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Population of Croatia
Population growth rate
2% work in agriculture.
29% work in industry.
69% work in services.
Income inequality in Croatia has risen since 2003.
In 2011, the richest 20% of Croatians accounted
for nearly 40% of the national income. By
contrast, the share of total income belonging to
the poorest 20% of Croatians was 7% in 2011.
http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/country/strategy/croatia.pdf p. 12.
Men and women in Croatia are equal before the
law in all respects. The constitution of Croatia was
amended in 2001 to include gender equality among
the highest values of the constitutional order.
Croatia is an electoral democracy.
The 151-member unicameral parliament (Sabor) comprises
140 members from 10 geographical districts;
8 members represent ethnic minorities, and
3 members represent Croatians abroad.
Members are elected to 4-year terms.
In Croatia, the share of urban population as
percent of total population is low
The 4 largest cities in Croatia
In general, high levels of urbanisation are
associated with higher wealth, and there is a
sharp disparity between the productivity of
urban and rural areas, which affects national
productivity and growth.
Zagreb is strategically
well located in Europe
In the mobile segment, there are 3 network
operators, Hrvatski Telekom (controlled by the
fixed line incumbent), VIPnet and Tele2.
Broadband penetration, including mobile
broadband penetration, is increasing steadily.
http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/country/strategy/croatia.pdf p. 34.
SMS parking was invented in Croatia.
There are noticeable problems in Croatia
regarding press freedom
The Agrokor Group is the largest private company in
Croatia. About 40,000 people work for the company.
Key business areas of the company are production
and distribution of food and drinks.
Among businesses of Atlantic Grupa are the
production and distribution of food products.
Once rail infrastructure is separated from services,
other transport service providers can be allowed to
operate and compete on the same lines.
Slovakia and the Czech Republic for example have
already made significant progress in introducing
competition and unbundling. Bulgaria, Croatia and
Romania have more work to do.
Ostrog Elementary School in Kastel Luksic, Croatia
sets out to be the first energy independent school
in the world.
Initiatives include installation of solar panels and
The European Bank for reconstruction and
development financed Croatia’s first independent
biomass power plant project through the Western
Balkans Sustainable Energy Direct Financing Facility.
The Bank also committed financing to the Ombla
Natural resources of Croatia
Hydropower, oil, and some coal.
Low-grade iron ore.
The Croatian state still owns a 45% stake in the national
oil and gas company, INA, which has been privatised to
MOL currently has a 47% stake and management rights
according to its agreement with the Government.
http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/country/strategy/croatia.pdf p. 35.
HEP, the vertically integrated utility owned by the
State of Croatia, has a market monopoly in the
power sector, which constitutes a barrier for
new independent power producers.
In addition, commercial banks appear to have a
rather low level of awareness of and expertise in
renewable energy projects.
The persistence of state ownership in electricity
generation and distribution, as in Croatia and
Slovenia, could be a drag on future growth, given
the lack of government resources to finance the
expansion of capacity.
Croatia ranks # 26 on the open data index.
Much more transparency is needed, for example
about government spending.