Online futures


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Public Lecture about the trend towards using online education and its implications for how and why we learn

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Online futures

  1. 1. The Future of Education - Online Frank Rennie Why bother with teachers?
  2. 2. Valerie Everett - Flikr No magic answers
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>What is available now </li></ul><ul><li>Sample some trends </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest some possibilities </li></ul>
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Known attributes <ul><li>Greater speed of technology change </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Greater affordability of devices </li></ul><ul><li>Speedier access to information </li></ul><ul><li>Greater mobility in learning options </li></ul><ul><li>Extended geography of social links </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pedagogic Styles Distributed Learning Blended Learning Distance Education elearning f2f Open Education
  7. 7. What are the Drivers? <ul><li>Extending educational opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and convenience </li></ul><ul><li>The pressures of 'real life' </li></ul><ul><li>Career elitism (CPD) </li></ul><ul><li>Disaggregation of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies available (iPod etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual stimulation </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Connecticon
  9. 9. Multiple connections <ul><li>Metcalfe's Law x= n 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Reed's Law </li></ul><ul><li>Network Connections can be powerul nodes of interaction </li></ul>
  10. 10. Online libraries Geographical data E-book repositories YouTube Open Courses Wikipedia Certification Social networking Twitter Journals Images
  11. 11. Symbiotic Learning <ul><li>Three forms of symbosis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutualistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commensal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parasitic </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Apparent Trends <ul><li>Technology assisted learning is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Convergent devices are becoming prevalent </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquitous internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing openness of resources (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for personalisation of learning </li></ul>
  13. 14. Some possibilities <ul><li>Open science opportunities expand </li></ul><ul><li>Next generation internet ? </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright changes – (add-on services) </li></ul><ul><li>Collective branding of OER </li></ul><ul><li>Research, Teaching, and Assessment will diverge </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions will select and manage contents </li></ul>
  14. 15. The essence of OER <ul><li>1) Open access for users </li></ul><ul><li>2) Freely available </li></ul><ul><li>3) Shareable </li></ul><ul><li>4) Relatively discrete 'chunks' </li></ul><ul><li>5) Saves needing to 'reinvent the wheel' </li></ul><ul><li>6) Needs to be contextualised </li></ul><ul><li>7) You can add to the OER pool </li></ul>
  15. 18. Some Examples <ul><li>Presentations from another perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult or dangerous experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist or rare publications </li></ul><ul><li>Specific photographs and illustrations </li></ul>
  16. 20. Issues of Personalised Learning <ul><li>Localisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility/ convenience / cost / relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethical issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital profiles held by companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing of information (+ plagiarism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical travel (in an age of anthropogenic climate change) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students as part of the community </li></ul><ul><li>“ Virtual” is not the same as “online” </li></ul>
  17. 21. Paradigm Shift From TeddY on Flickr
  18. 22. OER Template Learning Resources OER OER OER OER OER OER Certification Award Assessment TMA Exam Tutorials email LMS Peer-to-peer Dboard skype
  19. 23. I cannot teach anyone anything, I can only make them think - Socrates Books Video Dialogue Images Audio Experiments Tests Articles
  20. 24. Inherent Dangers <ul><li>Not every resource is of equal value </li></ul><ul><li>This is no different from non digital </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of access may be deceptive </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Self Study Face to Face Online Tuition Active Learning Instructional Learning Educational Technology
  22. 26. Self Study Face to Face Online Tuition Active Learning Instructional Learning Educational Technology
  23. 27. Online Tuition Face to Face Self Study Cost Benefit
  24. 32. Some things to watch <ul><li>The Attention Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Self-organisation of learners </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of platforms </li></ul><ul><li>BIG OER meets small OER </li></ul><ul><li>Course components will be owned </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance of Third Places </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions will provide student support </li></ul>
  25. 33. The process begins.... <ul><li>This presentation is already on slideshare at </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>It will also be with audio and video on the UHI website </li></ul>