Fires, haze and landscape (CIFOR workshop)

1,505 views
1,358 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,505
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Fires, haze and landscape (CIFOR workshop)

  1. 1. FOREST FIRE in INDONESIA: REVIEW AND EFFORTS (based on Riau Case) By: Director of Forest Fire Control DG. Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, MoF Workshop on Fire, Haze and Landscape Borobudur Hotel, Jakarta. January 29, 2014. 1
  2. 2. OVERVIEW
  3. 3. FACTS • Forest fire occurs every years, repeatedly. • First El Nino period (1982-1983) reported as a trigger the biggest forest fire occurence in East Kalimantan: 3,6 million ha burnt area. • Burnt area (approx.): – 1987: 0.3 million Ha – 1991: > 0.5 million Ha – 1994: ~ 5 million Ha – 1997/1998: > 5 million Ha (Source: UNDP, 1998)
  4. 4. • • • Periodically, big fires occure every 5 to 15 years starting from 1982/83, 85/86, 1991, 1994, 1997/1998, 2002/2003, and 2012 Total burnt area 1997/1998: 11,7 million Ha (BappenasADB, 1999). Peatland forest fire occurred in 1997/1998 emit 156.3 million tons of carbon (Tacconi, 2003).
  5. 5. • Almost 99 % forest and land fire caused by human activities (including: land preparation). • Peat-land become a new issues in terms of forest fire and climate change. • Riau has the largest area of peat-land in Sumatera ( 4 million Ha). • President of Republic Indonesia has committed to reduce the carbon emission up to 26 % in the 2020
  6. 6. Condition • Provincial Spatial Plan (RTRWP) has not been defined. • Slash and Burn agriculture (cheap, quick, easy). • Mostly, land tenure occupied by corporation (plantation forest and oil-palm plantation). • Peat-land area: 4 million Ha. • Lack of law enforcement. • High population growth. 6
  7. 7. Forest Area by Function in Riau Province Function Protected Forest Conservation Forest Production Forest Non Forest Mangrove Total Source: Riau Forestry Services , 2013. DG. Planology, MoF, 2013. Area (Ha) Percentage (%) 208.910 628.638 2,31 6,96 4.590.698 3.489.331 119.260 50,80 38,61 1,32 9.036.835 100
  8. 8. Fire and Haze Season in Indonesia First Season: February – March (North/South Sumatra, Riau, Jambi) Second Season: June - September (Whole of Sumatera and Kalimantan)
  9. 9. Fire Pattern in Indonesia Peat land Fire Region – Open Burning Practices Ground Wildfire Region
  10. 10. INDICATORS
  11. 11. KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS 1. The hotspot numbers on Island of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Sulawesi are decreased until 20% per-year compared with average number of hotspots in 2005-2009 (58.890 hotspots). 2. The burnt forest areas are reduced until 50% in 5 years compared to average condition in 20052009 (12,300 Ha). 3. The capacity building of the government institution and community in 30 operational areas (10 Provinces). 11
  12. 12. HOTSPOTS REDUCTION TARGET Hotspots Average 2005-2009 58.890 Hotspots were counted 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 20% 36% 48,8% 59,2% 67,2 47.112 37.690 30.152 24.027 19.316 9.382 25.922 32.323 19.353 ? Source: NOAA18 12
  13. 13. HOTSPOT IN INDONESIA (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013) 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Jan-Feb Jan-Mar Jan-Apr Jan-Mei Jan-Juni Jan-Juli 243 800 1,363 1,601 2,020 2,392 2,784 4,105 5,966 8,749 9,413 9,880 384 1,258 1,780 2,625 3,738 5,757 9,498 18,707 25,979 27,763 28,249 28,474 2012 996 1,675 2,821 3,812 4,852 9,050 12,587 21,028 31,171 34,216 34,598 34,789 2013 519 1,153 2,771 3,318 4,206 7,066 8,852 12,859 16,130 18,874 19,211 19,353 2010 2011 Jan-Jan Jan-Agust Jan-Sept Jan-Okt Jan-Nov Jan-Des
  14. 14. TREND OF HOTSPOT BY MONTHLY IN INDONESIA (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013) 12,000 10,000 Jumlah Hotspot 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr 2010 ( 9.880 hotspot) Mei 243 557 563 238 419 2011 ( 28.474 hotspot) 384 874 522 845 1,113 2012 ( 34.789 hotspot) 996 679 1,146 991 1,040 2013 ( 19.353 hotspot) 519 634 1,618 547 888 Juni Juli Agust Sept Okt Nov Des 372 392 1,321 1,861 2,783 664 467 2,019 3,741 9,209 7,272 1,784 486 225 4,198 3,537 8,441 10,143 3,045 382 191 2,860 1,786 4,007 3,271 2,744 337 142
  15. 15. Hotspot in Riau Province based on Land Use Year Land Use 2010 2011 2012 2013 Conservation Area 49 50 232 262 Natural Forest (IUPHHK-HA) 90 181 294 244 Planted Forest (IUPHHK-HT) 395 819 1.059 1.077 Protected Forest 47 126 271 234 Plantation 121 263 337 417 1.005 2.097 2.493 2.948 1.707 3.536 4.686 5.182 Land/Others use JUMLAH Source: MoF
  16. 16. Hotspot per Regency (Kabupaten) in Riau 2010-2013 SIAK ROKAN HULU ROKAN HILIR PELALAWAN KUANTAN SINGINGI 2013 KOTA PEKANBARU 2012 KEPULAUAN MERANTI 2011 2010 KAMPAR INDRAGIRI HULU INDRAGIRI HILIR DUMAI BENGKALIS 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
  17. 17. EFFORTS
  18. 18. PREVENTION 1. Conduct a consolidation, socialization, counseling, and inspection up to local area. 2. Socialisation of Presidential Instruction Number 16/2011 concerning Forest and Land Fire Control Improvement. 3. Dissemination of Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS). 4. Community Involvement/Empowering Program through Conservation Village Model, Providing Local Fire Leaders (MPA). 5. Implementation of Zero Burning. 6. Routine patrolling by the Manggala Agni, stakeholder, and Local Fire Leaders. 7. Fire Risk Reduction through the development fire break, green belt, fuel management
  19. 19. EARLY WARNING, DETECTION AND SUPPRESSION 1. Actived National FDRS by BMKG 2. Routine Inspection to Local Fire Center/DAOPS 3. Daily Hotspot Monitoring and Dissemination (more than 1.000 members of SiPongi Mailing List: government, provincial and regency, NGO, other stakeholders ) 4. Ground-check by Forest Fire Brigade of Manggala Agni and other related fire fighters. 5. Dispaching Manggala Agni to fire prone based on FDRS; conduct initial-attack. 6. Conducting aerial suppression. 7. Technical assistance for fire suppression. 8. Mobilization plan.
  20. 20. Fire Danger Rating System
  21. 21. MANGGALA AGNI FIRE BRIGADE Ministry of Forestry has built Manggala Agni Fire Brigade in 10 provinces (33 Local Fire Center): 1. North Sumatera 2. Riau and Riau Island 3. Jambi 4. South Sumatera 5. West Kalimantan 6. Central Kalimantan 7. South Kalimantan 8. East Kalimantan 9 South Sulawesi 10 North Sulawesi Total : 12 groups : 16 groups : 14 groups : 16 groups : 16 groups : 14 groups : 12 groups : 4 groups : 8 groups : 2 groups : 117 groups = 1.755 personnels
  22. 22. Manggala Agni in action: fire suppression, capacity building, cooperation with TNI
  23. 23. Manggala Agni’s head quarter in West Kalimantan Province
  24. 24. NEED FOLLOW UP  Awareness increasement for forest and land fire management, and budget allocation planning (APBD, APBN).  Implementation of President Instruction Number 16 Year 2011 describe on local regulation.  Local Unit (SKPD) establishment which especially handle on forest and land fire in regency/province which equipped by human resources, infrastructures, and adequate budget.  Law enforcement.  Engagement of local fire leaders (MPA)  Adequate forest fire controls infrastructures requirement for timber company and plantation.  Forest fire control infrastructures enhancement. 25

×