Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Tree-rich AgroPastoralism Niger 110416

557

Published on

The presentation makes the case for "tree-rich" agriculture and pastoralist systems in Niger - and the Sahel. It explores carbon financing for development of governance arrangements.

The presentation makes the case for "tree-rich" agriculture and pastoralist systems in Niger - and the Sahel. It explores carbon financing for development of governance arrangements.

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
557
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. <ul><li>GOVGA – Governance for Green Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Frank van Schoubroeck & Lucy Maarse </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Arnhem, April 2011 </li></ul>Potential financing of Agroforestry Action Planning by credits for carbon sequestration in Niger
  • 2. Field visit: Niger, Tillabery, 2009
  • 3. One spot, two views: trees can grow in semi-arid pastoral landscapes – but are often absent
  • 4. Field visit: Niger, Dosso, August 2010
  • 5. Agroforestry increases production of tree crops – but also of food crops
  • 6. Large stretches of land are bare in Niger – these lateritic soils are difficult to make productive …
  • 7. … yet, ICRISAT identified trees that people can grow on such land – if they are allowed their tenure rights as well. This tree can be pruned for fuel every 2-3 years.
  • 8. If you drive through green stretches, you feel the fresh air.
  • 9. Fuel wood has a good local market
  • 10. Agroforestry increases production of tree crops – but also of food crops
  • 11. August 2010: the Niger river floods and > 25,000 hh (?) are deplaced
  • 12. Programmes for creation of horticulture value chains get a blow – as just before the Ramadan floods destroy crops
  • 13. Short heavy rains destroy people’s cash crops if the agricultural system at large cannot cope with it
  • 14. Building CC policy on a ´classic´ rural development discourse <ul><li>Most adaptation strategies are at ease with mitigation strategy and are reasonably tailored to small farmers, women, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Global mitigation strategies need elaboration to cash in on GHG sequestration potential of small farming </li></ul><ul><li>Climate mitigation is a service to the global community and engagement of small farmers should be in their own interest </li></ul>
  • 15. Five conditions for change (Termeer, 2006): <ul><li>Vision, direction </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders feel valuable </li></ul><ul><li>Meticulous updating, meaningful details </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm of Key Stakeholders </li></ul>
  • 16. Visioning an agroforestry programme supported by climate-policy <ul><li>By 2030, local governments in Niger provide institutional conditions for different actors to realise tree-rich agricultural and agro-pastoral landscapes that improve local livelihoods by: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Higher productivity by restoration of degraded land; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Access of women and marginalised groups to fuel, fodder and fruits; </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Households marketing tree products. </li></ul>
  • 17. Key components of a possible programme
  • 18. Points… <ul><li>Global climate mitigation framework, CDM </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple farmers’ benefits of agroforestry </li></ul><ul><li>National Legislative Framework & Compliance with NAPA, Rural Development Strategy etc </li></ul><ul><li>Research capacity & involvement </li></ul>… to be discussed today <ul><li>Agroforestry governance arrangement; process </li></ul><ul><li>Programme financing </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, Reporting and Verification </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm of key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul>
  • 19. How to create a pro-poor climate programme in Niger? <ul><li>Creating a narrative: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on semi-arid regions with mixed pastoralism & agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>A global “hot theme” such as CC mitigation needs local translation to mobilise local enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>=>How to align global CC concern and local concerns – for locally driven action? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation / resilience and new economic incentives can mobilise enthusiasm – and synergy with mitigation is possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agroforestry sits well in this narrative </li></ul></ul>
  • 20. Future multi-actor, multi-layer arrangements for agroforestry Global level: - Carbon market; model development / research; access for agroforestry -Kick-start funding; access to global market, National level: multi-actor co-ordination for: -rural strategy, climate strategy etc; Agroforestry policy (incl. tree tenure) -Local-level capacity building, research -Regional level MRV, sanctioning CERs, managing credit flows Regional level: multi-actor coordination for: -Land Use / agroforestry Planning -realisation of tenure rights -Farmers’ organisation -capacity building; market development -local MRV Communities, Individual, pastoralists, agriculturists Goal: Land restoration for productivity / livelihood Local Government, chefferie, NGO, Farmers’ Organisation, business Local level: -Diverse Agroforestry Implementation -utilisation & marketing of tree products Line Ministry, CNEDD, POs, INGOs, IFAD, research, etc. UNFCCC, carbon market, research, donors, INGO
  • 21. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 1
  • 22. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 2
  • 23. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 4
  • 24. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 6
  • 25. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 10
  • 26. Agroforestry Land Use Planning: Prefecture X; Yr 15
  • 27. Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Systems – in Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) <ul><li>CDM originates in the industry and energy sectors </li></ul><ul><li>MRV by comparing “baseline” and “project” scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>MRV procedures for agricultural GHG so far mainly for industrial agriculture, plantations, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural MRV is developing – e.g., GHG Protocol Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>An area-based approach with a variety of land uses – as in small-scale farming situations - needs to be developed – who takes the initiative? </li></ul><ul><li>Crediting can only take place under strict circumstances: additionality, no leakage, long-term sequestration, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Social standards are being developed – again mainly for industrial sequestration – e.g., socialcarbon.org </li></ul>
  • 28. Possible programme outline (1) Preparatory phase (End) Sustain the new level of productivity and phase out carbon credit funding Financing by donor investments in adaptation & mitigation opportunities Financing by carbon credits & development funding Financing by local taxation Local Agro-forestry Planning Agroforestry Plan -Implementation Measure CO2 sequestered & claim credit Document, reflect, learn (2) Implementation phase (3) Programme phasing out
  • 29. The foreseen financial base of the programme <ul><li>Initial phase: development investment in a governance arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling-in phase: carbon credits will pay for the agroforestry programme </li></ul><ul><li>Trees will start producing and marketing of tree products (and cash crops) will become the economic base of the system </li></ul>
  • 30. Local Capacity for agroforestry-related planning <ul><li>Insofar I know, prefecture or region-wise land use planning is not practiced in Niger – but I might be wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Yet I came across a variety of “building blocks”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community-based groups – also with Agro-Forestry activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreements between agriculturists and pastoralists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers’ Organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chefferie Traditionnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissions Fonciers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The proposed process foresees Agroforestry Land Use Planning per local government unit </li></ul>
  • 31. Mamadou Hassane, Executive Secretary of MOORIBEN - a 60,000 member farmers’ organisation: “we need the Government to take the lead to change our agricultural system” Entusiasm of key stakeholders...?
  • 32. In some areas in Niger the vision is reality. Prof. Adam Toudou, CRESA, Niamey: “3-5 million ha of semi-arid lands in Niger are now under “agro-park” coverage”
  • 33. Two people at one table think up an outline for a national agroforestry programme
  • 34. How to start? – begin with a preparatory Phase (6-12 months) – and seek donors <ul><li>Ensure national political support / CNEDD, Ministries, Oxfam-Niger, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Form a preliminary national co-ordination unit </li></ul><ul><li>Document (formal, informal) legal framework for tree tenure, agroforestry planning, opportunity to involve women, marginalised groups etc </li></ul><ul><li>Select 2-3 pilot areas and form local co-ordination units </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure local political support </li></ul><ul><li>Develop link with carbon market (involve researchers and credit buyers) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop link with possible timber / pulp markets </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare project documents “Agroforestry strategic planning in region XXX” and submit to donors </li></ul><ul><li>Financing by a donor ready to invest in climate-smart farming / food security / agricultural system development </li></ul>

×