It took 20 years to bring the number of
fixed Internet users to 2 billion, but only 5
years to bring the number of mobile
Internet users to 1 billion.
The mobile device will be the primary
connection tool to the Internet for most
people in the world in 2020.
We are seeing the emergence of mobile-only
companies whose presence is singularly
focused on mobile as opposed to the browser
Examples include Instagram and Uber.
The exponential development of
computing power is unchanged
Computing power doubles every 2 years on a
Today, a $400 iPhone 4 offers roughly equal
performance to the CDC 7600 supercomputer,
which was the fastest supercomputer in 1975
and cost $5 million at the time.
http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/disruptive_technologies p. 43.
Due to rapidly advancing technologies that
have taken us from dial-up to fiber to the
home (FTTH), it has taken a mere 20 years
to increase bandwidth by more than 1,000
The world’s largest internet companies
Hype cycle for emerging technologies
Concepts Explanation / examples
The largest and most mature part of the cloud.
Example: Google Apps.
Database. Webserver. Software development tools
which allow customers to start writing code
Examples: Java, .NET, Python, Ruby on Rails.
Servers. Storage. Network.
What is cloud computing?
SaaS is likely to penetrate almost
all categories of software
Characteristic # 1
Customers rent cloud services. IT shifts from a capital expense
to an operating expense.
Characteristic # 2
Suppliers of cloud services are responsible for maintenance,
administration, capacity planning, troubleshooting, and
Characteristic # 3
It’s fast and easy to get more from the cloud, for example more
storage from an IaaS supplier, the ability to handle more PaaS
projects, or more seats for users of a SaaS application.
3 characteristics of cloud services
Aliyun, Alibaba’s cloud computing arm,
operates the largest cloud in China.
Tiny sensors and actuators, proliferating at
astounding rates, are expected to explode in
number over the next decade, potentially
linking over 50 billion physical entities as
costs plummet and networks become more
15% of the world in extreme poverty actually represents a
big improvement. 50 years ago, about 40% of the global
population was poor. Then, in the 1960s and 1970s, in
what is called the “Green Revolution,” Norman Borlaug
and other researchers created new seed varieties for
rice, wheat, and maize (corn) that helped many farmers
vastly improve their yields.
In some places, like East Asia, food intake went up by as
much as 50%. Globally, the price of wheat dropped by
2/3. These changes saved countless lives and helped
Currently, 4 million tons of rice are lost to
flooding every year in Bangladesh and India.
But as farmers in the region adopt Swarna-
Sub1 rice, which is both very productive and
can survive in flooded fields, they will grow
enough extra rice to feed 30 million people.
A total of $3 billion per year is spent on researching the 7
most important crops:
USD 1.5 billion are spent by countries.
USD 1.2 billion are spent by private companies.
USD 300 million are spent by an agency called the
Consultative Group on International Agricultural
in the distribution
Stade de Suisse produces more solar power
than any football stadium in the world