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Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
Pp 9
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Pp 9

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  • Transcript

    • 1. From Republic to Empire
    • 2. 1. The Greek World a. The Learning of Democracy b. The Birth of the Individual c. From Myths to Reason d. Women, Love and Homosexuality2. The Roman World a. From Republic to Empire b. Roman Society: Family and Values c. The Birth and Rise of Christianity
    • 3. Early Rome Roman Republic Roman Empire(1000-509 B.C.) (509-27 B.C.) (27 B.C – 476 A.D.) 753 509 27 1 A.D. 476Legendary Lucretia J. Ceasar Augustus Crucifixion Fall offounding of of Jesus RomeRome Struggle Principate Dominate of Orders Barbarian Roman territorial expansion migrations Birth and Judaism development of Christianity
    • 4.  The legend: Romulus and Remus History: Founded as part of the Etruscan urbanization process
    • 5.  The seven legendary kings The legions The senate The census Lucretia’s rape and the expulsion of the kings Replacement of the monarchy with the republic Voting categories Army The death of Lucretia
    • 6.  Res publica: a public concern Representative government (popular sovereignty through elected representatives) (imperium) Consuls: Two elected representatives Aristocratic republic (patricians) The example of the Centuriate assembly  Census assessed people’s property, determined levels of taxation, classification for the army and placement in voting centuries ( Monarchy: consuls Aristocracy: senate Democracy: Popular assemblies)
    • 7. CENTURIATE ASSEMBLY: MAJORITY 98/193Knights (also known as Officers) 18 centuries Cavalry1st Class (also known as Enlisted) 80 centuries Sword, shield, breastplate, spear2nd Class (also known as Enlisted) 20 centuries Sword, shield, spear3rd Class (also known as Enlisted) 20 centuries Shield, spear4th Class (also known as Enlisted) 20 centuries Voting system: Knights down to 5th class... Light shields, javelins If they had majority bef5th Class (also known as Enlisted) 30 centuries everyone voted, they stopped the voting, hen Slingers usually Knights and 1st were the only ones to v5 centuries of support troops Engineers, artisans (others would be left ou the voting system) To make it fair, add cen for other classes Underclass
    • 8.  Different from the Greek republics Popular •Representative and •Direct and democratic Sovereignty •Exclusive definition of aristocratic and citizenship citizenship •Inclusive definition of citizenship Gave citizenship to: Greece (for taxes, more citizens, more taxes) Rome - Allies - Elites in different provinces - Soldiers who completed years of services, retired - 3rd century: Free inhabitants (213 AD)
    • 9. ≠ Rich and Poor Patricians = governing elite (10%) Plebeians (new + unhanded, movable wealth) The Struggle of Orders… 2 main issues: -Right of participation in Gov. - Arbitrary exercise of power by magistrates Text Plebeians Patricians (commoners) (aristocracy) • Limited access to high • Priests (law) office • Consulship • Served but no rights • Senate • Debt bondage • Centuriate assembly • No control on law
    • 10. Did most of commercialtransactions, good producesleft in time of expansionPatricians had to listen tothem,Concessions: allow plebs tovote, become high magistrate,marry with patricians,BenefitsAccommodation, inclusion,consensus-building OutcomeSecession of the Plebs •Plebeians elected their own officials•Departed the city (ex: tribune of•Refused to bear arms the plebs)•Refused to pay taxes •Twelve Tables (rule of law)
    • 11.  Roman conquests and expansion 44 B.C.E.  The alliance system  The Roman legion  Part 1, part 3 (from 6 min.) and part 4  Legion at war
    • 12.  Shortcomings of the Republican government, social unrest and civil wars Julius Ceasar
    • 13.  Need for direction and restoration of one-man rule: Octavian Augustus New structure, two periods  Principate (29BC-284) The emperor as princeps (first citizen) In theory, partnership b/w senate and emperor  Dominate (284-476) The emperor as dominus (master) Absolutism Army very powerful Augustus
    • 14.  Polyglot and polyethnic Inclusive citizenship Romanization
    • 15.  Representative government (Republic) Law Dream of the empire Napoleon Charlemagne
    • 16. 1. Explain the main characteristics of the Roman Republic.2. What was the Struggle of Orders? What was the outcome of this Struggle?3. Explain how the Roman Republic was different from the Greek republics.4. Explain the main characteristics of the Roman Empire. What is the difference between the Principate and the Dominate?5. Explain the main difference between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.6. Identify and explain aspects of Roman political legacy to our contemporary world.
    • 17.  Watch:  Rome: Power and Glory  Legions of Conquest  Courses on Gemini ‘jruel’ Western History Classical The Western Tradition Episode 9: The Rise of Rome

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