The Rise of Citizen Journalism by Frankie Mao @FrankestFrankie http://frankestpress.wordpress.com
The Reading – Bearing witness: citizen journalism and human rights issues by Sarah Joseph (2012)• introduces citizen journalism by illustrating ordinary citizens made great contribution to report 2004 Indonesia Tsunami• e.g. “Fred” in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, posted the photos he took showing smashed houses Illustrates how citizen journalists in India and occupied Palestinian territories chased after human rights e.g. Malom incident (November 2, 2000) & health situation of Irom Sharmila Chanu
What is citizen journalism? Who are citizen journalists?What do citizen journalists do?
In the old days: We read what we have Web 2.0 News 2.0Web 2.0 allows users to participate intonews communication and publishinformation freely and easily over theInternet, by which most of news mediaencourage their audiences to send themany newsworthyinformation, photos, videos (Bakker, etal. 2008) In this day and age: We read what we can find
Generally, citizen journalism refers that people without journalistictraining use social media based on Internet to create, augment or fact-check media their own, or in collaboration with others (Glaser, 2006).
Case - China High-speed-rail Collision July 23, 2011 Weibo was the first media reporting the crash A passenger tweet “Help! No.D301 has run off the rails and stopped not far from Southern Wenzhou Station. Children are crying in the coach!”Weibo users• shared photos,• reported the recue,• argued the possible causes• questioned authorities’ measures,• express sadness
Citizen Journalists: an important news source for Mainstream MediaOne of the reason citizen journalists want to express themselves is whatthey want to say means so much to the public but is often ignored byprofessional journalists (Bentley, 2011).
Case: Chinese studentsattacked on Sydney train“They attacked us with glass and burntus with lit cigarettes. My face is burntand totally disfigured! Worst of all, Ireally hated their racist comments”- Xuan via Weibo SMH (July 24, 2012) This city is so dangerous: outrage in China over Sydney train assault “A terrifying assault on Sydney train passengers has left two international students seriously injured and caused a media storm in China.”
Citizen Journalists Chase after Human Rights The role of citizen journalists has been highlighted in Arabian Spring, especially for reflecting how citizen fought for democracy and freedom. http://youtu.be/S99W3NI9bYQWatchdog •observe the entireIn journalism, system of theira “watchdog” nations as well asmeans news outletsa journalist invest • focusing onillegal things, such publicizing theas corruption, availability ofsimilar to important informationinvestigation which dose matter tojournalism. the public (Bruns, 2010)
U.S. Political & Economic issue ChinaOfficials’ scandals &Unfair treatment
ReferencesBakker, T, Schonbach, K, de Vreese, C, ‘Blogging: journalism asusual’, The Amsterdam School of Communications Research,University of Amsterdam, September 2008.BBC, 2012, About- Watchdog [Online] Available at:http://www.bbc.co.uk/watchdog/about/ [Accessed July 27,2012]Bentley, C 2011, ‘Citizen journalism: back to the facts’,Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, vol.3(1), pp.103-118.
Bruns, A 2010, ‘From Reader to Writer: Citizen Journalism asNews Produsage’. In Hunsinger, Jeremy, Lisbeth Klastrup &Matthew Allen (Eds.) Internet Research Handbook.Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 119-134, [Online] Available at:http://snurb.info/files/2010/From%20Reader%20to%20Writer.pdf [Accessed July 18, 2012]Cai, P 2012, ‘”This city is so dangerous”: outrage in China overSydney train assault’, Sydney MorningHerald, 24 April2012, [Online] Available at:http://www.smh.com.au/national/this-city-is-so-dangerous-outrage-in-china-over-sydney-train-assault-20120424-1xiv4.html [Accessed July 24,2012]Glaser, M 2006, ‘Your Guide to Citizen Journalism’, Availableonline at: http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2006/09/your-guide-to-citizen-journalism270.html [Accessed July 24, 2012]
Discussion Could mainstream media survive the rise of citizen journalism? Why? Do you think quality journalism has fallen? How to maintain the journalistic quality?