- BHARGAVI . G
PHASES OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION
ORGANIZATION OF ACTION
Community organization is used as a
means to achieve.
The action to address any problem
are planned and executed with active
participation of the people.
The planning of actions and execution
of plans involve the members of the
Community organization is an
approach involving the entire
community and it calls for knowledge
of the activities for the entire
Community promotion activities
enable promoting the idea of co-
operation, individual participation and
individual responsibilities which are
to avoid duplication and overlapping
of plans and activities, either the
community organizer or the members
of the community co-ordinate the
The process of co-ordination will
enable the community to practice
STUDY: carry out survey or initiate the members of
community to collect the base line information about the
ANALYSIS: information collected is classified
according to common characteristics and quantified for its
magnitude and severity.
ASSESMENT: the needs and problems that are widely
felt by the community are identified and given priority
according to urgency and severity.
DISCUSSION: it is essential to invite the attention of
the community & initiate a discussion to highlight the issues &
find out the ways & means to solve the issues & also to
prioritize the issues. It is further discussed about the resources
required & the plan of action for meeting the problem.
ORGANIZATION OF ACTION: Locate the
capable individuals and groups suitable to carry out the task.
Committees are formed, roles and responsibilities allotted. The
members of the community are encouraged to take part actively
and accept responsibility so that the action plan can be
Implementation has to take place with the active
participation of the people. The action plan has to be
monitored by the members of the community t ensure that the
activities carried out within the time frame and the resources
EVALUVATION: The community makes an
assessment of the whole process, the outcome and the successes
and identifies the deviations of failure. While reflecting on
outcome of process the reasons for failure are identified and
assessed so that they are avoided in the future.
MODIFICATION: In case the task has to be
continued, the modifications, which are needed as identified in
the evaluvation & reflection, are incorporated in this stage and
CONTINUATION: From the list of issues, the other
issues are taken up & community organization process is
continued. If the task undertaken is not successfully completed,
the strategy is modified and implemented.