Adjectives
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Adjectives

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  • 1. AdjectivesAdjectives are describing words. They tell us about the color, size, shape,nature, quality or condition of a noun. Examples are: blue, green, round, square,good, old, tall, brave, beautiful, tired, happy, exhausted etc.An adjective usually describes a noun and denotes a temporary or permanent qualityassociated with that noun. For example, an intelligent boy is a boy who is distinguishedfrom other boys by being permanently intelligent. A square table is a table that isdistinguished from other tables by being square in shape. A brave soldier is a soldierwho is distinguished from other soldiers by being brave. We need round tables. Tokyo is a big city.Adjectives can answer the question What kind? (Roundtables; big city), How much?(some rice, little effort) Which one? (red shirt, second wife), and How many?(two boys, ten books).Kinds of adjectivesThere are different kinds of adjectives.Adjectives of quantityAn adjective of quantity answers the question how much. Examples are: some, little,much, enough, sufficient, insufficient, all, whole, great, any etc.Examples are: I have bought some bacon. I haven’t got much money. We have got enough time. There is little water in the bottle.Adjectives of number or numeral adjectivesThey answer the question how many? Numeral adjectives are of three kinds:1. Definite numeral adjectives (e.g. one, two, three, first, second, third etc.)2. Indefinite numeral adjectives (e.g. some, any, no, several, few, all etc.)3.Distributive numeral adjectives (e.g. each, every, either, neither)
  • 2. Possessive AdjectivesA possessive adjective modifies a noun by telling whom it belongs to. It answers thequestion "Whose?"Examples are: his, her, its, my, our, their, and your. You can share my rice. Have you seen their house? This is his room. They are our friends.Demonstrative AdjectivesThe demonstrative adjectives that, these, this, those, andwhat answer the question"Which?" Im going to open that present. Whose is this bag? These mangoes are very sweet.A demonstrative adjective may look like a demonstrative pronoun, but it is useddifferently in the sentence.Distributive adjectivesThere are four distributive adjectives in English: each, every,either and neither. Distributive adjectives are used with singular nouns. The followingverb is usually singular, but can be plural in a very formal style.Interrogative AdjectivesThe interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examplesare what, which and whose. What movie do you want to see? Which leaves turn color first? Whose son is he?An interrogative adjective may look like an interrogative pronoun, but it is useddifferently in the sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun or pronoun.
  • 3. Indefinite AdjectivesAn indefinite adjective gives indefinite, or general, information. Often, it answers thequestion "How much?" Some common indefinite adjectives are all, any, each, every,few, many, and some. Many children like dinosaurs. Did you want some bananas? Is there any water in the bottle?An indefinite adjective may look like an indefinite pronoun, but it is used differently inthe sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun or pronoun. THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES Monosyllabic adjectives are compared with -er, -est. positive comparative superlative strong stronger strongest small smaller smallest late later latest nice nicer nicest big bigger biggest thin thinner thinnest fat fatter fattest Disyllabic adjectives ending with y, er, ow, le are compared with -er, -est. positive comparative superlative easy easier easiest happy happier happiest clever cleverer cleverest narrow narrower narrowest
  • 4. All the other adjectives are compared with more, most.positive comparative superlativecareful more careful most carefulexpensive more expensive most expensivedifficult more difficult most difficulttired more tired most tiredterrible more terrible most terrible Irregular forms positive comparative superlative good better best bad worse worst much more most many more most little less least