Coherence between research projects and Agricultural research policies in West and Central Africa

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6 to 8 August 2014. Yaounde. Regional consultation between farmers organisations, and research actors in Central Africa: "Agricultural Research for development and capacity building of stakeholders."

Organized by the Sub-Regional Platform of Farmers Organizations of Central Africa (PROPAC) the workshop included thirty participants from producer organizations, national institutes and regional research centers, ministries, RECs (CEMAC and ECCAS).

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  • RAS: Rural Advisory service
  • Coherence between research projects and Agricultural research policies in West and Central Africa

    1. 1. Farmer Organisations and research actors’ consultative workshop 6,7 & 8 August, 2014 – Mfou,Cameroon
    2. 2. 1. Overview of CORAF/WECARD 2. Vision, mission and areas of focus 3. Achievements 4. Success stories 5. Key lessons learned 6. Way forward Presentation Outline
    3. 3. Overview of CORAF/WECARD
    4. 4. 360 M people (2009) Promote sub-regional cooperationCreated i n 1987 Create synergies & reduce duplications Solve common agricultural research and development problems Advocate for financial investments Contribute to the transformation of agriculture CORAF/WECARD Creation and mandate
    5. 5. CORAF/WECARD within the Regional Economic Communities Cameroun République Centre Africaine RDC République du Congo Gabon Mauritanie Tchad Cap Vert Gambie Ghana Nigeria Guinée Sierra Léone Libéria Bénin Côte d’Ivoire Togo Burkina Faso Guinée Bissau Mali Niger Sénégal CILSS
    6. 6. CORAF/WECARD Vision and Mission Vision: Poverty and food insecurity in West and Central Africa reduced through increased agricultural-led economic growth and sustainable improvement of the agricultural research system Mission: Productivity, competitiveness, and markets of the agricultural system sustainably improved by meeting key demands of the sub-regional research system as expressed by target groups in West and Central Africa Challenges: 6% annual growth in productivity by 2015 achieved – CAADP Transform agriculture
    7. 7. CORAF/WECARD Strategy • Strategic Plan [2007-2016] - CAADP & FAAP and agricultural policies of ECOWAS, ECCAS, UEMOA and CEMAC • First Operational Plan [2008-2013] • Second Operational Plan [2014-2018] - S3A for operationalizing the AR4D component of the “Sustaining the CAADP Momentum” with the aim of basing this on country CAADP NAIPs
    8. 8. Diversity of Partnerships  Regional Economic communities:  Inter-government organisations:  Financial institutions :  Technical institutions :
    9. 9. Organization of CORAF/WECARD EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT Key stakeholders (NARS, NEPAD, FARA, Civil Society Private Sector, RECs, Development Partners General Assembly Governing Board Scientific and Technical comitee Executive Director Internal Audit Procurement Director Of Programmes & Innovation Strategic Issues Assistant to ED Programme 1 Programme 2 Programme 3 Programme n Cross Cutting units A/DPI- Innovation Director Knowledge Management Planning, M&E, Impact Assessment & Learning Communication & TIC Valorisation (Research into Use) Finance Accountancy Director Corporate Services Legal Issues and Grants HR / Logistics
    10. 10. CORAF/WECARD results Result 2: Strategic decision making options for policy, institutions and markets developed and used Result 5: Result delivery effectively managed by the Secretariat Result 1: The development and use of appropriate technologies and innovations increased Result 3: Sub-regional agricultural research system strengthened and coordinated Result 4: Demand for agricultural knowledge by target clients facilitated and met
    11. 11. 11 1. Livestock, fisheries & aquaculture 2. Staple crops 3. Non staple crops 4. Natural resources management 5. Biotechnology and Biosafety 6. Policy, Markets and Trade 7. Knowledge Management 8. Strengthening capacity Main Areas Of Focus Three Themes : • Food, Health and Nutrition Security • Markets and Trade • Sustainable Agriculture Cross-cutting issues are key in the OP 2
    12. 12. Achievements
    13. 13. Tools for sub-regional research Competitive and commissioned project schemes addressing focus areas with wide NARS and geographical coverage Innovation platforms based on IAR4D paradigm and innovation systems thinking – Multi-stakeholders engagement, exchange and learning, – Policy and institutional development Centers of Specialization on priority commodities expected to evolve into Regional Centers of Excellence
    14. 14. Involvement of stakeholders in CORAF/WECARD 55 Projects
    15. 15. SCLFA NSC NRM BB PMT SC KM PRIORITY REGIONAL PROGRAMSPRIORITY REGIONAL PROGRAMS SCOPING STUDIES INVOLVING ALL RELEVANT STAKEHOLDERS REGIONAL PRIORITY RESEARCH FOR DEVELOPMENT THEMES IDENTIFICATION 171 INNOVATION PLATFORMS BASED ON VALUE CHAIN APPROACH ESTABLISHED ALL OVER WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA WITH DIFFERENT ENTRY POINTS RELATED TO PRIORITY REGIONAL CHALLENGES 171 INNOVATION PLATFORMS BASED ON VALUE CHAIN APPROACH ESTABLISHED ALL OVER WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA WITH DIFFERENT ENTRY POINTS RELATED TO PRIORITY REGIONAL CHALLENGES 32 COMPETITIVE GRANT PROJECTS 23 COMMISSIONED PROJECTS POTENTIAL IMPACT INFRASTRUCTUREPOTENTIAL IMPACT INFRASTRUCTURE Success stories Success storiesSuccess stories IAR4D tools developed during CORAF/WECARD’s 1st OPERATIONAL PLAN (2008 – 2013)
    16. 16. Geographical spread of coordination of projects
    17. 17. National Centers of Specilisation and Base Centers
    18. 18. Key lessons learned
    19. 19. A Few Success Stories from IP Activities
    20. 20. Sustainable Intensification of Integrated Crop and Small ruminant production in West Africa  Small ruminants (goats and sheep) - emerging opportunity for agricultural development and empowerment of women.  Productivity and production severely limited by diseases in the rainy season and scarcity of feed in the dry season.  16 functional IPs to improve crop goat/sheep value chain in Ghana, Mali, Benin and The Gambia - farmers, researchers, traders, butchers, tractor operators, processors, agro chemical dealers and Government.  Dual purpose cowpea with 40% yield over that used actually identified  Increased survival rate of goats
    21. 21. Building resilience from mixed milk - vegetable production system in semi-arid zones of West Africa  Diversified production systems using double purpose crop and low input irrigation systems established to increase milk production and income  A model of inputs supply Hub developed that increased milk off-take from 0,47 to 2,1 litres/cow/day during the dry season by enhancing the access of 47 livestock farmers to concentrates for supplementing dairy cows  A normalized processing method of the traditional cheese Wangash improved quality – led to establishment of a dairy processing cooperative comprising 48 women; consequently the demand and the turnover estmated at 16 000 US$ per year with a benefit evaluated at 4000 US$.
    22. 22. Control of emerging livestock ticks and tick-borne diseases in West and Central Africa  Updating information on the distribution, abundance and dynamics of ticks with emphasis on the invasive new tick in West Africa  Development of Larval Packet Test to diagnose acaricide tick resistance and deliver an effective acaricide option  Innovation platforms established to strengthen the capacity of stakeholders, sharing knowledge and strategies on tick control
    23. 23. Improving Plantain Value Chain through Innovation Platforms  Current membership at 600  New knowledge and skills acquired in producing clean planting materials  Behaviour and practices changed to ensure impact  Employment increased and new businesses created  New plantain farms established  Plantain marketing in CEMAC zone increased  The IP sources of funding diversified and several prices won.
    24. 24. Maize Innovation Platform in Burkina Faso creating Entrepreneurship Maize IP actor provided with technical, organizational and institutional knowledge to grow and create businesses. No longer dependent on micro-finance institutions in the IP because warrantage system is used to sell when grain prices are high and buy inputs for next year’s maize crop 18 emerging farmer entrepreneurs in seed and grain maize production and commercialization Children sent to private school, a symbol of quality education in many African countries
    25. 25. Local artisans provided with knowledge and skills to produce clean prototype of rice par-boilers constructed from metal scraps, which helped:  reducing cost of fabrication  Saves water and fuel Women group trained to produce clean par-boiled rice Women ordered construction of 23 par- boilers, 40 liters aluminum pots and stands for conditioning paddy rice grain Women are happy with grain quality when compared to grain quality of women who did not participate in the training. Rice Post harvest training in Nigeria to improve food security and income generation
    26. 26. Empowering Women through Improved Agro-Processing Technologies of cassava, rice, sorghum & millet  Technical and agri-business capacities of over 2,000 women in 7 countries strengthened.  Knowledge of target and spill-over beneficiaries increased through the diffusion of over 1,000 printed materials, electronic and on-line publications.  Quality of Cassava Flour and Gari (Togo and Benin), processed rice (Senegal, Mali, Ghana and Nigeria) and bio-fortified sorghum/millet (Senegal, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mali) improved.  In 2012, a beneficiary association, Groupement Lakhalkaney du Niamey (585 membership) supplied 2600 kg bio-fortified millet flour to an SOS village and signed a contract to supply all SOS villages in Niger.
    27. 27.  Facilitate partnerships around seed sector through establishment of regional seed alliance  Reducing policy barriers - publication of regional seed regulations strengthening national seed policies , capacity strengthening to enhance stakeholder knowledge of the regulation.  Database on demand and supply gaps in seed s in the sub-region analyzed for informed decision- making CORAF/WECARD mandated to facilitate implementation of regional seed regulations by ECOWAS  Institutional assessments of NARS and NSTAs to provide basis to design capacity improvement approaches  NARS/CGAIR supported to produce 50 tons of breeder seeds for rice, sorghum and maize for increased production of foundation seeds.  Capacity of 90 NARS breeder seed specialists strengthened to improve the quality of seeds supplied  Technical and agribusiness capacities of 110 private sector players in four countries strengthened  Supporting PhD training of breeders in the pipeline with WACCI
    28. 28. Building leadership capacities of women in agricultural research: A pilot phase of the program AWARD for Francophone women Plans on-going to scale up training of women in WCA
    29. 29. Regional research for development approach rationalizes use of investments in agriculture Establishment and use of innovation platforms and value chain approaches facilitates technology adoption and relevant impacts. Institutional capacity development facilitates the creation of synergies, ensures spillover effects and scaling-up Strong links with regional policy institutions creates enabling environment for investments, delivery of results and sustainability. Key Lessons
    30. 30. The face of Success NARS capacity strengthened to carry out research and innovation activities addressing regional priorities Innovation platforms with entry points addressing specific aspects of the value chain of priority commodities fully functional Innovation platforms form an impact infrastructure in terms of delivering improved production and connecting smallholder farmers and their organizations to markets CORAF/WECARD Executive Secretariat capacity for coordinating and facilitating the scaling-up and out of impacts through strong links with NARS
    31. 31. Achieving sustainability Advocacy to decision-makers for inclusion of use of innovation platform in regional and national policies to ensure the transformation of agriculture On-going development of critical mass of specialists in IP establishment and facilitation Models for sustainable investment in agricultural research for development developed (WAAPP) Development of social media to strengthen exchange and learning on the practice of innovation platforms
    32. 32. WAAPP as a model to increase investments in agricultural research for development  15 ECOWAS committed to investing in agricultural research for development with facilitation from a lending system with WB and through the lenses of improved productivity and coordination by CORAF/WECARD (receives I/15 of all country investment for this)  Model relies on 4 key components  Strengthening regional policies  Strengthening research capacity (training and infrastructure)  Creating national funds to enhance to ensure adoption of technologies  Strengthening M& E, ICT and Fiduciary systems
    33. 33. Policy makers show more interest in CORAF/WECARD coordination functions and activities
    34. 34. Way forward  Strengthening strategic alliances with FARA, GCRAI CGIAR, D&T partners, RECS, and CSO  Strengthening NARS capacities and Relationship FbO, Private Sector, NGO to better connect production to markets  Sub-regional research for development tools will strengthening BMGF involvement in the implementation of projects to ensure spill-over and scaling out of success stories  Facilitate coordinated partnerships with NARS and contribution to national agricultural programs in the WCA region for sustainable transformation of agriculture  Delivery of an Impact infrastructure through Innovation Platforms to consolidated agricultural production of priority BMGF commodities and link producers to markets  Offers links with regional policy institutions and regulations to facilitate investments - seed, fertility, biosafety regulations
    35. 35. 35 Secrétariat exécutifSecrétariat exécutif 7, Avenue Bourguiba7, Avenue Bourguiba BP 48 Dakar-RPBP 48 Dakar-RP Tel (221) 33 869 96 18Tel (221) 33 869 96 18 Fax (221)33 869 96 31Fax (221)33 869 96 31 E-mail:E-mail: secoraf@coraf.orgsecoraf@coraf.org Web:Web: www.coraf.orgwww.coraf.org THANK YOU

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