Differences between women and men
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Differences between women and men

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17 differences between women and men

17 differences between women and men

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    Differences between women and men Differences between women and men Presentation Transcript

    • 17 differences between women and men
    • Difference # 1 Companies with more women in top management are more successful
    • In testing the performance of 2,360 companies globally over the last six years, our analysis shows that it would on average have been better to have invested in corporates with women on their management boards than in those without. Source Gender diversity and corporate performance. A Credit Suisse Research Institute publication. https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/360145/csri_gender_diversity_and_corporate_performance.pdf
    • Source Gender diversity and corporate performance. A Credit Suisse Research Institute publication. https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/360145/csri_gender_diversity_and_corporate_performance.pdf
    • Source: http://www.catalyst.org/press-release/73/companies-with-more-women-board-directors-experience- higher-financial-performance-according-to-latest-catalyst-bottom-line-report https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Changing_companies_minds_about_women_2858 Fortune 500 companies with the highest percentages of women board directors outperformed those with the least by 66% measured by return on invested capital.
    • For companies in the top quartile of executive-board diversity, ROEs were 53% higher, on average, than they were for those in the bottom quartile. Source https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Organization/Talent/Is_there_a_payoff_from_top-team_diversity_2954 Study of 180 publicly traded companies in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States over the period from 2008 to 2010.
    • Firms with women in top positions perform better - especially if the firms pursue an innovation intensive strategy, in which creativity and collaboration are especially important. Source 2008 study on the top 1,500 U.S. companies from 1992 to 2006. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/07/the-end-of-men/8135/?single_page=true
    • Difference # 2 There are more male CEOs than female CEOs
    • 22 Fortune 500 companies have a woman as CEO Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_CEOs_of_the_Fortune_500
    • 3% of the 119 largest Swiss companies have a female CEO Source http://www.schillingreport.ch/upload/public/5/4173/Schillingreport2013%20E.pdf
    • Difference # 3 Women earn less than men
    • Der Lohnunterschied zwischen Frauen und Männern ist von 2008 bis 2010 von 19,3% auf 18,4% gesunken. Source Schweizerische Lohnstrukturerhebung 2010 http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/news/publikationen.html?publicationID=4937
    • Difference # 4 Women do more unpaid work than men
    • Source http://blog.oecdfactblog.org/?p=400 Examples of unpaid work: Buying groceries and others things needed in the household, cooking, washing dishes, vacuuming / cleaning, washing clothes, ironing clothes, organizing clothes, doing gardening, repairing things, playing with / educating / nursing children. Minutes per day that women spend more than men doing unpaid work
    • Diffrence # 5 Women rate meaning higher than pay and status. Men do not.
    • Men Women Most men rate pay and status higher than meaning. Most women rate meaning higher than pay and status. Source Ms. Joanna Barsch, McKinsey & Company. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsWWbxLmIS8
    • Difference # 6 Men lie about earnings. Women lie about their weight.
    • Women tend to lie about their age and their weight. Source http://23moments.com/why-men-lie-up-and-women-lie-down Men tend to lie about their earnings and their height.
    • Difference # 7 Women have more social competence than men
    • Source: http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/7216/1/umi-umd-4612.pdf, p. 4. Females are rated on average as having greater levels of social competence than males.
    • Women experience more emotions than men do. Source Ms. Joanna Barsch, McKinsey & Company. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsWWbxLmIS8
    • Women tend to be a little better than men on average at sensing in the moment what the other person is feeling. Source Daniel Goleman. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6368484
    • Empathy derives, originally, from maternal care. Source: Frans de Waal. http://youtu.be/UONxT4Tb3C0
    • Women score significantly higher than men on measure of empathy. Sources http://youtu.be/Aq_nCTGSfWE, minute 6. Frans de Waal. http://www.sciencefriday.com/program/archives/200910236
    • Women have, on average, more emotional intelligence than men. Groups with more women therefore tend to be smarter. Source: Thomas Malone. http://www.niemanlab.org/2011/05/mit-management-professor-tom-malone-on-collective-intelligence-and-the-genetic-structure-of-groups/
    • Women cooperate more than men in mixed-sex interactions. However, male-male interactions are more cooperative than female-female interactions. Source Sex differences in cooperation: A meta-analytic review of social dilemmas. Balliet, Daniel; Li, Norman P.; Macfarlan, Shane J.; Van Vugt, Mark. Psychological Bulletin, Sep 12, 2011. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2011-20484-001/
    • http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/social-competence
    • Difference # 8 Women have smaller and deeper networks
    • Women generally have smaller networks with approximately equal amounts of men and women. Source Studies by Torres and Huffman. Gender diversity and corporate performance. A Credit Suisse Research Institute publication. https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/360145/csri_gender_diversity_and_corporate_performance.pdf
    • LinkedIn has shown that women tend to have fewer connections on professional online networking platforms. Source Gender diversity and corporate performance. A Credit Suisse Research Institute publication. https://infocus.credit-suisse.com/data/_product_documents/_shop/360145/csri_gender_diversity_and_corporate_performance.pdf
    • Men Women Men build wide networks but not deep relationships. Women build deep relationships with a few people. Sources Ms. Joanna Barsch, McKinsey & Company. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsWWbxLmIS8 http://www.economist.com/node/21538162?fsrc=scn/tw/te/ar/contactsports
    • Gender distribution on Twitter Source http://www.beevolve.com/twitter-statistics/
    • Protected accounts by gender on Twitter Source http://www.beevolve.com/twitter-statistics/
    • Difference # 9 Men are more likely than women to disregard guidance from others
    • Studies show that men are more likely than women to disregard guidance from others. Source: Kelly E. See, Elizabeth Wolfe Morrison, Naomi B. Rothman, and Jack B. Soll: “The decision-making flaw in powerful people.” http://www.strategy-business.com/article/re00162?pg=all
    • Source ”Typisch Mann – typisch Frau.” Einstein, June 17th, 2010. http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=3702ed16-d306-4aa8-a0f0-11716f6561bf Men do not feel well when being interrupted.
    • Difference # 10 Women’s voices are more pleasing than men’s
    • Scientific studies have shown that people generally find women's voices more pleasing than men's. Source: http://edition.cnn.com/2011/10/21/tech/innovation/female-computer-voices/
    • Difference # 11 The higher women climb up the corporate ladder, the fewer children they have. For men, it’s the opposite. Source http://www.mckinsey.com/locations/swiss/news_publications/pdf/women_matter_english.pdf, p. 16.
    • Source http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/07/the-end-of-men/8135/?single_page=true Difference # 12 Women live longer than men
    • Years that women outlive men Source http://www.prb.org/Articles/2011/biodemography.aspx
    • 4 reasons 1. Later age at marriage led to fewer pregnancies, reducing women's risk of dying in childbirth. 2. Access to food and health care within households became more equal. 3. Greater migration and trade increased the spread of disease, disadvantaging men. 4. Urban settings led to more competition for mates, causing increased male risk-taking behavior. Through most of history, women lived shorter lives than men. That changed towards the 15th century. Source http://www.prb.org/Articles/2011/biodemography.aspx
    • Difference # 13 Men take more risks than women do
    • Source http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-human-beast/201008/why-women-live-longer-men Women live longer than men mostly because they avoid a risky lifestyle. Women avoid risk because they are primary care-givers.
    • Under stress, men take more risk and women take less risk. These gender differences in behavior are associated with differences in activity in the insula and dorsal striatum, brain regions involved in computing risk and preparing to take action. Source http://cdp.sagepub.com/content/21/1/36
    • Sources http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/07/the-end-of-men/8135/?single_page=true http://www.bolandathletics.com/4-5%20The%20difference%20between%20men%20and%20women.pdf Difference # 14 Men are bigger than women
    • The body size of men is, on average, 10% larger than that of women. Sources Hofstede, Geert: Cultures and Organizations, p. 137 and 462. http://www.nzz.ch/nachrichten/sport/aktuell/schwingfest_-_wenger_eilt_in_frauenfeld_von_sieg_zu_sieg_1.7292911.html
    • As the bone structure of boys and girls develops,  boys develop broader shoulders with narrower hips.  girls develop broader hips and narrower shoulders. Source http://www.bolandathletics.com/4-5%20The%20difference%20between%20men%20and%20women.pdf
    • Difference # 15 Women use body language more than men do
    • When entering a room, women tend to use 27 distinct behaviors while men displayed only 12 distinct gestures. Source http://www.kevinmd.com/blog/2011/10/body-language-improve-patient-encounter.html
    • Difference # 16 Women are better than men at recognizing faces
    • When women were shown images of unfamiliar people, eye-tracking technology showed that they fixed upon the faces 10% to 40% more times than men did. Source Research by Jennifer J. Heisz. http://blogs.hbr.org/daily-stat/2013/07/why-women-are-better-than-men.html
    • Girl babies pay attention to facial expressions. Boy babies pay attention to toys. Source Frans de Waal. http://www.sciencefriday.com/program/archives/200910236
    • Difference # 17 Women like brighter colours better than men do
    • Background color preferences among male Twitter users Source: http://www.beevolve.com/twitter-statistics/
    • Favourite colours of men Source Survey of 232 people from 22 countries. http://advertiser-in-arabia.blogspot.com/2011/03/true-colors-colors-by-gender.html
    • Source: http://www.beevolve.com/twitter-statistics/ Background color preferences among female Twitter users
    • Source Survey of 232 people from 22 countries. http://advertiser-in-arabia.blogspot.com/2011/03/true-colors-colors-by-gender.html Favourite colours of women