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  • 1. WoLToNGoNG i{ City of Innouation6February 2002Mt R TolhutstIllawa:,:.a Instirute of TechnologyP O Box 1.228)TOLLONGONG 25OODear SitCO-OPERATIVE RESEARCH CENTREOur Ref, EH ARH:PRAt Councils Ecologically Sustainable Development Liaison CommitteeMeeting held on 4 February 2002, Mr Ftank Coluceio stated you had advisedhim that you had not received any corespondence ftom Council on the abo:rrematter despite his previous requests.Attached is a copy of the cottespondence forwatded by Council on 11 Juiy2001 in this tegatdYours faithfr-rllyfu^guRON HALE,SAssistant Manager EnviroomentlVollongong City CouncilDirect l;ine (02)4227 D22 4i tsurelii StreetWollongong Locked Bag 8821 Scuth Coastl4ail Centre NSW 2521 DX:27811 Wollongong Court Voice: (02) 4227 71 1 1 Fax: l02l 4227 7217 TTY: (02) 4227 6389 Email: council@wollongong.nsw.gcrv.au Web: http://wurw.wollongong.nsw.gov.au ABN 63 139 525 93! - GST Reqistered
  • 2. 11Juiy 2001(fl2me))Deat <salutatioru>ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN THE CITY OFWOLLONGONGOur Ref: EH ARH:PRI have been requested to forward to you a coPy of a lettet ditected to sToilongong resulting ftom aProfessor G Sutton of the Univetsity ofrecofiunendation from Councils ESD tiaison Committee.That lefter is enclosed for yout information.Youts taithfullyRON HALESAssistant Nlanager EnvitonmeatlYo Il o n go n g Ci ry C a un cilDinn Line (02) 4227 7122
  • 3. / 1i July 2001 Professor G Sutton University of Wollongong Nothfields Avenue WOLLONGONG 25OA Dear Professor Suttori ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN THE CITY OF WOLLONGONG Our Ref: EH ARH:PR At Councils meeting on 21, Muy 200L it was tesolved to adopt a recomneridation ftom the ESD Liaison Committee in the foilowing teflns:- 1 The University be requested to give consideration to initiating discussions with potential stakeholders in relation to the promotion of ecological sustainability and cleanet production in the Ciw-gf $Tollongong 2 The Committee suggests that stakeholders should include government agencies, industry, consultants, business, peak community gtoups, environmental groups and the education sector. 3 Council support the University of Wollongong, should it seek to establish such discussions. + It be suggested that the discussions include explodng potential suPPort for a Co-Operative Research Centre for Ecological Sustainabiliry and cleaner production which would fit cohesively with the Natural Advantage Program and the Citys re-imaging and Living Citys Program- Please accept my apologies fot the delav in conveying this informatiofl to you- Yours faithfully RON H,LES -ssistant I Ianager Environment Wollongong City Co un cil Direil Ijne (02) 1227 7 )22
  • 4. -- HI-TECH Consulting Pty. Ltd. ABN64 061422768 Suite 4, 1 1 Bourke Street, Wollongong, NSW 2500 Phone/Fax + 61 2 42 262756 Fady_Sidrak@uow. edu.au COOPERATIVE RESEARCH GENTRE PROJECT GENTRE OF EXCELLENGE FOR EGOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CLEANER PRODUCTION"qris$*mri..il. 1 ltillr .. t{r }rt. , ,"Et l]ili,nrrl. Irrliafrilr .. ." . .,I. tlt;t:its.-1; *tltld L.iii5.} .,:Lt5lr"ii :lrii {lil-.} .:tl{5ilcJ.ill#} E;,{li{},i{r;}i 1..11... q._.".r. I ;;.,,i r- i-.1.:rtflftJ*tlirlt:. "i-1i;;;1 ,,n nt3+.4 L14,.-* I t, r ill 111-i i. 1,! ,. .,:a- l itL .: .,1tlLi lJt tttL LLt;, ; i.iL. q 1,r 11""..t1* itIlil .-t.r:1r;,i,",;rl!1 r... :.:i, i,..r:lf. t*Lllttr.",rt:.,i,_ -l;.t: fi]iii]iitr....)il:l ).:.. t., l* j*li.*;" inx*v*livu: *{x}i*#.iil:*} ui:ri:h:lil .irr(l t1*it}lr}t. {}r#dl*,ixlt} i:t!;i;i;:1,i ,Lr,, t-i.} fi:r{l:,r:r tl"ri": l!::r:l:i:iiil. *u,,ilrl::t:r{:r}1.*} **d{ ${}f,ia}l b***.lit t* t** rr{}ffi*;1*nilr. e ltr **t*t:?ifrt: irr**v*{ir,,* ifi f q:r*:xti** ar}d *{}rn}13t}x}i{:rxli{}tx t**hr:r*lri*ii,s. {:1*.ljtjri}{-,t".iii{.}t} t*r:1S" *ttt*1ltt;}itt*:t1 r:ri}rri$irr1r t* tisnili*xrrill filhiitn* li:q: ".^i .i-t jr :1 -,1 . ,I^ ..^ rtlt: :,I;lt.l!{lrr;1 r":llliri:,..1. lll J.ri rri"r i i ; i1 i IIr r:ir I i li li v* ir:t,:s-y t:t:;tj #r{}rr;ultB :
  • 5. Resealrch Program1: Virtual Environm.ents for Lifecycle Design und Clmner ProdactionThis huilds on research in persistent object-oriented virtual reality r.vorlds to develop arnodel firr 3D immersive life cycle design, cleaner production, and asset management.The ecoh:gical sustainahility industry needs to move from dependenc,v on paper-bas*ddocument transfer and lvilrd of mouth to distriburted infarmatir:n systems forcommu*icati*n and modelling.l-he research wiltr lbcus an a digital represertation of the ecological site, the clesign model**d surri:unding areas in the early stages. The environments developed as pa$ of tirisresearch prograln rvill be used ior communication and modelling in the other researchpfogfams.Outcomes ivill iirclude elimination of paper based ecological sustainability and cleanerproduction documentation; increased speed of communication hetrvsen participants invari*us lo*ations: and improved data capture, knor.vledge capture and induslryclissemination"Resetrr*h Program2z E co logit:*l S astainubility Pr$ ect D*livery StrntegiesThis research urill mcdel the complexity o1 typical ecological sustainabilit-v deliveryprooesses including use of mathematical models allor.ring ecological sustainability to be
  • 6. simulated and nptimised. This will enahle re-engineering to eliminate non-value addingactivities and improved integration a:td management of construction supply chainsSigniiicrint developi*ents in information anci cornmunications technalogy" knorvl*dgemanagernertt, and interoperability pave tlre wa,v for the creation of a virtual pro.]ect teamand new coilahorations between ;:roject participants. A previous study has shawn that uptr: 85;n/,r of activities in t,vpical ecological sustainability processes are non-r,alue addinggiving scope {"or substantial reengineeringlhe research and application will be focusserl on implemelting new strategies in practicervith industr)pafiners, then monitoring and refining them.Res*arch Program3: E wrt ir* n m e nt ffI S us trei nnbi lityThis program is driven brv the need to incorporate broad environmental sustainabilityr:hjectiv*s fiom forums such as Habitat iI. Rio (Agenda 21) and national envirorunentalagencla into ke,r, pro.iects. This r.viil generate nerv knowledg* and computer-hasedteclt*iqu*s f,or improveel planning, clesign and management of the huilt environment thatclelivers both environrnental and efficiencv outcomesThe aim is to reduce greenhouse emissions and energy usage, increase the efficiency afn&ter and energy use in buildings and cities, increase recycling and improve the design,health an<l comfort of our indaor environments where Australians spend over 90 percentot"their time
  • 7. Research fi:r the follor,ving rjeliverables will inch"rde: Suite af integratectr desigr:r t*cls for indoor environm*nt design (thermal" acoustic, ventilarir:n autl air quality). f.*nstmction process*s that minimisc on-site lriaste and maximise r:ecycling cI construction prorlucts. a Life c.v*le assesslnent tools lcr construction materials and component systems. * tulodelling tools for sustainable urban developrnent including integrated trailspol"t land use planning and closed ioop systerrs (energy prr:duction and uonservation a1 district level) ancl elli*ient water use and recycling" Close collab+rstion rvith the CRC for ltenew;rble Energ.v (ACRE) for built env irrinment researc,h.Rese:rr*h Pr*gr:lm4; Inlegrnter{ B*sign find Cleaner Prodttction Supp*rt.lysfenmIhis research programwiil fcrcus on the need to reduce design ancl production errorsrvhich typicall,v account fbr 107o o{procluction cost. The research will promote theint*gratir:n <lf tragmented knorvledge hases and reduce inaccuracies and incompatibilitiesin ini-rrnnation iloras: raise lnbour ;rnd ecluipment rJperational e{ticien*y iu production;an<j rertuee material wastageThe research rvill develop modular integrated decision supp$rt s1.stems includingknowledge bi:sed systerils l$ assist produeers ancl other participants to aptimise selectionof pr*elu*tion inputs and resources (materials. sub-systems, plant ancl labour componentsfrom various netrvorked databases). It r.vill also include sirnulation, scheduling andoptimisation algorithms ii:r the productir:n plocsss to improve pr*ductivit3, with
  • 8. interfaces t* design softra,are for {lAD, buildir:rg regulations, standards, and databases farproducts, laboul and ecluipment.Research Fragram5: E**lagicsl kf*nag*lrrcnt , Adaptuhilig sntl Futurs af fiuilt Assets[*he research rvill incliide: rerv decision-making processeslmodels frrr corporate propertvand asset rnanagerilent; improving hetter understanding building perfbrniance, usersperspectives ancl impact of fit for use on productivit_v and operational effectir.eiless oforganisations; br.rilding flexibility inta conimercial assets to accommodate changingdemanci tn extenrl **onornic life and optir:nising functi*n/utilitv; identifying andeviiluiiting new ownership options for the various components of conlmercial assets andinfiastructiire; and meeting changing needs o1 tlre workplacc throu-eh uptake of ITallorving for flexible r,r,clrk arratrgements, broadband and wireless technologies{}utcomes lvill include ne}v models and methoilologies for demand analysis and supplyoptions through the life af the asset; nerv concepts iu sharecl asset orvner:slilp; bestpractice Lrusiness strategies, srategic faciliq,pianning and propefl,v/facilities managementand propefi.v managemeilt trl accommodate the demands of the new eaonorry; linancialand other modelling to support decision makirrg in the creation, use clf and re-investmentir.r br-riit assets and ir:fr;rstructure; and a nerry framer,vork for assessing innovation in theecol*giciai property intlustry.
  • 9. Fi*w lLesexrefu Programs will be developedThe research management plan will take into account the need for short, medium andlong-term research activities and will provide an opportunity for activities and willprovide an opportunity for collaboration across at least two industry partners and tworesearch partners in each research project. The research programs will complementexisting intemational activities to ensure the CRCs output provides maximum impact.New research opportunities will be presented for consideration each six months to ensureongoing refinement and currency of the CRC research focus.EducationEducation and dissemination are vital components of this CRC. Dissemination will occurvia industry focussed workshops and seminars, regular conferences, publications, input toeducation curricula at various levels and completion of research degrees through thehigher education partners to this CRC. One unique program becoming available throughthis CRC is the Professional Doctorate in Ecological Sustainability and CleanerProduction, will be available through Wollongong University. A number of funded PhDscholarships will be available. Relationships with existing higher education partners willalso be leveraged by working closely with supporting partners that have high industrymembership.lech**log.v trilnsfer via Cl{C education and trainirrg rvill in*lude: a tr{esearch training lcr gradr"rat* students. mentoring and kttcxvl*elge tnanagemeut. a Indpstr"-v fbcussed research masters aud doctorai students inclucling a ile,v oross- institutional professianal dcctorate. Dissernination and innovation diffusian through industry conferenc*s, lrorkshops and short courses.
  • 10. n Fublications strategy - trade/pr*fessional jaru:rais and magazines, joumals. books arrd best practice notes" * Web-bassld interactive cnmmunicatians and training moclules. . Input to undergraduate and pilstgladlrate coursel,tiork programs. . TAFII (technical and {iu:ther educatior-r) and VET (vocational education training) course material rvill also be generated far rvicle industry uss.Skill Ileve.lupnmentThis CRC will provide ongoing opportunities for skill development arising out of theindustry focussed research programs to enhance the competitiveness of the Australianecological sustainability and cleaner production industry.LocationThe Centre will be based at Wollongong University/TAFE with key research nodes to beestablished in Melbourne and Sydney, in association with core university partners. TheCentre will also have strong research partnerships in Europe and North America.
  • 11. HI-TECH Consulting Pty. Ltd. ABN 64 061422768 Suite 4, 1 1 Bourke Street, Wollongong, NSW 2500 Phone/Fax + 61 2 42 262756 COOPERATIVE RESEARCH CENTRE PROJECT CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE FOR ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CLEANER PRODUCTIONIf Australia is to remain a technologically advanced society, it is essential that it hasworld class scientific and technological capabilities in higher education institutions, theCSIRO and other Commonwealth and State government research organizations, and inthe private sector. The project is a response to the need to ensure that the basicinfrastructure for research and education in Australia is as strong as possible.More specifically, the project aims to address a number of important issues inAustralian science and technology.First, Australias substantial scientific and technological resources tend to be dispersedboth geographically and institutionally. This makes it diffrcult to establish theconcentrations of researchers and facilities needed in many research fields to keep pacewith the rapid scientific and technological change occurring internationally. The projectwill concentrate and focus resources through the support of cooperative researchendeavours.Second, in order to benefit from Australias investment in research, there is a need toensure that advances in science and technology are linked to applications in the varioussectors of the economy. Related to this is the need to improve the internationalcompetitiveness of Australian industry through higher levels of research anddevelopment. The project will provides a unique opportunity for industry and publiclyfunded research organizations to work together to their mutual benefit.Third, Australia needs a highly skilled workforce able to support new technologies andnew challenges amenable to science and technology. There is a need to ensure thatAustralias undergraduate and graduate programs in science and technology are ofworld class, in order to maintain and enhance the quality and performance of the publicand private organrzations in which graduates are employed. The project seeks toenhance such programs by the active involvement of researchers from outside the highereducation sector.The cooperative research centre project will play a vital role in ensuring that Australiabenefits from the combined strength of the nations science and technology resources. Itshould help ensure that Australian research and research training remains at theforefront in those areas of greatest importance to this country.
  • 12. Project outcomes: o This project will catalyse investment and development in the Illawarra region. o This project will provide seed funding for local and regional research and demonstration projects. o This project will ensure the efficient and effective use of planning instruments in partnership with communities. o This project will position the Government as an advocate of sustainable environmental, social and economic community development. o This project will enhance the Departments communication, consultation and mediation capabilities.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2Afi 8:2t PM 2
  • 13. Cooperative Research Centre Program Guidelines1. INTRODUGTTON2. PROGRAM OBJECTIVESThe objectives ofthe Program are:. to support long-term high-quality scientific and technological research whichcontributes to national objectives, including economic and social development, themaintenance of a strong capability in basic research and the development ofinternationally competitive industry sectors;. to capture the benefits of research, and to strengthen the links between research and itscommercial and other applications, by the active involvement of the users of research inthe work of the Centre;. to build the centre of research concentration by promoting cooperative research, andthrough it a more efficient use of resources in the national research effort;. to stimulate in graduate programs, through the education and training, particularlyactive involvement of researchers from outside the higher education system ineducational activities, and graduate students in major research programs.3. COOPERATIVE RESEARGH CENTRES COMMITTEEThe membership of the Cooperative Research Centre Committee, which will set outincludes members of: . Bellambi Lagoon Protection and Regeneration Society . Coastcare . Environment Defenders Office . Environmental Health Illawarra . Environment Protection Authority . Farming of the Future . Friends for Stanwell Park . Futureworld National Centre for Appropriate Technology IncCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 3
  • 14. . Gerroa Environment Protection Society . Greenhouse Action Program . Greenpage . Greenpeace . Grawing Green Kids Festival . Healthy Cities Illawarra Inc . Helensburgh & District Landcare Group . Illawarta Environment and Heritage Centre Inc . Illawarra Escarpment Coalition . Illawarra Greens . Illawarra District Noxious Weeds Authority . Illawarra Residents Against Toxic Environments . Illawarra Waste Management . Keep Excelsior Green . Kiama Council . Kiama Greens . Lake Illawarra Authority . Landcare . Moss Vale Rural Lands Protection Board . Mt Kembla Environmental Education Centre . NSW Agriculture . NSW Fisheries . NSW National Parks andWildlife Service . Resistance . Rivercare . Roads and Traffic Authority . Shellharbour City Council . Shoalhaven City Council . Sydney Water . South Coast Conservation Society Cooperative Ltd . South East Forest Alliance . The Wilderness Society . Thirroul Action Group . University of Wollongong . WEA Illawarra . Wollongong City Council . Wombarra Preservation, andCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 4
  • 15. senior representatives of industry and the chairs of certain other Commonwealth grant-giving bodies.The Committee will consider applications for funding and recommend the conditionsand level of funding to apply. It will also advise generally on the operation of theProgram, including the evaluation of the Centre. The Committee may also take a pro-active role in the development of the Centre, seeking to bring together research groupsas it considers appropriate.The Committee will appoint two expert Panels to assess applications and advise it onwhich applications should be supported. Each Panel will be six members. One Panelwill covers applications in the life sciences, including: . medical and rural research . biological aspects of environmental research, andother topics with a predominantly biological orientation.The other covers the physical sciences and engineering, including: . manufacturing . the physical and chemical sciences . mineral and earth sciences . information technology . physical aspects of environmental sciences, andall engineering fields.4. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAM4.1 Research activitiesThe Program will support research focused on challenging research fields and areaswhich underpin existing or emerging industry sectors. It will support research with aprimary focus on the natural sciences and engineering and their application. It isrecognised, however, that the work of the Centre will be multi-disciplinary and mayinvolve contributions from other areas of intellectual endeavour. The Committee willhave discretion in these matters.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 5
  • 16. Research conducted at the Centre should contribute to national objectives, such as thedevelopment of internationally competitive industry sectors, the health and well-beingof Australian society, and the understanding and management of the environment.The Centre will be expected to establish and maintain long-term programs of strategicresearch, which may not have immediately identifiable applications. It is expected thatthis will be complemented by a series of shorter-teffn, more applied research projectswhich will be embedded in the overall programs of the Centre. Clearly, a balancedapproach is required between long-and short-term work if the Program objectives are tobe achieved.The Program is intended to enhance the quality and effectiveness of research activity inAustralia and link it more strongly to areas of application. It is likely that the Centre willbe based on existing research activity to some extent. Nevertheless the Centre shouldresult in real integration of research activity, which goes beyond the existing researchefforts of the individual participants. The challenge is to ensure that the establishment of will result in new research, whichthe Centre and the resulting cooperative interactionwould not otherwise have been undertaken, and constitute real additions to, andenhancement of, existing research activity and its applications.4.2 Cooperative IinkagesA primary focus of the Program is the enhancement of cooperative linkages betweenresearchers, and between researchers and the users of the research. The Program isintended to bring together researchers and research groups from university, govemmentresearch laboratories and the private sector, into long-term cooperative relationships.The Centre should establish strong interactive linkages between individual researchers,between the participating institutions and also between the performers and users of theresearch. This can be best achieved if researchers from all the participatingorganisations in the Centre are actively involved in the Centre research and educationprograms, and this is strongly encouraged.Participating organisations which are unable to take an active role in the conduct of theresearch and education programs may contribute in other ways. It is expected that theseorganisations would be drawn as closely as possible into the planning, funding andguidance of the work of the Centre.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak i|1.ay 4,2001 8:21PM 6
  • 17. 4.3 lnvolvement of the Gentre in education and trainingThe Program aims to increase the quality and quantity of scientifically and technicallyskilled people in the workforce. A particular objective of the Program is to involveresearchers from organisations other than university in the training of students,particularly in graduate programs. This will give students the benefit of contacts withmany outstanding researchers presently not involved in educational activities.The Centre should therefore contribute to the development of outstanding graduateprograms in the participating higher education institutions, and where appropriate,should provide the opportunity of interfacing these programs with areas of researchapplication. Wherever possible, these programs should also involve staff from outsidethe university in their development and conduct, and in the supervision ofpostgraduates.It is expected that the primary role of the Centre in educational programs will be inresea"rch training.It is expected that outside staff participating in educational programs will be accordedappropriate status in participating higher education institutions and applicants shouldshow how this will be achieved.4.4 Participating organisationsThe organisations parlicipating in the Centre must include at least one higher educationinstitution. This is necessary to achieve the Program objective of stimulating educationand training by drawing on and involving resources and people from outside the highereducation system in educational activities, and allowing graduate students to participatein major cooperative research programs. It is likely that, the Centre will also involveCSIRO or another Commonwealth or State government organisation.However, no restrictions, other than the need for a higher education institution to beinvolved, will be placed on the number and type of organisations participating in theCentre. Judgments about the appropriateness of a proposed collaboration will be basedon the ability of the Centre to achieve the objectives of the Program.It may be possible for overseas university and government research groups to becomeformal participants in the Centres, provided that Program funds are used withinCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 7
  • 18. Australia to conduct research of benefit to Australia. Proposed arrangements will beexamined on a case-by-case basis by the Committee.4.5 Utilisation and application of the researchA key objective of the Program is to capture the benefits of research, and to strengthenthe links between research and its commercial and other applications, by the activeinvolvement of the users of research in the work of the Centre.A broad definition of research user is intended. For example, a user might be anindustry sector, a private company, or a Government department or instrumentality.The degree to which research users are involved in the Centre, and the extent and natureof their commitment to the Centre, will depend on the particular requirements andresearch activities of the Centre. It is desirable for the achievement of the objectives ofthe Program that a research user be included among the core participants of the Centre,and make a concrete commitment of resources to its operation.The involvement of private companies in the Centre is strongly encouraged. TheProgram provides a significant opportunity for linking research activities in the publicand private sectors. However, given its strategic focus, the Program is aimed at thedevelopment of generic ideas and technologies with potential benefits to a range ofusers rather than beinga specific research support scheme for individual firms.There is no intention to restrict the participation of private companies in the Centre tothose which are wholly Australian owned and based in Australia. Companies based andowned overseas may parlicipate in the Centre. The Committee will assess theparticipation of such companies in the Centres on a case-by-case basis, and will lookparticularly for evidence that it will result in benefit to Australia in some form, and thatprogram objectives will be achieved.4.6 Management of the CentreThere is no preferred management structure for the Centre, provided that the objectivesof the Program are met and that there are clear lines of responsibility and accountabilitylinking the various participants. It would be expected, however, that all core participantsare represented in some way in the Centre management structure, and that they haveCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 8
  • 19. agreed on the extent to which eachwill have a voice in that structure. People involvedin the Centre management should be such that there is an appropriate balance ofscientific, management and business skills, to ensure the research is conductedeffectively, the resources of the Centre are properly managed and the research isexploited to benefit Australia.Notwithstanding this, it is the Committees preferred position that the Centre nominate aDirector. The Director should be an experienced and highly regarded researcher withappropriate management skills, who will play a pivotal role in the research andeducational programs of the Centre, and will act as its chief executive.The Centre is also required to nominate key researchers. These are researchers whohave outstanding records in their fields and who are responsible for overseeingparticular areas of the research and educational programs of the Centre.The Centre may employ full time administrative and finance staff if this is consideredappropriate, or draw on the resources already present in the participating organisations.4.7 Physica! location of the CentreThe basic approach should be to relocate and link outstanding research groups,whenever it is possible and appropriate, into the Centre with facilities concentrated onor adjacent to a higher education campus.It is recognised that some research groups may not be in a position to relocate, for avariety of reasons. In these cases the development of more than one node of researchactivities, all linked together as a network, would be an acceptable approach.ln some instances, it may be appropriate to locate major nodes of the Centre activities ina technology park, or on site at the research facilities of an industrial paftner somedistance from the campus of the higher education partner. These arrangements couldassist organisations which have serious space limitations.In all cases a flexible approach will be adopted, with a view to developing arrangementswhich meet the objectives of the Program. It is particularly important that the Centre putin place arrangements that allow the achievement of real interaction and enhancementof the overall research and training activities, and the establishment of a cohesiveorganisational identity.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4, 2001 8:21PM 9
  • 20. 4.8 Funding arrangementsFunding for the Centre will be built up over a period of five years. Funding will beprovided through renewable contracts between the participating organisations and the will have to demonstrateCentre. The participating organisations involved in the Centrethat sufficient resources will be provided by them to meet the remainder of theestablishment and operating costs. These resources may be provided as cash orin kindcontributions.The participating organisations will be expected to provide the firmest possiblecommitments of resources for each year in the first funding contract period, generallyfive to seven years.5. ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROGRAM5.1 Assessment and selection processThe Committee will invite applications for the establishment of the Centre by publicadvertisement and will publish the closing dates for the submission of applications,indicate the expected dates by which the results will be announced and provide anyother information relevant to the operation of the Program. The Committee reserves theright to take a pro-active role in bringing together participants in the Centre, and toinvite an application at any time.Assessment will be conducted using a peer reviewing process. Applications are initiallyconsidered by the two expert Panels, who select a number for further assessment byother experts in the field. A short list is then selected for interview, and followinginterviews recommendations are made by the Committee to the Director.Applicants will be expected to finalise agreements between themselves during thisstage. Following the completion of this process to the satisfaction of the Committee, acontract will be drawn up with the participating organisations and Program fundingprovided. Applicants will have three months to complete this process.5.2 Participant contributions to the GentreParticipants measure in dollar terms the value of all resources that they are prepared tofirmly commit to the Centre over the period of the grant. This value will be subject toCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 10
  • 21. negotiation with the Committee, and the subsequently agreed level of commitments willbe included in the contract between the Committee and the participants.The contribution from the participating organisations, may be provided in one or moreof the following forms: . salaries and on-costs of staff paid by the participating organisations, for thetime they are engaged in the Centre; . non-salary direct costs, eg the cost of providing research specific consumables; . indirect support costs; . imputed rent on buildings and equipment made available for use by the Centre, with proportionate allowances for partial occupancy or shared use; . funding from other sources including industry and Commonwealth and State governments, subject to any restrictions which may be applied by these bodies.Funds from Commonwealth research-granting bodies awarded to members of theparticipant organisations or the organisations themselves for specific research projects,are not eligible for claiming as participants contributions. There are two exceptions tothis general rule, as follows:. Some Commonwealth granting schemes, such as the Primary Industries and EnergyResearch Funds, obtain some of their funding for grant allocation from an industry levy.In these cases, a proportion of a grant, equal to the proportion of the industry tev[y inthe total scheme funding, is eligible to be claimed as a participant contribution providedthe project funded by the particular grant concerned is demonstrably an integral part ofthe Centre.. Infrastructure support grants provided by the Australian Research Council in a non-specific way, may be claimed as a participant contribution to the extent that they areallocated to the support of the Centre.Salaries paid from Commonwealth research granting sources in the form of an award toan individual, such as Australian Research Council postgraduate research awards orresearch fellowships, will not be eligible to be claimed as participant contributions,Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F" Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 11
  • 22. although the holders of such awards and fellowships can take up their appointments atthe Centre.While the Program does not restrict research groups, or individual researchers, in theCentre from seeking funds from other Commonwealth research funding sources, thefunding provided by the participating organisations is intended to ensure that the totalresources of the Centre are adequate for high quality research and training activities.Consequently, it is expected that participants would not normally need to seeksupplementary resources.It is expected that the Centre will frequently undertake short-term contracts on behalf ofprivate or public organisations, relating to specific research projects. Funding providedunder such contracts may not be claimable as participant contributions unless it isspecifically identified as pafi of the organisations commitment to the Centre.At any time in the life of the Centre, additional funds may be raised over and abovethose originally put forward as participant contributions.5.3 Estimation of participant contributionFor the purposes of the initial application for support under the Program, the calculationof participant contribution can be done in two ways:. the estimation of the actual contribution, item by item; or. the estimation of direct research salaries associated with the Centre, together with theuse of an appropriate salary multiplier as a means of estimating research support costs.The Australian Vice Chancellors Committee (AVCC) and the CSIRO recommend theuse of a salary multiplier of 3.0; that is, they estimate that the cost of supportingresearchers in a laboratory environment in a typical institution is, on average, equal tothe direct salary costs of research staff plus an overhead component of two times thedirect salary costs for research staff, a total cost equal to three times the direct salarycosts.If applicants consider that certain specific items are not covered by the multiplier, suchas a particular specialised item of equipment, they may make a separate claim for them.Applicants should note however that regardless of the approach chosen to estimate thevalue of their contributions, they should include a profile of the human resources, bothCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 12
  • 23. technical and research, that will be made available to the Centre by the participatinginstitutions.Once a proposal is selected for funding, the estimates provided in the application willhave to be adjusted based on a detailed assessment of the actual cost of resources to bemade available by the participants to the Centre.5.4 Use of program fundsA flexible approach will be taken to the allowable uses of Program funds and it isenvisaged that Program funds might be used for:. capital items, including equipment and buildings;. salaries for researchers and support staff, fellowships and student stipends, and salaryon-costs;. the direct costs ofresearch;. indirect support costs.5.5 Gontracts between participating organisationsParticipating organisations will be expected to negotiate formal agreements with oneanother. These agreements will be annexed to the Centre.These agreements should cover matters such as the conditions of employment of staff,including superannuation, long-service leave, workers compensation and terminationpayments, ownership of intellectual property, commercialisation and licensing ofresearch results, ownership of buildings and equipment, disposal of assets in the eventof the dissolution of the Centre, and any other matters relevant to an equitable sharingof the costs and benefits of the work of the Centre.The question often arises whether the parties should be required to form an incorporatedjoint venture. An incorporated joint venture establishes a legal entity separate from thejoint venture partners. Depending on the legal documents supporting the incorporation,such the Centre could own property, employ people and have its own bank accounts.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 13
  • 24. 5.6 Reporting requirementsThe Centre will be required to provide an arurual report of activities. The report shouldbe set in the context of the Centre overall research, educational and business strategy. Itshould contain details of the operation of the Centre over the preceding financial year,and plans for the next year, including:. progress towards targets in the research program of the Centre, covering the researchprojects undertaken, the researchers involved in each project, and the anticipatedresearch outcomes;. progress in the education and training programs, including participation by non-highereducation staff:. the development of linkages and cooperative arrangements, including networkingarrangements for the Centre;. progress in capturing the benefits of research in industrial and other applications;. progress towards operational targets, including the employment of staff, the purchaseof equipment, the provision of buildings and facilities and the funding from all sourcesapplied to each project;. statistical information relevant to the agreed performance indicators.The report must also contain an annual certified financial statement. This statementshould incorporate details from both the current and the preceding financial years aswell as estimates of future expenditure.Annual reports will be used by the Committee to monitor the performance of the Centrein relation to Program objectives.5.7 EvaluationEvaluation is an important element in the management of the Centre. The identificationof the Centre objectives and milestones, and the regular assessment of performanceagainst these targets, are crucial to it remaining a dynamic and internationallycompetitive research and educational organisation. In this contextobjectives refers tothe long-term mission of the Centre, andmilestones are specific targets.For this reason the Centre will be required to develop an evaluation strategy whichidentifies what its particular objectives and milestones are, and the indicators that willbe used to measure performance against them. The strategy should also outline the waysthese will be built in to the management and decision-making processes of the Centre.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 14
  • 25. The Committee may require an earlier evaluation if, in its view, circumstances havearisen which significantly affect the continued successful operation of the Centre ormake it unlikely that the objectives of the Program will be achieved.6. CRITERIAThese criteria are grouped together into five categories, covering the cooperativearrangements, research and researchers, education and training, application of theresearch, and management and budget.6.1 Cooperative arrangementsA primary focus of the Program, which distinguishes it from other research programs inAustralia, is the enhancement of cooperative linkages among researchers, and betweenresearchers and research users. The Program is intended to bring together researchersand research groups from university, government research laboratories both Federal andState and the private sector, into long-term cooperative relationships. There should be asignificant degree of integration of the research activities of the participants in theCentre. Applicants are expected to provide evidence that real, workable and productivecooperative arrangements will be put in place, supported by adequate managementstructures, and that those arrangements will result in additions to or enhancement ofexisting research activities.The likelihood that the Centre will enhance and build on Iinks between theparticipating research groups and organisations, and integrate and enhance theirresearch activities.6.2 Research and researchersThe Centre are expected to be at the leading edge of international research in theparticular area concerned. The research programs must be of the highest intemationalquality. They should be feasible given the people involved and the resources available.They should also have the potential to significantly add to the current body of researchin the area under consideration. In considering the research programs, regard shouldalso be had to their relevance to Australia.The Director and key researchers should be of the highest quality internationally, withestablished records of research achievement in the particular area. They should be ableCooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 15
  • 26. to make significant new contributions to the international body of knowledge in theareas of their expertise.The quality of the proposed research program, taking into account: . its feasibility as presented; . the significance of the researchl and . the likelihood of important advances.6.3 Education and trainingA key element of the Program is that the Centre make a significant contribution toeducation and training. The Centre should offer innovative programs which draw on theskills of researchers from outside the university system not normally involved ineducation, and provide a link to research users.The extent to which researchers from throughout the Centre are involved ineducation programs.6.4 Application of the ResearchThe Program is intended to establish links between researchers and research users, toprovide a channel whereby the knowledge generated in the Centre might result inbenefit to Australia and contribute to national objectives. These include thedevelopment and strengthening of internationally competitive industry sectors, thehealth and well-being of Australian society, and the understanding and management ofthe environment.A broad definition of research user is intended. A user might be an industry sector, agroup of firms, or a Government department.The Centre will be expected to establish and maintain long-term programs of basic or will be complemented by a series of shorter-strategic research, it is expected that theseterm, more applied research projects which will be embedded in the overall programs ofthe Centre"The degree of involvement of potential research users in the Centre, including: . the development of its research strategy;Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 16
  • 27. _-----the role of the participating groups and the key researchers in each area of activity;. involvement of research users;. plans for the commercialisation of research results; the evaluation strategy of the Centre, including objectives, milestones, andperformance assessment information;. Details of how Program firnds and other cash willbe spent.Cooperative Research Centre Program by Dr. F. Sidrak May 4,2001 8:21PM 18

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