How do we
understand
time?
https://openclipart.org/detail/19414/digital-clock-by-manio1-19414
Part # 1: What time is it – where?
Part # 2: Do you do 1 thing at a time or more things at a time?
Part # 3: Do you work o...
Part # 1
What time is it – where?
http://www.timeanddate.com/
http://time.is/
Part # 2
Do you do 1 thing at a time
or more things at a time?
http://uk.businessinsider.com/the-culture-map-8-scales-for-work-2015-1
When meetings are scheduled between 2 people,
it is not unusual for a Chinese to arrive 15 to 30
minutes early in order to...
The Americans are not the only ones who sanctify
timekeeping, for it is practically a religion in Switzerland
and Germany,...
There is evidence that, taken as a whole, the
Swiss do tend to be more clock-conscious
than the Italians.
Levine, Robert: ...
People reach
better results by
working on only
1 task at a time
People reach
better results by
multitasking
On a scale fro...
Further inspiration
http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/facilitationmoderation-of-meetings
Part # 3
Do you work on a task during
1 long period or during more
short periods?
People reach better results
by working on tasks during
more short periods
People reach better
results by working on
tasks ...
Further inspiration
http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/inputs-to-become-more-agile
Part # 4
To what extent do you
focus on past, present,
and/or future?
Studies show that long term orientation
first decreases and then increases with
GDP per capita.
http://www.na-businesspres...
Long term orientation
GDP per capita
http://www.na-businesspress.com/jabe/coxweb12-6.pdf
With an increase in income, individuals tend to
initially increase spending and decrease savings.
As GDP per capita contin...
The problem is when you are hungry and
you have malaria and you just want to feed
your kids, you are not thinking long ter...
Catholics tend to be oriented
towards past or present.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3oIiH7BLmg
People think about
the present and
the near future
People think about
the present and
the past
On a scale from 10 to 1,
ho...
Further inspiration
http://youtu.be/2XkV6IpV2Y0
Part # 5
How quickly do you want
to move from a to b?
Individualistic cultures move faster
than those that emphasize collectivism.
Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location...
High individualism
and high speed in
life and high
http://www.imagebase.net/Concept/World-Map-Dark
High individualism
and ...
Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2237.
Overall pace of life –
top 9 countries
Anglo-American culture is addicted to rapid and
perpetual action and change, in everything from
fashion to entertainment t...
Studies done in the USA in 1988 showed that
the average American spent the equivalent of
 5 years of life standing in lin...
Further inspiration
http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/individualism-41014546
Part # 6
What effect does high speed
in life have on wealth?
Wealth in the world
https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/368327/2012_global_wealth_report.pdf
Compared to collectivistic cultures, individualistic
cultures put more emphasis on achievement than
on affiliation.
The fo...
The fastest people we found were in the wealthier North
American, Northern European, and Asian nations.
The slowest were i...
Gross Domestic Product of China since 1952
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Prc1952-2005gdp.gif
http://www.economist.com/research/articlesBySubject/displaystory.cfm?subjectid=7933596&story_id=16834943
AhistoryofworldGDP
Part # 7
What effect does high
speed in life have on
the size of cities?
Bigger cities have faster tempos.
Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462.
Part # 8
What effect does high
speed in life have on stress?
http://pewglobal.org/reports/pdf/257.pdf
Relation
between
wealth and
happiness
around the
world
In America men with a college degree saw
their leisure time drop by 6 hours between
1985 and 2005.
One explanation is that...
Paradox
Economic vitality, individualism, and time urgency
1. provide material comforts that enhance the
quality of life.
...
Divorce is much higher in individualistic nations.
Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2642.
In an analysis of international time-stress data,
Jungmin Lee found that complaints about
insufficient time come dispropor...
Time is a created thing. To say “I don't
have time” is to say “I don't want to.”
Lao Tzu
http://www.ideachampions.com/webl...
Further inspiration
http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/what-is-the-company-purpose
http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalb...
Part # 9
What effect does temperature
have on speed in life?
Mexico
Brazil
Indonesia
Levine,Robert:AGeographyofTime,location489.
The3countrieswith
thelowestspeed
Mexican-Americans differentiate between hora
inglesa – which refers to the actual time on the
clock – and hora mexicana – ...
The nearer you are to
equator, in an environment
where climate doesn’t
change, the more present
oriented you are.
Sources
...
People in warmer places are operating
on slower internal clocks.
Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462 and 646.
http://www.sportsclb.com/usain-bolt/
Exception: Usain Bolt of Jamaica
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How do people understand time?

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Part # 1: What time is it – where?
Part # 2: Do you do 1 thing at a time or more things at a time?
Part # 3: Do you work on a task during 1 long period or during more short periods?
Part # 4: To what extent do you focus on past, present, and/or future?
Part # 5: How quickly do you want to move from a to b?
Part # 6: What effect does high speed in life have on wealth?
Part # 7: What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities?
Part # 8: What effect does high speed in life have on stress?
Part # 9: What effect does temperature have on speed in life?

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How do people understand time?

  1. 1. How do we understand time? https://openclipart.org/detail/19414/digital-clock-by-manio1-19414
  2. 2. Part # 1: What time is it – where? Part # 2: Do you do 1 thing at a time or more things at a time? Part # 3: Do you work on a task during 1 long period or during more short periods? Part # 4: To what extent do you focus on past, present, and/or future? Part # 5: How quickly do you want to move from a to b? Part # 6: What effect does high speed in life have on wealth? Part # 7: What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities? Part # 8: What effect does high speed in life have on stress? Part # 9: What effect does temperature have on speed in life?
  3. 3. Part # 1 What time is it – where?
  4. 4. http://www.timeanddate.com/ http://time.is/
  5. 5. Part # 2 Do you do 1 thing at a time or more things at a time?
  6. 6. http://uk.businessinsider.com/the-culture-map-8-scales-for-work-2015-1
  7. 7. When meetings are scheduled between 2 people, it is not unusual for a Chinese to arrive 15 to 30 minutes early in order to finish the business before the time appointed for its discussion, so not stealing any of the other person’s time. http://www.businessinsider.com/how-different-cultures-understand-time-2014-5
  8. 8. The Americans are not the only ones who sanctify timekeeping, for it is practically a religion in Switzerland and Germany, too. These countries, along with Britain, the Anglo-Saxon world in general, the Netherlands, Austria and Scandinavia, have a linear vision of time and action. They suspect, like the Americans, that time is being wasted without decisions being made or actions being performed. http://www.businessinsider.com/how-different-cultures-understand-time-2014-5#ixzz34FgrZ6Nc
  9. 9. There is evidence that, taken as a whole, the Swiss do tend to be more clock-conscious than the Italians. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 210.
  10. 10. People reach better results by working on only 1 task at a time People reach better results by multitasking On a scale from 10 to 1, how many points would you give? 101
  11. 11. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/facilitationmoderation-of-meetings
  12. 12. Part # 3 Do you work on a task during 1 long period or during more short periods?
  13. 13. People reach better results by working on tasks during more short periods People reach better results by working on tasks during 1 long period 1 10 On a scale from 10 to 1, how many points would you give?
  14. 14. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/inputs-to-become-more-agile
  15. 15. Part # 4 To what extent do you focus on past, present, and/or future?
  16. 16. Studies show that long term orientation first decreases and then increases with GDP per capita. http://www.na-businesspress.com/jabe/coxweb12-6.pdf
  17. 17. Long term orientation GDP per capita http://www.na-businesspress.com/jabe/coxweb12-6.pdf
  18. 18. With an increase in income, individuals tend to initially increase spending and decrease savings. As GDP per capita continues to improve living conditions and longevity, individual savings must increase to accommodate retirement needs. http://www.na-businesspress.com/jabe/coxweb12-6.pdf
  19. 19. The problem is when you are hungry and you have malaria and you just want to feed your kids, you are not thinking long term. http://mediastorm.com/publication/african-air, minute 6.
  20. 20. Catholics tend to be oriented towards past or present. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3oIiH7BLmg
  21. 21. People think about the present and the near future People think about the present and the past On a scale from 10 to 1, how many points would you give? 101
  22. 22. Further inspiration http://youtu.be/2XkV6IpV2Y0
  23. 23. Part # 5 How quickly do you want to move from a to b?
  24. 24. Individualistic cultures move faster than those that emphasize collectivism. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 497.
  25. 25. High individualism and high speed in life and high http://www.imagebase.net/Concept/World-Map-Dark High individualism and high speed in life and high
  26. 26. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2237. Overall pace of life – top 9 countries
  27. 27. Anglo-American culture is addicted to rapid and perpetual action and change, in everything from fashion to entertainment to the homes and cities where people choose to live. Time is a precious, even scarce, commodity. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 917. http://www.businessinsider.com/how-different-cultures-understand-time-2014-5#ixzz34FgrZ6Nc
  28. 28. Studies done in the USA in 1988 showed that the average American spent the equivalent of  5 years of life standing in line,  6 months sitting at traffic lights, and  2 years trying to return phone calls. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 1805.
  29. 29. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/individualism-41014546
  30. 30. Part # 6 What effect does high speed in life have on wealth?
  31. 31. Wealth in the world https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/368327/2012_global_wealth_report.pdf
  32. 32. Compared to collectivistic cultures, individualistic cultures put more emphasis on achievement than on affiliation. The focus on achievement leads to a ”time is money” mindset, which in turn results in urgency to make every moment count. Sources Research by Harry Triandis, a social psychologist at the University of Illinois who is considered the foremost expert on the topic of individualism-collectivism. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 507.
  33. 33. The fastest people we found were in the wealthier North American, Northern European, and Asian nations. The slowest were in 3rd world countries, particularly those in South and Central America and the Middle East. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 364.
  34. 34. Gross Domestic Product of China since 1952 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Prc1952-2005gdp.gif
  35. 35. http://www.economist.com/research/articlesBySubject/displaystory.cfm?subjectid=7933596&story_id=16834943 AhistoryofworldGDP
  36. 36. Part # 7 What effect does high speed in life have on the size of cities?
  37. 37. Bigger cities have faster tempos. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462.
  38. 38. Part # 8 What effect does high speed in life have on stress?
  39. 39. http://pewglobal.org/reports/pdf/257.pdf Relation between wealth and happiness around the world
  40. 40. In America men with a college degree saw their leisure time drop by 6 hours between 1985 and 2005. One explanation is that college-educated workers are more likely to enjoy what they do for a living, and identify closely with their careers, so work long hours willingly. http://www.economist.com/news/christmas-specials/21636612-time-poverty-problem-partly-perception-and-partly-distribution-why
  41. 41. Paradox Economic vitality, individualism, and time urgency 1. provide material comforts that enhance the quality of life. 2. create stressors that lead to unhealthy habits like cigarette smoking and coronary heart disease. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2627.
  42. 42. Divorce is much higher in individualistic nations. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 2642.
  43. 43. In an analysis of international time-stress data, Jungmin Lee found that complaints about insufficient time come disproportionately from well-off families. http://www.economist.com/news/christmas-specials/21636612-time-poverty-problem-partly-perception-and-partly-distribution-why
  44. 44. Time is a created thing. To say “I don't have time” is to say “I don't want to.” Lao Tzu http://www.ideachampions.com/weblogs/archives/2011/01/1_to_achieve_gr.shtml
  45. 45. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/what-is-the-company-purpose http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/ideas-to-prevent-stress
  46. 46. Part # 9 What effect does temperature have on speed in life?
  47. 47. Mexico Brazil Indonesia Levine,Robert:AGeographyofTime,location489. The3countrieswith thelowestspeed
  48. 48. Mexican-Americans differentiate between hora inglesa – which refers to the actual time on the clock – and hora mexicana – which treats the time on the clock considerably more casually. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 376.
  49. 49. The nearer you are to equator, in an environment where climate doesn’t change, the more present oriented you are. Sources http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3oIiH7BLmg http://hotwomenonthecentralline.wikispaces.com/
  50. 50. People in warmer places are operating on slower internal clocks. Levine, Robert: A Geography of Time, location 462 and 646.
  51. 51. http://www.sportsclb.com/usain-bolt/ Exception: Usain Bolt of Jamaica

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