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  • Targets In 2014 hebben alle EU lidstaten beleid over Open Access voor publicaties én data In 2016: 60% OA voor publicaties
  • It is clear that open access articles are downloaded far more than toll access articles. Studies indicate this download advantage is easily 100% over toll access articles. It seems unlikely such a large download advantage would not to some degree eventually influence the number of citations. Note that many studies showed an OA advantage merely by reserving the right to mount their preprint or postprint to a repository or web site. Publication in an open access journal (Gold OA) apparently is not required to get a significant OA citation advantage.

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  • Open Access: what’s going on? NIOZ , June 13 2013, Saskia Franken Universiteitsbibliotheek Utrecht
  • Saskia Franken Projectleader and consultant Open Access Utrecht University Library 2
  • Contents of this presentation • Introduction: Open Access@UU • Basics of Open Access, pro’s and cons • What can a NIOZ researcher do? • Questions? 3
  • Open Access@UU • University Board in favour of OA Strategic plan Utrecht University 2012-2016 “The University will make vigorous efforts to continue Open Access experiments aimed at offering online access to scientific information” • Execution of OA delegated to Utrecht University Library 4
  • Utrecht repository: Igitur Archive • 31,000 Articles • 4,000 Theses • 4,000 Master Theses 5
  • About the repository service Prof. dr. M.A.P. Bovens Director Utrecht School of Governance “The repository is one of the best and most efficient ways to give others access to the work you have published.” 6
  • Igitur Archive in top of Webometrics ranking
  • Igitur publishing: 22 journals
  • About the publishing service Prof. dr. Tine de Moor Founder International Journal of the Commons “The partnership with UBU is invaluable for Open Access publishing. With the professional support of Open Access Journals, UBU is making a constructive contribution towards the science of tomorrow.” 9
  • Open Access funds UU • Launched on June 1 2012 • Temporary funds, 2 years ,50.000 euro a year • 50% reimbursement • Only meant for publications in full OA journals (DOAJ) • Also for books, part of books 10
  • Research data • Dutch Dataverse Network launched 2011 • for researchers and lecturers of universities in the Netherlands. This service makes it possible to store a wide variety of scientific data (texts and raw research data, but also video material and complete databases) in an online environment, safely and sustainably • the researchers themselves determine who gets access to what data 11
  • Open Access advocacy 12
  • Basics of Open Access 13
  • Trends in publishing • The journal is online. A growing part of scientific material is online available • New methods of publishing (preprint-archives, repositories, blogs, social media etc) beside existing methods (books, journals etc.) • Wish to reach a wider audience, as fast as possible • Wish (sometimes even a requirement) to publish in high-ranked journals • Growing pressure to publish also research data (funders, society) 14
  • What is OA? “By open access, we mean its immediate, free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software or use them for any other lawful purpose…” (The Budapest Open Access Initiative) 15
  • Why Open Access? • OA fosters science by increasing visibility, soliciting broader discussion and citation of published research • OA fosters the economy by easier access for small companies • OA create goodwill for science among the general public • OA reduce costs (in some models) • OA fosters science and education by making re-use easier (replication, data-sharing) • Sometimes OA is a requirement by funding bodies 16
  • 2 roads to OA 1) The Golden route - full Open Access journals - hybrid (Open Choice) journals 2) The Green route: repositories - institutional repositories - subject repositories (f.i. ArXiv) 17
  • Growth of OA journals 18
  • Growth of OA repositories 19
  • International discussion: Green or Gold? Peer Project •Author self-archiving alone is unlikely to generate a critical mass of Green OA content Finch report: •Gold Open Access is the future •Green OA would be for grey literature, theses Houghton and Swan •World will not go Gold OA overnight for the short to medium term •Green route is more cost effective 20
  • 2012: researchers in action! 21
  • “Fifty shades” of open access ….. Type Subtype Who pays? Gold “Diamond” Institution (subsidy) Gold Gold, not for profit Author (fee) Gold Gold, for profit Author (fee) Gold Hybrid gold, for profit  Author (fee) + Library (subscription) Green Last author version in repository (embargo’s) Library (subscription) Green Pre-prints Library (subscription) Green Working papers Working paper archive (institutional subsidy) Green “Black” (sharing against copyright) Publisher
  • Common option 1 Hybrid Gold OA, for profit • + Pay to read → pay to publish • + Offered by most commercial publishers (e.g. Sage Open, Springer Open Choice, ...) • - no short term reduction in subscription prices • - extra costs • - expensive for research intensive universities • - wrong incentives for publishers? 23
  • Common option 2: Green OA by depositing embargoed last author version in repository • Embargo periods vary: 0-24 months • - no reduction of subscription prices • - No shift of payment 24
  • Effects of models compared to subscription paywall Model: Effects on: Gold-PF: •Profit •full OA Gold-PH: •Profit •hybrid OA Gold-NP: •non-profit Green Pre-prints / working papers Cost reduction - (res. univ.) + (teach univ.) - + 0 +/- Public availability of research ++ + ++ + + Citability + + + +/- + Speed 0 0 0 0 ++ Re-use rights (CC) depends on publisher license + +/- +
  • Overview of 48 funders’ requirements • In 2013 SPARC has analyzed 48 mandatory funder policies listed in the ROARMAP registry (http://roarmap.eprints.org) according to which routes to OA the policy specifies. 26 Green (repository- based) OA required Either Green or Gold routes satisfy policy requirements Gold (journals) preferred where available 33 14 1
  • EU policy • FP7 Clause 39: – Deposit in repository (institutional or OpenAire): “beneficiaries shall deposit an electronic copy of the published version or the final manuscript accepted for publication” – Make “best efforts” to have it available in OA within (12) months – Thus publish: • Gold OA • Green OA, i.e. with publishers that allow depositing in repositories (blue or green in Sherpa/Romeo) • Horizon 2020 (from 2014): gold OR green • Horizon2020: Open Access verplicht voor al 27
  • Publisher’s green OA policies • Overview on Sherpa/Romeo site – a selection for geosciences & geography: Publisher author’s original accepted manuscript, after PR but unformatted published version AGU   6 m. embargo Cambridge UP   12 m. embargo Elsevier Science   12-24 m. embargo x Nature PG   6 m. embargo x Oxford UP  24 m. embargo x Pion   12 m. embargo x Sage   12 m. embargo x Springer   x Taylor & Francis   12-18 m. embargo x Wiley (Blackwell)   0-24 m. embargo x
  • Article processing charges (APC’s) publisher # jrnls # full OA APC (€) # hybrid jnls APC (€) Elsevier ~2800 39 400-4000 1500 400-4000 Oxford >250 13 ~1200 >100 ? Pion 7 1 ? 0 - Sage >700 13 ~1500 >600 1150-2300 Springer >2000 >360 1200-1800 >1500 2200 Taylor&Francis 1600 15 800-1200 700 2150 Wiley ~1500 22 1350 >1300 2300
  • Who’s doing what? Funders -Mandates -repositories Trad. Publishers -Allowing green -Gold jnls, APC Libraries -Repositories -Consultancy -OA publishing Universities -OA stance -OA funds -Researcher profiles Learned societies - Lobby with publishers New OA publishers -New journals -New publ concepts YOU
  • You as a NIOZ researcher can • Submit papers to OA journals (using funds from EU, NWO) • Deposit author versions in a repository (if already available) • Share through ResearchGate or Mendeley • Press publishers, refuse to hand over copyright, use CC-by license • As editor’s think about your role • Start a new OA journal 31
  • Directory of OA Journals • Made by Lund University Library, currently led by IS4OA • Almost exhaustive, not very selective • As yet no indication of – peer review – indexing in e.g. Scopus, WoS
  • CC-by licence
  • Predatory publishers • John Beall’s list of >300 predatory publishers: • OASPA code of conduct, 55 publishers • Columbia University Libraries 'How do you know a journal is legitimate'. • How to check for scamminess: – Editorial boards – Start year – DOAJ list
  • Open Access books • Some predatory/questionable publishers • Not always agreements with Google Books for indexing • DOAB: directory of open access books • Examples:
  • Things are changing, ball is on your side read feature in Nature issue 7442
  • Resuming: OA, what’s in it for you? • OA gives more people access to (publicly funded) science • OA gives your work greater visibility and exposure • OA increases the chance of your work being cited (See Wagner 2010 bibliography of OA citation advantage http://www.istl.org/10- winter/article2.html)
  • Questions? Thank you! 38