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How do people understand time?

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Part # 1: What time is it – where? …

Part # 1: What time is it – where?
Part # 2: What effect does individualism have on speed in life?
Part # 3: What effect does high speed in life have on wealth?
Part # 4: What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities?
Part # 5: What effect does high speed in life have on stress?
Part # 6: What effect does temperature have on speed in life?
Part # 7: To what extent do people focus on past, present, and/or future?

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  • 1. How do people understand time?
  • 2. Part # 1: What time is it – where? Part # 2: What effect does individualism have on speed in life? Part # 3: What effect does high speed in life have on wealth? Part # 4: What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities? Part # 5: What effect does high speed in life have on stress? Part # 6: What effect does temperature have on speed in life? Part # 7: To what extent do people focus on past, present, and/or future?
  • 3. Part # 1 What time is it – where?
  • 4. http://www.timeanddate.com/ http://time.is/
  • 5. Part # 2 What effect does individualism have on speed in life?
  • 6. Individualistic cultures move faster than those that emphasize collectivism. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 497.
  • 7. High individualism High individualism http://www.imagebase.net/Concept/World-Map-Dark
  • 8. High speed in life High speed in life http://www.imagebase.net/Concept/World-Map-Dark
  • 9. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2237. Overall pace of life – top 9 countries
  • 10. There is evidence that, taken as a whole, the Swiss do tend to be more clock-conscious than the Italians. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 210.
  • 11. Anglo-American culture is addicted to rapid and perpetual change, in everything from fashion to entertainment to the homes and cities where people choose to live. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 917.
  • 12. Studies done in the USA in 1988 showed that the average American spent the equivalent of  5 years of life standing in line,  6 months sitting at traffic lights, and  2 years trying to return phone calls. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 1805.
  • 13. Individualists and collectivists among Japanese adults Matsumoto, David Ricki: The New Japan, p. 46.
  • 14. Individualists and collectivists among Japanese students Matsumoto, David Ricki: The New Japan, p. 45.
  • 15. Further inspiration on individualism http://www.scribd.com/doc/35468260/Individualism
  • 16. Part # 3 What effect does high speed in life have on wealth?
  • 17. Wealth in the world https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/368327/2012_global_wealth_report.pdf
  • 18. The fastest people we found were in the wealthier North American, Northern European, and Asian nations. The slowest were in 3rd world countries, particularly those in South and Central America and the Middle East. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 364.
  • 19. Compared to collectivistic cultures, individualistic cultures put more emphasis on achievement than on affiliation. The focus on achievement leads to a ”time is money” mindset, which in turn results in urgency to make every moment count. Sources Research by Harry Triandis, a social psychologist at the University of Illinois who is considered the foremost expert on the topic of individualism-collectivism. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 507.
  • 20. Gross Domestic Product of China since 1952 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Prc1952-2005gdp.gif
  • 21. http://www.economist.com/research/articlesBySubject/displaystory.cfm?subjectid=7933596&story_id=16834943 AhistoryofworldGDP
  • 22. Part # 4 What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities?
  • 23. Bigger cities have faster tempos. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462.
  • 24. Part # 5 What effect does high speed in life have on stress?
  • 25. Divorce is much higher in individualistic nations. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2642.
  • 26. Paradox Economic vitality, individualism, and time urgency 1. provide material comforts that enhance the quality of life. 2. create stressors that lead to unhealthy habits like cigarette smoking and coronary heart disease. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2627.
  • 27. http://pewglobal.org/reports/pdf/257.pdf Relation between wealth and happiness around the world
  • 28. Time is a created thing. To say “I don't have time” is to say “I don't want to.” Lao Tzu http://www.ideachampions.com/weblogs/archives/2011/01/1_to_achieve_gr.shtml
  • 29. Part # 6 What effect does temperature have on speed in life?
  • 30. People in warmer places are operating on slower internal clocks. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462 and 646.
  • 31. http://www.sportsclb.com/usain-bolt/ Exception on the athlectics field: Usain Bolt of Jamaica
  • 32. The nearer you are to equator, in an environment where climate doesn’t change, the more present oriented you are. Sources http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3oIiH7BLmg http://hotwomenonthecentralline.wikispaces.com/
  • 33. Mexico Brazil Indonesia Levine,Robert:AGeographyofTime,location489. The3countrieswith thelowestspeed
  • 34. Mexican-Americans differentiate between hora inglesa – which refers to the actual time on the clock – and hora mexicana – which treats the time on the clock considerably more casually. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 376.
  • 35. Part # 7 To what extent do people focus on past, present, and/or future?
  • 36. The problem is when you are hungry and you have malaria and you just want to feed your kids, you are not thinking long term. http://mediastorm.com/publication/african-air, minute 6.
  • 37. Catholics tend to be oriented towards past or present. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3oIiH7BLmg
  • 38. In the West, we’d sit on the bridge and gaze at the barges that come and go and never mind about what’s going on behind the river bend. East Asians would view the whole river from spring to mouth, and follow up the barge all the way to the dock. http://kolindkuren.dk/2014/01/25/ambition-china-and-europe/#comment-413120
  • 39. Further inspiration http://youtu.be/2XkV6IpV2Y0