open innovation : Comment l'ouverture peut-être un atout pour l'innovation ?

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Présentation faite à la matinée open-source, ARDI numérique, 2008, Grenoble. www.flet.fr

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open innovation : Comment l'ouverture peut-être un atout pour l'innovation ?

  1. 1. Open Source / Open Innovation Modèles économiques hybrides et innovation autour de l'open source © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  2. 2. © © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  3. 3. Free software ≠ freeware © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  4. 4. Free / Libre / Open Source R. Stallman E. Raymond © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  5. 5. Toutes les licences LL/OS sont copyleftées Contamination générale Obligation de redistribuer / de publier Interdiction d'une activité commerciale © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  6. 6. The FLOSS code base has been doubling every 18-24 mnths over the past 8 yrs and this growth is projected to continue for several more years Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  7. 7. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  8. 8. 2010 Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 80% of their infrastructure software needs Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 25% of their business software needs Source: Mark Driver, Gartner Research VP, The Gartner Application Development Summit, Sept 2005 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  9. 9. The existing base of quality FLOSS applications would cost firms about 12 Billion Euros to reproduce internally Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  10. 10. Source Forge 500 top projects New technology N. for a platform Existing techno. New market Radical innovation 1% <1% Existing market <1% 10% No innov. 87% Source: Innovativeness of open source software projects, K. Klincewicz 2005 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  11. 11. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  12. 12. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  13. 13. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  14. 14. 03 06 20 2 0 2004 TELOCIM TELOSYS AJAX FRAMEWORK 1994 ASK Corp. 1990 <1980 Relational Technology Inc. / Ingres Corp. 1980 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  15. 15. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  16. 16. (business intelligence) Bonita, Shark Funambol eXo P. eXo Platform (workflow, orchestr.) XWiki (portal & CMS) (mobile sync.) SpagoBI (wiki, blogs) Sync4j XWiki Eclipse Engineering Bull Eclipse Web TP SOA TP Iona EBM WS Bull JOnAS Celtix/Petals (J2EE appserv) (ESB, JBI) INRIA INRIA EMIC Bull US ProActive JOTM Tél. France C-JDBC Tribe (Grid) P6 Univ (transactions) JAC Speedo (RDBMS clust.) Together (group comm.) Scalagent (AOP) Orbeon (JDO persist.) INRIA/FT OPS Octopus FT JORAM XQuare Fractal (ETL) ASM (JMS, MOM) XQuare (XML pipelines) (component mod) (codebyte man.) (XML rewriting) © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  17. 17. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  18. 18. Prix d'équilibre = zéro Modèle concurentiel Banalisation déséquilibré Open Source © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  19. 19.  Windows XP : 450 €  Linux : 0€  Pack Office : 700 €  OpenOffice : 0€  PhotoShop : 1100 €  Gimp : 0€  WebLogic : $ 10000  JOnAS : 0€ (par processeur)  Oracle (/cpu) : $ 40000  PostgreSQL : 0 €  ...  ... © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  20. 20.  43rd R+D spending company worldwide  Fortune 211 (2006), $ 11B revenue NFS  Don't make money on IP  Sell the rest  [TM] © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  21. 21. FLOSS potentially saves the industry 36%+ in software R&D investment that can result in increased profits or be more usefully spent in further innovation Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  22. 22. 2012 80% of all commercial software will include OSS elements Source: Gartner Key Predictions for IT Organisations and Users in 2008 and Beyond, January 2008 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  23. 23. Microsoft Abandons IE 8 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  24. 24. “Il n'y a pas de modèle d'affaires pour le logiciel libre !” © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  25. 25. The OSS related economy represents 565,000 jobs and 263 Billion Euros in annual revenues (2006) Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  26. 26.  $ 91B revenue  #1 in number of US patents granted/y  $ 1B/y FOSS investment (2002) © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  27. 27. Produit: le code open source Prix: zero Promotion: aucune Place: online, un point c'est tout © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  28. 28.  Support and services tied to open source  Aggregating and enhancing  Commercialize with dual licenses  Bait and hook  Selling added value complements  Subsystems level lock-in  SaaS, Infoware < insert your own here > © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  29. 29. Fenêtres d'opportunité Emerging Commoditized Opportunities Adoption © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  30. 30. Obsolète Sans intérêt Sans marché Sans communauté Trash in, trash out © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  31. 31. Source : Duane Elmer's Cross-Cultural Connections (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002), © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  32. 32. N.I.H N.S.H © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  33. 33. © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  34. 34. “The Power of Collaborative Innovation is the answer to all the big global challenges we are facing” Tony Blair World Economic Forum Davos, Janvier 2008 © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008
  35. 35. fl@flet.fr www.flet.fr © François LETELLIER 13 novembre 2008

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