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How is your personality?
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Part # 1: How large a need for stability do you have? …

Part # 1: How large a need for stability do you have?
Part # 2: How extroverted are you?
Part # 3: How open-minded are you?
Part # 4: How agreeable are you?
Part # 5: How conscientious are you?

Part # 6:
How large a part of your personality is learned?
How large a part of your personality is inherited?

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  • 1. How is your personality?
  • 2. Part # 1: How large a need for stability do you have? Part # 2: How extroverted are you? Part # 3: How open-minded are you? Part # 4: How agreeable are you? Part # 5: How conscientious are you? Part # 6: How large a part of your personality is learned? How large a part of your personality is inherited?
  • 3. Personality dimension # 1 Need for stability
  • 4. Personality with low score on need for stability Personality traits  Calm.  Emotionally stable.  Not easily irritated.  Copes well with stress. Can be perceived as  Unconcerned.  Uninspiring.  Laid back.
  • 5. Development tips for people with low score on need for stability Note for yourself why something will work, and why it may not work. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 6. Personality with high score on need for stability Personality trait Excitable. Can be perceived as  easily irritated.  short-tempered.  having difficulty coping with stress.  Overreacting.  Unstable.  Insecure.
  • 7. Development tips for people with high score on need for stability  Communicate emotions.  Drain the ”anger container.” http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 8. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/how-do-you-manage-your-emotions http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/ideas-to-prevent-stress
  • 9. Personality dimension # 2 Extraversion
  • 10. Studies show that between 1/3 and ½ of us are introverts. https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/1044045074 page 255.
  • 11. Personality with low score on extraversion Personality traits  Reserved.  Gains energy by being / working independently / alone.  Prefers to be quiet, think / reflect, read, listen, watch, write. Can be perceived as  Self absorbed.  Too introspective.
  • 12. Development tips for people with a more introverted personality  Create time-outs to recharge.  Find an object that reminds you to relax your face. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 13. Both introverts and extroverts can be adept at public speaking. Whereas an extrovert might afterward want to interact with others in a large group, introverts might feel the need for self-reflection and time alone, such as by taking a walk. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324144304578621951399427408.html
  • 14. Personality with high score on extraversion Personality traits  Sociable.  Gains energy by working / being with other people.  Prefers to talk and act. Can be perceived as  Dominant.  Crushing debate.  Attention seeking.  Too energetic.
  • 15. Extraverted people don’t mind being the center of attention. http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm
  • 16. Extraverted people tend to smile and wave. http://academicearth.org/lectures/personality-and-social-interaction-2-b, minute 5. http://www.imagebase.net/People/imagebase18_04
  • 17. Extraversion relates to qualities of self confidence in social settings, assertiveness, and social involvement. http://books.google.com/books?id=Fy9gXBgREtQC&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=social+competence+%22five+factor+model%22 &source=bl&ots=lppSqReGKy&sig=JtFPbGY0N9QQRRi-YfvGPh31cBI&hl=en&ei=FgfXTMO2G4zvsgbG2- GPCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=social%20competence%20%22five%20f actor%20model%22&f=false
  • 18. There is strong correlation between extraversion and individualism. Sources Hofstede, Geert: Cultures and Organizations, p. 114. http://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 68-69, 73.
  • 19. Sales revenue and degree of extraversion Source Research by Adam Grant. Pink, Daniel: To sell is human: The surprising truth about moving others, location 1108. http://www.amazon.de/Sell-Human-Surprising-Influencing-ebook/dp/B00AO3K05S/
  • 20. There is zero correlation between being the best talker and having the best ideas. http://youtu.be/rUaj7rj6MI8
  • 21. Development tips for people with a more extroverted personality  Listen and show you have listened.  When talking, limit yourself to 4 sentences. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 22. Further inspiration https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/1044045074 http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/listening-tips http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/speaking-tips-15818774
  • 23. Personality dimension # 3 Openness
  • 24. Personality with low score on openness Personality traits  Pragmatic.  Data driven. Can be perceived as  Closed-minded.  Conventional.  Uncertainty avoidant.  Preferring routine.  Holding on to status quo.
  • 25. Development tips for people with low score on openness Challenge yourself. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 26. Personality with high score on openness Personality traits  Curious.  Creative.  Preferring variety, doing what is new. Can be perceived as  Unfocused.  Too complex.  Too innovative.  Easily bored.
  • 27. Openness is highly related to creativity http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKcu_ztYCtk
  • 28. Creative personalities encompass  openness to experience,  autonomy,  flexibility,  preference for complexity,  sensitivity,  playfulness,  tolerance of ambiguity,  risk taking or risk tolerance,  intrinsic motivation,  wide interest and curiosity. http://crell.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Publications/CRELL%20Research%20Papers/EVillalba_creativity_EUR_web.pdf
  • 29. Increased openness tends to predict better health and a longer life. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=life-satisfaction-linked-to-personality-change
  • 30. Exposure to different cultures  offers access to diverse ideas,  promotes openness to new perspectives, and  helps people link apparently disparate ideas to generate new ones. Sources http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/11-085.pdf Antonio, Chang, Hakuta, Kenny, Levin, & Milem, 2004. Cheng, Sanchez-Burks, & Lee, 2008. Leung & Chiu, 2008. Leung, Maddux, Galinsky, & Chiu, 2008. Maddux & Galinsky, 2009.
  • 31. People, who simultaneously identify with their home and host cultures while abroad, come up with more ideas than their counterparts who identify with just one culture. http://blogs.wsj.com/atwork/2012/08/29/taking-a-job-overseas-do-it-right/
  • 32. Living abroad and being immersed in a culture different from one’s own promotes creative problem solving. http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/11-085.pdf
  • 33. People with high score on openness to experience are more likely to be motivated to learn. http://areadocenti.eco.unicas.it/virili/old/ApprofondimentiCO/BarrickMount%20PP91%20The%20Big%20Five %20personality%20dimensions%20and%20job%20performance%20-%20a%20meta-analysis.pdf
  • 34. People in low power distance countries tended to score higher on openness to experience than people in high power distance countries. http://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 73.
  • 35. People who score high on openness are likely to feel the most chills while listening to music. http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/09/10-magical-effects-music-has-on-the-mind.php
  • 36. Development tips for people with high score on openness Regulate your bouts of creativity. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 37. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/creativity-exercises https://www.scribd.com/doc/32211076/Power-distance
  • 38. Personality dimension # 4 Agreeableness
  • 39. Personality with low score on agreeableness Personality traits  Competition minded.  Challenging. Can be perceived as  only interested in own needs.  Self promoting.  Aggressive.  Uncaring.  Suspicious.  Untrustworthy.
  • 40. Disagreeable people are not really interested in others and/or other people’s problems. http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm
  • 41. Development tips for people with low score on agreeableness  Articulate what’s in it for others.  Use humor. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 42. Personality with high score on agreeableness Personality traits  Collaboration minded.  Compassionate.  Interested in others’ needs.  Trusts others. Can be perceived as  Naïve.  Easy to manipulate.  Too considerate.  Submissive.
  • 43. Agreeable workers earn significantly lower incomes than less agreeable ones. Sources http://nd.edu/~cba/Nice--JPSPInPress.pdf http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904823804576502763895892974.html
  • 44. A person tends to like his or her job more - irrespective of his or her salary - the more  emotionally stable he/she is.  extraverted he/she is.  agreeable he/she is.  conscientious he/she is. http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2013/04/does_money_really_affect_motiv.html
  • 45. In those occupations that involve frequent interaction or cooperation with others, we expect that two personality dimensions, extraversion and agreeableness, will be valid predictors. http://areadocenti.eco.unicas.it/virili/old/ApprofondimentiCO/BarrickMount%20PP91%20The%20Big%20 Five%20personality%20dimensions%20and%20job%20performance%20-%20a%20meta-analysis.pdf
  • 46. Development tips for people with high score on agreeableness Change your mindset from ”I want to be liked” to ”I want to be perceived as fair”. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 47. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/customer-needs http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/social-competence
  • 48. Personality dimension # 5 Conscientiousness
  • 49. Personality with low score on conscientiousness Personality traits  Flexible.  Spontaneous. Can be perceived as  Careless.  Disorderly.  Sloppy.  Unreliable.
  • 50. Development tips for people with low score on conscientiousness  Sleep on it before making a decision.  Consult a ”devil’s advocate”. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 51. Personality with high score on conscientiousnees Personality traits  Persistent.  Self disciplined.  Systematic.  Thorough.  Careful.  Orderly. Can be perceived as  Stubborn.  Obsessive.  Losing sight of the big picture.  Risking to get a burn-out.
  • 52. Conscientuous people are always prepared. http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm
  • 53. Examples of conscientious behaviour  Arrive early or on time for meetings.  Double-check writing for spelling. http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~johnlab/pdfs/2008chapter.pdf p. 120.
  • 54. Respondents from poor countries tended to describe themselves as more conscientious than those from wealthier countries. http://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 74 and 80.
  • 55. Conscientiuous people tend to be happier with themselves and do what they think is right according to the cultural context. http://hbr.org/2011/07/the-unselfish-gene/ar/4
  • 56. Development tips for people with high score on conscientiousness Ask questions. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/
  • 57. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/questions-that-challenge-the-way-you-think http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/uncertainty-avoidance
  • 58. Part # 6 How large a part of your personality is learned?
  • 59. How large a part of your personality is learned? _____% How large a part of your personality is inherited? _____%
  • 60. Results have consistently suggested that introversion and extroversion, like other major personality traits such as agreeableness and conscientiousness, are about 40% to 50% heritable. https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/1044045074 page 104.
  • 61. Personality traits are on average between 42% and 57% heritable. http://hbr.org/2011/07/the-unselfish-gene/ar/4
  • 62. 6 creativity studies of identical twins show that 25% to 40% of what we do innovatively stems from genetics. That means that roughly 2/3 of our innovation skills come through learning. Source Dyer, Jeff; Gregersen, Hal & Christensen, Clayton M: “The Innovator’s DNA: Mastering the Five Skills of Disruptive Innovators.” Location 311.
  • 63. Further sources of inspiration http://www.123test.com/personality-test/ http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2012/02/are_successful_people_nice.html http://drphil.com/shows/bigfivepersonalityquiz http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm http://jonathanbecher.com/2013/03/17/introverts-are-more-detailed-than-extroverts/ http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~johnlab/pdfs/2008chapter.pdf http://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/ http://pages.uoregon.edu/sanjay/bigfive.html http://www.skillview.eu/skillview/innovastudio/assetmanager/risorse/theuseofpersonalitymeasur esinpersonnelselection.pdf http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/ http://test.personality-project.org/survey/consentform.html http://youtu.be/Ar1kEN_ZPNM