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Cert unit5 jan211

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  • 1. Light Search and Rescue OperationsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5
  • 2. ● Consists of three separate operations Sizeup: Using 9-step, continual model Search: Locating victims and documenting Rescue: Extricating victims5-2Search and RescueCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 3. 5-3● Decision based on three factors The risks involved for the rescuer Greatest good for the greatest number Resources and manpower availableDeciding to Attempt RescueCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 4. 5-4● Rescue greatest number in shortestamount of time● Get walking wounded out first● Rescue lightly trapped victims next● Keep the rescuer safeGoals of Search and RescueCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 5. 5-5● Depends on: Effective sizeup Rescuer safety Victim safetyEffective Search and RescueCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 6. ● Identify sizeup requirements● Describe most common searchtechniques● Use safe techniques for debris removal● Use safe techniques for victim extrication● Describe ways to protect rescuers5-6Unit ObjectivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 7. ● Safety During Search and RescueOperations● Conducting Interior and Exterior Searches● Conducting Rescue Operations5-7Unit TopicsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 8. REMEMBER:CERT SIZEUP IS ACONTINUALPROCESS1. Gather Facts2. Assess Damage3. Consider Probabilities4. Assess Your Situation5. Establish Priorities6. Make Decisions7. Develop Plan of Action8. Take Action9. Evaluate Progress5-8CERT SizeupCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 9. Gather Facts● Time of event and dayof the week● Constructiontype/terrain● Occupancy● Weather● Hazards5-9Sizeup: Step 1CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 10. Assess and Communicate DamageThe CERT mission changes if: Damage is light Damage is moderate Damage is heavy5-10Sizeup: Step 2CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 11. ● Superficial● Broken windows● Superficial cracks orbreaks in wall surface● Minor damage to theinterior contents● Safe to enter and remain5-11Light DamageCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 12. ● Visible signs of damage● Decorative workdamaged or fallen● Many visible cracksor breaks in wall● Major damage tointerior contents● Building still onfoundation● Enter only to save lives5-12Moderate DamageCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 13. ● Partial or totalcollapse● Tilting● Obviousstructuralinstability● Building offfoundation5-13Do not enter a building withheavy damage under anycircumstancesHeavy DamageCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 14. Consider Probabilities● How stable is the situation?● What else could go wrong?● What does it mean for the search andrescue?5-14Sizeup: Step 3CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 15. Assess Your Situation● Is the situation safe enough to continue?● What risks will rescuers face?● What resources are needed?● What resources are available?5-15Sizeup: Step 4CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 16. ● Personnel Firefighters Police Nurse, M.D. Contractor● Tools Crowbars Auto jacks Chainsaws● Equipment5-16Rescue ResourcesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 17. Establish Priorities● What should be done?● In what order?● How to rescue thegreatest number in theshortest amount of time?5-17Sizeup: Step 5CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 18. Make Decisions● Keep in mind: Safety of CERT members Life safety for victims and others Protection of the environment Protection of property5-18Sizeup: Step 6CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 19. Develop Plan of Action● Focus operation on established prioritiesand decisions● Provide for documentation to give toresponding agencies● Provide for documentation to become partof CERT records5-19Sizeup: Step 7CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 20. Take Action● Based on plandeveloped duringStep 75-20Sizeup: Step 8CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 21. Sizeup: Step 9REMEMBER:CERT SIZEUP IS ACONTINUALPROCESSEvaluate Progress● Most critical step● Monitor plan’seffectiveness and safety5-21CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 22. ● Make rescuer safetyprimary concern● Use a buddy system● Be alert for hazards● Use safety equipment● Rotate teams5-22Specific Safety ConsiderationsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 23. 5-23If you see collapsed floorsor walls, get out!Pancake Void‘V’ VoidLean-to VoidXXXXXXXX = VoidsStructural VoidsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 24. 5-24Individual Voids● Spaces where victims may seek protection Bathtubs Underneath desks Inside cabinets Under/next to beds Inside closetsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 25. 5-25● Upon enteringsearch area: Make a slash Enter info● Upon leavingsearch area: Complete ‘X’ Enter infoCERTI.D.Search MarkingsDateTime InTime OutAreasSearchedVictimsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 26. 5-26CERT I.D. AreasSearchedDateTime InTime OutVictimsWhat information do you mark?Search MarkingsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 27. 5-27CERT-23FL 1-2 searchedStairs to FL-3 unsafe2/15/08In: 1430Out: 15152LMoved toCERT-23 medopsExample:Search MarkingsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 28. ● Call out to victims, “If anyone can hear myvoice, come here”● Ask any victims who do respond for moreinformation about the building or otherswho may be trapped● Victims might be in shock or confused5-28Search MethodologyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 29. ● Bottom-up/top-down for a multi-story building● Right wall/left wallfor a single floor● Stop frequently tolisten5-29Search MethodologyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 30. ● Stop frequently to listen for: Tapping Movement Voices5-30Search MethodologyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 31. ● Triangulation allows rescuers to view alocation from several perspectives5-31Search MethodologyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 32. ● Keep records of rescued victims and ofthose who remain trapped or are dead● Report information to emergency servicespersonnel5-32Search MethodologyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 33. 5-33● Set up a grid search Set distance betweensearchers according tovisibility and debris Overlap patterns for fullcoverage Search in as straight a lineas possible Mark areas that have beensearchedExterior SearchCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 34. ● Remove objects anddebris to free victimsand create safe rescueenvironment● Triage victims● Remove victims● Remove debris5-34Rescue OperationsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 35. ● Maintain rescuer safety● Triage in lightly and moderatelydamaged buildings● Evacuate victims as quickly as possible5-35Creating a Safe EnvironmentCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 36. ● Know your limitations● Follow safety procedures● Remove debris by: Leveraging Cribbing5-36Precautions to Minimize RiskCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 37. 5-37● Back straight● Bend knees● Keep load closeto body● Push up withlegsProper Lifting ProceduresCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 38. 5-38● For heavy lifting● Performed in tandem● Helps extricate victims● Various materialsand objects maybe usedLeveraging and CribbingCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 39. ● Self removal orassist● Lifts and drags5-39Two Types of RemovalCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 40. ● General stability ofthe immediateenvironment● Number ofrescuers available● Strength andability of therescuers● Condition of victim5-40Which Extrication Method?CERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 41. ● Lift around victim’s backand under knees● Lift victim by keepingyour own back straightand lifting with legs5-41One-Person Arm CarryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 42. 5-42Pack-Strap CarryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 43. 5-43Two-Person CarryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 44. 5-44Chair CarryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 45. 5-45Blanket CarryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 46. 5-46Log RollingCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 47. 5-47Blanket DragCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 48. ● You should know: How to decide whether to attempt rescue The objectives of interior and exterior searchand rescue How to perform search and rescue sizeup Building markings Rescue functions How to remove debris How to extricate victims5-48Unit SummaryCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations
  • 49. 1. Read unit to be covered in next session2. Bring necessary supplies to next session3. Wear appropriate clothes to next session5-49Homework AssignmentCERT Basic TrainingUnit 5: Light Search and Rescue Operations