Africa-Day at ZALF
„Food Security in the light of Climate
Change and Bioenergy – Challenges for
Research in Sub-Saharan Af...
Karibu! Welcome!
10:00-10:15

Welcome Address, Prof. Hubert Wiggering, Prof. Klaus Müller

10:15-10:30

Introduction of pa...
Story 1: ZALF in Sub-Saharan Africa
• ZALF
• Projects in SS-Africa
• Projects in Tanzania

07/11/2013

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3
ZALF e.V.

07/11/2013

Footer

4
ZALF e.V.
• Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
– The ZALF e.V. is member of the LeibnizAssociation
– The s...
ZALF e.V.
• Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
– 7 Institutes, Staff 400, Budget approx. 32 m €
– Projects...
ZALF Team
A 1. Stefan Sieber
2. Dirk Pohle
3. Karin Stahl
4. Harry Hoffmann
5. Götz Uckert
6. Jane Wambura
7. Katharina Lö...
Topics
• ZALF Team

07/11/2013

A 1. Stefan Sieber
2. Dirk Pohle
3. Karin Stahl
4. Harry Hoffmann
5. Götz Uckert
6. Jane W...
Institutes
• ZALF Team
A
E
D

B

C

07/11/2013

Footer

A 1. Stefan Sieber
2. Dirk Pohle
3. Karin Stahl
4. Harry Hoffmann
...
12 Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa
1.

Trans-SEC 2

2.

FSA Africa

3.

IA-Africa

4.

Trans-SEC 1

5.
6.

PES-Africa
Bette...
12 Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa
8. SUB-SAHARA
with R. Siebert
9. CA2Africa
Peter Zander
10. LUPIS
with K. Helming
11. Gl...
Tanzania - 11.5 M Euro
Globe
Globe
I+2
I+2

ReACCT

Better-iS

SubSahara

Up-Scaling of
Good
Agricultural
Practices

Resil...
Methods
macro-level

CC Projection
Bio-economic modeling
Hydrological modeling
CGE and Crop modeling

Remote Sensing
Dendr...
Climate change projection M. Büchner/ PIK
Temperature, precipitation change (downscaled A1B IPCC)


http://www.reacctanza...
Impact Model Food security S. Msangi/ IFPRI
Impact Modeling (IFPRI):
Child Malnutrition for Tanzania
(millions of children...
DSSAT Crop Modeling Results J. Bobert, C. Kersebaum
Indicator

Past

Current

Future

agriculture land fraction
precipitat...
SWAT modeling results

M. Natkhin, O. Dietrich, M. Schäfer

Indicator

Past

Current

Future

Agriculture land fraction
Pr...
Value chain analysis G. Uckert, H. Hoffmann
Jatropha Reference sites
JPTL, Kabir
Lenguriki/MFP

(Tandai)
Woodfuel
survey

...
Participative DSS SCALA S. Polreich et al.
Participative Decision
Making for Good Practices
at community level
Development...
Participative DSS Tim Ndah, Johannes Schuler, Peter Zander
Project goal
• to assess and learn jointly from past and ongoin...
Good Practices T. Below
Farm and crop-management:
· Mixed cropping
· Grow vegetables in off-season
· Drought-resistant cro...
Story 2: Trans-SEC Project
•
•
•
•
•
•

At a glance
Objectives
Partners
Research Design
Outputs
WP Organisation

07/11/201...
Trans-SEC
At a glance
•
•
•
•
•

7,5 M Euro
Managing
3 + 2 Years
F. Graef
S. Sieber

07/11/2013

7.1 M BMBF / 400,000 Euro...
Objectives
• Improvement of food situation for the mostvulnerable rural poor population in Tanzania,
• Identification of s...
USPs Research
• An integrated food value chain (FVC) approach
• Local and regional knowledge on site conditions.
(“Not to ...
90 Trans-SEC Consortium

Mtandao wa Vikundi vya
Wakulima Tanzania

?
Europa University Viadrina

07/11/2013

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26
Research Design

07/11/2013

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27
Research design
Food Security

Demand-driven
Approach

•

•

Broad topics around
Food Security / FVC
from institutional,
p...
Research Topics
Addressed issues of the call

Topic

High emphasis

Natural
resources

soil, water

Production
Value chain...
Research Design
CPM-System

Ad-hoc services
on your request

• Professional team
of supervisors,
mediators, teambuilder
• ...
Research Design
Science

Village 1

Village 2

Village 1

Policy,
Services
Villages

TransSEC
World

Village 2
Public
07/1...
Outputs
Science

Public

TransSEC
World
Policy,
Service
Villages
07/11/2013

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Data base on Food Value Chai...
WP Structure

07/11/2013

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33
Story 3: The Trans-SEC Management
• Management
• Homepage
• Infrastructure

07/11/2013

Footer

34
Organigram

07/11/2013

Footer

35
Mapping partners

07/11/2013

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36
Homepage www.trans-sec.org

07/11/2013

Footer

37
Infrastructure
•
•
•
•

Services for Transport & 4 Vehicles
Meeting rooms at SUA and ARIs, contact persons
Access to 4 vil...
Infrastructure
Venues

Equipment
07/11/2013

4 Cars

Training&CPM

MoUs
Footer

39
Infrastructure
SUA/ARI

Workshop
07/11/2013

People

Village Sites

Mobility
Footer

40
Infrastructure
Farmers

07/11/2013

Young researcher

Footer

41
Asante sana for your attention!

07/11/2013

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42
Story 1: The GlobE Program
• Objectives
• Funding Scheme
• Partner Projects

07/11/2013

Footer

43
Objectives of GlobE
• Global Food Security GlobE
• National Research Strategy „BioEconomy
2030“
• 2010 started by the Germ...
Objectives of GlobE
• Participatory design of German-African research
networks which focus on the food system
• Identifyin...
Funding Scheme
BMZ (Federal Ministry for

BMBF (Federal Ministry of
Education and Research)

Economic Cooperation and
Deve...
Funding Scheme
Trans-SEC
Workshop

GlobE - Evaluation
GlobE – Global food security

funding period I

funding period II

D...
6 GlobE projects
Budget of 45 M Euro
• „Wetlands“ Wetlands in East Africa: reconciling future
food production with environ...
6 GlobE projects
• "BiomassWeb" Improving Food Security in Africa
through Increased System Productivity of Biomassbased We...
6 GlobE projects
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

07/11/2013

Footer

Tanzania
Kenya
Uganda
Rwanda
Ethiopia
Ghana
Nigeria
Burkina Faso...
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Food Security in the light of Climate Change and Bioenergy – Challenges for Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Food Security in the light of Climate Change and Bioenergy – Challenges for Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

  1. 1. Africa-Day at ZALF „Food Security in the light of Climate Change and Bioenergy – Challenges for Research in Sub-Saharan Africa“ 21.10.2013 Stefan Sieber et al.
  2. 2. Karibu! Welcome! 10:00-10:15 Welcome Address, Prof. Hubert Wiggering, Prof. Klaus Müller 10:15-10:30 Introduction of participating Institutions and Guests 10:30-11:15 Presentation of Research Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa at ZALF: selected topics and research designs. (Stefan Sieber, ZALF) 11:15-11:45 Trans-SEC „Innovating pro-poor Strategies to safeguard Food Security using Technology and Knowledge Transfer: A people-centred Approach” (Frieder Graef, ZALF) 11:45-12:15 Discussion 12:15-13:15 Lunch 13:15-13:45 ZALF Institutes – A guided walk on the campus and press picture 13:45 -16:00 Presentations and notes of invited experts: Presentation on the GlobE program (Frank Jansen, PTJ/BMBF) Presentation on JRC-IPTS Research Projects on African agriculture. Focus on micro and regional levels (Sergio Gomez y Paloma, EU Commission). 16:00-16:30 Discussion on further development of presented research activities and collaboration possibilities between present institutions 07/11/2013 Footer 2
  3. 3. Story 1: ZALF in Sub-Saharan Africa • ZALF • Projects in SS-Africa • Projects in Tanzania 07/11/2013 Footer 3
  4. 4. ZALF e.V. 07/11/2013 Footer 4
  5. 5. ZALF e.V. • Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research – The ZALF e.V. is member of the LeibnizAssociation – The statutory remit of ZALF is to scientifically explore ecosystems in agricultural landscapes and to develop ecologically and economically acceptable land use systems. 07/11/2013 Footer 5
  6. 6. ZALF e.V. • Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research – 7 Institutes, Staff 400, Budget approx. 32 m € – Projects are implemented at Institute of SocioEconomics – 17 people in Trans-SEC 07/11/2013 Footer 6
  7. 7. ZALF Team A 1. Stefan Sieber 2. Dirk Pohle 3. Karin Stahl 4. Harry Hoffmann 5. Götz Uckert 6. Jane Wambura 7. Katharina Löhr 8. Constanze Reif 9. Amjath Babu B 10. Frieder Graef 11. Jana Schindler C 12. Meike Schäfer 13. Ottfried Dietrich D 14. Marcos Lana 15. Christian Kersebaum E 16. Katharina Helming 17. Hannes König F Associated 1. 2. 3. 4. Rosi Siebert Peter Zander Johannes Schuler Tim Ndah 07/11/2013 Footer 7
  8. 8. Topics • ZALF Team 07/11/2013 A 1. Stefan Sieber 2. Dirk Pohle 3. Karin Stahl 4. Harry Hoffmann 5. Götz Uckert 6. Jane Wambura 7. Katharina Löhr 8. Constanze Reif 9. Amjath Babu B 10. Frieder Graef 11. Jana Schindler C 12. Meike Schäfer 13. Ottfried Dietrich D 14. Marcos Lana 15. Christian Kersebaum E 16. Katharina Helming 17. Hannes König Footer 8
  9. 9. Institutes • ZALF Team A E D B C 07/11/2013 Footer A 1. Stefan Sieber 2. Dirk Pohle 3. Karin Stahl 4. Harry Hoffmann 5. Götz Uckert 6. Jane Wambura 7. Katharina Löhr 8. Constanze Reif 9. Amjath Babu B 10. Frieder Graef 11. Jana Schindler C 12. Meike Schäfer 13. Ottfried Dietrich D 14. Marcos Lana 15. Christian Kersebaum E 16. Katharina Helming 17. Hannes König 9
  10. 10. 12 Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa 1. Trans-SEC 2 2. FSA Africa 3. IA-Africa 4. Trans-SEC 1 5. 6. PES-Africa Better-iS 7. ReACCT 07/11/2013 Innovating pro-poor Strategies to safeguard Food Security using Technology and Knowledge Transfer: A people-centred Approach (BMBF/BMZ) FSA Linking Innovations along Value Chains in Landscape Systems (ZALF) Impact Assessments for Food Security-Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa (ZALF) Innovating pro-poor Strategies to safeguard Food Security using Technology and Knowledge Transfer: A people-centred Approach (BMBF/BMZ) Payments for Ecosystem Services (German Embassy, Kenya) Bioenergy - Strategies to use biomass value chain potential for sub-Saharan Africa to better respond to global change (BMZ) Climate Change Impact Assessment and adaptation options in vulnerable agro-landscapes in East Africa (BMZ) Footer 10
  11. 11. 12 Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa 8. SUB-SAHARA with R. Siebert 9. CA2Africa Peter Zander 10. LUPIS with K. Helming 11. Globe 2 12. Globe 1 07/11/2013 Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Targeting the Most Vulnerable (BMZ) Conservation Agriculture in AFRICA: Analyzing and Foreseeing its Impact - Comprehending its Adoption (EU FP7) Land use policies and sustainable development in developing countries (EU FP6) Development of the Scaling-up Assessment Tool ScalA (BMZ) Sustainable Agriculture as an approach to achieve pro-poor growth in developing countries (BMVEL) Footer 11
  12. 12. Tanzania - 11.5 M Euro Globe Globe I+2 I+2 ReACCT Better-iS SubSahara Up-Scaling of Good Agricultural Practices Resilient Agrolandscapes to Climate Change in Tanzania Coordinator: ZALF 0,2 Mio BMELF/GIZ Coordinator: ZALF 1,3 Mio GIZ Biofuel evaluation for Tanzanian Technological Efficiency using Renewables – integrated Strategies Coordinator: ZALF 1,1 Mio GIZ Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural SubSaharan Africa: Targeting the Most Vulnerable Coordinator: IFPRI 1,3 Mio GIZ 07/11/2013 Footer TransTransSEC I+2 SEC I+2 Innovating propoor strategies to safeguard Food Security using technology and knowledge transfer Coordinator: ZALF 7,5+0.1 Mio BMBF/GIZ 12
  13. 13. Methods macro-level CC Projection Bio-economic modeling Hydrological modeling CGE and Crop modeling Remote Sensing Dendrochronology Crop sample areas HH survey, focus groups Value chain analysis Stakeholder processes Time 07/11/2013 Footer 13
  14. 14. Climate change projection M. Büchner/ PIK Temperature, precipitation change (downscaled A1B IPCC)  http://www.reacctanzania.com/ +3 °C - 50 mm + 150 mm 07/11/2013 Footer 14
  15. 15. Impact Model Food security S. Msangi/ IFPRI Impact Modeling (IFPRI): Child Malnutrition for Tanzania (millions of children, age 0-5) millions of undernourished children 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2000 2.0 2010 1.5 2020 1.0 0.5 0.0 Baseline SecurityFirst SustainabilityFirst • SecF: Less trade, technical progress, economic demand • SusF: More environmental protection, efficient energy usage and technologies, emphasis on yield productivity = Driver analysis of MaA has high impact on food security 07/11/2013 Footer 15
  16. 16. DSSAT Crop Modeling Results J. Bobert, C. Kersebaum Indicator Past Current Future agriculture land fraction precipitation in dry season precipitation in rain season water availability in rain season Field trials: Observed data to be used in DSSAT model analysis water availability throughout the year total yield in vuli and masika seasons yield security without adaptation measures • Land use change and climate change lead to: • increasing pressure on natural resources • Instable food security due to fluctuating yields 07/11/2013 Footer 16
  17. 17. SWAT modeling results M. Natkhin, O. Dietrich, M. Schäfer Indicator Past Current Future Agriculture land fraction Precipitation in dry season Precipitation in rain season Annual flood peak surface runoff & vulnerability erosion SWAT model: Land use change and Time with low flow climate change analysis, Ngerengegere Water availability in dry season catchment / observed data • Land use change and climate change lead to: • Increase of surface runoff and flood peaks • Longer duration of river low flows in catchments 07/11/2013 Footer 17
  18. 18. Value chain analysis G. Uckert, H. Hoffmann Jatropha Reference sites JPTL, Kabir Lenguriki/MFP (Tandai) Woodfuel survey Master Thesis Ntabaye in Bagamoyo District Jatropha Palm oil Master Thesis Kisangi in Kisarawa District SVO/MFP Wood (MFP + Prokon) Jatropha survey Master Thesis Karwani in Rungwe District Surveys on value chains of woody biomass, sunflower, Jatropha and palm oil (1) Local consumption, (2) sustainability, (3) economic viability, (3) market access/functioning Pressure on land and resources Charcoal Impact evaluation Reduction of negative side-effect not feasible 07/11/2013 Alternative energy systems Photos: Sieber, Uckert (FELISA) Palm oil survey Master ThesIs Mahoo in Monduli/ Arumeru District Multifunctional Platform Ex-ante assessment - high opportunity costs of labor - Jatropha compete with food production - As support plant for vanilla, pepper Footer for high value production feasible 18
  19. 19. Participative DSS SCALA S. Polreich et al. Participative Decision Making for Good Practices at community level Development financed by… • BMVEL • GTZ Sustainet • GTZ Sektorvorhaben „Nachhaltige Ressourcennutzung in der Landwirtschaft“ • BETTER-iS (GTZ/BEAF • REACCT (GTZ/BEAF) 07/11/2013 Footer 19
  20. 20. Participative DSS Tim Ndah, Johannes Schuler, Peter Zander Project goal • to assess and learn jointly from past and ongoing CA experiences under which conditions and to what extent does CA strengthen the socio-economic position of landholders in Africa. • To identify knowledge gaps for future research, development and promotion of CA. 07/11/2013 Footer 20
  21. 21. Good Practices T. Below Farm and crop-management: · Mixed cropping · Grow vegetables in off-season · Drought-resistant crops (cassava, sorghum, millet, groundnut, sunflower) · Short maturing varieties · Apply farmyard manure · Extend farmland outside of the ward · Extend farmland within the ward · Fallowing · Crop rotation · Apply inorganic fertilizer · Agroforestry Below et al. 2010 • Set of GP needs to be assembled to region-explicit conditions to maximize effectiveness and efficiency = Ranked GP to site conditions stabilize yields 07/11/2013 Footer 21
  22. 22. Story 2: Trans-SEC Project • • • • • • At a glance Objectives Partners Research Design Outputs WP Organisation 07/11/2013 Footer 22
  23. 23. Trans-SEC At a glance • • • • • 7,5 M Euro Managing 3 + 2 Years F. Graef S. Sieber 07/11/2013 7.1 M BMBF / 400,000 Euro BMZ PTJ / GIZ on behalf of BMBF / BMZ Evaluation after 3 years Scientific Coordinator General Manager Footer 23
  24. 24. Objectives • Improvement of food situation for the mostvulnerable rural poor population in Tanzania, • Identification of successful food securing upgrading strategies along local and regional FVC • Testing UGS and adjust them to site-specific, sustainable settings, • Dissemination of concepts for national outreach, • Implementation at different levels of policy, extension and research. 07/11/2013 Footer 24
  25. 25. USPs Research • An integrated food value chain (FVC) approach • Local and regional knowledge on site conditions. (“Not to re-invent the wheel”) • Extraordinary high level of participation. (“South-South and North-South learning”) • Action research, national dissemination/up-scaling (“Testing the implementation capability is the key for success”) • Risks, success and lessons learnt from failure (“Liebig`s law of minimum constraints”) • Models: SWIM, LPJmL, IMPACT, Hermes, DSSAT (“Foresight, simulation for future scenarios”) 07/11/2013 Footer 25
  26. 26. 90 Trans-SEC Consortium Mtandao wa Vikundi vya Wakulima Tanzania ? Europa University Viadrina 07/11/2013 Footer 26
  27. 27. Research Design 07/11/2013 Footer 27
  28. 28. Research design Food Security Demand-driven Approach • • Broad topics around Food Security / FVC from institutional, policy, societal and production levels Emphasis of pre-defined topics may change Stakeholder Involvement Footer 28
  29. 29. Research Topics Addressed issues of the call Topic High emphasis Natural resources soil, water Production Value chain Region and gender food production, food quality post-harvest processing site- and regionspecific solutions Considered with Considered, but medium emphasis lower emphasis material flows and nutrient cycles human nutrition health Additional issues reduction of food value chain losses gender-specific structures waste management Livestock participation, societal differences, policies, instit utions plants / plant breeding Plants Biomass/energy markets biomass / bioenergy animals in food system Footer waste management waste management 29
  30. 30. Research Design CPM-System Ad-hoc services on your request • Professional team of supervisors, mediators, teambuilder • Accompanying services for TransSEC consortium Involvement of Professionals Footer 30
  31. 31. Research Design Science Village 1 Village 2 Village 1 Policy, Services Villages TransSEC World Village 2 Public 07/11/2013 Footer 31
  32. 32. Outputs Science Public TransSEC World Policy, Service Villages 07/11/2013 • • • • • • • • Data base on Food Value Chains Surveys, Interviews, Information Systems, DSS Model Systems (Impact, SWIM, LPJmL, Hermes, DSSAT) Publications Policy Briefs, Leaflets, Guides 8 Documentaries on Trans-SEC topics TV, newspapers, press releases Public networks, homepage • • • • • • CPM-System, Supervision, Mediation, Teambuilding Capacity Building, Exchange PhD, Conferences Project applications Policy Programs Farmers Schools Village level Footer 32
  33. 33. WP Structure 07/11/2013 Footer 33
  34. 34. Story 3: The Trans-SEC Management • Management • Homepage • Infrastructure 07/11/2013 Footer 34
  35. 35. Organigram 07/11/2013 Footer 35
  36. 36. Mapping partners 07/11/2013 Footer 36
  37. 37. Homepage www.trans-sec.org 07/11/2013 Footer 37
  38. 38. Infrastructure • • • • Services for Transport & 4 Vehicles Meeting rooms at SUA and ARIs, contact persons Access to 4 villages via our African partners Assistance for facilitation of workshops, focus groups and surveys, interview • Support for financial management, reporting • Support for research stays in Germany 07/11/2013 Footer Source: Fess et al., 2011. sustainability 38
  39. 39. Infrastructure Venues Equipment 07/11/2013 4 Cars Training&CPM MoUs Footer 39
  40. 40. Infrastructure SUA/ARI Workshop 07/11/2013 People Village Sites Mobility Footer 40
  41. 41. Infrastructure Farmers 07/11/2013 Young researcher Footer 41
  42. 42. Asante sana for your attention! 07/11/2013 Footer 42
  43. 43. Story 1: The GlobE Program • Objectives • Funding Scheme • Partner Projects 07/11/2013 Footer 43
  44. 44. Objectives of GlobE • Global Food Security GlobE • National Research Strategy „BioEconomy 2030“ • 2010 started by the German Government • Aim is the TRANSFORMATION from an oil – based industry and society to a biomass – based industry and society • Five key challenges were selected as a starting point: Ensuring global nutrition 07/11/2013 Footer 44
  45. 45. Objectives of GlobE • Participatory design of German-African research networks which focus on the food system • Identifying and solving central problems related to the overarching food system in Africa • Developing regionally adapted research solutions based on a solid situation analysis of the region • Supporting and further developing research capacities in Germany and in the African partner countries 07/11/2013 Footer 45
  46. 46. Funding Scheme BMZ (Federal Ministry for BMBF (Federal Ministry of Education and Research) Economic Cooperation and Development) PT - Jülich GIZ German iARC Partner - Universities - Research Centers - Companies - etc. 07/11/2013 African Partner - Universities - Research Centers - Companies - etc. - Footer CGIAR IFPRI icipe AVRDC 46
  47. 47. Funding Scheme Trans-SEC Workshop GlobE - Evaluation GlobE – Global food security funding period I funding period II Delivery of concepts implementation of concepts Result: Result: 15 out of 52 proposals 6 out of 15 concepts 07/11/2013 Footer 47
  48. 48. 6 GlobE projects Budget of 45 M Euro • „Wetlands“ Wetlands in East Africa: reconciling future food production with environmental protection -> Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania • „HORTINLEA“ Horticultural Innovations and Learning for Improved Nutrition And Livelihood in East Africa -> Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia • „RELOAD“ Reduction of Post Harvest Losses and Value Addition in East African Food Value Chains -> Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya
  49. 49. 6 GlobE projects • "BiomassWeb" Improving Food Security in Africa through Increased System Productivity of Biomassbased Webs -> Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia • “UrbanFoodPlus” African-German partnership to enhance resource use efficiency in urban and peri-urban agriculture in West African cities -> Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Cameroon • “Trans-SEC” Innovating pro-poor Strategies to safeguard Food Security using Technology and Knowledge Transfer -> Tanzania
  50. 50. 6 GlobE projects • • • • • • • • • • 07/11/2013 Footer Tanzania Kenya Uganda Rwanda Ethiopia Ghana Nigeria Burkina Faso Mali Cameroon 50

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