Switzerland

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Part # 1
Cities and other places in Switzerland.

Part # 2
A. Who live in Switzerland?
B. Where do Swiss people, who live outside Switzerland, live?

Part # 3
Some services and communities in Switzerland.

Part # 4
The political system in Switzerland.

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Switzerland

  1. 1. Switzerland
  2. 2. Part 1 Some services and communities in Switzerland. Part 2 People living in Switzerland.
  3. 3. Part 1 Some services and communities in Switzerland
  4. 4. Food services and communities
  5. 5. Rooftop greenhouse in Basel with fresh fish and healthy vegetables http://urbanfarmers.com/projects/basel/
  6. 6. Sources http://www.aldi-suisse.ch/ http://www.bachsermaert.ch/ http://www.barkat.ch/ http://www.coop.ch/ http://www.migipedia.ch/ http://www.migros.ch/
  7. 7. Transportation services and communities
  8. 8. Sources https://bringbee.ch http://www.mitfahrgelegenheit.ch/ http://www.mobility.ch http://parkit.ch http://www.parku.ch https://sharoo.com http://www.zvv.ch
  9. 9. Price comparison services
  10. 10. Source http://www.toppreise.ch/ http://www.comparis.ch/
  11. 11. Healthcare services and communities
  12. 12. Sources http://www.galenica.com/ http://www.lonza.com/ http://www.novartis.com/ http://www.roche.com/
  13. 13. When I talk about telemedicine, I always cite the example of Medgate, out of Basel. Medgate is very successful. The service currently handles around 4,000 or 5,000 patients a day: people call in either by phone or the Internet. Sources S. Yunkap Kwankam, CEO, Global eHealth Consultants. https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/373475/global_investor_healthcare_en.pdf http://www2.medgate.ch/
  14. 14. Instructions on how to do exercises
  15. 15. http://www.zurichvitaparcours.ch/
  16. 16. Innovation services and communities
  17. 17. Sources https://www.atizo.com/ http://www.forumenergie.ch/ https://www.mila.com/ http://swissvolunteer.ch/ http://zurich.impacthub.net/ https://twitter.com/OpenDataZurich/
  18. 18. Funding services and communities
  19. 19. Sources https://www.cashare.ch/ http://c-crowd.com/ http://impact.sosense.org/ https://www.investiere.ch/
  20. 20. Sources http://www.bankcoop.ch/ https://www.credit-suisse.com/ http://www.kantonalbank.ch/ http://www.migrosbank.ch http://www.raiffeisen.ch/ http://www.ubs.com
  21. 21. Trading services and communities
  22. 22. Trading centres in Switzerland with large market shares http://www.news.admin.ch/NSBSubscriber/message/attachments/30136.pdf
  23. 23. GlencoreXstrata is the world leader in copper, coal, and zinc trading. http://www.news.admin.ch/NSBSubscriber/message/attachments/30136.pdf, page 12.
  24. 24. In Switzerland, 70% - 80% of the financing for commodity trading is provided by the banks. In Switzerland, it is mainly French banks, such as BNP Paribas and Crédit Agricole, the two large Swiss banks [UBS and Credit Suisse], and various cantonal banks that are involved in commodity trade financing. http://www.news.admin.ch/NSBSubscriber/message/attachments/30136.pdf
  25. 25. Insurance services and communities
  26. 26. Sources http://cgd.swissre.com/ https://openminds.swissre.com/ http://www.swissre.com/
  27. 27. Part 2 People living in Switzerland
  28. 28. Who live in Switzerland?
  29. 29. More than 20% of the people living in Switzerland are not Swiss citizens. In Europe, only Luxembourg and Liechtenstein have higher proportions. http://www.swissworld.org/en/people/the_swiss_population/foreigners/
  30. 30. People from more than 170 nations live in Zürich. http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/politik/schweiz/zuerich_kann_durchaus_noch_wachsen_1.10659070.html
  31. 31. About half of players on the Swiss national football team have their origin from other countries than Switzerland. Sources https://www.bfm.admin.ch//content/dam/data/bfm/broschuere-bfm-d.pdf http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schweizer_Fussballnationalmannschaft
  32. 32. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/themen/01/07/blank/key/01/01.html 10% of nonSwiss citizens, who live in Switzerland, come from Asia or Africa.
  33. 33. Swiss people who live outside Switzerland
  34. 34. More than 700,000 Swiss people, i.e. about 10% of the population, live in countries outside Switzerland. Sources http://aso.ch/en/information/statistics http://www.swissemigration.ch/eda/en/home/serv/swiabr/swissa.html
  35. 35. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/schweizer_im_ausland.html Where do the 700,000 Swiss people, who live outside Switzerland, live?
  36. 36. Where do the 700,000 Swiss people, who live outside Switzerland, live? Place Percentage France 26% Germany 11% USA 11% Italy 7% Canada UK Australia 5.5% 4% 3.5% Spain 3% Brazil 2% Austria 2% Israel 2% New Zealand 1% Thailand 1% Belgium 1% China 0.5% Denmark 0.5% http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/schweizer_im_ausland.html
  37. 37. Medium power distance
  38. 38. Swiss culture Power distance Individualism http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance
  39. 39. The decision of Napoleon to withdraw the French troops from Switzerland in July 1802 gave the signal to the partisans of federalism: On August 1st, 1802 the citizens of Schwyz, Nidwalden, Obwalden met for the "Landsgemeinde". Napoleon had understood that centralistic state had no chance to be accepted in Switzerland. Therefore the constitution elaborated by his mediation gave most of the competencies to the 19 cantons of the new Swiss federation. http://history-switzerland.geschichte-schweiz.ch/swiss-revolution-helvetic-republic-1798.html
  40. 40. Im Gegensatz zu fast allen Ländern der Welt entstand die Schweiz in den Dörfern und Tälern und Städten: von unten nach oben. Kein Monarch arrondierte sein Gebiet, kein Zentralstaat trieb die Untertanen zusammen. Die Seele der Schweiz. Die Weltwoche, Nummer 2, 2008.
  41. 41. Formal population involvement in voting is strong Voting dates http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/pore/va/vab_1_3_3_1.html
  42. 42. Real participation in voting is weak http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/17/03/blank/key/stimmbeteiligung.html
  43. 43. Un certain nombre de domaines sont ainsi gérés uniquement au niveau cantonal. On y trouve par exemple  l’éducation (sauf les universités fédérales),  la gestion des hôpitaux (sauf les hôpitaux communaux et privés),  la construction et l’entretien de la majorité des routes (sauf les autoroutes et routes nationales)  et la police (contrairement à l’armée),  d’autres charges sociales ou encore  le contrôle de la fiscalité. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suisse
  44. 44. High individualism
  45. 45. Swiss culture Power distance Individualism http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance
  46. 46. Switzerland is outside the EU
  47. 47. No matter what I did, I could not seem to get information flowing, especially laterally across divisional, functional, or geographical boundaries. Schein, Edgar: Organizational Culture and Leadership. Experiences working for the Ciba-Geigy company.
  48. 48. I eventually discoved that there was a strong shared assumption that each manager’s job was his or her private ”turf”, not to be infringed on. Schein, Edgar: Organizational Culture and Leadership. Experiences working for the Ciba-Geigy company.
  49. 49. Most problematic factor for doing business in Switzerland: Inadequately educated workforce http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2013-14.pdf
  50. 50. Vor etwa 100 Millionen Jahren, als das Gebiet der Schweiz noch unter Wasser lag und zu so genannten Tetysmeer gehörte, begannen sich durch Sedimentablagerungen die Alpen zu bilden. Als Folge dieser dramatischen geologischen Veränderungen entstanden auch der Jura und das Mittelland. Alpen, Jura und Mittelland bilden die drei beherrschenden geologischen, landschaftlichen und nicht zuletzt auch kulturgeschichtlich bedeutsamen Teile der heutigen Schweiz. Chronik der Schweiz, s. 9.
  51. 51. German speaking http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schweiz French speaking Romansh speaking Italian speaking
  52. 52. Der Schweizer mag es nicht, wenn sein Nachbar zu nahe kommt. Mr. Jacques Herzog http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/web-tv/standpunkte/sendungen_1.2166738.html?video=1.12942647, minute 17.
  53. 53. High masculinity
  54. 54. Swiss culture Power distance Individualism http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance
  55. 55. 1971 Women are allowed to vote at Swiss elections. 1990 Women are allowed to vote in Appenzell Innerrhoden, Switzerland. Sources http://demokratie.geschichte-schweiz.ch/chronologie-frauenstimmrecht-schweiz.html http://www.swissworld.org/en/people/women/the_right_to_vote/ http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/suffrage.htm
  56. 56. Women earn much less than men for similar work http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2013/
  57. 57. In Switzerland, mothers invest twice as many hours per week in household work as fathers do http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/wirtschaft/wirtschaftsnachrichten/muetter-arbeiten-doppelt-so-viel-wie-vaeter-1.18180452
  58. 58. Relatively high uncertainty avoidance
  59. 59. Swiss culture Power distance Individualism http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance
  60. 60. What does Switzerland stand for? http://emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/article/index.cfm?fuseaction=OpenArticle&aoid=249692&refresh=true&lang=EN
  61. 61. German culture is extremely protective of privacy and private information. http://www.managementexchange.com/story/roche-oversight-insight
  62. 62. https://index.okfn.org/country Switzerland ranks # 20 on open data index
  63. 63. The swiss agriculture is heavily protected. The surrounding farms in Austria, Bavaria or northern Italy have the same climatic and geographic conditions, but are bigger and more productive with half the prices. http://cdh.epfl.ch/files/content/sites/cdh/files/shared/docs_ch/B.%20Kappeler%20Economy%20I.pdf
  64. 64. Voting dates are planned until the year 2033 http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/pore/va/vab_1_3_3_1.html
  65. 65. At Ciba-Geigy, everything was planned to the level of the smallest detail. I had to provide a plan that showed virtually minute by minute what would happen during the 2 days, and the company was clearly willing to commit all the time it might take to design as nearly perfect a meeting as possible. Schein, Edgar H.: Organizational Culture and Leadership, p. 367-368.
  66. 66. http://frankcalberg.blogspot.com/2009/06/example-of-order-in-switzerland.html Attention to detail
  67. 67. http://www.swiss-miss.com/2010/07/thorough-swiss.html Attention to detail
  68. 68. https://twitter.com/ooniboni/status/219070054929670145
  69. 69. Durch Stress entstehen in der Schweiz jährlich Kosten von CHF 4,2 Milliarden. Sources Fehlt die Anerkennung, kann Arbeit krank machen. 20 Minuten, September 10th, 2008. http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/wirtschaft/aktuell/wenn_der_stress_am_arbeitsplatz_zu_gross_wird_1.1695235.html
  70. 70. German-speaking Switzerland Could be characterized as a well-oiled machine. French-speaking Switzerland Could be characterized by hierarchy and an impersonal bureaucracy. Empirical assessment of Geert Hofstede. http://www.unisg.ch/www/edis.nsf/wwwDisplayIdentifier/2787/$FILE/dis2787.pdf , p. 140.

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