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Part # 1: Cities in China.

Part # 1: Cities in China.
Part # 2: People living in China.
Part # 3: Some Chinese businesses and communities.



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    China China Presentation Transcript

    • Part # 1 Cities in China. Part # 2 People living in China. Part # 3 Some Chinese businesses and communities.
    • Part # 1 Cities in China
    • Urban clusters and hub cities
    • Hangzhou, a city of over 6 million inhabitants close to Shanghai in East China and a long-renowned destination for its historic pagodas and natural beauty, is now also recognized on another score - as “China’s e-commerce capital.” There are more than 60,000 employees in Hangzhou working in Internet and e-commerce companies such as Alibaba and Panshi.
    • Changchun in Northern China, Yinchuan and Hefei West of Shanghai are growing at more than 18.5%.
    • Langfang in northern China is emerging as an information technology services hub with many big data centres
    • ree_snapshots_from_chinas_next_chapter
    • Yinchuan, Chongqing and Chengdu in the West of China have been given an additional boost by the government's Go West campaign.
    • Middle and affluent classes in China are rapidly expanding beyond the coastal cities, page 4. 2010 2020
    • The geographic centre of middle class in China is shifting. Share of middle class, by geography, %
    • Growth in city population Million people, page 32.
    • China’s government revenue and expenditure as % of GDP, 2009
    • Part # 2 People living in China
    • The part of the Chinese population above 65 years of age will increase
    • Percent of people aged 60 or above in Asia
    • Inputs to help you read Chinese
    • Further inspiration on languages
    • Power distance Uncertainty avoidance Individualism Masculinity Chinese culture
    • High power distance
    • In group settings, in particular, the Chinese pay much more attention than westerners to hierarchy. Hierarchy is reflected in the way Chinese people address and greet each other, who speaks during meetings, and how decisions are made.
    • Much of Chinese R&D investment is not market driven but heavily state directed.
    • Company decisions are typically reached in a top-down manner, with only the very top of the pyramid involved in decision-making.
    • One of the tensions inherent in Chinese business culture is autocracy versus empowerment.
    • As a consequence of the massive economic transformations in China, new behaviours and qualities, such as assertiveness and autonomy, are required for achieving success, whereas characteristics that used to be beneficial for adjustment, such as obedience to authority, are perceived as problematic., p. 2.
    • 2/3 of big Asian firms are state-controlled or - often family-run - “business houses”. China’s drive to reform its state-owned firms is meant to make them more responsive to customers. Xi Guohua of China Mobile plans to give shares to his staff.
    • Collectivist
    • Small units / teams at Li & Fung Ltd.
    • Chinese society is collectivist in that individuals identify with an “in-group” consisting of family, clan, and friends. Within this, cooperation is the norm. Outside it, zero-sum competition is common.
    • Instead of working in separate departments, like most large corporations, Haier’s 80,000 employees now work in some 2000 fluid teams. Any employee can propose an idea and if it is voted a winner then that person becomes the team leader. The team manages itself and is responsible for the profit or loss of the project.
    • The symbiotic relationship between the enterprise and the state makes such CEOs sympathetic to corporate social and economic goals beyond maximizing shareholder value.
    • If you want to get something done in the West, you have a meeting and you discuss the issues and perhaps you vote. In China, the meeting is usually the last step, only a formality.
    • Further inspiration on meetings
    • Low uncertainty avoidance
    • In the 1970s, China had an extraordinarily high level of inequality. The state taxed 80% of the population - the peasantry - in order to subsidize the 20% in urban China. 1st generation private entrepreneurs in China tend to come from humble and rural backgrounds.
    • Many Chinese CEOs make decisions instinctively, feel comfortable with rapid and flexible responses to new industry trends and shifts.
    • Commercial success in China is often intimately linked with tempo. Innovation in this sense involves not the development of brand new technology, but rather the introduction of incrementally upgraded products with unprecedented rapidity.
    • The emphasis on speed in China can be seen in part as a response to a particular kind of customer routinely found in China. This customer demands new functionality, low price and rapid delivery. He/she wants the new product now and wants immediate service when bugs arise.
    • Further inspiration
    • Part # 3 Some Chinese businesses and communities
    • Gross domestic product of China from 1952 to 2005
    • China’s share of global GDP is growing Year
    • For hundreds of years prior to the West’s Industrial Revolution, China and India together accounted for about 50% of the world’s economic activity. Then, as Western economies industrialized, China and India fell behind - down to only 8% in 1970. This trend began to reverse in the 1980s, and today, these two countries account for just over 20% of global economic activity.
    • Manufacturing labor costs in China and India are growing
    • Top 8 manufacturers by share of global nominal manufacturing gross value added
    • In China, manufacturing share of GDP is large
    • China – Africa trade is growing strongly USD billions
    • In China, state-run companies and their affiliates account for more than half the country’s GDP and jobs, and of the 73 Chinese companies listed in the 2012 Fortune Global 500, 65 are state-owned.
    • Most Chinese investments are in European companies
    • Top10mostactive Chineseinvestorsin2012
    • Natural resources
    • The Yangtze river is the longest river in Asia Sources
    • The Yangtze river flows 6,280 kilometers from West China to the East China Sea at Shanghai and provides China with 35% of its fresh water.
    • The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) works with Coca-Cola, which operates 39 bottling plants in China, to improve the water quality of the upper reaches of the Yangtze river. For example, WWF and Coca-Cola work with rural farmers to reduce the runoff of animal waste into the river by turning pig waste into biogas, a type of fuel that can be used for cooking and heating.
    • Energy / natural resources have strong strategic importance for China
    • Energy
    • The about 16'000 chinese mines are the most dangerous in the world. In 2008, more than 3,000 people were killed in mine floods, explosions, collapses and other accidents in China’s coal-mining industry.
    • China has recently become the world’s largest market for wind power technology, accounting for 35% to 45% of annual installed capacity globally. Moreover, Chinese manufacturers such as Goldwind, Sinovel, Guodian United Power, Ming Yang, Dongfang Electric and Shanghai Electric have become major players in the global equipment industry.
    • Beijing-based Goldwind, for example, acquired turbine designs by partnering with, and later acquiring, Vensys, a wind turbine company based in Neunkirchen, Germany.
    • Internet search
    • Sources
    • Social media
    • Sources
    • Sina Weibo has the same 140-character limit as Twitter, however 140 Chinese characters convey far more meaning and information than 140 western characters.
    • Due to reasons such as government control and censorship of state-owned media and traditional trust in word-of-mouth in China, Chinese people trust social media to a far greater extent than traditional media sources.
    • People in China and the Middle East are the busiest and most enthusiastic internet users, a study of the world’s online habits has revealed. Egypt, Saudi Arabia and China topped the list, with about 55% “highly engaged”.
    • 79% of Chinese Internet users send instant messages, compared with 21% of U.S. users
    • Similar to the text messaging service WhatsApp - with elements of Instagram and Skype tossed in - WeChat has accumulated over 300 million users in its first two years by embracing an entirely different strategy from Weibo: going after the international market head on.
    • Marketplaces
    • Sources
    • Sources
    • In 2012, Walmart bought a 51% share in Yihaodian.
    • Marketplaces’ share of e-tailing in China is large
    • China’s e-tailing market has grown very fast since 2003 USD billions
    • China’s e-tailing market is highly concentrated
    • How China’s e-tailing market differs from the US market
    • Electronics
    • Sources and further inspiration
    • Hon Hai / Foxconn Technology Group is partner for joint-design, joint-development, manufacturing, assembly and after-sales services to global computer, communication and consumer- electronics companies.
    • The share of mobile phone handsets manufactured in the Asia-Pacific region doubled to more than 80% from 2001 to 2011, with more than 60% of production now in China.
    • Xiaomi crowdsources features of its new mobile phones rather than investing heavily in R&D. ge?cid=DigitalEdge-eml-alt-mkq-mck-oth-1405
    • Furniture
    • Shangpinzhaipei, the made-to-order furniture maker, has online storefronts where consumers design their furniture themselves. As a results, a typical Shangpinzhaipei store is only 200–400 square meters, while other brick-and-mortar furniture retail stores usually need 400 - 1,000 square meters to display a dozen or more showrooms. Sources
    • Health care
    • 22 innovation hubs – similar to Silicon Valley - have been created within the life sciences and biotech industries across China.
    • To overcome its many challenges in China, Pfizer is taking a 3-pronged approach to alliances. 1. It has teamed up with a local company, Zhejiang Hisun, to tap into low-cost manufacturing capabilities and a generic drugs portfolio. 2. It has allied with China’s Jointown Pharmaceutical Group to extend its reach to hospitals in the countryside. 3. It has invested USD 50 million in Shanghai Pharmaceutical Industry, which has vast R&D capabilities.
    • Construction
    • The best Chinese firms have rushed to upgrade their technology by buying, or entering joint ventures with, foreign competitors and suppliers.  Sany Heavy bought two German firms, Putzmeister and Intermix, and entered a joint venture with Palfinger of Austria.  Zoomlion bought CIFA of Italy.  LiuGong and Xugong formed joint ventures with, respectively, America’s Cummins and South Korea’s Doosan, to improve their diesel engines.
    • Movie business
    • The Chinese government allows a limited number of foreign films into the country every year. In 2012, it increased the number of foreign-made movies that could be shown on the mainland from 20 to 34.
    • Musical instruments
    • Of 493,000 pianos made worldwide in 2012, nearly 80% were manufactured in China. More than 100,000 were produced by Pearl River, the world’s biggest piano-maker. chinese-rivals-major-challenges-minor
    • Transportation
    • 2 auto industries in China
    • Some car manufacturers in China  Beijing Automotive Industry Group (Daimler partner).  BYD. 10% owned by Warren Buffett.  Chang’an Automobile (Suzuki partner).  Chery Automobile Co.  China First Automobile Works.  Dongfeng Motor (Citroën partner).  First Auto Works (Volkswagen partner).  Geely Automobile Holdings.  Great Wall Motor Company.  Guangzhou Auto Group (Honda partner).  SAIC (GM Partner).  Shanghai Automotive Industry Group (Volkswagen partner).  Tianjin Automotive Industry Group (Toyota partner).
    • The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge The largest cross-sea bridge in the world
    • The taxi app market in China is dominated by Didi Taxi and Kuaidi Taxi - backed by Tencent and Alibaba respectively.
    • Further inspiration on transportation innovation