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Ethiopia - geographical, economic, political, legal, and people issues.

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  1. 1. Ethiopia
  2. 2. Geographical aspects
  3. 3. Ethiopia is26 x largerthan Switzerland.Source:
  4. 4. Addis Ababa, EthiopiaSource:
  5. 5. Lake Tana, the largest lake in EthiopiaSource:
  6. 6. Regions in Ethiopia above 1,500 meters have temperate climate with temperatures between 16°C and 30°C and cool nights. They receive by far the most rainfall - most of it between mid-June and mid- September. The lowlands in Ethiopia below 1,500 meters have higher temperatures and receive much less rain.Source:
  7. 7. In the last 50 years, Ethiopia lost 98% of its forests.Source, p. 10.
  8. 8. Economic aspects
  9. 9. Fastest-growing economies in the worldSource
  10. 10. GDP growth of EthiopiaSource
  11. 11. Ethiopia exports in USD billionsSource
  12. 12. Real GDP growth of Ethiopia is set to stay around 8% over the coming years. Key challenges are high dependency on rain-fed agriculture and limited private sector growth.Source
  13. 13. Example: ACOS ACOS is an agricultural processing facility that is processing and shipping a variety of beans to European markets. ACOS is jointly owned by an Italian company and Ethiopian investors and is a great example of private investment in developing countries. Acos has been present in Ethiopia since 2005. The ACOS Ethiopia plant employs 350 people.Source
  14. 14. Coffee
  15. 15. Ethiopian coffee exportsSource
  16. 16. Coffee regions in EthiopiaSource
  17. 17. Coffee region Coffee characteristics Lekempti region Mango, tangerine, citrus, and tropical fruit characteristics. Harrar region Fruity, blueberry aroma, as well as spice and liquorice. Yirgacheffe region Lemon and citrus. Sidamo region Fruit punch characteristics.Source
  18. 18. Flowers
  19. 19. Ethiopian flower exportsSource
  20. 20. Flower export in million USDSource
  21. 21. About 70% of the total volume of Ethiopian rose exports is now sold to the Dutch Auction.Source:
  22. 22. Gold
  23. 23. Export countries - goldSource
  24. 24. Energy
  25. 25. Ethiopia derives about 90% of its electricity needs from hydropower, which means that electricity generation, as with agriculture, is dependent on abundant rainfall. Less than 50% of Ethiopia’s towns and cities are connected to the national grid.Source:
  26. 26. The costs of EUR 1.5 billion to build the Gibe III dam, the 3rd in a series of five dams planned along the Omo River, will be covered by the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo), with a Chinese firm bankrolling the $400 million electromechanical costs.Source:
  27. 27. Transportation
  28. 28. Ethiopia reliesheavily on theport of Djiboutifor the import andexport of goods.Source
  29. 29. In Ethiopia, almost all primary roads are gravel roads, including those that connect Addis Ababa with major cities and towns across the country.Source:
  30. 30. Cut flowers and fresh fruits and vegetables are transported via air from Addis Ababas Bole International Airport.Source
  31. 31. Ethiopian Airlines is the fastest growing airline in Africa.Source
  32. 32. Most distribution in Ethiopia, particularly to regional towns, is done through informal business arrangements. For example, after being cleared through customs, many goods will be sold to wholesalers in Addis Ababas largest open market (Merkato) and then distributed to retailers and small vendors.Source
  33. 33. Political andlegal aspects
  34. 34. Farming is in the hands of peasants, who cultivate individual plots. All land belongs to the state and can be leased for up to 99 years.Sources
  35. 35. Foreign-owned financial institutions are not permitted in Ethiopia.Source:
  36. 36. Radio and television are under the control of the Ethiopian government.Source:
  37. 37. Source:
  38. 38. Population aspects
  39. 39. About 91 million people live in Ethiopia. In 2025, there will be 120 million people. Life expectancy is 56 years. 85% of the population work in agriculture. 17% of the population live in cities. 42% of the population has access to safe water.Sources
  40. 40. Ethiopia has about 60 ethnic groups. Here are the 5 largest: Ethnic group Percent of population Oromo 34.5% of the population. Amhara 26.9% of the population. Somali 6.2% of the population. Tigray 6.1% of the population. Sidama 4.0% of the population.Source:
  41. 41. World class runners come from EthiopiaSource: