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ObjectWeb explained: succeeding with open source middleware


Presentation delivered at ObjectWebCon 06. …

Presentation delivered at ObjectWebCon 06.

Middleware is the new frontier for open source and brings opportunities to contain costs, to focus
on innovative engineering, to find new sources of revenue and to go to market with unique competitive
advantages. Since its inception as a consortium, ObjectWeb can claim a number of successful achievements: it has established itself as a recognized stakeholder in the OSS marketplace; it has developed a strong portfolio of high-quality technologies supported by a number of projects; and it has recruited a variety of high-visibility members from industry, government and academia.

With a new organization and an ever growing international impact, ObjectWeb is becoming a premier source of industry grade middleware. The benefits of open standard compliant, production-grade Java middleware is made available to everyone as an alternative, or as a complement, to proprietary solutions.

In this presentation, youíll learn how open source players come together to build an ecosystem where users find high quality software and professional services. Case studies of open-source middleware deployed in production in government, healthcare, financial institutions and more will demonstrate that, however hidden, open source middleware is now a mainstream option that you should consider too.

Published in Technology , News & Politics
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  • 1. ObjectWeb Middleware the Open Source Way François LETELLIER – INRIA/ObjectWeb Blog: © ObjectWeb 2006
  • 2. Agenda ► Trends in open source ► Open source meeting the business world ► Modularity and business models ► ObjectWeb: a Collective Strategy ► More value for users and members F.Letellier – 2
  • 3. Trends in Open Source
  • 4. Open Source as of 2002 ► Top 3 motivations to participate in OS project  The code for this project is intellectually stimulating to write  My activity on this project improves my programming skill  I believe source code should be open ► 33% « believers », 25% « fun seekers », 21% « skill enhancers » 21% « professionals » ► 65% do not participate at work, or participation not known by supervisor ► At this time 33,000 projects on SourceForge. 4 years later, about 110,000Source: The Boston Consulting Group Hacker Survey, Jan 31, 2002 F.Letellier – 4
  • 5. By 2010… ► Open source will compete with closed source in every infrastructure market ► 75% of mainstream IT shops will have a formal open source acquisition policy in place ► Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 80% of their infrastructure software needs ► Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 25% of their business software needs Source: Mark Driver, Gartner Research VP, The Gartner Application Development Summit, Sept 2005 F.Letellier – 5
  • 6. a Turning Point 2005: for Open Source ► VC « Gold Rush »  $400m invested in US startups in 2005 (eg: Funambol) ► OSS Reaches Profitability  Eg: Red Hat revenue +73%, stock +110% in 2005 ► OSS Hits the Legals  OSS Risk Management software (eg BlackDuck) ► OSS/Open Standards in EC Calls ► China  will have more developers than the US  After Linux, turns to open source middleware F.Letellier – 6
  • 7. Open Source Meeting the Business World
  • 8. Developers of OSS ► Volunteers, best effort, ► Paid developers, scholars, work on their spare time work n hrs/day ► Motivated by self- ► Motivated by their paycheck, fulfillment, intellectual their job description curiosity ► Bright kids who like ► Software is part of a bigger technology for the sake of business case and only one it, OS work is play to them aspect of life ► Digital natives, speed of ► Corporate procedures; NDAs, light communication legal overhead ► Boost their resume, ► OSS fosters globalization employability F.Letellier – 8
  • 9. Open Source Projects ► A healthy project is developed by a ► Code base originates from one crowd of committers from various organization; companies like to retain backgrounds control over projects ► Adoption is a grass-root, word-of- ► $10 k/mnth PR budget, need for mouth phenomenon reference users ► Fuzzy roadmap, wishlist ► Project plan, deliverables ► Right to fork is key to innovation ► Upward compatibility, durability, stability are key ► Strong, charismatic leaders ► Appointed project managers ► Most adopted projects establish de ► Projects implement de jure standard, facto standards incompatibilities are a pain F.Letellier – 9
  • 10. Users of Open Source ► Techno aware, techno ► Corporate IT departments addicts ► Rebels with a cause ► May hate libertarians ► May fix a bug themselves ► Need a throat to squeeze ► Are well aware that no ► Need 99.9% uptime and 24/7 software is bug free support ► Gut loyalty ► ROI, value for the buck ► Speak English ► Need a localized version ► Long hair, T-shirt ► Suit and tie F.Letellier – 1 0
  • 11. Open Source Organizations ► Grass roots, self organized ► « Who’s in charge »? ► Meritocracy ► Commit-o-cracy ► IPR is annoyance, naive ► IPR is opportunity for profitable business « raymondism » models ► License proliferation is evil ► Licenses suited to int’l differences ► « Natural selection » of best projects ► Principles, rules, architectural vision ► Hierachy is flattened, bypassed or ► Official delegations, governmental ignored incentive, top-down decisions ► Nonprofit, almost Charity ► NPOs are used as smoke screens ► Project ownership, control and rights in ► Companies need to retain control over the individuals hands projects ► « The community »: brings down ► The customer/supplier paradigm dies hard barriers between code producers and consumers F.L etell ier – 11
  • 12. Modularity and Business Models
  • 13. Benefits of OS Software from the User Standpoint F.Letellier – 1 3
  • 14. Cohabitation of Open and Closed Parts in the Information System Acrobat Reader PDF C A C OU NT SR ECEI VBL E A C C OU N T N O . A L E D GE R S HE E T N O . 3rd Party Services DA T E N I V O I C E N UMBE R D / E S CRP I TI N O CH AG E S R CRE DI S T BA L A NC E BA L A NC E F OR WA RD Custom Reports Apple iBooks 24/7 Support SOAP eXo / SpagoBI Business Logic ESB JOnAS SQL Oracle Embedded Linux RDBM/S MySQL Win NT Ethernet GNU/Linux Cisco routers Commodity PC compatibles IBM Mainframe Proprietary F.Letellier – 1 4
  • 15. Open Source and Close Source Close source either or and Close source Open Source Open Source IDEOLOGY REALITY F.Letellier – 1 5
  • 16. The Fine Line Between Commodity and Proprietary Service Service Service Service Applications Applications Applications Applications Middleware Middleware Middleware Middleware Operating System Operating System Operating System Hardware Hardware Electronic Components Key Enabling Technologies Open Standards Free Competition F.Letellier – 1 6
  • 17. Understanding Why and How Users Integrate Open Source More direct business opportunities ► Reusing open source anonymous users Stronger involvement  Cost containment, agility  Using de facto standard ► Double sourcing Dassault Aviation  Negotiation power, lock-in avoidance  Unlimited scalability / hybrid platforms ► Opening in-house developments FT  Contribute open source code so to “outsource” maintenance and evolution  Percolation: outsource all that is not a competitive advantage ► Shared R+D INRIA  Flexible platform for collaborative engineering  Promote technology and standards F.Letellier – 1 7
  • 18. Business Models From the OW Ecosystem ► Support and services tied to open source Red Hat ► Aggregating and enhancing XCalia ► Commercialize with dual licenses eXo Platform ► Bait and hook Iona ► Selling added value complements SourceBeat ► Subsystems level lock-in Librados ► Services and consulting Atos Origin, eteration ►< Here: Insert your own > F.Letellier – 1 8
  • 19. Innovation &Technology Transfer from Academia ►Share R&D Efforts  Gather real world needs  Faster technology transfer ActiveXML  Complement of activity in standardization bodies Carol ►Place of Research in the Business Ecosystem C-JDBC CLIF  Trust and professionalism JORAM  Virtuous cycle Fractal between fundamental research and industrial applications Rubis  Global outreach ProActive … F.Letellier – 1 9
  • 20. Gov’t Public Policies Economical Ethical Motivations Motivations Brazil China India Code Public Invitations to Tender Germany Base Laws & Regulations France USA Spain Japan « Open Source » Korea Exemplarity UK Prescription Externalities of Russia Free/Libre/Open-Source EU etc… Software F.Letellier – 2 0
  • 21. ObjectWeb: a Collective Strategy
  • 22. “Modularization” of economic activity As population and economy grow, and communication and transport cost drop, functions that were previously better performed in a hierarchical setting are spun out into discrete firms Under such conditions, we might speculate that appopriability institutions will emerge with increasing frequency to mediate these atomizing forces. Source: « From Medieval Guilds to Open Source Software: Informal Norms, Appropriability Institutions, and Innovation, » Pr. Robert P. Merges, UC Berkeley, UC Davis, Nov 13, 2004 F.Letellier – 2 2
  • 23. ObjectWeb: Collaboration and Collective Innovation ► International  Incepted 2002 by BULL, France Telecom and INRIA  Endorsed by 60 organisations worldwide (Public & Private, EU, US, Asia)  A community of 1800+ individual members from 80 countries ► Open and Neutral ► Mission  Non-profit Consortium to develop middleware open  Hosted by INRIA (cf. W3C) source code and to foster a  Open to all organizations / vibrant community and individuals business ecosystem F.Letellier – 2 3
  • 24. Companies don’t Collaborate like Individuals ► They act as a buffer between users and the code base: there lies business opportunities ► Time frame and decision processes ► Need of governance and business case ► Granularity tends to be at the project level F.Letellier – 2 4
  • 25. Some OW Java Projects (business intelligence) Bonita, Shark Funambol eXo P. eXo Platform (workflow, orchestr.) XWiki (portal & CMS) (mobile sync.) SpagoBI (wiki, blogs) Sync4j XWiki Eclipse Engineering Bull Eclipse Web TP SOA TP Iona EBM WS Bull JOnAS Celtix/Petals (J2EE appserv) (ESB, JBI) INRIA INRIA EMIC Bull US ProActive JOTM Tél. France C-JDBC Tribe (Grid) P6 Univ JAC (transactions) Speedo (RDBMS clust.) Together (group comm.) Scalagent (AOP) Orbeon (JDO persist.) INRIA/FT OPS Octopus FT JORAM XQuare Fractal (ETL) ASM (JMS, MOM) XQuare (XML pipelines) (component mod) (codebyte man.) (XML rewriting) F.Letellier – 2 5
  • 26. More Value For Users and Members
  • 27. More Visibility ► Members expectations:  SME members count on ObjectWeb to gain traction  Large companies count on ObjectWeb to foster technology adoption  All members expect ObjectWeb to be more visible ► The paradox: all members expect OW to be more visible, but very few of them communicate about ObjectWeb ► Challenges:  Getting more visible without being seen as a software vendor  Raising awareness in a multi-country, multi-cultural environment F.Letellier – 2 7
  • 28. Better Packaged Software ► Users expectations:  Structured code base with clear roadmap  Integrated platforms with tooling  Single point of contact for advice and services  Clear licensing policy ► Members expectations:  Customer marketing material (reference users, benchmarks, qualification, compliance certification, …) ► Challenge:  Shaping the bazaar without competing with our own members F.Letellier – 2 8
  • 29. Business Opportunities ► Members expectations:  Proven, actionable, repeatable business models  Assistance in pre sales effort  Local business opportunities ► The paradox: members tend to keep ObjectWeb out of the loop once a business deal is in sight ► Challenges:  Developing ecosystems without losing focus on technology and without killing the open source golden goose  Conflicts of interest between competing members F.Letellier – 2 9
  • 30. The Future of European and Asian Information Societies? OrientWare  Chinese Program 863 in Middleware  BeiHang University, Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing University, National University of Defense Technology, Peking University  MoU with ObjectWeb for collaboration NESSI  European Technology Platform  Services in a knowledge-based economy  7-20 years, 2.5 Billion € (>R$ 6 Billion)  ObjectWeb 1 of the 13 co-founders F.Letellier – 3 0
  • 31. ObjectWeb Initiatives An “initiative” is a collaborative program undertaken by some ObjectWeb members to promote a set of technologies and bring them to the mainstream ►market driven as opposed to technology driven ►fosters the development of a business ecosystem ►ESB Initiative ►RFID Initiative ►ONESSI F.Letellier – 3 1
  • 32. To be continued… Stay tuned!
  • 33. ObjectWeb’s Future… Projects Legal entity Governance Initiatives Local Chapters Members To be continued… F.Letellier – 3 3
  • 34. A Parting Word… The crucial battle is not between individual firms but between networks of firms. Innovations and operations have become a collective activity. The Keystone Advantage: What the New Dynamics of Business Ecosystems Mean for Strategy, Innovation and Sustainability, M. Iansiti & R. Levien, Harvard Business School Press, 2004 F.Letellier – 3 4
  • 35. Thank you for your attention Questions ? Le middleware est partout ? François LETELLIER – INRIA/ObjectWeb © ObjectWeb 2006 Blog: F.Letellier – 3 5