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Question # 1: What if education is more focused on demand than on supply / curriculum? …

Question # 1: What if education is more focused on demand than on supply / curriculum?
Question # 2: What if education is more personalized than standardized?
Question # 3: What if education is done anytime rather than at a fixed time?
Question # 4: What if education is done in any place rather than at a fixed place?
Question # 5: What if teachers ask more questions than talking?
Question # 6: What if students are trusted more than they are controlled?
Question # 7: What if students are also teachers?
Question # 8: What if there were no grades?
Question # 9: What if there were no degrees or diplomas?
Question # 10: What if learning was product oriented?










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  • 1. Rethinking education
  • 2. When you donate / tip, you help to, for example, 1. keep content openly accessible for anyone. 2. keep content free of advertisements. 3. support continuous development - including updates to existing content as well as creation of new content. The principle behind this possibility is "serve yourself, pay what you think is fair." In other words, you decide what you think is right to donate / tip for what you and/or other people use. Any amount you decide to pay is highly appreciated. Thank you very much in advance for your donation / tip / support. http://www.frankcalberg.com/payment
  • 3. Question # 1 What if education is more focused on demand than on supply / curriculum?
  • 4. https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Strategy/Strategic_Thinking/Reshaping_business_education_in_a_new_era_2500 You’ve got to let the students run the school. Blair Sheppard
  • 5. The daily affairs of Sudbury Valley school are managed by the weekly school meeting, at which each student and staff member has one vote. Rules of behavior, use of facilities, expenditures, staff hiring, and all the routines of running an institution are determined by debate and vote at the school meeting. http://youtu.be/jg9lf7wyQRo
  • 6. High accountability Low accountability High creativity Low creativity http://www.joebower.org/2010/06/relationship-between-accountability-and.html Initiatives organized and led by students
  • 7. http://news.tes.co.uk/b/news/2014/11/05/39-we-are-consulting-early-years-kids-on-what-they-think-of-their- education-39-reveals-finnish-education-minister.aspx Finnish educators asked 3-6 years old children to take photos of the places they hated and the places they loved. The kids loved all the things that related to games and being physically active; places where they can hide. They hated rooms that are for calming down.
  • 8. http://www.impactlab.net/ 2012/01/22/new-school- system-in-sweden-is- eliminating-classrooms- entirely/
  • 9. Question # 2 What if education is more personalized than standardized?
  • 10. We actually find that our students personalize their education much more than it might seem. They quite selectively access specific content and quite selectively do background readings. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Sebastian Thrun
  • 11. Model # 1 The teaching factory Model # 2 The learning environment Education is standardized. Ways of standardizing  Subjects.  Classes.  45-minute time slots. Education is personalized. Ways of personalizing  Choice of what to learn.  Choice of where to learn.  Choice of when to learn. Adapted from Lars Kolind: The Second Cycle, p. 155-156.
  • 12. Study shows that students given one-on-one attention reliably perform two standard deviations better than their peers who stay in a regular classroom. http://m.wired.com/magazine/2011/07/ff_khan/all/1
  • 13. We need to enhance every child's strengths - not fix their deficits. http://youtu.be/Wk--J3E8yqc Minute 8:02 Yong Zhao
  • 14. http://youtu.be/3_OTCrncgi0
  • 15. Question # 3 What if education is done anytime rather than at a fixed time?
  • 16. http://willthalheimer.typepad.com/files/how-much-do-people-forget-v12-14-2010-2.pdf
  • 17. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/11-advantages-of-using-a-blog-for-teaching
  • 18. Question # 4 What if education is done in any place rather than at a fixed place?
  • 19. Places where learning might happen  Where people live,  Where people work, and/or  Where people have a cup of coffee or tea.  On a variety of different social media. Adapted from http://www.theawl.com/2013/02/how-to-save-college http://www.slideshare.net/moravec/toward-society-30-a-new-paradigm-for-21st-century-education-presentation
  • 20. Model # 1 The teaching factory Model # 2 The learning environment There is a fixed place of education. The lecture hall / classroom are the primary physical environments for teaching. Learning takes place in a variety of different environments. To what extent is a school building needed? Adapted from Lars Kolind: The Second Cycle, p. 155-156.
  • 21. Question # 5 What if teachers ask more questions than talking?
  • 22. Lectures originate from the Middle Ages when only 1 person had a book, and the rest could not read. Richard David Precht http://youtu.be/Gewb3-DUlJs 37:45
  • 23. Results of a wide range of studies show that lectures are ineffective for 1. changing attitudes or values, 2. inspiring interest in a subject, 3. teaching behavioural skills. http://www.tonybates.ca/2014/07/27/why-lectures-are-dead-or-soon-will-be/
  • 24. Question # 6 What if students are trusted more than they are controlled?
  • 25. 1. Tests are timed, so students get nervous. 2. The point with tests is to make no mistakes – not learn from mistakes. 3. The results are neither used by students, nor by teachers. http://www.joebower.org/2010/04/sir-ken-robinson-takes-on-standardized.html#comments Some problems with standardized testing
  • 26. Method A Reproduce knowledge at exams at the end of the year Working intensity Time Method B Create continuously, for example by using digital technologies.
  • 27. http://www.joebower.org/2010/03/finlands-paradoxes.html
  • 28. Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/questions-to-discover-your-values
  • 29. Question # 7 What if students are also teachers?
  • 30. Have kids upload their writing, so that the entire class can read and comment on it. http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/07/ff_khan/all/1 Salman Khan
  • 31. http://youtu.be/RzkwtIMPkrs minute 18. Peer grading works
  • 32. Question # 8 What if there were no grades?
  • 33. Alfie Kohn: The more you reward students for doing something, the more they tend to lose interest http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EQt-ZI58wpw
  • 34. Question # 9 What if there were no degrees or diplomas?
  • 35. We recently hired two people and we didn’t even know what their degrees were, if they even had degrees. We hired them because of the work they did on the computer science platform on Khan Academy. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Salman Khan
  • 36. More and more people are being hired on their work samples, on the projects they’ve done, the type of portfolios they’ve developed. http://blog.ted.com/2014/01/28/in-conversation-salman-khan-sebastian-thrun-talk-online-education/ Sebastian Thrun
  • 37. Imagine a world where higher education doesn't end with a diploma, but starts at 18 and continues through life, as the world changes around us. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tara-lemmey/rethinking-higher-educati_b_387851.html
  • 38. Question # 10 What if learning was product oriented?
  • 39. Yong Zhao We need to engage students in making things – making books, movies etc. and using all kinds of technologies / media in that process. http://youtu.be/Wk--J3E8yqc
  • 40. The transcript coming out of an engineering school should be the things that you have created along with some feedback from professors and peers. http://youtu.be/cj1vGXWMMvs From 28:30. Sal Khan
  • 41. Drop all rules and regulations that prevent you from creating tomorrow’s learning environment. Source Kolind, Lars: The Second Cycle, p. 159.
  • 42. Thank you for your interest. For further inspiration and personalized services, please feel welcome to visit http://frankcalberg.com Have a great day.