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Part # 1: Political and legal changes. …

Part # 1: Political and legal changes.
Part # 2: Economic changes.
Part # 3: Demographic and cultural changes.
Part # 4: Technological changes.
Part # 5: Environmental changes.






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  • 1. Political and legal changes Economic changes PESTEL Demographic and cultural changes Technological changes Environmental changes
  • 2. Part # 1 Political and legal changes
  • 3. Input # 1 Changes in degree of involvement of the people
  • 4. Sources http://www.fixmystreet.com/ https://www.zueriwieneu.ch/
  • 5. Input # 2 Changes in taxes and tariffs
  • 6. Input # 3 Changes in subsidies
  • 7. Input # 4 Changes in investments in infrastructure
  • 8. Input # 5 Changes in investments in research
  • 9. Example Millions of dollars are being poured into research to develop the next great battery technology. Longer charges on fewer cycles are needed to power electric cars, handheld devices, home appliances, and backup systems for when, say, the wind turbines stop turning. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/09/02/0225_inventions/21.htm
  • 10. Input # 6 Changes in environmental law
  • 11. Renewable energy as percentage of energy supply http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/42/46/45312720.pdf
  • 12. Input # 7 Changes in laws related to gender diversity
  • 13. Input # 8 Changes in health and safety laws
  • 14. Input # 9 Changes in education law
  • 15. Input # 10 Changes in data protection law
  • 16. Input # 11 Changes in freedom of press
  • 17. http://en.rsf.org/
  • 18. Input # 12 Changes in degree of corruption
  • 19. Corruption perceptions index 2013 http://www.transparency.org/cpi2013/results
  • 20. Part # 2 Economic changes
  • 21. http://issuu.com/frankcalberg/docs/economicchanges
  • 22. Part # 3 Demographic and cultural changes
  • 23. Input # 1 Changes in years people live
  • 24. People are getting older http://graphics.eiu.com/upload/eb/Philips_Healthcare_ageing_3011WEB.pdf
  • 25. Growing population aged 65+ http://www.wbcsd.org/DocRoot/v8kpnAbBevgXWYv6epNr/Vision_2050_FullReport_040210.pdf
  • 26. Input # 2 Changes in where people live
  • 27. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204528204577009922309104512.html Strongly growing population in Africa Nigeria Tanzania Kenya
  • 28. Growing population in cities http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/WUP2005/2005WUPHighlights_Final_Report.pdf
  • 29. Input # 3 Changes in how people educate themselves
  • 30. http://www.frankcalberg.com/educationchange
  • 31. Input # 4 Changes in power distance
  • 32. http://www.scribd.com/doc/32211076/Power-Distance
  • 33. Input # 5 Changes in individualism
  • 34. http://www.scribd.com/doc/35468260/Individualism
  • 35. Input # 6 Changes in gender diversity
  • 36. http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/gender-diversity-9869793
  • 37. Input # 7 Changes in uncertainty avoidance
  • 38. http://www.scribd.com/doc/35046140/Uncertainty-avoidance
  • 39. Part # 4 Technological changes
  • 40. http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/pestel-technological-changes
  • 41. Part # 5 Environmental changes
  • 42. http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/environmental-changes-28839188
  • 43. Thank you for your interest. For further inspiration and personalized services, feel welcome to visit http://www.frankcalberg.com Have a great day.