracle Support for Performance and Availability ORACLE PLATINUM SERVICES High Availability Services. No Additional Cost. Complete. Integrated. Proactive. • 24/7 support coverage • Specialized Engineered Systems Support Team • 2-hour onsite response to hardware issues • New updates and upgrades for Database, Server, Storage, and OS software 1  Better support for the complete Oracle stack – Includes higher support levels for Database software  24/7 Oracle remote fault monitoring  Industry-leading response times: – 5 Minute Fault Notification – 15 Minute Restoration or Escalation to Development – 30 Minute Joint Debugging with Development  Patch deployment by Oracle engineers Covered system must be within an Oracle two-hour service area to receive two-hour response as a standard service. 1 Available now for certified configurations on Oracle SuperCluster Oracle engineers perform patching services up to four times per year 48 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted
  • ORACLE INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE (IAAS) ON PREMISE WITH CAPACITY ON DEMAND • Engineered Systems hardware & hardware support for a monthly fee  No upfront capital expenditure, OPEX not CAPEX  Usually lower total cost than purchasing system • On Premise  Deploys behind customer’s firewall  Control and visibility over the system • Elastic Compute Capacity on Demand1  For peak workloads and high availability  Pay only when needed • Oracle Platinum and PlatinumPlus Services2  Higher level of support including patching services  Quarterly advisory services for system security, performance, and availability 49 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 1. Eligible systems include Oracle Exadata, Exalogic, Exalytics and SPARC SuperCluster. Confidential - Oracle Restricted 2. Eligible systems include Oracle Exadata, Exalogic, and SPARC SuperCluster.
  • Benefits to IT | Business Benefits Simplify IT Work Faster & Smarter 2-Day Deployment Real-Time BI Near Real-Time Batch Deploy in Days Administer with Less Real-Time BI Near Real-Time Batch 1-800-SUPPORT Standard Configurations Global Scale OLTP Deeper Analytics 1-800-SUPPORT 50 Less Administration Consolidate|Standardize Internet-Scale OLTP Deeper Analysis Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Confidential - Oracle Restricted