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  1. 1. Switzerland
  2. 2. Part # 1 Some places in Switzerland
  3. 3. http://www.geonames.org/CH/largest-cities-in-switzerland.html City Number of people living there Zürich 340,000 people. Geneva 185,000 people. Basel 165,000 people. Bern 120,000 people. Lausanne 115,000 people. The 5 largest cities in Switzerland
  4. 4. https://vimeo.com/101531805 Images of Switzerland
  5. 5. https://youtu.be/QQjAhAg8urQ Lucerne
  6. 6. https://vimeo.com/175275823 Montreux and Vevey
  7. 7. Further inspiration https://www.youtube.com/user/voilamasuisse/videos
  8. 8. Part # 2 Swiss languages
  9. 9. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Map_Languages_CH.png
  10. 10. Examples of Swiss German words Exgüsi / sorri = Excuse me / sorry. Grüezi = Hello. Guetsli = Biscuits. Handy / Natel = Mobile phone / Smartphone. Herdöpfel = Potatoes. Hoi = Hello. Luege = Look. Poulet = Chicken. Rüebli = Carrot. Schoggi = Chocolate. Trottoir = Sidewalk / Walkway. Velo = Bicycle.
  11. 11. Part # 3 People who live in Switzerland
  12. 12. More than 8 million people live in Switzerland. The country of origin for about 25% of people living in Switzerland is another country than Switzerland. http://www.bk.admin.ch/dokumentation/02070/index.html
  13. 13. The countries of origin of about half of the players on the Swiss national football team are other countries than Switzerland. Sources https://www.bfm.admin.ch//content/dam/data/bfm/broschuere-bfm-d.pdf http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schweizer_Fussballnationalmannschaft
  14. 14. http://kariem.ch/ Kariem Hussein. His father grew up in Cairo, Egypt. His mother grew up in Tägerwilen, Switzerland.
  15. 15. https://www.facebook.com/pages/Mujinga-Kambundji/1429621130606549 Mujinga Kambundji. Her father comes from Congo, and her mother comes from Bern, Switzerland.
  16. 16. A story about Yvonne Apiyo Brändle-Amolo. http://webreportagen.beobachter.ch/bruchtum/
  17. 17. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/news/medienmitteilungen.Document.132630.pdf Mainly thanks to migration, the population of Switzerland will increase from 7.8 million permanent residents at the end of 2009 to 9 million in 2060. The proportion of people aged 65 or over will increase from 17% today to more than 28% at the end of 2060.
  18. 18. http://blog.tagesanzeiger.ch/datenblog/index.php/1288/wo-die-grossverdiener-wohnen Income differences across Switzerland Basel Zürich Bern Geneva ThunSt. Gallen
  19. 19. Part # 4 Swiss people who live outside Switzerland
  20. 20. More than 700,000 Swiss people, i.e. about 10% of the population, live in countries outside Switzerland. Sources http://aso.ch/en/information/statistics http://www.swissemigration.ch/eda/en/home/serv/swiabr/swissa.html
  21. 21. Where do the 700,000 Swiss people, who live outside Switzerland, live? http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/schweizer_im_ausland.html
  22. 22. Where do the 700,000 Swiss people, who live outside Switzerland, live? Place Percentage France 26% Germany 11% USA 11% Italy 7% Canada 5.5% UK 4% Australia 3.5% Spain 3% Brazil 2% Austria 2% Israel 2% New Zealand 1% Thailand 1% Belgium 1% China 0.5% Denmark 0.5% http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/01/02/blank/key/schweizer_im_ausland.html
  23. 23. 3,200 Swiss people live in Denmark. http://dkch.info/ https://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/fdfa/representations-and-travel-advice/denmark/switzerland-denmark.html
  24. 24. Part # 5 Medium power distance in Switzerland
  25. 25. Power distance Individualism Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance Swiss culture http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html
  26. 26. http://history-switzerland.geschichte-schweiz.ch/swiss-revolution-helvetic-republic-1798.html The decision of Napoleon to withdraw the French troops from Switzerland in July 1802 gave the signal to the partisans of federalism: On August 1st, 1802 the citizens of Schwyz, Nidwalden, Obwalden met for the "Landsgemeinde". Napoleon had understood that centralistic state had no chance to be accepted in Switzerland. Therefore the constitution elaborated by his mediation gave most of the competencies to the 19 cantons of the new Swiss federation.
  27. 27. Im Gegensatz zu fast allen Ländern der Welt entstand die Schweiz in den Dörfern und Tälern und Städten: von unten nach oben. Kein Monarch arrondierte sein Gebiet, kein Zentralstaat trieb die Untertanen zusammen. Die Seele der Schweiz. Die Weltwoche, Nummer 2, 2008.
  28. 28. http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/pore/va/vab_1_3_3_1.html Formal population involvement in voting is strong
  29. 29. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/themen/17/03/blank/key/stimmbeteiligung.html Less than 50% of people, who are allowed to vote, vote.
  30. 30. Elections in Zürich in 2010  33% of people under the age of 30 voted.  70% of men aged 80 voted. http://www.nzz.ch/zuerich/zhwahl15/die-jungen-lassen-lieber-die-alten-waehlen-1.18519640
  31. 31. Part # 6 High individualism in Switzerland
  32. 32. Power distance Individualism Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance Switzerland scores relatively high on individualism http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html
  33. 33. Switzerland is outside the EU
  34. 34. Switzerland is a member neither of the EU nor of the looser European Economic Area (EEA) that includes Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Nevertheless, a web of more than 100 bilateral treaties binds the Swiss tightly into the “4 freedoms” of movement underpinning the EU’s single market: Freedom of goods, services, people and capital. http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21596567-referendum-europes-freedom-movement-will-have-big-consequences-switzerlands-crossbow
  35. 35. Schein, Edgar: Organizational Culture and Leadership. Experiences working for the Ciba-Geigy company. No matter what I did, I could not seem to get information flowing, especially laterally across divisional, functional, or geographical boundaries.
  36. 36. I eventually discoved that there was a strong shared assumption that each manager’s job was his or her private turf, not to be infringed on. Schein, Edgar: Organizational Culture and Leadership. Experiences working for the Ciba-Geigy company.
  37. 37. Mr. Jacques Herzog Der Schweizer mag es nicht, wenn sein Nachbar zu nahe kommt. http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/web-tv/standpunkte/sendungen_1.2166738.html?video=1.12942647, minute 17.
  38. 38. Part # 7 High masculinity in Switzerland
  39. 39. Power distance Individualism Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance Switzerland scores relatively high on masculinity http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html
  40. 40. Sources http://demokratie.geschichte-schweiz.ch/chronologie-frauenstimmrecht-schweiz.html http://www.swissworld.org/en/people/women/the_right_to_vote/ http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/suffrage.htm In 1971, women are allowed to vote at Swiss elections.
  41. 41. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/women-s-suffrage_inner-rhoden-women-celebrate-25-years-of-the-vote/41802282 In 1990, women living in Appenzell Inner Rhoden were allowed to also vote at local and cantonal level. The men of Appenzell Inner Rhoden had denied their mothers, sisters and daughters voting rights in 1973, 1982 and April 1990. In 1990, women brought a legal action before the Federal Court in Lausanne saying the situation was unconstitutional. On November 27, 1990, the court agreed, overruling the canton.
  42. 42. Women are still underrepresented in Appenzell Inner Rhoden’s 7-person executive body. The first female member ever was Ruth Metzler, who was elected to the executive body in 1996. The 2nd female member ever is Antonia Fässler. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/women-s-suffrage_inner-rhoden-women-celebrate-25-years-of-the-vote/41802282
  43. 43. Women earn much less than men for similar work http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2013/
  44. 44. In Switzerland, mothers invest twice as many hours per week in household work as fathers do http://www.nzz.ch/muetter-arbeiten-doppelt-so-viel-wie-vaeter-1.18180452
  45. 45. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/gender-diversity-9869793
  46. 46. Part # 8 Strong uncertainty avoidance in Switzerland
  47. 47. Power distance Individualism Masculinity Uncertainty avoidance Switzerland scores relatively high on uncertainty avoidance http://geert-hofstede.com/switzerland.html
  48. 48. The Swiss, even more time and regulation dominated [than Germans], made precision a national symbol. This applies to the watch industry, the optical instruments, the pharmaceutical products, and to banking. In addition, planes, buses and trains leave on the dot. Accordingly, everything can be exactly calculated and predicted. http://www.businessinsider.com/how-different-cultures-understand-time-2014-5
  49. 49. http://frankcalberg.blogspot.com/2009/06/example-of-order-in-switzerland.html Attentiontodetail
  50. 50. At Ciba-Geigy, everything was planned to the level of the smallest detail. I had to provide a plan that showed virtually minute by minute what would happen during the 2 days, and the company was clearly willing to commit all the time it might take to design as nearly perfect a meeting as possible. Schein, Edgar H.: Organizational Culture and Leadership, p. 367-368.
  51. 51. German-speaking Switzerland Could be characterized as a well-oiled machine. French-speaking Switzerland Could be characterized by hierarchy and an impersonal bureaucracy. Empirical assessment of Geert Hofstede. http://www.unisg.ch/www/edis.nsf/wwwDisplayIdentifier/2787/$FILE/dis2787.pdf , p. 140.
  52. 52. The swiss agriculture is heavily protected. The surrounding farms in Austria, Bavaria or northern Italy have the same climatic and geographic conditions, but are bigger and more productive with half the prices. http://cdh.epfl.ch/files/content/sites/cdh/files/shared/docs_ch/B.%20Kappeler%20Economy%20I.pdf
  53. 53. German culture is extremely protective of privacy and private information. http://www.managementexchange.com/story/roche-oversight-insight
  54. 54. In 2006, Switzerland had about 300,000 nuclear shelters in homes, institutions and hospitals as well as 5,100 public shelters. They provide protection for 8.6 million people – more than the size of the total population. That is world record. The annual costs for the construction, maintenance and demolition of the shelters amounted to CHF 167.4 million in 2006. Of this, CHF 128.2 million were borne by private persons, CHF 23.5 million by the communes, CHF 9.8 million by the Confederation, and 4.2 million by the cantons. The total value of the shelters is CHF 11.8 billion. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/prepared-for-anything_bunkers-for-all/995134
  55. 55. Die Schweizer Unternehmen haben enorm Angst zu zeigen, dass sie gewisse Parteien unterstützen. Woher diese Angst kommt, kann ich nicht erklären. Delphine Centlivres. Transparency International. http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/news/story/11576227
  56. 56. http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/schweiz/europapolitische-risiken-in-kauf-genommen-1.18276614 A relatively high number of people aged 50 to 59 years of age voted yes to the 2014 referendum “Gegen Massen- einwanderung”.
  57. 57. A relatively high number of people with little education and low income voted yes to the 2014 referendum “Gegen Masseneinwanderung”. http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/schweiz/europapolitische-risiken-in-kauf-genommen-1.18276614
  58. 58. A relatively high number of people living in the countryside and in the Italian part of Switzerland voted yes to the 2014 referendum “Gegen Masseneinwanderung”. http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/schweiz/europapolitische-risiken-in-kauf-genommen-1.18276614
  59. 59. Weshalb hat beispielsweise der Kanton Schwyz die Initiative mit grosser Mehrheit angenommen, obschon er mit einem verhältnismässig geringen Ausländeranteil nicht übermässig von der Einwanderung betroffen ist? Die Angst vor Veränderung hat hier eine sehr viel grössere Rolle gespielt. http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/schweiz/Das-ist-fremdenfeindlich/story/11943919 Christian Schmid. Professor.
  60. 60. http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/pore/va/20140209/det580.html Results of 2014 referendum “Gegen Massen- einwanderung”
  61. 61. In den urbanen Zentren haben die Menschen einerseits mehr Erfahrung mit dem Fremden und können sich dadurch dem Unbekannten auch mehr öffnen, man findet Wege, die einem helfen, mit vielen möglichen Situationen umzugehen. Diese Erfahrung haben Menschen, die in homogeneren und weniger dichten Gebieten leben, weniger. Andererseits zieht es neugierige, für Neues offene Menschen eher in die städtischen Zentren. Die anderen suchen sich eher einen Wohnort in kleineren Gemeinden oder in der Agglomeration – falls sie nicht schon da leben. http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/schweiz/Das-ist-fremdenfeindlich/story/11943919 Christian Schmid. Professor.
  62. 62. Mindful of their responsibility towards creation, resolved to renew their alliance so as to strengthen liberty, democracy, independence and peace in a spirit of solidarity and openness towards the world, determined to live together with mutual consideration and respect for their diversity, conscious of their common achievements and their responsibility towards future generations, and in the knowledge that only those who use their freedom remain free, and that the strength of a people is measured by the well-being of its weakest members. http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/1/101.en.pdf Extract from the federal constitution of the Swiss Confederation
  63. 63. 92 of 246 Swiss parliament members, i.e. less than 40%, use Twitter actively. http://www.nzz.ch/schweiz/ungleiches-gezwitscher-aus-dem-parlament-1.18378048
  64. 64. http://www.ohnedich.ch/
  65. 65. Durch Stress entstehen in der Schweiz jährlich Kosten von CHF 4,2 Milliarden. http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/wirtschaft/aktuell/wenn_der_stress_am_arbeitsplatz_zu_gross_wird_1.1695235.html
  66. 66. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/ideas-to-prevent-stress
  67. 67. Part # 9 Some services and communities in Switzerland
  68. 68. Food and farming communities
  69. 69. Sources https://www.facebook.com/ALDI.CH http://www.barkat.ch https://www.facebook.com/coop.ch https://www.facebook.com/Migros http://www.spar.ch
  70. 70. Sources https://www.facebook.com/pages/Bachsermärt/563722327018568 http://www.dunkelhoelzli.ch/ http://fgvaa.ch/ https://www.facebook.com/oepfelchasper.biokurier http://ortoloco.ch/
  71. 71. Sources https://www.pinterest.com/cookeatfood/ https://www.facebook.com/zuerikocht/
  72. 72. Rooftop greenhouse in Basel with fresh fish and healthy vegetables http://urbanfarmers.com/projects/basel/
  73. 73. Clothing services and communities
  74. 74. Sources http://www.kleiderkorb.ch/ http://www.caritas-secondhand.ch/ http://www.infoklick.ch/walkincloset/kleidertauschboersen/ http://www.plvfashion.ch/ http://www.texaid.ch/
  75. 75. Services and communities for lending / renting and buying / selling things
  76. 76. Sources http://www.bringundnimm.ch/ http://www.brockenhaus-verzeichnis.ch/ http://www.housetrip.com/ http://www.pumpipumpe.ch/ https://sharely.ch/ https://www.shrebo.ch/ http://www.weeshare.com/ http://www.wy.by/
  77. 77. Sources http://www.exsila.ch/ http://musikboerse-effektiv.ch/ https://www.ricardo.ch/
  78. 78. Education services
  79. 79. Sources http://bildungsplattformen.ch/ http://www.nachsitzen.ch/ https://tutor24.ch/
  80. 80. Switzerland – most problematic factors http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2013-14.pdf
  81. 81. Cleaning services
  82. 82. http://quitt.ch/
  83. 83. Price comparison services
  84. 84. Sources http://www.123vergleich.ch/ http://www.bfox.ch/ http://www.comparis.ch/ https://www.financefox.ch/ https://www.hypoplus.ch/ http://www.toppreise.ch/
  85. 85. Transportation services and communities
  86. 86. Sources http://www.e-carpooling.ch/ http://hitchhike.ch/ http://www.karzoo.ch/ http://www.mitfahrangebot.ch/ http://www.mitfahrgelegenheit.ch/ http://www.mobility.ch/ http://www.sbb.ch/ https://sharoo.com/ http://www.zvv.ch/
  87. 87. Sources http://www.parkingspace.ch/ http://parkit.ch/ http://www.parku.ch/ http://www.sharedparking.ch/
  88. 88. Sources http://www.sailbox.ch/ http://www.sailcom.ch/
  89. 89. Sources http://www.nextbike.ch/ http://www.occasionsvelo.ch/ https://www.publibike.ch/ http://rentabike.ch/ http://www.schweizrollt.ch/ http://www.velospot.ch/
  90. 90. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/bicycle-friendly-cities
  91. 91. Healthcare services and communities
  92. 92. Sources https://www.deindoktor.ch/ https://www.dred.com/ch/ http://www.spitalfinder.ch/
  93. 93. Sources https://www.betreut.ch/ http://www2.medgate.ch/ https://seniorservice24.ch/
  94. 94. Source http://quevita.com/
  95. 95. Insurance services and communities
  96. 96. Sources http://cgd.swissre.com/ https://openminds.swissre.com/ http://www.swissre.com/
  97. 97. Innovation services and communities
  98. 98. Sources https://www.atizo.com/ http://www.nextsuisse.ch/ http://www.nextzuerich.ch/
  99. 99. Sources http://www.jacando.com/ https://www.mila.com/ http://www.renovero.ch/ http://www.rentarentner.ch/ http://www.skillharbour.com/ http://swissvolunteer.ch/
  100. 100. Sources http://www.pauluskirche.ch/2983.html http://www.skillharbour.com/ http://sprach-tandem.ch/ http://www.talent.ch/
  101. 101. Sources http://www.forumenergie.ch/ https://twitter.com/impacthubzurich/ https://twitter.com/OpenDataZurich/
  102. 102. Sources http://www.3dhubs.com/zurich http://fablab.ch/official-register-of-fab-labs-in-switzerland/ http://www.meetup.com/3D-Printing-Zurich/
  103. 103. Sources https://www.buero-zueri.ch/ https://popupoffice.ch/ http://www.workspace2go.ch/
  104. 104. Funding services and communities
  105. 105. Sources https://www.7crowd.ch/ http://www.100-days.net/ http://www.buyeco.ch/ https://www.cashare.ch/ http://c-crowd.com/ https://www.crowdhouse.ch/ http://www.ibelieveinyou.ch/ http://impact.sosense.org/ https://www.investiere.ch/ https://wemakeit.com/
  106. 106. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/SwissFinteCH/swiss-fintech-ecosystem-directory-v10
  107. 107. Music services
  108. 108. https://www.stagend.com/
  109. 109. IT and telecom services
  110. 110. Sources https://www.google.ch/ http://www.search.ch/ https://swisscows.ch/
  111. 111. Part # 10 The political system in Switzerland
  112. 112. Switzerland has been a federal state since 1848. Authority is shared between  the Confederation (central state),  the 26 cantons (federal states), and  the 2352 communes. https://www.ch.ch/en/swiss-federalism/
  113. 113. https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html article 139. http://www.bk.admin.ch/dokumentation/02070/index.html How Swiss citizens can make a law
  114. 114. https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html article 141. http://www.bk.admin.ch/dokumentation/02070/index.html How Swiss citizens can voice disagreement with laws
  115. 115. The Federal Assembly comprises 2 chambers:  The national council / the Senate.  The council of states / House of Representatives. Both chambers have equal standing. https://www.admin.ch/opc/en/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html
  116. 116.  200 representatives of Swiss people.  Each canton and half-canton is entitled to at least 1 seat, even if its resident population is below the national average of 37,500. https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html article 149. http://oscepa2014.ch/swiss-political-system-2/?lang=en Nationalrat = The national council. The Senate. The lower house.
  117. 117. Parties and seats in the national council from 1919 to 2011 http://www.psa.ac.uk/psa-communities/specialist-groups/parliaments-and-legislatures/blog/swiss-parliament-hybrid-system
  118. 118.  46 representatives.  20 cantons each send 2 representatives.  6 cantons each send 1 representative. Obwalden, Nidwalden, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Land, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, and Appenzell Innerrhoden. https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html article 150. http://oscepa2014.ch/swiss-political-system-2/?lang=en Ständerat = Council of states. House of Representatives. The upper house.
  119. 119. Each of the 26 cantons / federal states has its own constitution, government and courts. The sovereignty of the cantons is guaranteed by Article 3 of the Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation according to which the cantons exercise “all rights that are not vested in the Confederation.” Examples of tasks that cantons are responsible for: Education, hospitals, and police. https://www.ch.ch/en/swiss-federalism/ http://oscepa2014.ch/swiss-political-system-2/?lang=en https://www.admin.ch/opc/en/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html
  120. 120. The Federal council of Switzerland, the supreme governing and executive authority of the Confederation, consists of 7 ministers. Each of the 7 members is elected by the Federal council for a term of 4 years. At re-election of the 7 ministers every 4 years - a couple of months after parliamentary elections - the 7 votes take place according to the order of seniority. In other words, whoever has been a minister for the longest, is up for election first. Election of new ministers is elected at the end. The 246 members of the Swiss parliament, i.e. 200 members from the House of Representatives and 46 members from the Senate, come together in a joint session to cast their individual votes in a secret ballot. They can vote for anyone they want – even for non-politicians who haven’t put themselves forward. This can result in behind-the-scenes deals. To be elected, a candidate needs an absolute majority, i.e. half the votes plus one. If all 246 parliamentarians turn up, this means that to be elected as a Swiss cabinet, a person needs to get at least 124 votes. In the first 2 rounds, anyone can be voted for. After that, parliament members are not allowed to vote for any new names. Whoever in the 2nd or subsequent rounds gets fewer than 10 votes, drops out. If, in the 3rd or subsequent rounds, everyone gets at least 10 votes, the person with the fewest drops out. The vote continues until a winning candidate has been elected. https://www.admin.ch/opc/en/classified-compilation/19995395/index.html, article 174 and 175. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/cabinet-elections_how-will-new-ingredients-change--magic-formula--/41825058
  121. 121. Further inspiration https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/federal-council/political-system-of-switzerland.html http://www.parlament.ch/ http://www.politnetz.ch/ http://www.psa.ac.uk/psa-communities/specialist-groups/parliaments-and- legislatures/blog/swiss-parliament-hybrid-system http://smartmonitor.ch/ http://www.vimentis.ch/