Objectivity of Citizen Journalism By Frankie Mao 3383126
Citizen journalism Ordinary citizens without journalistic training use the digital tools to publish or spread instant journalistic information on their own.(Glaser, 2006) Key role in the uprising of Arab SpringSource:Mark Glaser http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2006/09/your-guide-to-citizen-journalism270.htmlhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dn8gs9gTgu0http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/Jay Rosen, 2008 http://youtu.be/QcYSmRZuep4
Should the pictures of self-immolation be published on social networking sites? NPAA Code of Ethics 4. Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the public has an overriding and justifiable need to see. MEAA Code of Ethics 11. Respect private grief and personal privacy. Journalists have the right to resist compulsion to intrude.Source:http://www.nppa.org/professional_development/business_practices/ethics.htmlhttp://www.alliance.org.au/code-of-ethics.html
Objectivity One of the identified figures of journalism and requires journalists to be fair and rigorous about what is happening. • “no one can be really objective”, but journalists will try to be fair; • avoided personal feeling (Rosen, 1993)Source:http://missouricommunication.wordpress.com/2011/03/14/blog-6-objectivity-and-journalism-today/http://youtu.be/bfqr7qLBQJ4Rosen, J 1993, ‘Beyond Objectivity’, Nieman Reports, vol. 47, no. 4, winter, pp. 48(6).
Citizen journalists in Arab Spring• Fight for freedom, democracy against dictatorship or absolute monarchy• reveal the misery they had suffered and displayed protestors did meet violent responses from the authorities A QUESTION: Are they activists using social networking sites as media outlet for their own political purpose (Slemrod, 2011).
Objectivity in a political dispute • Let both sides express their opinions rather than quoting one party; • Listen to people from both parties; • Keep themselves remaining in the middle especially when some views go to the extreme (Rosen, 1993) Language • Journalists do not convey any own feelings, biases or prejudices into news stories; • They used neutral words instead of any that indicates subjects are good or bad (Rogers)Source:Rosen, J 1993, ‘Beyond Objectivity’, Nieman Reports, vol. 47, no. 4, winter, pp. 48(6).Rogers, T, Objectivity andFairness, http://journalism.about.com/od/ethicsprofessionalism/a/objectivity.htm>.
One fact harms citizen journalism and impact global media News organisations rely on social media to update breaking news and information to report the situation in Middle East. (Matias, 2012) Ali Jaber revealed some information from citizen journalists in Arab Spring had never been verified. (Slemrod, 2011) The indiscretion of publishing uncertain information does exist among citizen journalists. (Spence and Quinn, 2008) Mainstream media took the risk of being manipulated because some citizen journalists users intended to draw attention from the outside world. (Matias, 2012)Source:Matias, J 2012, Did Global Voices Use Diverse Sources on Twitter for Arab Spring Coverage? < http://www.pbs.org/idealab/2012/08/did-global-voices-use-diverse-sources-on-twitter-for-arab-spring-coverage228.html>.Slemrod , A 2011, ‘Top expert: Regional journalism in ethics crisis’, The Daily Star, 28 June 2011, <http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Local-News/2011/Jun-28/Top-expert-Regional-journalism-in-ethics-crisis.ashx#axzz1Una3fuIX>.Spence, H & Quinn, A 2008, ‘Information Ethics as a Guide for New Media’, Journal of Mass Media Ethics, No. 23, pp. 264-279.
Universal code of ethics for citizen journalism? Media ethics • Transforming to an open approach • For Traditional journalism & Citizen journalism (Ward & Wasserman 2010)Source:http://zcrissyz-beingauser.blogspot.com.au/2010/04/journalism-ethics-and-democracy.htmlhttp://amazingprmaven.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/social-media-ethics-free-webinar-for-pr.html
Reasons: • “a non-global ethic is no longer able to adequately address the new problems that face global journalism”. • new responsibility for the global journalism (Ward) Unrealistic to have specific codes: • various cultures in different nations and regions • complicated context of incidents • respect of freedom of speech as a human rightSource:Ward, S, Global Media Ethics, < http://ethics.journalism.wisc.edu/resources/global-media-ethics/>
Possible solution: • To establish Common Codes • To ask citizen journalists cautiously deal with sensitive contents including violence, crime, sex, “A code of ethics doesn’t solve anything. It might be a guide, but at the end of the day, individuals have to make their own ethical decisions every time they face a question and a quandary. ” (Javis, 2008) Goal: To persuade citizen journalists to provide quality news stories to the world.Source:Javis, J 2008, Quesiton: Do we need a new journalistic code of ethics? online video http://bigthink.com/ideas/1261